Suchergebnis: Katalogdaten im Herbstsemester 2017

Agrarwissenschaften Master Information
Master-Studium (Studienreglement 2011)
Vertiefungen
Vertiefung in Crop Science
Disziplinäre Kompetenzbereiche
Agriculture and Environment
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
751-5101-00LBiogeochemistry and Sustainable Management Information W+2 KP2GN. Buchmann, C. Bachofen, V. Klaus
KurzbeschreibungThis course focuses on the interactions between ecology, biogeochemistry and management of agro- and forest ecosystems, thus, coupled human-environmental systems. Students learn how human impacts on ecosystems via management or global change are mainly driven by effects on biogeochemical cycles and thus ecosystem functioning, but also about feedback mechanisms of terrestrial ecosystems.
LernzielStudents will know and understand the complex and interacting processes of ecology, biogeochemistry and management of agro- and forest ecosystems, be able to analyze and evaluate the various impacts of different management practices under different environmental conditions, based on real-life data, and be able to coordinate and work successfully in small (interdisciplinary) teams.
InhaltAgroecosystems and forest ecosystems play a major role in all landscapes, either for production purposes, ecological areas or for recreation. The human impact of any management on the environment is mainly driven by effects on biogeochemical cycles. Effects of global change impacts will also act via biogeochemistry at the soil-biosphere-atmosphere-interface. Thus, ecosystem functioning, i.e., the interactions between ecology, biogeochemistry and management of terrestrial systems, is the science topic for this course.

Students will gain profound knowledge about nutrient cycles in managed and unmanaged grassland, cropland and forest ecosystems. Responses of agro- and forest ecosystems to the environment, e.g., to climate, anthropogenic deposition, major disturbances, soil nutrients or competition of plants and microorganisms, but also feedback mechanisms of ecosystems on (micro)climate, soils or vegetation patterns will be studied. Different management practices will be investigated and assessed in terms of production and quality of yield (ecosystem goods and services), but also in regard to their effect on the environment, e.g., greenhouse gas budgets. Thus, students will learn about the complex interactions of a coupled human-environmental system.

