Search result: Catalogue data in Spring Semester 2018

Environmental Sciences Bachelor Information
Bachelor Studies (Programme Regulations 2016)
Basic Courses II
Additional Compulsory Courses
701-0034-15LIntegrated Practical: Aquatic Ecology Restricted registration - show details W1.5 credits3PJ. Jokela, C. T. Robinson
AbstractPractical studies on broad scientific questions and practice-orientated sampling techniques in aquatic ecology in rivers and lakes.
ObjectiveThe first goal is to learn how broad scientific questions of aquatic ecology are addressed in practice and to get an overview of the key hypotheses and methods that are relevant for each theme. The second goal is to strengthen the knowledge of local aquatic ecosystems.
Students are expected to work independently.
ContentCoordinated by J. Jokela

The purpose of this course is to give an overview of stream and lake ecology and structure. Theoretical background is given in an introductory lecture, followed by excursions to a stream and a lake, where the students get to know the systems and different methods for survey and analysis. In a second part, the students conduct small research projects on important questions in the field of aquatic ecology.

Dates to be given.
Lecture notesno script
Prerequisites / NoticeThe practical parts will mainly take place at Eawag Dübendorf.
701-0034-16LIntegrated Practical: Novel Ecosystems in Cities Information Restricted registration - show details W1.5 credits3PC. Küffer Schumacher
AbstractNovel ecosystems, that are strongly influenced by humans, confront the environmental sciences with particular challenges including the need to integrate natural and social sciences for problem analysis and developing solutions for practice. In this course novel ecosystems will be discussed based on the example of the city of Zurich.
Objective1. Introduction to concepts of the management of man-dominated ecosystems, e.g. urban ecology, ecosystem services, nature-culture dichotomy, native / non-native species.
2. Application of ecological knowledge in man-dominated ecosystems.
3. Field observation
ContentThe example of pollinators and their ecological functions in the city of Zurich will be used to discuss novel ecosystems and their management.
We will also discuss the integration of natural and social sciences, and communication with the public.
An important practical aspect of the course is the collection, integration and visualisation of different types of data.
Lecture noteswill be distributed during the course
Literaturewill be distributed during the course
Prerequisites / Noticenone
701-0034-18LIntegrated Practical: Nutrient Flows in Agroecosystems Restricted registration - show details W1.5 credits3PE. K. Bünemann König
AbstractNutrient flows (from the global scale to the farm level) play an important role in the area of conflict between agricultural production and environmental protection. The students get to know nutrient balances, establish a "SuisseBilanz", and compute conversion scenarios (e.g. to a stockless farm). Finally, we will discuss possibilities to close nutrient cycles and minimize nutrient losses.
ObjectiveThe students can:
- explain N and P flows on a farm, national and global level
- critically judge the Swiss fertilization planning with respect to potential nutrient losses
- distinguish different types of nutrient balances
- use the "SuisseBilanz" to analyse a farm, and as a planning tool
- compare options to close nutrient cycles
- discuss consequences of animal production on nutrient flows and environmental impact.
ContentIm Spannungsfeld zwischen landwirtschaftlicher Produktion, Nachhaltigkeit und Einfluss auf natürliche Ökosysteme spielen Nährstoffflüsse auf verschiedenen Skalenebenen eine wichtige Rolle. Dabei können Nährstoffbilanzen einerseits für ein besseres Verständnis von Nährstoffkreisläufen und -effizienz und andererseits als Regulierungsinstrument für ein umweltschonendes Nährstoffmanagement genutzt werden. In diesem Praktikum lernen die Studierenden verschiedene Typen von Nährstoffbilanzen kennen. Unter Benutzung der Düngungsempfehlungen der Schweiz erarbeiten die Studierenden eine Suisse-Bilanz für einen Beispielsbetrieb und rechnen verschiedene Umstellungsszenarien (z.B. auf einen viehlosen oder auf einen biologisch wirtschaftenden Betrieb). Im letzten Teil des Praktikums werden Möglichkeiten thematisiert, Nährstoffkreisläufe auf Betriebs- und Gesellschaftsebene zu schliessen und Nährstoffverluste zu minimieren.
Prerequisites / NoticeDas Praktikum beinhaltet eine Exkursion zu einem N-Düngungsversuch in Eschikon, eine Besichtigung eines landwirtschaftlichen Betriebes, und eine Exkursion zum Thema Nährstoffrecycling.
Die Studierenden benötigen einen Laptop für die verschiedenen Übungen und Rechenaufgaben.
701-0035-00LIntegrated Practical Environmental Observation Information W1.5 credits3PJ. Henneberger
AbstractObservation networks - the combination of individual instruments - are the starting point of quantitative environmental studies. The structure and idiosyncrasies of existing observation networks are shown. When working in individual experiments on practical problems, various types of observation networks are dealt with; questions related to data quality and data availability are discussed.
ObjectiveGetting acquainted with existing networks for environmental observations. Insight into problems related to measuring and interpreting multi-dimensional fields of atmospheric physical, atmospheric chemical, and geophysical parameters.
ContentObservation networks for atmospheric physical, atmospheric chemical, geophysical, hydrological and climatological parameters on different scales (synoptic: 1000 km; mesoscale: 100 km, and microscale: 100 m). Combination of surface observation with remotely sensed data (satellite, radar). Solving interpolation problems in multi-dimensional fields of the observed variables. Assessing the representativity of local values, i.e., the directly observed variable in an observation network.
Lecture notesThe script is published anew every year. Apart from the description of the scientific problems to be worked on in individual experiments, it contains some theoretical chapters on observation networks, as well as guidelines for writing and publishing scientific papers. The script can be downloaded as pdf from the course webpage.
LiteratureLiterature is listed in the script.
701-0034-17LConcluding Days Integrated Practicals: Sustainable Management of Cultural Landscapes Restricted registration - show details O1.5 credits2PA. Hilbeck, A. Lüscher
AbstractComprising an excursion and two one-day workshops, know-how from different components of the Integrated Practical Courses will be applied and interconnected to environmental problems in agriculture, forest and landscape.
ObjectiveApplication and integration of know-how gained during studies, in particular from the Integrated Practical Courses. Combining diverse multidisciplinary subjects relating to agriculture, forest and landscape using a practice-orientated approach.
ContentThe Concluding Days of the Integrated Practicals include a one-day excursion in the region of Greifensee and two days of workshops on the topics of agriculture, forest and landscape.
Lecture notesWorking materials will be provided during the course.
Prerequisites / NoticeThe course is held by lecturers of the Integrated Practical Courses of the 3rd and 4th semester. Further experts make up the team: B. Oehen, A. Müller, Research Insitute for Organic Farming FIBL, Frick, A. Lüscher, Agroscope, Zürich-Reckenholz und D. Dubois, ICB Internationale Zertifizierung Bio Suisse.
Social Sciences and Humanities
851-0741-00LEnvironmental Law Restricted registration - show details
Only for Environmental Sciences BSc.

