Search result: Catalogue data in Autumn Semester 2023
Doctorate Physics More Information at: https://www.ethz.ch/en/doctorate.html  
Subject Specialisation Please note that this is an INCOMPLETE list of courses.  
Number  Title  Type  ECTS  Hours  Lecturers  

402031700L  Semiconductor Materials: Fundamentals and Fabrication  W  6 credits  2V + 1U  S. Schön, W. Wegscheider  
Abstract  This course gives an introduction into the fundamentals of semiconductor materials. The main focus is on stateoftheart fabrication and characterization methods. The course will be continued in the spring term with a focus on applications.  
Learning objective  Basic knowledge of semiconductor physics and technology. Application of this knowledge for stateoftheart semiconductor device processing  
Content  1. Fundamentals of Solid State Physics 1.1 Semiconductor materials 1.2 Band structures 1.3 Carrier statistics in intrinsic and doped semiconductors 1.4 pn junctions 1.5 Lowdimensional structures 2. Bulk Material growth of Semiconductors 2.1 Czochalski method 2.2 Floating zone method 2.3 High pressure synthesis 3. Semiconductor Epitaxy 3.1 Fundamentals of Epitaxy 3.2 Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) 3.3 MetalOrganic Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD) 3.4 Liquid Phase Epitaxy (LPE) 4. In situ characterization 4.1 Pressure and temperature 4.2 Reflectometry 4.3 Ellipsometry and RAS 4.4 LEED, AES, XPS 4.5 STM, AFM 5. The invention of the transistor  Christmas lecture  
Lecture notes  https://moodleapp2.let.ethz.ch/course/view.php?id=20749  
Prerequisites / Notice  The "compulsory performance element" of this lecture is a short presentation of a research paper complementing the lecture topics. Several topics and corresponding papers will be offered on the moodle page of this lecture.  
Competencies 
 
402044200L  Quantum Optics  W  10 credits  3V + 2U  T. U. Donner  
Abstract  This course gives an introduction to the fundamental concepts of Quantum Optics and will highlight stateoftheart developments in this rapidly evolving discipline. The topics covered include the quantum nature of light, semiclassical and quantum mechanical description of lightmatter interaction, laser manipulation of atoms and ions, optomechanics and quantum computation.  
Learning objective  The course aims to provide the knowledge necessary for pursuing research in the field of Quantum Optics. Fundamental concepts and techniques of Quantum Optics will be linked to modern experimental research. During the course the students should acquire the capability to understand currently published research in the field.  
Content  This course gives an introduction to the fundamental concepts of Quantum Optics and will highlight stateoftheart developments in this rapidly evolving discipline. The topics that are covered include:  coherence properties of light  quantum nature of light: statistics and nonclassical states of light  light matter interaction: density matrix formalism and Bloch equations  quantum description of light matter interaction: the JaynesCummings model, photon blockade  laser manipulation of atoms and ions: laser cooling and trapping, atom interferometry,  further topics: Rydberg atoms, optomechanics, quantum computing, complex quantum systems.  
Lecture notes  Selected book chapters will be distributed.  
Literature  Textbooks: G. Grynberg, A. Aspect and C. Fabre, Introduction to Quantum Optics R. Loudon, The Quantum Theory of Light Atomic Physics, Christopher J. Foot Advances in Atomic Physics, Claude CohenTannoudji and David GuéryOdelin C. CohenTannoudji et al., AtomPhotonInteractions M. Scully and M.S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics Y. Yamamoto and A. Imamoglu, Mesoscopic Quantum Optics  
Competencies 
 
402044205L  Advanced Topics in Quantum Optics Does not take place this semester.  W  4 credits  2G  T. Esslinger  
Abstract  The lecture will cover current topics and scientific papers in the wider field of quantum optics in an interactive format. First, the research area will be introduced, then several papers of this field will be presented by the students in the style of a journal club. Selected papers will be contrasted and their strengths and weaknesses discussed by the students in panel discussions. Furthermore, r  
Learning objective  The aim of the lecture is to deepen and broaden the knowledge about current research in the field of quantum optics. In addition, it will also be discussed and critically examined how research results are communicated via publications and lectures and which techniques are used in the process.  
Content  We will select topical fields in quantum optics and quantum science and discuss recently published work. Topics:  Atoms or ionsbased quantum computing  Quantum simulation  Optomechanics  Driven and dissipative quantum systems  Cavity based atomlight interaction  Topological photonics The interactive part of the lecture will include presentations of recent papers, panel discussions of recent papers and the writing of a critical assessment of an arXiv paper in the style of a referee report.  