Students will work with real-life data from the long-term measurement network Swiss FluxNet. Data from the intensively managed grassland site Chamau will be used to investigate the biosphere-atmosphere exchange of CO2, H2O, N2O and CH4. Greenhouse gas budgets will be calculated for different time periods and in relation to management over the course of a year. In a final report, students will compare their findings to the forest site Davos.
SkriptHandouts will be available on the webpage of the course.
LiteraturWill be discussed in class.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesPrerequisites: Attendance of introductory courses in plant ecophysiology, ecology, and grassland or forest sciences. Knowledge of data analyses and statistics. Course will be taught in English.
751-5115-00LCurrent Aspects of Nutrient Cycle in Agro-Ecosystems
Findet dieses Semester nicht statt.
Die Veranstaltung findet erst wieder im HS 2018 statt.
W+2 KP1SE. Frossard
KurzbeschreibungDas Seminar befasst sich mit aktuellen Fragen und Forschungsarbeiten zu Nährstoffkreisläufen in Agrarökosystemen mit Vertiefung zu einem spezifischen Thema rund um Nährstoffe. Es besteht aus Vorträgen von Referierenden aus dem In- und Ausland inkl. Exkursion. In einem Bericht fassen die Studierenden das Expertenwissen zusammen und verknüpfen es mit ihrem eigenen Wissen und Angaben aus Literatur.
LernzielVorträge von Experten hören und verstehen. Fragen und Diskussionsbeiträge zu Fachvorträgen und an der Exkursion einbringen. Während dem Anlass vermittelte Information mit Wissen aus den früheren Lehrveranstaltungen und mit eigens gesuchter Literatur verbinden. Informationen zusammenführen, um übergeordnete Fragen zu beantworten und Folgerungen abzuleiten. Wissensstand über Nährstoffkreisläufe und Nährstoffmanagement im Agrarökosystem ausbauen.
751-4003-01LCurrent Topics in Grassland Sciences (HS) Information W+2 KP2SN. Buchmann
KurzbeschreibungResearch results in agro- and forest ecosystem sciences will be presented by experienced researchers as well as Ph.D. and graduate students. Citation classics as well as recent research results will be discussed. Topics will range from plant ecophysiology, biodiversity and biogeochemistry to management aspects in agro- and forest ecosystems.
LernzielStudents will be able to understand and evaluate experimental design and data interpretation of on-going studies, be able to critically analyze published research results, practice to present and discuss results in the public, and gain a broad knowledge of recent research and current topics in agro- and forest ecosystem sciences.
InhaltResearch results in agro- and forest ecosystem sciences will be presented by experienced researchers as well as Ph.D. and graduate students. Citation classics as well as recent research results will be discussed. Topics will range from plant ecophysiology, biodiversity and biogeochemistry to management aspects in agro- and forest ecosystems.
Skriptnone
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesPrerequisites: Basic knowledge of plant ecophysiology, terrestrial ecology and management of agro- and forest ecosystems. Course will be taught in English.
751-5001-00LAgroecologists without BordersW2 KP2SA. Hofmann, J. Dierks, R. Feola Conz, J. Six
KurzbeschreibungIn this seminar students apply their knowledge on sustainable agriculture, tropical soils and land use to a case study related to a current research project from the Sustainable Agroecosystems group. The seminar offers interactions with researchers and extension specialists working in the context of agricultural development.
Lernziel(1) Students analyze one concrete example of an agricultural research project in a tropical agroecosystem.
(2) Students broaden their understanding of environmental and socio-economic challenges of smallholder farmers.
(3) Students articulate complexity and challenges in agricultural development interventions.
(4) Students develop their science communication skills by producing science communication materials in the context of the given case study.
(5) Students practice their project management skills and write a project management plan.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesStudents signing up for this class should have a strong interest in tropical agriculture and science communication.
751-5201-00LTropical Cropping Systems, Soils and Livelihoods (with Excursion) Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen W5 KP5GJ. Six, A. Hofmann, B. Wilde
KurzbeschreibungThis course guides students in analyzing and comprehending tropical agroecosystems. Students gain practical knowledge of field methods, diagnostic tools and survey methods for tropical soils and agroecosystems. An integral part of the course is the two-week field project in southern Ethiopia, which is co-organized with Arba Minch University (Ethiopia) and KU Leuven (Belgium).
LernzielLectures and exercises:
(1) Introduction to international soil classification with focus on tropical soils
(2) Soil suitability (chemical, physical and biological fertility) for tropical crops
(3) Soil conservation practices and stakeholder involvement
(4) Approaches to analyzing tropical agroecosystems