Number of participants limited to 75

Students who have attended and passed the course unit 851-0738-04L in the autumn semester may not attend this course unit (851-0741-00L) again and can't credited it
W2 credits2VM. Looser
AbstractEnvironmental law aims at limiting detrimental etfects on air, soil, waters, plants, animals, biotopes and habitats as well as limiting climate change. The lecture gives an oversight over Swiss environmental law and focusses on a variety of subareas as well as legel instruments using practice-based examples. Stutents acquire basic knowledge for collaboration with lawyers and public authorities.
ObjectiveStudents are able
- to characterise the relevance of environmental law in their future fields of work,
- to find and explain the significant legal requirements relating to a concrete case,
- to integrate legal arguments into environmental questions and to communicate with lawyers about its scientific and legal aspects.
LiteratureEmpfohlen wird die Lektüre von: Alain Griffel, Umweltrecht in a nutshell, Zürich / St. Gallen 2015 (242 Seiten, Taschenbuchgrösse)
Im Vorlesungsprogramm werden die zu lesenden Abschnitte angegeben
701-0729-00LSocial Research Methods Restricted registration - show details
Limited number of participants: 65
Target group: students of BSc Environmental Sciences, if there are free places then other students are very welcome.

Students who enroll in the lecture 860-0029-00L Social Research Methods in spring semester and take part in the exam are not allowed to enroll for 701-0729-00L Social Research Methods and collect credit points.
W2 credits2GM. Stauffacher, A. Bearth, H. Mieg
AbstractThis course covers the basic methodological principles of social-scientific research, and provides an insight into its underlying theoretical and methodological rationale and its concrete procedures. Methods and concepts are demonstrated in the context of guided interviews and questionnaire research. Exercises deepen the knowledge gained in the course.
ObjectiveStudents are able to
- describe the significance of method-supported procedures in the social sciences.
- explain the basic principles of social-scientific research.
- critically interpret the results of social-scientific research .
- conduct small-scale interviews and surveys via questionnaires.
ContentAlle Teilnehmenden verpflichten sich zur aktiven Mitarbeit in Form von drei Übungen (leitfadengestütztes Interview, Erstellung von Fragebogen, Auswertung von Daten).
(1) Wozu empirische (Sozial-)Forschung?
(2) Der Forschungsablauf im Überblick, verknüpfen von qualitativen und quantitativen Methoden
(3) Leitfadengestützte Interviews: erstellen Leitfaden, Durchführung und Auswertung
(4) Fragebogen: Hypothesen erarbeiten, Fragebogen erstellen, Durchführung, Daten auswerten, und Resultate darstellen
Lecture notesDie Dozenten arbeiten mit Folien, die als Handout abgegeben werden.
LiteratureZur ergänzenden Begleitlektüre kann folgendes Buch empfohlen werden:
Schutt, R.K. (2006). Investigating the Social World: The Process and Practice of Research, 5th ed. Pine Forge Press: Thousand Oaks, CA
860-0029-00LSocial Research Methods Restricted registration - show details
Limited number of participants: 65

Peer group: students of BSc Environmental Sciences, if there are free places then other students are very welcome.