402044801L  Quantum Information Processing I: Concepts This theory part QIP I together with the experimental part 402044802L QIP II (both offered in the autumn semester) combine to the core course in experimental physics "Quantum Information Processing" (totally 10 ECTS credits). This applies to the Master's degree programme in Physics.  W  5 credits  2V + 1U  J. Renes  
Abstract  The course covers the key concepts and formalism of quantum information processing. Topics include quantum algorithms, quantum error correction, quantum cryptography, and quantum metrology, with an emphasis on the power of quantum information processing beyond that of classical information processing. The formalism of quantum states, measurements, and channels is developed in detail.  
Learning objective  By the end of the course students are able to explain the basic mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics and apply it to quantum information processing problems. They are able to adapt and apply these concepts and methods to analyze and discuss quantum algorithms and other quantum informationprocessing protocols.  
Content  The topics covered in the course will include quantum circuits, gate decomposition and universal sets of gates, efficiency of quantum circuits, quantum algorithms (Shor, Grover, DeutschJosza,..), stabilizerbased quantum error correction, faulttolerant designs, the BB84 quantum key distribution protocol, and simple methods of quantum metrology.  
Lecture notes  Will be provided.  
Literature  Quantum Computation and Quantum Information Michael Nielsen and Isaac Chuang Cambridge University Press  
Prerequisites / Notice  A good understanding of finite dimensional linear algebra is recommended.  
Competencies 
 
402044802L  Quantum Information Processing II: Implementations This experimental part QIP II together with the theory part 402044801L QIP I (both offered in the autumn semester) combine to the core course in experimental physics "Quantum Information Processing" (totally 10 ECTS credits). This applies to the Master's degree programme in Physics.  W  5 credits  2V + 1U  A. Wallraff, J.‑C. Besse  
Abstract  Introduction to experimental systems for quantum information processing (QIP). Quantum bits. Coherent Control. Measurement. Decoherence. Microscopic and macroscopic quantum systems. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Photons. Ions and neutral atoms in electromagnetic traps. Charges and spins in quantum dots and NV centers. Charges and flux quanta in superconducting circuits. Novel hybrid systems.  
Learning objective  Throughout the past 20 years the realm of quantum physics has entered the domain of information technology in more and more prominent ways. Enormous progress in the physical sciences and in engineering and technology has allowed us to build novel types of information processors based on the concepts of quantum physics. In these processors information is stored in the quantum state of physical systems forming quantum bits (qubits). The interaction between qubits is controlled and the resulting states are read out on the level of single quanta in order to process information. Realizing such challenging tasks is believed to allow constructing an information processor much more powerful than a classical computer. This task is taken on by academic labs, startups and major industry. The aim of this class is to give a thorough introduction to physical implementations pursued in current research for realizing quantum information processors. The field of quantum information science is one of the fastest growing and most active domains of research in modern physics.  
Content  Introduction to experimental systems for quantum information processing (QIP).  Quantum bits  Coherent Control  Measurement  Decoherence QIP with  Ions  Superconducting Circuits  Photons  NMR  Rydberg atoms  NVcenters  Quantum dots  
Lecture notes  Course material be made available at www.qudev.ethz.ch and on the Moodle platform for the course. More details to follow.  
Literature  Quantum Computation and Quantum Information Michael Nielsen and Isaac Chuang Cambridge University Press  
Prerequisites / Notice  The class will be taught in English language. Basic knowledge of concepts of quantum physics and quantum systems, e.g from courses such as Phyiscs III, Quantum Mechanics I and II or courses on topics such as atomic physics, solid state physics, quantum electronics are considered helpful. More information on this class can be found on the web site www.qudev.ethz.ch  
402045700L  Quantum Technologies for Searches of New Physics Does not take place this semester.  W  6 credits  2V + 1U  P. Crivelli  
Abstract  Recent years have witnessed incredible progress in the development of new quantum technologies driven by their application in quantum information, metrology, high precision spectroscopy and quantum sensing. This course will present how these emerging technologies are powerful tools to address open questions of the Standard Model in a complementary way to what is done at the high energy frontier.  
Learning objective  The aim of this course is to equip students of different backgrounds with a solid base to follow this rapidly developing and exciting multidisciplinary field.  
