Search result: Catalogue data in Autumn Semester 2021

Civil Engineering Master Information
Master Studies (Programme Regulations 2020)
Project Based Courses
101-0492-00LMicroscopic Modelling and Simulation of Traffic OperationsW3 credits2GM. Makridis
AbstractThe course introduces basics of microscopic modelling and simulation of traffic operations, including model design and development, calibration, validation, data analysis, identification of strategies for improving traffic flow performance, and evaluation of such strategies.
The aim is to provide the fundamentals for building a realistic traffic-engineering project from beginning to end.
ObjectiveThe objective of this course is to conduct a realistic traffic engineering project from beginning to end. The students will first familiarize themselves with microscopic traffic models. Students will work in groups on a project that includes a base scenario on a real traffic network. Throughout the semester, along with theoretical concepts, the students will build the base scenario (design, calibration and validation) and will develop alternative scenarios regarding modification on the infrastructure, simulation of in-vehicle technologies and vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication.
Simulations will be implemented in Aimsun software. The students will be asked to understand, analyze, interpret and present traffic properties. Evaluation of alternative scenarios over the same network will be performed. Finally, students will be asked to design, implement, analyze and present a novel proposal, which will be compared with the base scenario.
Upon completion of the course, the students will:
• Understand the basic models used in microsimulation software (car-following, lane changing, gap acceptance, give ways, on/off-ramps, etc.).
• Design a road transport network inside the simulation software.
• Understand the basics behind modeling traffic demand and supply, vehicle dynamics, performance indicators for evaluation and network design for a realistic road transport network.
• Understand how to design a complete study, implement and validate it for planning purposes, e.g. creating a new road infrastructure.
• Make valid and concrete engineering proposals based on the simulation model and alternative scenarios.
ContentIn this course, the students will first learn some microscopic modelling and simulation concepts, and then complete a traffic-engineering project with microscopic traffic simulator Aimsun.
Microscopic modelling and simulation concepts will include:
1) Car following models
2) Lane change models
3) Calibration and validation methodology
Specific tasks for the project will include:
1) Building a model with the simulator Aimsun in order to replicate and analyze the traffic conditions measured/observed.
2) Calibrating and validating the simulation model.
3) Redesigning/extending the model to improve the traffic performance through Aimsun and with/without programming in Python or C++.
The course will be based on a project that each group of students will build (design, calibrate, analyze and presentation) across the semester. A mid-term and final presentation of the work will be asked from each group of students.
It consists of weekly 2-hour lectures. The students work in pairs on a group project that completes in the end of the semester. The modelling software used is Aimsun and lectures (theory and hands on experience) are taking place in a computer room.
The course Road Transport Systems (Verkehr III), or simultaneously taking the course Traffic Engineering is encouraged. Previous experience with Aimsun/Python/C++ is helpful but not mandatory.
Lecture notesThe lecture notes and additional handouts will be provided before the lectures.
LiteratureAdditional literature recommendations will be provided at the lectures.
Prerequisites / NoticeStudents need to know some basic road transport concepts. The course Road Transport Systems (Verkehr III), or simultaneously taking the course Traffic Engineering is encouraged. Previous experience with Aimsun is helpful but not mandatory.
101-0527-10LMaterials and Constructions Restricted registration - show details W3 credits2GG. Habert, D. Sanz Pont
AbstractBuilding materials with a special focus on regenerative materials: earth, bio-based and reuse.
Sourcing, properties and performance, building envelope integration and detailing, sustainable building construction
ObjectiveSpecial focus on regenerative materials: earth, bio-based and reuse
The students will acquire knowledge in the following fields:
Fundamentals of material performance
Introduction to durability problems of building facades
Materials for the building envelope:
- Overview of structural materials and systems: concrete, steel, wood and bamboo, earth
- Insulating materials (bio-based vs conventional)
- Air barrier, vapour barrier and sealants
- Interior finishing
Assessment of materials and components behaviour and performance
Solutions for energy retrofitting of (historical) buildings
Aspects of sustainability and durability
Sustainable cement and concrete
Earth construction
Steel and bamboo
Timber construction
Building physic and conventional insulation
Bio-based insulation
101-0587-00LWorkshop on Sustainable Building Certification Restricted registration - show details
Number of participants limited to 25
W3 credits2GD. Kellenberger
AbstractBuilding labels are used to certify buildings and neighbourhoods in term of sustainability. Many different labels have been developed and can be used in Switzerland (LEED, DGNB, SNBS, Minergie, 2000-Watt-Sites). In this course the differences between the certification labels and its application on 3 emblematic case study buildings will be discussed.
ObjectiveAfter this course, the students are able to understand and use the different certification labels.
They have a clear view of what the labels take into consideration and what they don't.
ContentThree buildings case study will be presented.

Different certification schemes, including LEED (American standard), DGNB (German Standard with Swiss adaptation), Label SNBS, MINERGIE-ECO and 2000-Watt-Site (Swiss standards) will be presented and explained by experts.

After this overall general presentation and in order to have a closer look to specific aspects of sustainability, students will work in groups and assess during one or two weeks this specific criteria on one of the case studies presented before. This practical hands on the label will end with a presentation and a discussion where we will highlight differences between the labels.