Field project:
(5) Overview of the major land use systems in the South Ethiopian Rift Valley
(6) Analysis of agricultural production systems in the Gamo-Gofa region in southern Ethiopia
(7) Hands-on training on the use of field methods, diagnostic tools and survey methods
(8) Collaboration in international student teams (MSc students from Switzerland, Belgium and Ethiopia)
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe number of participants is limited to 12 students due to capacity limitations for the field project in Ethiopia. Selection of participants will be based on (1) the student's motivation statement, (2) successful participation in the BSc lectures "Sustainable Agroecosystems I + II" and (3) related topic for BSc thesis/ tentative topic for MSc thesis. The motivation statement is due in the first week of the semester.
Methodische Kompetenzbereiche
Methods in Agricultural Sciences
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
751-4506-00LPlant Pathology IIIW2 KP2GU. Merz, M. Maurhofer Bringolf
KurzbeschreibungIdentifikation der wichtigsten Krankheiten und ihrer pilzlichen Erreger von ein- und mehrjährigen, landwirtschaftlich wichtigen Pflanzenarten, basierend auf der Symptomatologie sowie den Mikro-Strukturen. Die zugehörigen Kontrollmassnahmen einiger wichtiger Schaderreger werden anhand ihrer Lebenszyklen erklärt.
Lernziel- Erkennen der wichtigsten Pflanzenkrankheiten, d.h. deren Symptome (makroskopisch)
- Präpariertechnik, Umgang mit Lupe und Mikroskop
- Kenntnisse über die Biologie (Sporulationsorgane, Zyklus) der Erreger und ihre systematische Zuordnung
- sichere DIAGNOSE
- allgemeine sowie spezifische Kontrollmassnahmen (aus der Biologie abgeleitet)
InhaltEine Lektion der LV wird als e-learning Uebung (computergestützt) durchgeführt. Dies gilt auch als Vorbereitung auf das e-exam (Schlussprüfung).
SkriptEs wird mit einem Skript (die Kulturen und ihre wichtigsten Krankheiten) gearbeitet. Dieses wird schrittweise aktualisiert.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesDer Kurs wird in deutscher Sprache geführt (spez. Terminologie)
751-4805-00LRecent Advances in Biocommunication
Maximale Teilnehmerzahl: 25
W+3 KP2SC. De Moraes
KurzbeschreibungStudents will gain insight into the role of sensory cues and signals in mediating interactions within and between species. There will be a primary, but not exclusive, focus on chemical signaling in interactions among plants, insects and microbes. The course will focus on the discussion of current literature addressing key conceptual questions and state-of-the-art research techniques and methods.
LernzielStudents will gain insight into the role of sensory cues and signals in mediating interactions within and between species. There will be a primary, but not exclusive, focus on chemical signaling in interactions among plants, insects and microbes. The course will focus on the discussion of current literature addressing key conceptual questions and state-of-the-art research techniques and methods. Students will engage in discussion and critical analyses of relevant papers and present their evaluations in a seminar setting.
751-3405-00LChemical Nature of Nutrients and their Availability to Plants: The Case of Phosphorus Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to 18.
W+4 KP4GE. Frossard, T. I. McLaren, L. P. Schönholzer
KurzbeschreibungThe course will present the principles underlying the use of radioisotopes in soil/plant systems. It will present how the introduction of an isotope into a system can be done to get some information on the structure of the system. Case studies will be presented to determine element availability. Finally, published studies from other groups will be analyzed and presented by the students.
LernzielAt the end of this course the students are familiar with the principles on which radioisotope works are based and they have learned from case studies how radioisotopes can be used to obtain meaningful data. They are aware of the advantages of using radioisotopes in element cycling studies, but also of the risks and open questions related to isotope work.
InhaltRadio-isotopes are extensively used at the soil/plant or ecosystem level to quantify the fluxes of elements (phosphorus (P), heavy metals, radionuclides) within a given system and to assess the importance of processes controlling these fluxes (e.g. exchange reactions between the soil solution and the soil solid phase, element turnover through the microbial biomass, organic matter mineralization etc.).
The course will first present the principles, the basic assumptions and the theoretical framework that underlay the work with radioisotopes. It will present how the introduction of an isotope into a system can be done so as to get information on the structure of the system (e.g. number and size of compartments). Secondly, case studies on isotopic dilution and tracer work will be presented for instance on the isotopic exchange kinetics method to determine nutrients or pollutants availability. The case studies will be adapted to the ongoing research of the group of plant nutrition and will thus give an insight into our current research. In addition, published studies will be analyzed and presented by the students. Finally, the advantages and disadvantages of work with radioisotopes will be analyzed and discussed critically.
SkriptDocuments will be distributed during the lecture
LiteraturWill be given during the lecture
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe lecture will take place at the ETH experimental station in Eschikon Lindau. See the location of the station at: Link
751-5125-00LStable Isotope Ecology of Terrestrial Ecosystems Information Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen W+2 KP2GR. A. Werner, N. Buchmann, A. Gessler
KurzbeschreibungThis course provides an overview about the applicability of stable isotopes (carbon 13C, nitrogen 15N, oxygen 18O and hydrogen 2H) to process-oriented ecological research. Topics focus on stable isotopes as indicators for the origin of pools and fluxes, partitioning of composite fluxes as well as to trace and integrate processes. In addition, students carry out a small project during lab sessions.
LernzielStudents will be familiar with basic and advanced applications of stable isotopes in studies on plants, soils, water and trace gases, know the relevant approaches, concepts and recent results in stable isotope ecology, know how to combine classical and modern techniques to solve ecophysiological or ecological problems, learn to design, carry out and interpret a small IsoProject, practice to search and analyze literature as well as to give an oral presentation.
InhaltThe analyses of stable isotopes often provide insights into ecophysiological and ecological processes that otherwise would not be available with classical methods only. Stable isotopes proved useful to determine origin of pools and fluxes in ecosystems, to partition composite fluxes and to integrate processes spatially and temporally.