Students who enroll in the lecture 860-0029-00L Social Research Methods in spring semester and take part in the exam are not allowed to enroll for 701-0729-00L Social Research Methods and collect credit points.
W2 credits2GL. Rudolph
AbstractThe course provides an overview of the various methodological approaches in empirical social research and covers the different stages of the research process. Acquired skills are applied in a practical research project.
ObjectiveUpon completion of the course, students should be familiar with:
(1) The basic principles behind different empirical social-research methods and the conditions under which their use is appropriate.
(2) The steps involved in an empirical study.
(3) The application of empirical research methods to a research project.
ContentKenntnisse der Methodik empirischer Sozialforschung sind eine grundlegende Kompetenz, ob im Alltag, in interdisziplinären wissenschaftlichen Projekten oder in vielen sozialwissenschaftlichen Berufsfeldern. In diesem Kurs werden Grundlagen der empirischen Sozialforschung vermittelt. Dazu wird im ersten Teil der Veranstaltung in die theoriegeleitete Hypothesengenerierung und den Ablauf eines sozialwissenschaftlichen Forschungsprozesses eingeführt. Der Kurs gibt dann einen Überblick über verschiedene empirisch-analytische Forschungsdesigns mit ihren Vor- und Nachteilen sowie Anwendungsbedingungen. Vertieft wird die experimentelle und quasi-experimentelle Herangehensweise behandelt. Im zweiten Teil der Veranstaltung führen die Studierenden selbst ein Forschungsprojekt durch und lernen den Ablauf von Studiendesign und Forschungsplanung, Datenerhebung und Datenauswertung praktisch kennen.
LiteratureDiekmann, A. (2007). Empirische Sozialforschung (18th ed.). Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt.
Prerequisites / NoticeBasic knowledge in applied statistics. Students enrolling in this course should be able to conduct descriptive statistics such as comparisons of means or be willing to aquire these through additional self-study.
Module Economics
751-1101-10LFinances and Accounting SystemW2 credits2GM. Lips
AbstractTo understand accounting and calculation of costs.
ObjectiveAbility to keep accounts and calculate costs
ContentFinancial accounting as part of business management.
Study the steps of establishing and evaluation of accounting. The course will focus on financial accounting, including exercises on this topic. The cost calculation also includes full-cost accounting.
Lecture notesCourse documentation and specified educational books
LiteratureWill be indicated in class.
701-0758-00LEcological Economics: Introduction with Focus on Growth CriticsW2 credits2VI. Seidl
AbstractStudents become acquainted with the basics / central questions / analyses of Ecological Economics. Thereby, central will be the topic of economic growth. What are the positions of Ecological Economics in this regard? What are the theories and concepts to found this position in general and in particular economic areas (e.g. resource consumption, efficiency, consumption, labour market, enterprises)?
ObjectiveBecome acquainted with basics and central questions of Ecological Economics (EE): e.g. 'pre-analytic vision', field of discipline, development EE, contributions of involved disciplines such as ecology or political sciences, ecological-economic analysis of topics such as labour market, consumption, money. Critical analysis of growth and learning about approaches to reduce growth pressures.
ContentWhat is Ecological Economics
Field of the discipline and basics
Resource consumption, its development and measurements
Measurement of economic activity and welfare
Economic growth, growth critics and post-growth society
Consumption, Money, Enterprises, labour market and growth pressures
Starting points for a post-growth society
Lecture notesNo Script. Slides and texts will be provided beforehand.
LiteratureDaly, H. E. / Farley, J. (2004). Ecological Economics. Principles and Applications. Washington, Island Press.

Seidl, I. /Zahrnt A. (2010). Postwachstumsgesellschaft, Marburg, Metropolis.

Ausgewählte wissenschaftliche Artikel.
Prerequisites / NoticeParticipation in a lecture on environmental economics or otherwise basic knowledge of economics (e.g. A-Level)
701-0764-00LCrtical Reflection Upon the Economic Growth Paradigm Restricted registration - show details
Number of participants limited to 25.

Target groups: Agricultural Sciences (BSc/MSc) and Environmental Sciences (BSc/MSc).

Priority is given to target groups until January 29th, 2018.