Content  The first lectures will be dedicated to review the open questions of the Standard Model and the different Beyond Standard Model extensions which can be probed with quantum technologies. This will include searches for dark sector, dark matter, axion and axionlike particles, new gauge bosons (e.g Dark photons) and extra shortrange forces. The main part of the course will introduce the following (quantum) technologies and systems, and how they can be used for probing New Physics.  Cold atoms  Trapped ions  Atoms interferometry  Atomic clocks  Cold molecules and molecular clocks  Exotic Atoms  Antimatter  Quantum Sensors  
Prerequisites / Notice  The preceding attendance of introductory particle physics, quantum mechanics and quantum electronics courses at the bachelor level is recommended.  
402046558L  Intersubband Optoelectronics  W  6 credits  2V + 1U  G. Scalari, J. Faist  
Abstract  Intersubband transitions in quantum wells are transitions between states created by quantum confinement in ultrathin layers of semiconductors. Because of its inherent taylorability, this system can be seen as the "ultimate quantum designer's material".  
Learning objective  The goal of this lecture is to explore both the rich physics as well as the application of these system for sources and detectors. In fact, devices based on intersubband transitions are now unlocking large area of the electromagnetic spectrum.  
Content  The lecture will treat the following chapters:  Introduction: intersubband optoelectronics as an example of quantum engineering Technological aspects  Electronic states in semiconductor quantum wells  Intersubband absorption and scattering processes  MidIr and THz ISB Detectors Midinfrared and THz photonics: waveguides, resonators, metamaterials  Quantum Cascade lasers: MidIR QCLs THZ QCLs (direct and nonlinear generation) further electronic confinement: interlevel Qdot transitions and magnetic field effects Strong lightmatter coupling in MidIR and THz range  
Lecture notes  The reference book for the lecture is "Quantum Cascade Lasers" by Jerome Faist , published by Oxford University Press.  
Literature  Mostly the original articles, other useful reading can be found in: E. Rosencher and B. Vinter, Optoelectronics , Cambridge Univ. Press G. Bastard, Wave mechanics applied to semiconductor heterostructures, Halsted press  
Prerequisites / Notice  Requirements: A basic knowledge of solidstate physics and of quantum electronics.  
402046400L  Optical Properties of Semiconductors  W  8 credits  2V + 2U  G. Scalari, P. Anantha Murthy  
Abstract  This course presents a comprehensive discussion of optical processes in semiconductors.  
Learning objective  The rich physics of the optical properties of semiconductors, as well as the advanced processing available on these material, enabled numerous applications (lasers, LEDs and solar cells) as well as the realization of new physical concepts. Systems that will be covered include quantum dots, excitonpolaritons, quantum Hall fluids and graphenelike materials.  
Content  Electronic states in IIIV materials and quantum structures, optical transitions, excitons and polaritons, novel two dimensional semiconductors, spinorbit interaction and magnetooptics.  
Prerequisites / Notice  Prerequisites: Quantum Mechanics I, Introduction to Solid State Physics  
402046815L  Nanomaterials for Photonics Does not take place this semester.  W  6 credits  2V + 1U  R. Grange  
Abstract  The lecture describes various nanomaterials (semiconductor, metal, dielectric, carbonbased...) for photonic applications (optoelectronics, plasmonics, ordered and disordered structures...). It starts with concepts of lightmatter interactions, then the fabrication methods, the optical characterization techniques, the description of the properties and the stateoftheart applications.  
Learning objective  The students will acquire theoretical and experimental knowledge about the different types of nanomaterials (semiconductors, metals, dielectric, carbonbased, ...) and their uses as building blocks for advanced applications in photonics (optoelectronics, plasmonics, photonic crystal, ...). Together with the exercises, the students will learn (1) to read, summarize and discuss scientific articles related to the lecture, (2) to estimate order of magnitudes with calculations using the theory seen during the lecture, (3) to prepare a short oral presentation and report about one topic related to the lecture, and (4) to imagine an original photonic device.  