This course will provide an introduction to the applicability of stable isotopes to ecological research questions. Topics will focus on carbon (13C), nitrogen (15N), oxygen (18O) and hydrogen (2H) at natural isotope abundance and tracer levels. Lectures will be supplemented by intensive laboratory sessions, short presentations by students and computer exercises.
SkriptHandouts will be available on the webpage of the course.
LiteraturWill be discussed in class.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis course is based on fundamental knowledge about plant ecophysiology, soil science, and ecology in general. Course will be taught in English.
Design, Analysis and Communication of Science
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
751-3801-00LExperimental Design and Applied Statistics in Agroecosystem ScienceW+3 KP2GA. Hund, W. Eugster, C. Grieder, R. Kölliker
KurzbeschreibungIn this course, different experimental designs will be discussed and various statistical tools will be applied to research questions in agroecosystem sciences. Both manipulative (field and laboratory) experiments and surveys are addressed and students work with a selection of basic techniques and methods to analyse data using a hands-on approach. Methods range from simple t-tests to multi-factoria
LernzielStudents will know various statistical analyses and their application to science problems in their study area as well as a wide range of experimental design options used in environmental and agricultural sciences. They will practice to use statistical software packages (R), understand pros and cons of various designs and statistics, and be able to statistically evaluate their own results as well as those of published studies.
InhaltThe course program uses a learning-by-doing approach ("hands-on minds-on"). New topics are introduced in the lecture hall, but most of the work is done in the computer lab to allow for the different speeds of progress of the student while working with data and analyzing results. In addition to contact hours exercises must be finalized and handed in for grading. The credit points will be given based on successful assessments of selected exercises.

The tentative schedule containst the following topics:

Introduction To Experimental Design and Applied Statistics
Introduction to 'R' / Revival of 'R' Skills
Designs of Field and Growth Chamber Experiments
Nonlinear Regression Fits
Multivariate Techniques: Principle Component Analysis, Canonical Correpondence Analysis (CCA), Cluster Analysis
ANOVA using linear and mixed effect models
Error Analysis, Error Propagation and Error Estimation
Introduction to autoregression and autocorrelations in temporal and spatial data and how to consider them in ANOVA-type analysis

This course does not provide the mathematical background that students are expected to bring along when signing up to this course. Alternatively, students can consider some aspects of this course as a first exposure to solutions in experimental design and applied statistics and then deepen their understanding in follow-up statistical courses.
SkriptHandouts will be available (in English)
LiteraturA selection of suggested additional literature, especially for German speaking students will be presented in the introductory lecture.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis course is based on the course Mathematik IV: Statistik, passed in the 2nd year and the Bachelor's course "Wissenschaftliche Datenauswertung und Datenpräsentation" (751-0441-00L)
Vertiefung in Food and Resource Use Economics
Disziplinäre Kompetenzbereiche
Decision Making in Food Value Chains
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
752-2122-00LFood and Consumer BehaviourW+2 KP2VM. Siegrist, C. Hartmann
KurzbeschreibungThis course focuses on food consumer behavior, consumer's decision-making processes and consumer's attitudes towards food products.
LernzielThe course provides an overview about the following topics: Factors influencing consumer's food choice, food and health, attitudes towards new foods and food technologies, labeling and food policy issues
751-2205-00LAdvanced Management in the Agri-Food-ChainW+2 KP2GM. Weber
KurzbeschreibungAdvanced Management in the Agri-Food-Chain
(Vorlesung wird in deutscher Sprache abgehalten.)
LernzielAfter the lecture the students ...
... know the characteristics and consequences of complexity in the organizational world,
... know and can apply selected comprehensive models for managing in complex situations,
... know possible practical applications and examples of the treated contents to organizations in the Agri-Food Chain and
... are able to deepen the relevant topics in an autonomous way.
InhaltIn the lecture the following contents will be treated:
- State, reasons and effects of complexity in the organizational world.
- A basic framework for shaping and governing intelligent organizations.
- Selected contemporary models for managing in the complex organizational world.
- Transfer and adaption of the models to organizations in the Agri-Food Chain.
SkriptReader with selected contents.
Voraussetzungen / Besonderes- Vorlesung "Management in the Agri-Food Chain" in D-USYS
363-0403-00LIntroduction to MarketingW+3 KP2GF. von Wangenheim
KurzbeschreibungThe course is designed to convey a profound understanding of marketing's role in modern firms, its interactions and interfaces with other disciplines, its main instruments and recent trends. Particular attention is given to emerging marketing concepts and instruments, and the role of marketing in technology firms.
LernzielAfter taking the lecture, students should have knowledge about
1) The definition and role of marketing (marketing basics)
2) Creating marketing insights - understanding customer behavior
- Theoretical concepts in customer behavior (customer behavior)
- Analytical means to extend knowledge on customer behavior (marketing research)
- Strategic tools to quantify customer behavior (CLV, CE)
3) Strategic marketing - translating marketing insights into actionable marketing strategies
- Segmentation, Targeting, and Positioning
- Attracting customers (marketing mix, 4Ps)
- Maintaining profitable customer relations (CRM)
InhaltThe course is designed to convey a profound understanding of marketing's role in modern firms, its interactions and interfaces with other disciplines, its main instruments and recent trends. Particular attention is given to emerging marketing concepts and instruments, and the role of marketing in technology firms.