The waiting list will be deleted on Febraury 4th, 2018.
W1 credit1SI. Seidl
AbstractIn this seminar we will read and discuss about three scientific papers which thoroughly and critically deal with economic growth and environmental topics.
ObjectiveEnhanced knowledge on ecological economics, growth critics of ecological economics, energetical-material implications of growth, consumer criticism and growth-critical traditions of thought. Reading and reflection upon scientific textes.
ContentGrowth theory, growth paradigm, growth criticism, energy, entropy, neoclassics versus ecological economics, consumer theories and consumerism.
Prerequisites / NoticeParticipation in course 701-0758-00L Ecological Economics: basics and growth critisism (parallel oder former participation) or very good basic knowledge in ecological economics or environmental economicse
363-0532-00LEconomics of Sustainable DevelopmentW3 credits2VL. Bretschger
AbstractConcepts and indicators of sustainable development, paradigms of weak and strong sustainability;
neoclassical and endogenous growth models;
pollution, environmental policy and growth;
role of substitution possibilities and technological progress;
Environmental Kuznets Curve: concept, theory and empirical results;
economic growth in the presence of exhaustible and renewable resources.
ObjectiveThe aim is to develop an understanding of the implications of sustainable development for the long-run development of economies. It is to be shown to which extent the potential for growth to be sustainable depends on substitution possibilities, technological change and environmental policy.
ContentThe lecture introduces different concepts and paradigms of sustainable development. Building on this foundation and following a general introduction to the modelling of economic growth, conditions for growth to be sustainable in the presence of pollution and scarce natural resources are derived. Special attention is devoted to the scope for substitution and role of technological progress in overcoming resource scarcities. Implications of environmental externalities are regarded with respect to the design of environmental policies.
Concepts and indicators of sustainable development, paradigms of weak and strong sustainability, sustainability optimism vs. pessimism;
introduction to neoclassical and endogenous growth models;
pollution, environmental policy and growth;
role of substitution possibilities and technological progress;
Environmental Kuznets Curve: concept, theory and empirical results;
economic growth in the presence of exhaustible and renewable resources, Hartwick rule, resource saving technological change.
Lecture notesWill be provided successively in the course of the semester.
LiteratureBretschger, F. (1999), Growth Theory and Sustainable Development, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Bretschger, L. (2004), Wachstumstheorie, Oldenbourg, 3. Auflage, München.

Perman, R., Y. Ma, J. McGilvray and M. Common (2003), Natural Resource and Environmental Economics, Longman , 3d ed., Essex.

Neumayer, E. (2003), Weak and Strong Sustainability, 2nd ed., Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
363-1038-00LSustainability Start-Up Seminar Restricted registration - show details
Number of participants limited to 30.
W3 credits2GN. U. Blum, A.‑K. Zobel
AbstractExperts lead participants through a lean start-up process. The course contains idea generation and evaluation, team formation, and the development of one entrepreneurial idea per team. A special focus is put on sustainability, in particular on circular economy and renewable energy technologies.
Objective1. Participants become keen on starting their own company
2. Participants believe in their ability to found their own company
3. Participants experience the first steps within such a start-up
4. Participants reflect on sustainability issues
ContentThis course is aimed at people with a keen interest to address sustainability issues (with a focus on circular economy and renewable energy) with entrepreneurial ideas!

The seminar consists of a mix of lectures, workshops, individual working sessions, and team work. Reflecting on learning goals and progress is an integral part of the course.

All course content is based on the latest international entrepreneurship practices: The seminar starts with an introduction to entrepreneurship and sustainability, followed by idea generation and evaluation workshops, team formation sessions, the development of a business model around selected ideas, real-life testing of these business models, and a pitching training. The course ends with a pitching event where all teams will present their start-up idea.

More information can be found on Link .
Lecture notesAll material will be made available to the participants.
Prerequisites / NoticePrerequisite:
Interest in sustainability & entrepreneurship.

1. It is not required that participants already have a business idea at the beginning of the course.
2. No legal entities (e.g. GmbH, Association, AG) need to be founded for this course.
3. Additonally to the weekly lectures, there will be the opportunity to participate at an optional presentation skills workshop.

Target participants:
PhD students, Msc students and MAS students from all departments. The number of participants is limited to max.30.