This alternance of working session on one specific criteria for one specific building followed by a group presentation and discussion to compare labels is repeated for the different focus point (operation energy, mobility, daylight, indoor air quality).
Lecture notesThe slides from the presentations will be made available.
LiteratureAll documents for certification labels as well as detail plans of the buildings will be available for the students.
101-0123-00LStructural Design Information W3 credits2GP. Ohlbrock, P. Block, J. Schwartz
AbstractThe goal of the course is to introduce the civil engineering students to Structural Design, which is regarded as a discipline that relates structural behavior, construction technologies and architectural concepts. The course encourages the students to understand the relationship between the form of a structure and the forces within it by promoting the development of designed projects.
ObjectiveAfter successfully completing this course the students will able to:
1. Critically question structural design concepts of historical and contemporary references
2. Use graphic statics and strut-and-tie models based on the Theory of Plasticity to describe the load bearing behavior of structures
3. Understand different construction technologies and have an awareness of their potential for structural design
4. Use contemporary digital tools for the design of structures in equilibrium
5. Design an appropriate structural system for a given design task taking into account architectural considerations
ContentThe goal of the course is to introduce the civil engineering students to Structural Design, which is understood as a discipline that relates structural behavior, construction technologies and architectural concepts. Hence, the course encourages the students to develop an intuitive understanding of the relationship between the form of a structure and the forces within it by promoting the development of designed projects, in which the static and architectural aspects come together. The course is structured in two main parts, each developed in half of a semester: a mainly theoretical one (including the teaching of graphic statics) and a mainly applied one (focused on the development of a design project by the students using digital form-finding tools).

Graphic statics is a graphical method developed by Prof. Karl Culmann and firstly published in 1864 at ETH Zurich. In this approach to structural analysis and design, geometric construction techniques are used to visualize the relation between the geometry of a structure and the forces acting in and on it, represented by geometrically dependent form and force diagrams.
The course will firstly review the main principles of graphic statics through a series of frontal lectures and discuss the relationship to analytical statics. Graphic statics is then used as an operative tool to design structures in equilibrium based on the lower bound theorem of the Theory of Plasticity. Additionally, the course will introduce contemporary methodologies and tools (parametric CAD software) for the interactive application of equilibrium modelling in the form of short workshops. The students will familiarize with the topic by solving exercises and confronting themselves with simple design tasks.

Design Project:
Specific structural design approaches and design methodologies based on graphic statics and references from construction history will be introduced to the students by means of seminars and workshops. By developing a design project, the students will apply these concepts and techniques in order to become proficient with open design tasks (such as the design of a bridge, a large span hall or a tower). At the end of the semester, the students present their projects to a jury of internal and external critics in a final review. The main criterion of evaluation is the students' ability to integrate architectural considerations into their structural design.
Literature"Faustformel Tragwerksentwurf"
(Philippe Block, Christoph Gengangel, Stefan Peters,
DVA Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt 2015, ISBN 978-3-421-04012-1)

"Form and Forces: Designing Efficient, Expressive Structures"
(Edward Allen, Waclaw Zalewski, October 2009, ISBN: 978-0-470-17465-4)

"The art of structures, Introduction to the functioning of structures in architecture"
(Aurelio Muttoni, EPFL Press, 2011, ISBN-13: 978-0415610292, ISBN-10: 041561029X)
101-0267-01LNumerical HydraulicsW3 credits2GM. Holzner
AbstractIn the course Numerical Hydraulics the basics of numerical modelling of flows are presented.
ObjectiveThe goal of the course is to develop the understanding of the students for numerical simulation of flows to an extent that they can later use commercial software in a responsible and critical way.
ContentThe basic equations are derived from first principles. Possible simplifications relevant for practical problems are shown and their applicability is discussed. Using the example of non-steady state pipe flow numerical methods such as the method of characteristics and finite difference methods are introduced. The finite volume method as well as the method of characteristics are used for the solution of the shallow water equations. Special aspects such as wave propagation and turbulence modelling are also treated.

All methods discussed are applied pratically in exercises. This is done using programs in MATLAB which partially are programmed by the students themselves. Further, some generelly available softwares such as BASEMENT for non-steady shallow water flows are used.
Lecture notesLecture notes, powerpoints shown in the lecture and programs used can be downloaded. They are also available in German.
LiteratureGiven in lecture
Master's Thesis
101-0010-10LMaster's Thesis Restricted registration - show details
Only for Civil Engineering MSc, Programme Regulations 2020.

Only students who fulfill the following criteria are allowed to begin with their master thesis:
a. successful completion of the bachelor programme;
b. fulfilling of any additional requirements necessary to gain admission to the master programme.
O20 credits43DSupervisors
AbstractThe Master Programme concludes with the Master Thesis, which has to be done in one of the chosen specialisations and has to be completed within 18 weeks. The Master Thesis is supervised by a professor and shall attest the students ability to work independently and to produce scientifically structured work.
ObjectiveTo work independently and to produce a scientifically structured work.
ContentThe topics of the Mastrer Thesis are published by the professors. The Topic can be set also in consultation between the student and the professor.
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