The lecture features tutorial sessions that are held at irregularly spaced intervals throughout the semester (approximately every third week). The tutorial sessions take place at the same time and location as the main lecture. It serves to illustrate theoretical and methodological concepts from the lecture by walking students through the analysis of real-world data from the telecommunications industry. The case data will be provided so that students practice and apply the concepts of the lecture on their own. The tutorial is held jointly by two Teaching Assistants (Zhiying Cui and Jana Gross) and the professor (Prof. F. von Wangenheim).
LiteraturKotler, P./Armstrong, G.: Principles of Marketing, 17th edition, Pearson 2017.
Weekly readings, distributed in class (via Moodle)
Environmental and Resource Use Economics
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
701-1651-00LEnvironmental Governance Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Maximale Teilnehmerzahl: 30
W+3 KP2GE. Lieberherr, G. de Buren, R. Schweizer
KurzbeschreibungThe course addresses environmental policies, focusing on new steering approaches, which are generally summarized as environmental governance. The course also provides students with tools to analyze environmental policy processes and assesses the key features of environmental governance by examining various practical environmental policy examples.
LernzielTo understand how an environmental problem may (not) become a policy and explain political processes, using basic concepts and techniques from political science.

To analyze the evolution as well as the key elements of environmental governance.

To be able to identify the main challenges and opportunities for environmental governance and to critically discuss them with reference to various practical policy examples.
InhaltImprovements in environmental quality and sustainable management of natural resources cannot be achieved through technical solutions alone. The quality of the environment and the achievement of sustainable development strongly depend on human behavior and specifically the human uses of nature. To influence human behavior, we rely on public policies and other societal rules, which aim to steer the way humans use natural resources and their effects on the environment. Such steering can take place through government intervention alone. However, this often also involves governance, which includes the interplay between governmental and non-governmental actors, the use of diverse tools such as emission standards or financial incentives to steer actors' behavior and can occur at the local, regional, national or international level.

In this course, we will address both the practical aspects of as well as the scientific debate on environmental governance. The course gives future environmental experts a strong basis to position themselves in the governance debate, which does not preclude government but rather involves a spectrum from government to governance.

Key questions that this course seeks to answer: What are the core characteristics of environmental challenges from a policy perspective? What are key elements of 'environmental governance' and how legitimate and effective are these approaches in addressing persistent environmental challenges?
SkriptLecture slides and additional course material will be provided on Moodle.
LiteraturWe will mostly work with readings from the following books:
- Carter, N. (2007). The politics of the environment: Ideas, activism, policy (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Hogl, K., Kvarda, E., Nordbeck, R., Pregernig, M. (Eds) (2012): Environmental Governance: The Challenge of Legitimacy and Effectiveness. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesA detailed course schedule will be made available at the beginning of the semester.
During the lecture we will work with Moodle. We ask that all students register themselves on this platform before the lecture and to bring a laptop, tablet or smartphone to class, so that you can complete exercises using Moodle.