Waiting list:
After subscribing you will be added to the waiting list.
The lecturers will contact you a few weeks before the start of the seminar to confirm your interest and to ensure a good mixture of study backgrounds, only then you're accepted to the course.
851-0609-04LThe Energy Challenge - The Role of Technology, Business and Society Information
Prerequisites: Knowledge in Economics and Environmental Issues is obligatory.
Particularly suitable for students D-BAUG, ITET, MAVT, USYS
W2 credits2VR. Schubert, T. Schmidt, J. Schmitz, B. Steffen
AbstractIn recent years, energy security, risks, access and availability are important issues. Strongly redirecting and accelerating technological change on a sustainable low-carbon path is essential. The transformation of current energy systems into sustainable ones is not only a question of technology but also of the goals and influences of important actors like business, politics and society.
ObjectiveIn this course different options of sustainable energy systems like fossile energies, nuclear energy or all sorts of renewable energies are explained and discussed. The students should be able to understand and identify advantages and disadvantages of the different technological options and discuss their relevance in the business as well as in the societal context.
Lecture notesMaterials will be made available on the electronic learning platform: Link
LiteratureMaterials will be made available on the electronic learning platform: Link
Prerequisites / NoticeVarious lectures from different disciplines.
Module Political and Social Sciences
701-0712-00LUse and Perception of Nature Among Societies Outside EuropeW2 credits2VT. Haller Merten
AbstractViews of what we call "nature“" in traditional societies in Africa, Asia and Southern America are presented and discussed. In such subsistence-oriented ethnic groups "nature" is often perceived as being inhabited by gods and spirits. This view is often regarded as being irrational by natural science. But what are the impacts of such religious views on the sustainable use of natural resources?
ObjectiveThis lecture shall give an overview of worldviews of so called traditional societies in Africa, Asia and Southern America. The aim is to understand the way such societies view what we call nature or environment and their strategies to use natural resources. The lecure shall also provide a critical analysis of such processes based on concrete case studies, in which we will discuss problems of sustainable use of natrual resources and participatory processes in the governance of such resources.
ContentDie Studierenden werden dabei mit Vorstellungen und Ideologien von Natur konfrontiert, die sich nicht mit unserer Logik physisch-chemischer und biologischer Abläufe in der "Natur" decken, und die wir somit als "irrational" empfinden. Wir werden uns mit verschiedenen Konzepten aus dem Bereich der Religions-Ethnologie beschäftigen, die sich insbesondere im Bereich Magie, Hexerei und Orakelbefragung mit der "Rationalität" solcher Umweltvorstellungen auseinandersetzen. Seit der Beschäftigung mit der Ökosystemtheorie durch Roy Rappaport erhielt diese "wilde Denken" eine neue Funktion (Rappaport 1971, 1979). Es wurde in Zusammenhang eines gesamten Ökosystems analysiert, zu dessen Erhaltung und zu dessen Fliessgleichgewicht es diene. Diese Sichtweise, obwohl heftig kritisiert, ist von Bedeutung, weil mit der ökologischen Krise man in der industrialisierte Welt Ausschau nach neuen Konzepten hält. Diese werden teilweise in den uns fremden Bildern aussereuropäischer Völker von der "heiligen Natur" gesehen, welche uns als Lehre dienen und zu nachhaltiger Ressourcennutzung führen könnte. Zudem erscheinen die Umwelt-Bilder und Weltsichten dieser Gesellschaften (heute oftmals indigene Völker genannt) auf der praktischen Ebene als gelebter Naturschutz, den es insbesondere für die Konservierung von Biodiversität zu erhalten gilt. Heilige Orte sollen nun auch für den Schutz von beispielsweise Nationalparks oder Biosphärenreservaten dienen. In diesem Zusammenhang ist ein genauer Blick von Nöten, denn Fehlanalysen sind in diesem Bereich fatal und eine unkritische Instrumentalisierung magischer Weltsichten kontraproduktiv. Wo jedoch religiöse Weltsichten der Natur eine im Sinne der Nachhaltigkeit positive Rolle spielen können, ist der Bereich der Institutionen für das Ressourcenmanagement. Dieser Begriff wird hier im Sinne des Neuen Institutionalismus verwendet: Institutionen sind demnach Regeln, Werte und Normen, die das Handeln der Individuen beeinflussen und eine gewisse Sicherheit bezüglich dem erwarteten Verhalten der anderen Individuen einer Gemeinschaft bieten und dabei die sogenannten Transaktionskosten (Informationsbeschaffung bezüglich dem Verhalten anderer Akteure, Überwachung und Sanktionierung) reduzieren (North 1990. Ostrom 1990, Ensminger 1992). Dieser aus der Ökonomie beeinflusste Ansatz weist meines Erachtens interessante Elemente bezüglich der nachhaltigen Nutzung von Ressourcen auf, was sich bei der Nutzung von Kollektivressourcen (Com
Lecture notesZur Veranstaltung gibt es kein Script, aber es wird rechtzeitig ein Ordner mit der relevanten Literatur bereitgestellt. Am Thema Interessierte Studierende können sich bereits in folgenden zwei Büchern ins Thema einlesen:
- Berkes, Fikret. 1999. Sacred Ecology: Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Resource Managment. Philadelphia: Taylor and Francis.
- Haller, Tobias. 2001. Leere Speicher, erodierte Felder und das Bier der Frauen: Umweltanpassung und Krise bei den Ouldeme und Platha in den Mandarabergen Nord-Kameruns. Studien zur Sozialanthropologie. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag.