Content  1. Introduction to nanomaterials for photonics a. Classification of nanomaterials b. Lightmatter interaction at the nanoscale c. Examples of nanophotonic devices 2. Wave physics for nanophotonics a. Wavelength, wave equation, wave propagation b. Dispersion relation c. Interference d. Scattering and absorption e. Coherent and incoherent light 3. Analogies between photons and electrons a. Quantum wave description b. How to confine photons and electrons c. Tunneling effects 4. Characterization of Nanomaterials a. Optical microscopy: Bright and dark field, fluorescence, confocal, High resolution: PALM (STORM), STED b. Light scattering techniques: DLS c. Near field microscopy: SNOM d. Electron microscopy: SEM, TEM e. Scanning probe microscopy: STM, AFM f. Xray diffraction: XRD, EDS 5. Fabrication of nanomaterials a. Topdown approach b. Bottomup approach 6. Plasmonics a. What is a plasmon, Drude model b. Surface plasmon and localized surface plasmon (sphere, rod, shell) c. Theoretical models to calculate the radiated field: electrostatic approximation and Mie scattering d. Fabrication of plasmonic structures: Chemical synthesis, Nanofabrication e. Applications 7. Organic and inorganic nanomaterials a. Organic quantumconfined structure: nanomers and quantum dots. b. Carbon nanotubes: properties, bandgap description, fabrication c. Graphene: motivation, fabrication, devices d. Nanomarkers for biophotonics 8. Semiconductors a. Crystalline structure, wave function b. Quantum well: energy levels equation, confinement c. Quantum wires, quantum dots d. Optical properties related to quantum confinement e. Example of effects: absorption, photoluminescence f. Solidstatelasers: edge emitting, surface emitting, quantum cascade 9. Photonic crystals a. Analogy photonic and electronic crystal, in nature b. 1D, 2D, 3D photonic crystal c. Theoretical modelling: frequency and time domain technique d. Features: band gap, local enhancement, superprism... 10. Nanocomposites a. Effective medium regime b. Metamaterials c. Multiple scattering regime d. Complex media: structural colour, random lasers, nonlinear disorder  
Lecture notes  Slides and book chapter will be available for downloading  
Literature  References will be given during the lecture  
Prerequisites / Notice  Basics of solidstate physics (i.e. energy bands) can help  
402049200L  Experimental Techniques in Quantum and ElectroOptics  W  6 credits  2V + 1U  D. Kienzler, D. Prado Lopes Aude Craik  
Abstract  We will cover experimental issues in making measurements in modern physics experiments. The primary challenge in any measurement is achieving good signal to noise. We will cover areas such as optical propagation, electronics, noise limits and feedback control. Methods for stabilizing frequencies and intensities of laser systems will also be described.  
Learning objective  I aim to give an in depth understanding of experimental issues for students wishing to work on experimental science. The methods covered are widely applicable in modern physics, since light and electronics are the primary methods by which measurements are made across the field.  
Content  The course will cover a number of different areas of experimental physics, including Optical elements and propagation Electronics and Electronic Noise Optical Detection Control Theory Examples from a modern quantum information laboratory will be discussed and illustrated through active devices in the lecture.  
402052600L  Ultrafast Processes in Solids  W  6 credits  2V + 1U  Y. M. Acremann  
Abstract  Ultrafast processes in solids are of fundamental interest as well as relevant for modern technological applications. The dynamics of the lattice, the electron gas as well as the spin system of a solid are discussed. The focus is on time resolved experiments which provide insight into pico and femtosecond dynamics.  
Learning objective  After attending this course you understand the dynamics of essential excitation processes which occur in solids and you have an overview over state of the art experimental techniques used to study fast processes.  
Content  1. Experimental techniques, an overview 2. Dynamics of the electron gas 2.1 First experiments on electron dynamics and lattice heating 2.2 The finite lifetime of excited states 2.3 Detection of lifetime effects 2.4 Dynamical properties of reactions and adsorbents 3. Dynamics of the lattice 3.1 Phonons 3.2 Nonthermal melting 4. Dynamics of the spin system 4.1 Laser induced ultrafast demagnetization 4.2 Ultrafast spin currents generated by lasers 4.3 LandauLifschitzDynamics 4.4 Laser induced switching 5. Correlated materials  
Lecture notes  will be distributed  
Literature  relevant publications will be cited  
Prerequisites / Notice  The lecture can also be followed by interested nonphysics students as basic concepts will be introduced.  
402053500L  Introduction to Magnetism  W  6 credits  3G  A. Vindigni  
Abstract  This course tackles the fundamental question of why only a few materials exhibit magnetism in Nature. The origin of atomic magnetic moments and the key mechanisms that govern their interactions are justified starting from fundamental principles. In addition, the influence of thermal fluctuations on magnetic ordering is discussed as well as the formalism to describe magnetic resonance phenomena.  