We recommend that students have (a) three-years BSc education of a (technical) university; (b) successfully completed Bachelor introductory course to environmental policy (Entwicklungen nationaler Umweltpolitik (or equivalent)) and (c) familiarity with key issues in environmental policy and some fundamental knowledge of one social science or humanities discipline (political science, economics, sociology, history, psychology, philosophy)
751-2103-00LSocioeconomics of Agriculture Information W+2 KP2VS. Mann
KurzbeschreibungThe main part of this lecture will examine constellations where hierarchies, markets or cooperation have been observed and described in the agricultural sector. On a more aggregated level, different agricultural systems will be evaluated in terms of main socioeconomic parameters like social capital or perceptions.
LernzielStudents should be able to describe the dynamics of hierarchies, markets and cooperation in an agricultural context.
InhaltIntroduction to Sociology
Introduction to Socioeconomics
Agricultural Administration: Path dependencies and efficiency issues
Power in the Chain
The farming family
Occupational Choices
Consumption Choices
Locational Choices
Common Resource Management in Alpine Farming
Agricultural Cooperatives
Societal perceptions of agriculture
Perceptions of farming from within
Varieties of agricultural systems and policies
SkriptLink
Literatursee script
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesBasic economic knowledge is expected.
860-0023-00LInternational Environmental Politics
Besonders geeignet für Studierende D-ITET, D-USYS
W3 KP2VT. Bernauer
KurzbeschreibungThis course focuses on the conditions under which cooperation in international environmental politics emerges and the conditions under which such cooperation and the respective public policies are effective and/or efficient.
LernzielThe objectives of this course are to (1) gain an overview of relevant questions in the area of international environmental politics from a social sciences viewpoint; (2) learn how to identify interesting/innovative questions concerning this policy area and how to answer them in a methodologically sophisticated way; (3) gain an overview of important global and regional environmental problems.
InhaltThis course deals with how and why international cooperation in environmental politics emerges, and under what circumstances such cooperation is effective and efficient. Based on theories of international political economy and theories of government regulation various examples of international environmental politics are discussed: the management of international water resources, the problem of unsafe nuclear power plants in eastern Europe, political responses to global warming, the protection of the stratospheric ozone layer, the reduction of long-range transboundary air pollution in Europe, the prevention of pollution of the oceans, etc.

The course is open to all ETH students. Participation does not require previous coursework in the social sciences.

After passing an end-of-semester test (requirement: grade 4.0 or higher) students will receive 3 ECTS credit points. The workload is around 90 hours (meetings, reading assignments, preparation of test).