LiteratureBecker, Dustin, C. and Elinor Ostrom,.1995. Human Ecology and Resource Sustainability: The Importance of Institutional Diversity. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst.1995. No. 26:113-33.
Berkes, Fikret. 1999. Sacred Ecology: Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Resource Managment. Philadelphia: Taylor and Francis.
Dangwal, Parmesh. 1998. Van Gujjars at Apex of National Park Management. Indigenous Affairs No.4:24-31.
Diener, Paul and Robkin, Eugene E. 1978. Ecology, Evolution, and the Search for Cultural Origins: The Question of Islamic Pig Prohibition. In: Current Anthropology 19, No.3():493-540.
Diener, Paul, Nonini, Donald and Robkin, Eugene E. 1977/78. The Dialectics of the Sacred Cow: Ecological Adaptation versus Political Appropriation in the Origins of Indias Cattle Complex. In: Dialectical Anthropology (Amsterdam) 3: 221-241.
Evans-Pritchard, Edward E. 1978. Hexerei, Magie und Orakel bei den Zande. Frankfurt am Main:Suhrkamp.
Evans-Pritchard, Edward und Mayer Fortes. 1983. Afrikanische politische Systeme, in: Kramer, F. und Siegrist, Ch. eds. Gesellschaften ohne Staat. Frankfurt a. Main:Syndikat: 150-174.
Fairhead, James und Leach, Melissa. 1996. Misreading the African Landscape. Society and ecology in a forest-savanna mosaic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Freed, Stanley A. and Freed, Ruth, S. 1981.Sacred Cows and Water Buffalo in India: The Uses of Ethnography. In. Current Anthropology 22, No.5: 483-502.
Haller, Tobias. 1995.Raub der „Seelenschatten in Nord-Kamerun. Krankheit bei den Ouldeme und Platha in den Mandarabergen“. In: Keller, Frank-Beat (Hg.). Krank warum? Vorstellung der Völker, Heiler und Mediziner, Katalog zur gleichnamigen Ausstellung. Ostfildern: Cantz Verlag. pp.302-306.
Haller, Tobias. 2000. Bodendegradierung und Ernährungskrise bei den Ouldeme und Platha. Umwelt- und Ernährungsprobleme bei zwei Feldbauerngruppen in den Mandarabergen Nord-Kameruns: Eine Folge der Adaptation an Monetarisierung und Wandel traditioneller institutioneller Rahmenbedingungen. In: Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 124 (1999): 335–354.
Haller, Tobias. 2001. Leere Speicher, erodierte Felder und das Bier der Frauen: Umweltanpassung und Krise bei den Ouldeme und Platha in den Mandarabergen Nord-Kameruns. Studien zur Sozialanthropologie. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag.
Haller, Tobias. 2002a. „Spiel gegen Risiken in der ‘Natur’“, In: Giordano et al (Hrsg.). Ordnung, Risiko und Gefährdung. Reader des Blockseminars der Schweizerischen
Prerequisites / NoticeDie Veranstaltung beginnt in einem ersten Teil mit einer Reihe von Vorlesungen und wird in einem zweiten Teil mit Lesen und Diskutieren von Texten (Kurzvorträge von den Studierenden) fortgesetzt (nähere Erläuterungen und Programm am Anfang der Veranstaltung).
701-0786-00LMediation in Environmental Planning: Theory and Case Studies.W2 credits2GK. Siegwart
AbstractThis course is intended to demonstrate how environmental decisions can be optimized and conflicts better dealt by using mediation. Case studies will focus on construction of windmills for electricity purpose, use of fracking, sustainable city-planning in the field of former industrial area or the establishment of a birds- or a forest-management plan.
Objective- Develop comprehension of legal and social responses to environmental conflicts
- Recognize the most important participative techniques and their ranges
- Develop concepts for doing and evaluating mediation processes
- Estimate the potential and limitations of cooperative environmental planning
- Train communicative skills (presentation, moderation, discussion design, negotiation), especially by participating at a mediation
ContentTo this end, we will look at the most important techniques of mediation and put them into the context of today's legislation, participation and conflict culture. The potential and limitations of the individual techniques will be discussed using current Swiss and international case studies, namely in the field of windenergy. Students can do conflict analyses, for instance, as part of individual and group analyses and a half-day mediation-simulation, develop technique concepts and train their own communicative and negotiation skills.
Lecture notesA reader will be handed out.
Module Individual Sciences
701-0782-00LDiffering Views of Practice and Science: Mutual Learning for Successful CollaborationW1 credit1GP. Fry
AbstractTypical problems during implementation between science and practice are analyzed and explained. The students recognize different views and languages of actor groups by means of excursion, videos and discussion with experts. They apply methods from knowledge management within their own case studies. Essential preparation for a professional life between science and practice.
ObjectiveThe students are able to
-recognize and analyze differing views of science and practice through excursion, videos, text analysis and exchange with experts.
-summarize classical theories from philosophy of science (thought styles, tacit knowledge) and explain implementation problems with them.
-recognize helpful methods for knowledge exchange by means of a case study for succesful collaboration between science and practice as well as texts from knowledge management.
-develop a concept for an own case study, where they design knowledge exchange between science and practice in an effective way by enabling different views and experiences to be expressed (multistakeholder discussion group, informal meetings in the field, exchange of experiences with story telling etc.).
ContentDie Lehrveranstaltung greift Umsetzungsprobleme zwischen Forschung und Praxis im Umweltbereich auf, liefert wissenschaftlich fundierte Erklärungen dafür und stellt erprobte Methoden der "Wissensarbeit" aus der Privatwirtschaft vor, welche den Wissensaustausch zwischen den Akteuren fördert.