Learning objective  By the end of this course, students will develop the ability to utilize quantum mechanics concepts to estimate the strength of atomic magnetic moments and understand their reciprocal interactions. They will gain proficiency in interpreting experimental measurements on model systems in terms of material composition and an appropriate, phenomenological spin Hamiltonian. For instance, students will be able to recognize whether the magnetic hysteresis observed in some samples arises from slow dynamics or from a phase transition. Lastly, they will be capable of interpreting the occurrence of abrupt transitions or the emergence of characteristic length scales as resulting from the interplay between competing interactions. Altogether, students will acquire the basic knowledge needed to develop a research project in the field of magnetism or to attend effectively more advanced courses on this topic.  
Content  The lecture “Introduction to Magnetism” aims at letting students familiarize themselves with the basic principles of quantum and statistical physics that determine the behavior of real magnets. Understanding why only a few materials are magnetic at finite temperature will be the leitmotiv of the course. We will see that defining in a formal way what “being magnetic” means is essential to address this question properly. Theoretical concepts will be applied to a few selected nanosized magnets, which will serve as clean reference systems. Topics:  Magnetism in atoms (quantummechanical origin of atomic magnetic moments, intraatomic exchange interaction)  Magnetism in solids (mechanisms producing interatomic exchange interaction in solids, crystal field)  Magnetic order at finite temperatures (Ising, XY, and Heisenberg models, lowdimensional magnetism)  Spin precession and relaxation (Larmor precession, resonance phenomena, quantum tunneling, Bloch equation, superparamagnetism)  
Lecture notes  Learning material will be made available through Moodle and through the ETH JupyterHub.  
Prerequisites / Notice  Students are assumed to possess a basic background knowledge in quantum mechanics, solidstate and statistical physics as well as classical electromagnetism. Students will have the opportunity to selfassess their understanding through quizzes and interactive tutorials, mostly inspired by topics of current research in nanoscale magnetism.  
Competencies 
 
402059500L  Semiconductor Nanostructures  W  6 credits  2V + 1U  T. M. Ihn  
Abstract  The course covers the foundations of semiconductor nanostructures, e.g., materials, band structures, bandgap engineering and doping, fieldeffect transistors. The physics of the quantum Hall effect and of common nanostructures based on twodimensional electron gases will be discussed, i.e., quantum point contacts, AharonovBohm rings and quantum dots.  
Learning objective  At the end of the lecture the student should understand four key phenomena of electron transport in semiconductor nanostructures: 1. The integer quantum Hall effect 2. Conductance quantization in quantum point contacts 3. the AharonovBohm effect 4. Coulomb blockade in quantum dots  
Content  1. Introduction and overview 2. Semiconductor crystals: Fabrication and molecular beam epitaxy 3. Band structures of semiconductors 4. k.ptheory, effective mass, envelope functions 5. Heterostructures and band engineering, doping 6. Surfaces and metalsemiconductor contacts, fabrication of semiconductor nanostructures 7. Heterostructures and twodimensional electron gases 8. Drude Transport and scattering mechanisms 9. Single and bilayer graphene 10. Electron transport in quantum point contacts; LandauerBüttiker description, ballistic transport experiments 11. Interference effects in AharonovBohm rings 12. Electron in a magnetic field, Shubnikovde Haas effect 13. Integer quantum Hall effect 14. Coulomb blockade and quantum dots  
Lecture notes  T. Ihn, Semiconductor Nanostructures, Quantum States and Electronic Transport, Oxford University Press, 2010.  
Literature  In addition to the lecture notes, the following supplementary books can be recommended: 1. J. H. Davies: The Physics of LowDimensional Semiconductors, Cambridge University Press (1998) 2. S. Datta: Electronic Transport in Mesoscopic Systems, Cambridge University Press (1997) 3. D. Ferry: Transport in Nanostructures, Cambridge University Press (1997) 4. T. M. Heinzel: Mesoscopic Electronics in Solid State Nanostructures: an Introduction, WileyVCH (2003) 5. Beenakker, van Houten: Quantum Transport in Semiconductor Nanostructures, in: Semiconductor Heterostructures and Nanostructures, Academic Press (1991) 6. Y. Imry: Introduction to Mesoscopic Physics, Oxford University Press (1997)  
Prerequisites / Notice  The lecture is suitable for all physics students beyond the bachelor of science degree. Basic knowledge of solid state physics is a prerequisit. Very ambitioned students in the third year may be able to follow. The lecture can be chosen as part of the PhDprogram. The course is taught in English.  