Visiting students (e.g., from the University of Zurich) are subject to the same conditions. Registration of visiting students in the web-based system of ETH is compulsory.
SkriptAssigned reading materials and slides will be available at Link (select link 'Registered students, please click here for course materials' at top of that page). Log in with your nethz name and password. Questions concerning access to course materials can be addressed to Dennis Atzenhofer at Link). All assigned papers must be read ahead of the respective meeting. Following the course on the basis of on-line slides and papers alone is not sufficient. Physical presence in the classroom is essential. Many books and journals covering international environmental policy issues can be found at the D-GESS library at the IFW building, Haldeneggsteig 4, B-floor, or in the library of D-USYS.
LiteraturAssigned reading materials and slides will be available at Link (select link -Registered students, please click here for course materials- at top of that page). Log in with your nethz name and password. Questions concerning access to course materials can be addressed to Link).
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesNone
Agricultural Trade and Policies
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
751-2903-00LEvaluation of Agricultural PoliciesW+3 KP2GM. Stolze, S. Mann
KurzbeschreibungDie Vorlesung befasst sich mit Themen der Agrarökonomischen Forschung am Beispiel des Schwerpunktthemas Politikevaluation. Dabei werden Grundlagen der Evaluation vermittelt und in einer offenen Lehrform angewendet.
LernzielSchwerpunktthema: Politikevaluation
-------------------------------------------
Die Studierenden sollen ...
- sich intensiv und aus verschiedenen Perspektiven mit einer agrarökonomischen Fragestellung beschäftigen, insbesondere mit möglichen Methoden und den wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen;
- sich mit wissenschaftlicher Literatur zum Schwerpunktthema auseinandersetzen;
- sich beispielhaft mit den Stärken, Schwächen und Einsatzgebieten von Forschungsansätzen im Schwerpunktthema beschäftigen;
- sich unter Anleitung der Dozenten Lehrinhalte über eine offene Veranstaltungsform selber aneignen;
- Lehrstoff aus Vorlesungen anwenden und Zusammenhänge erkennen können;
- die Forschungsanstalt Agroscope und das Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau (FiBL) als nationale Forschungsinstitute mit agrarökonomischer Forschung kennen lernen;
- sich die Grundlagen aneignen, um selber Evaluationen durchführen oder betreuen sowie die Ergebnisse von Evaluationen einordnen zu können.
InhaltEinheit: Thema
----------------------------------------------------------------------
01: Einführung (Karusselldiskussion, Normativität, Anwendungsbeispiele)
02: Normative Grundlagen
03: Studientag Frick
04: Öffentliche Politik als Evaluationsobjekt
05: Durchführung von Evaluationen
06: Quantitative Methoden
07: Studientag Tänikon
08: Qualitative Methoden
09: Fallstudie
10: Mündliche Prüfung
SkriptHandouts von Powerpoint-Präsentationen
Literatur1) Bussmann Werner, Klöti Ulrich und Knoepfel Peter, 2004 (Hrsg). Einführung in die Politikevaluation. Helbling&Lichtenhahn. Redigitalisierte Fassung.
Wird in Einheit 01 abgegeben.

2) Vedung Evert, 2000. Public Policy and Program Evaluation. ISBN 0-7658-0687-8.
Lehrbuch in englischer Sprache.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesEinheit 03: Ganzer Tag am FiBL in 5070 Frick, Link

Einheit 09: Ganzer Tag bei Agroscope in Tänikon, 8356 Ettenhausen, Link
851-0626-01LInternational Aid and Development Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Maximale Teilnehmerzahl: 40

Voraussetzung: Verständnis der Grundlagen der Volkswirtschaftslehre.
W2 KP2VI. Günther
KurzbeschreibungDie Veranstaltung vermittelt grundlegende ökonomische und empirische Kenntnisse um die Möglichkeiten und Grenzen internationaler Entwicklungszusammenarbeit zu verstehen und zu analysieren.
LernzielZiel der Veranstaltung ist es, den Teilnehmenden ein wissenschaftlich fundiertes Verständnis von den Möglichkeiten und Grenzen internationaler Entwicklungszusammenarbeit zu vermitteln. Die Teilnehmer sollen aktuelle Instrumente der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit verstehen und kritisch diskutieren können.
InhaltEinführung: Ursachen von Unterentwicklung; Geschichte der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit (EZ); Zusammenhang EZ und Entwicklung: theoretische und empirische Perspektiven; Politische Ökonomie der EZ; Auswirkungen von EZ; Aktuelle Instrumente der EZ: z.B. Mikro-Finanzierung, Budget-Hilfe, Fair-Trade.
LiteraturArtikel und Auszüge aus Büchern, die elektronisch zur Verfügung gestellt werden.
Methodische Kompetenzbereiche
Methods in Food and Resource Use Economics
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
751-3801-00LExperimental Design and Applied Statistics in Agroecosystem ScienceW+3 KP2GA. Hund, W. Eugster, C. Grieder, R. Kölliker
KurzbeschreibungIn this course, different experimental designs will be discussed and various statistical tools will be applied to research questions in agroecosystem sciences. Both manipulative (field and laboratory) experiments and surveys are addressed and students work with a selection of basic techniques and methods to analyse data using a hands-on approach. Methods range from simple t-tests to multi-factoria
LernzielStudents will know various statistical analyses and their application to science problems in their study area as well as a wide range of experimental design options used in environmental and agricultural sciences. They will practice to use statistical software packages (R), understand pros and cons of various designs and statistics, and be able to statistically evaluate their own results as well as those of published studies.
InhaltThe course program uses a learning-by-doing approach ("hands-on minds-on"). New topics are introduced in the lecture hall, but most of the work is done in the computer lab to allow for the different speeds of progress of the student while working with data and analyzing results. In addition to contact hours exercises must be finalized and handed in for grading. The credit points will be given based on successful assessments of selected exercises.