Folgende Fragestellungen werden in der Lehrveranstaltung behandelt:
1. Weshalb sind Lernprozesse zwischen den Akteurgruppen wichtig und wie können diese ermöglicht werden?
Der Berufsalltag an der Schnittstelle zwischen Forschung und Praxis ist anspruchsvoll: Einerseits muss das Wissen aus verschiedenen Disziplinen zusammengeführt werden. Andererseits muss das wissenschaftliche Wissen in praxisrelevante Handlungen übersetzt werden. Dies ist eine grosse Herausforderung. Praxisrelevantes Handlungswissen wird mit allen beteiligten Akteuren gemeinsam erarbeitet. Ein gegenseitiger Lernprozess ist dabei eine wichtige Voraussetzung.

2. Wie können unterschiedliche Sichtweisen der Akteure erkannt und integriert werden?
An der Schnittstelle zwischen Forschung und Praxis treffen Akteure mit unterschiedlichen Sichtweisen (Zielen, Interessen, Methoden), unterschiedlichem Hintergrund und unterschiedlichen Fachsprachen aufeinander. Ein Fallbeispiel aus dem Bodenschutz (FRY 2001) dient als roter Faden, um die unterschiedlichen Sichtweisen zu analysieren und geeignete Methoden vorzustellen. Dabei wird der Einsatz von Video als Prozessgestaltungsmethode speziell diskutiert. Methoden, die unterschiedliche Sichtweisen berücksichtigen, werden von den Studierenden in eigenen Fallbeispielen angewendet und diskutiert.

3. Welche theoretischen Grundlagen sind für die Wissensarbeit relevant und welche Methoden können für den Umweltschutz angewendet werden?
Die für die Umsetzung relevanten klassischen Theorien aus der Wissenschaftsforschung, insbesondere die Theorie des impliziten Wissens (POLANYI) und die Lehre des Denkstils (FLECK) werden vorgestellt. Auf diesen Theorien bauen verschiedene praxiserprobte Methoden der Wissensarbeit aus der Privatwirtschaft auf (DAVENPORT und PRUSAK 2000). Diese Methoden, aber auch die Rahmenbedingungen, unter denen
sie funktionieren, werden in der Lehrveranstaltung anhand von eigenen Fallstudien ausführlich diskutiert.
Lecture notesHandouts and literature will be provided. The book "Bauernsicht und Forscherblick" will serve as a basis (Fry 2001).
Literature- - FRY, P. (201?): Social learning videos: A Method for successful collaboration between science and practice. In: Padmanabhan, Martina (editor). Transdisciplinarity: How research is changing to meet the challenges of sustainability. Routledge Series: Studies in Environment, Culture and Society. Editors: Bernhard Glaeser & Heike Egner. Being published.
- RAVN, Johan E. 2004. Cross-System Knowledge Chains: The Team Dynamics of Knowledge Development. Systemic Practice and Action Research 17 (3):161-175.
- ROUX, Dirk J., Kevin H. Rogers, Harry C. Biggs, Peter J. Ashton, and Anne Sergeant. 2006. Bridging the Science-Management Divide: Moving from Unidirectional Knowledge Transfer to Knowledge Interfacing and Sharing. Ecology and Society 11 (1):4. [online] URL: Link.
- DAVENPORT, T.H., L. PRUSAK 2000: Working Knowledge. How Organisations Manage What They Know. Harvard Business School Press. Boston Massachusetts. 199 S.
- FRY, P. 2001: Bodenfruchtbarkeit - Bauernsicht und Forscherblick. Reihe Kommunikation und Beratung. Hrsg. H. Boland, V. Hoffmann und U.J. Nagel. Margraf-Verlag, Weikersheim. 170 S.
-Fleck, L 1979. Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact.
Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press.
- POLANYI, M., 1985: Implizites Wissen. Suhrkamp. Frankfurt am Main. 94 S.
-Application of video and accompagnying groups for implementation:
Prerequisites / NoticeSoil protection will serve as a thread within the whole lecture. We will meet several actors from soil protection. The succesful project "From farmer to farmer" uses film and networks as means for implementation. The students apply the lessons learnt on a chosen topic. Several methods will be used which allow active participaton of the students: Presentations, discussions, working groups, excursions, analysis of film etc.