Competencies 
 
402062000L  Current Topics in Accelerator Mass Spectrometry and Its Applicatons  E  0 credits  2S  M. Christl, S. Willett  
Abstract  The seminar is aimed at all students who, during their studies, are confronted with age determination methods based on longliving radionuclides found in nature. Basic methodology, the latest developments, and special examples from a wide range of applications will be discussed.  
Learning objective  The seminar provides the participants an overview about newest trends and developments of accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) and related applications. In their talks and subsequent discussions the participants learn intensively about the newest trends in the field of AMS thus attaining a broad knowledge on both, the physical principles and the applications of AMS, which goes far beyond the horizon of their own studies.  
402071500L  Low Energy Particle Physics  W  6 credits  2V + 1U  A. S. Antognini, D. Ries  
Abstract  Low energy particle physics provides complementary information to high energy physics with colliders. In this lecture, we will concentrate on flagship experiments which have significantly improved our understanding of particle physics today, concentrating mainly on precision experiments with neutrons, muons and exotic atoms.  
Learning objective  You will be able to present and discuss:  the principle of the experiments  the underlying technique and methods  the context and the impact of these experiments on particle physics  
Content  Low energy particle physics provides complementary information to high energy physics with colliders. At the Large Hadron Collider one directly searches for new particles at energies up to the TeV range. In a complementary way, low energy particle physics indirectly probes the existence of such particles and provides constraints for "new physics", making use of high precision and high intensities. Besides the sensitivity to effects related with new physics (e.g. lepton flavor violation, symmetry violations, CPT tests, search for electric dipole moments, new low mass exchange bosons etc.), low energy physics provides the best test of QED (electron g2), the best tests of boundstate QED (atomic physics and exotic atoms), precise determinations of fundamental constants, information about the CKM matrix, precise information on the weak and strong force even in the nonperturbative regime etc. Starting from a general introduction on high intensity/high precision particle physics and the main characteristics of muons and neutrons and their production, we will then focus on the discussion of fundamental problems and groundbreaking experiments:  search for rare decays and charged lepton flavor violation  electric dipole moments and CP violation  spectroscopy of exotic atoms and symmetries of the standard model  what atomic physics can do for particle physics and vice versa  neutron decay and primordial nucleosynthesis  atomic clock  Penning traps  Ramsey spectroscopy  Spin manipulation  neutronmatter interaction  ultracold neutron production  various techniques: detectors, cryogenics, particle beams, laser cooling....  
Literature  Golub, Richardson & Lamoreaux: "UltraCold Neutrons" Rauch & Werner: "Neutron Interferometry" Carlile & Willis: "Experimental Neutron Scattering" Byrne: "Neutrons, Nuclei and Matter" KlapdorKleingrothaus: "Non Accelerator Particle Physics"  
Prerequisites / Notice  Einführung in die Kern und Teilchenphysik / Introduction to Nuclear and ParticlePhysics  
402076700L  Neutrino Physics  W  6 credits  2V + 1U  A. Rubbia, D. Sgalaberna  
Abstract  Theoretical basis and selected experiments to determine the properties of neutrinos and their interactions (mass, spin, helicity, chirality, oscillations, chargeparity violation, interactions with leptons and quarks) and implications on physics beyond the Standard Model of elementary particles as well as on Cosmology.  
Learning objective  Critically analyze and elaborate the neutrino production and detection techniques. Derive the theory of neutrino scattering and analyze its implications in neutrino experiments. Analyze the phenomenology of neutrino oscillations and its implication on the physics Beyond the Standard Model of particles. Derive the main concepts of the theory of neutrino masses within and beyond the Standard Model of particles and analyze the experimental techniques related to the measurement of the neutrino masses. Describe the role of neutrinos in Cosmology and make connections with current and future neutrino experiments. Review the experimental configurations and analyze the challenges in searches for leptonic ChargeParity symmetry violation and the measurement of the neutrino mass hierarchy.  