The tentative schedule containst the following topics:

Introduction To Experimental Design and Applied Statistics
Introduction to 'R' / Revival of 'R' Skills
Designs of Field and Growth Chamber Experiments
Nonlinear Regression Fits
Multivariate Techniques: Principle Component Analysis, Canonical Correpondence Analysis (CCA), Cluster Analysis
ANOVA using linear and mixed effect models
Error Analysis, Error Propagation and Error Estimation
Introduction to autoregression and autocorrelations in temporal and spatial data and how to consider them in ANOVA-type analysis

This course does not provide the mathematical background that students are expected to bring along when signing up to this course. Alternatively, students can consider some aspects of this course as a first exposure to solutions in experimental design and applied statistics and then deepen their understanding in follow-up statistical courses.
SkriptHandouts will be available (in English)
LiteraturA selection of suggested additional literature, especially for German speaking students will be presented in the introductory lecture.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis course is based on the course Mathematik IV: Statistik, passed in the 2nd year and the Bachelor's course "Wissenschaftliche Datenauswertung und Datenpräsentation" (751-0441-00L)
363-0541-00LSystems Dynamics and ComplexityW+3 KP3GF. Schweitzer, G. Casiraghi, V. Nanumyan
KurzbeschreibungFinding solutions: what is complexity, problem solving cycle.

Implementing solutions: project management, critical path method, quality control feedback loop.

Controlling solutions: Vensim software, feedback cycles, control parameters, instabilities, chaos, oscillations and cycles, supply and demand, production functions, investment and consumption
LernzielA successful participant of the course is able to:
- understand why most real problems are not simple, but require solution methods that go beyond algorithmic and mathematical approaches
- apply the problem solving cycle as a systematic approach to identify problems and their solutions
- calculate project schedules according to the critical path method
- setup and run systems dynamics models by means of the Vensim software
- identify feedback cycles and reasons for unintended systems behavior
- analyse the stability of nonlinear dynamical systems and apply this to macroeconomic dynamics
InhaltWhy are problems not simple? Why do some systems behave in an unintended way? How can we model and control their dynamics? The course provides answers to these questions by using a broad range of methods encompassing systems oriented management, classical systems dynamics, nonlinear dynamics and macroeconomic modeling.
The course is structured along three main tasks:
1. Finding solutions
2. Implementing solutions
3. Controlling solutions

PART 1 introduces complexity as a system immanent property that cannot be simplified. It introduces the problem solving cycle, used in systems oriented management, as an approach to structure problems and to find solutions.

PART 2 discusses selected problems of project management when implementing solutions. Methods for identifying the critical path of subtasks in a project and for calculating the allocation of resources are provided. The role of quality control as an additional feedback loop and the consequences of small changes are discussed.

PART 3, by far the largest part of the course, provides more insight into the dynamics of existing systems. Examples come from biology (population dynamics), management (inventory modeling, technology adoption, production systems) and economics (supply and demand, investment and consumption). For systems dynamics models, the software program VENSIM is used to evaluate the dynamics. For economic models analytical approaches, also used in nonlinear dynamics and control theory, are applied. These together provide a systematic understanding of the role of feedback loops and instabilities in the dynamics of systems. Emphasis is on oscillating phenomena, such as business cycles and other life cycles.

Weekly self-study tasks are used to apply the concepts introduced in the lectures and to come to grips with the software program VENSIM.
SkriptThe lecture slides are provided as handouts - including notes and literature sources - to registered students only. All material is to be found on the Moodle platform. More details during the first lecture
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesSelf-study tasks (discussion exercises, Vensim exercises) are provided as home work. Weekly exercise sessions (45 min) are used to discuss selected solutions. Regular participation in the exercises is an efficient way to understand the concepts relevant for the final exam.
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