Conditions: The lecture is an ideal preparation and/or possibilty to reflect practical training and case studies. Being interested in practice related questions is a necessary prerequisite.
701-0784-00LGreen Marketing: Concepts, Techniques, Case StudiesW2 credits2GB. Sintzel Saurer
AbstractAs future scientists, we intend to realize sustainable products, services or projects that create added value in society. Increasingly, it is also true that a sustainable product is not enough to prevail. This requires an equally credible public relations or marketing campaign. Theory an practise are taught in the lecture.
ObjectiveThe participants know the principles of marketing and can align products, services or projects with appropriate communication to the target groups.
They grappled with the issue of sustainability and learn traditional and modern communication tools (viral marketing, social media, etc.) to anchor the ideas on a sustainable basis in the target markets. The course enables participants to enter into the topic of marketing, as a good basis for future professional life.
ContentIn this lecture we will build on marketing principles and transfer them into the topic of marketing for sustainability, social marketing, green marketing, which aims to position sustainable products, projects or services well in order to produce the effect which we have planned.
Using the example of current campaigns and companys, the theory is deepened, resulting in exciting and varied lectures. A separate small case study enables the implementation of the theory in its own field of action, it was a reaction in an NGO, an existing company or a business idea, which allows an exploration of the future profession.
Lecture notesScripts and Slices for download.
LiteratureMarketing 3.0: From Products to Customers to the Human Spirit, Philip Kotler, Mermawan Kartajaya, Iwan Setiawan

Kotler, Philip: Marketing Insights from A-Z (2003)
701-0788-00LMedia Production, Use and Effects Restricted registration - show details
Number of participants limited to 25.

The waiting list will be deleted on March 2nd, 2018.

Enrollment is possible until March 2nd, 2018.
W1 credit1VT. Friemel
AbstractThis lecture first addresses the economic and political determinants and impacts on mass media production. Based on this, methods and theories are discussed of how to analyze media content and media use. The domain of media effects finally takes a psychological and sociological standpoint to address the question which impact mass media have on individuals and the society.
ObjectiveThe students learn important models, theories and empirical results of mass communication research. They know the circumstances of media production, are able to analyse media contents in a systematic way and are able to reflect the role of media in their field of future practice.
ContentThis lecture provides insights to professional media production and discusses today’s conditions for production (technical, organizational, financial and educational aspects) as well as phenomena of media use and media effects from a social science perspective. The first day will impart basic knowledge of media production and research on media content. The very practical impact on journalistic work and media content will become evident during a guided tour through the editorial rooms and the studios of the Swiss public broadcaster SRF. On the second day it will be discussed how and why media use is measured and what effects mass media have on our society. This includes psychological, sociological, economic and political perspectives.
The number of participants is limited to 25. Students will write a short text as course assessment.
Lecture notesAll slides will be provided as handouts. Relevant literature will be either listed or distributed.
LiteratureHeinz Bonfadelli, Otfried Jarren und Gabriele Siegert (2010): Publizistik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft - ein transdisziplinäres Fach. In: Heinz Bonfadelli, Otfried Jarren und Gabriele Siegert (Hrsg.): Einführung in die Publizistikwissenschaft (3. Aufl.). Bern: Haupt
Module Humanities
701-0701-00LPhilosophy of ScienceW3 credits2VC. J. Baumberger
AbstractThe lecture explores various strands in philosophy of science in a critical way, focusing on the notion of rationality in science, especially with regards to environmental research. It addresses the significance and limits of empirical, mathematical and logical methods, as well as problems and ethical issues raised by the use of science in society.
ObjectiveStudents learn to engage with problems in the philosophy of science and to relate them to natural and environmental sciences, thus developing their skills in critical thinking about science and its use. They know the most important positions in philosophy of science and the objections they face. They can identify, structure and discuss issues raised by the use of science in society.
Content1. Core differences between classical Greek and modern conceptions of science.
2. Classic positions in the philosophy of science in the 20th century: logical empiricism and critical rationalism (Popper); the analysis of scientific concepts and explanations.
3. Objections to logical empiricism and critical rationalism, and further developments: What is the difference between the natural sciences, the social sciences and the arts and humanities? What is progress in science (Kuhn, Fleck, Feyerabend)? Is scientific knowledge relativistic? What is the role of experiments and computer simulations?
4. Issues raised by the use of science in society: The relation between basic and applied research; inter- and transdisciplinarity; ethics and accountability of science.
Lecture notesA reader will be available for students.
LiteratureA list of introductory literature and handbooks will be distributed to the students.
Prerequisites / NoticeOral examination during the session examination.
Further optional exercises accompany the lecture and offer the opportunity for an in-depth discussion of selected texts from the reader. Students receive an additional credit point. They have to sign up separately for the exercises for the course 701-0701-01 U.
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