Content  1. Introduction to Neutrinos and Neutrino Sources; 2. Neutrino Detectors 3. Neutrino Interactions 4. Neutrino Oscillations 5. Nature of Neutrino masses 6. Neutrinos in Cosmology 7. Search for leptonic Charge Parity violation and precision measurement of the neutrino oscillation probability  
Literature  A. Rubbia, “Phenomenology of Particle Physics”, Cambridge University Press B. Kayser, F. GibratDebu and F. Perrier, The Physics of Massive Neutrinos, World Scientific Lecture Notes in Physic, Vol. 25, 1989, and newer publications. N. Schmitz, Neutrinophysik, TeubnerStudienbücher Physik, 1997. D.O. Caldwell, Current Aspects of Neutrino Physics, Springer. C. Giunti & C.W. Kim, Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics, Oxford. K.Zuber, “Neutrino Physics” CRC Press 2020  
Competencies 
 
402083167L  Advanced Topics in General Relativity and Gravitational Waves (University of Zurich) No enrolment to this course at ETH Zurich. Book the corresponding module directly at UZH. UZH Module Code: PHY529 Mind the enrolment deadlines at UZH: https://www.uzh.ch/cmsssl/en/studies/application/deadlines.html  W  6 credits  2V + 1U  P. Jetzer  
Abstract  The aim of this lecture is to discuss some advanced topics in general relativity, which are useful to understand the present research activities in the field. A list of possible topics is given below. A basic knowledge of general relativity is required (ideally having followed the lecture on General Relativity). The course is particularly suited for master and PhD students.  
Learning objective  Is to be able to read and understand the original literature and the presently published papers in the field of the discussed advanced topics. This might be also useful in view of doing afterwards a master thesis in the field of general relativity.  
Content  Possible content:  General relativistic stellar structure equations (Neutron stars)  Tetrad formalism  Spinors in GR  KleinGordon & Dirac eqs. in GR  Thermodynamics of black holes and Hawking radiation  Topics in gravitational waves: GW generation by PN sources, GW from elliptic, hyperbolic binaries  Tests of the equivalence principle  
Competencies 
 
402083616L  Quantum Simulations of Gauge Theories  W  6 credits  2V + 1U  M. Krstic Marinkovic, J. C. Pinto Barros  
Abstract  Divided into three parts, the course introduces various aspects of lattice quantum field theory (QFT), gauge symmetries, quantum simulators, and implementation schemes. Other than highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of the lattice formulation of QFTs suitable for Monte Carlo simulations, the course discusses practical realization of quantum simulators for gauge theories.  
Learning objective  After acquiring the foundations on lattice formulation of gauge theories, and challenges of conventional Monte Carlo simulation approaches, the students will learn about different strategies for quantum simulation of gauge theories and their implementation on digital and analog quantum devices.  
Content  1. Background and Motivation 1.1 From Quantum Field Theories to Lattice field theories; 1.2 Lattice Gauge Theories  Lagrangian formulation, gauge symmetries, observables; 1.3 Monte Carlo simulations, sign problems, and complex actions. 2. Roadmap for Quantum Simulation of Gauge Theories 2.1 Hamiltonian formulation, Wilson’s formulation, and the infinite Hilbert spaces; 2.2 Finite Hilbert spaces: Z(N) gauge theories. Dualizing the Ising model and relation with the toric code; 2.3 Finite Hilbert spaces: Quantum link models for Abelian gauge theories; 2.4 Finite Hilbert spaces: Quantum link models for nonAbelian gauge theories; 2.5 Exploring the physics of gauge theories  phases, dynamics, and thermalization; 2.6 Exploring methods for gauge theories  exact diagonalization, tensor networks, Monte Carlo. 3. Quantum Simulation Approaches and Platforms 3.1 Digital vs. analog quantum simulations; 3.2 Proposals for simulations of gauge theories, realization, and perspectives.  
Literature  Quantum chromodynamics on the lattice (Christof Gattringer, Christian B. Lang. Series Title: Lecture Notes in Physics. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/9783642018503) From Quantum Link Models to DTheory: A Resource Efficient Framework for the Quantum Simulation and Computation of Gauge Theories, U. J. Wiese  
402084561L  Effective Field Theories for Particle Physics Special Students UZH must book the module PHY578 directly at UZH.  W  6 credits  2V + 1U  P. Stoffer  
Abstract  The focus of the course is on Effective Field Theories (EFTs) and their interplay with dispersion theory. These topics will be discussed both in general terms and with specific phenomenological applications in the context of physics beyond the Standard Model, effective description of the weak interaction, as well as the description of nonperturbative strong interaction at low energies.  
Learning objective  This course covers the basic concepts of effective field theories (EFTs) and dispersion theory. We will start by introducing the core concept of constructing EFTs and apply them to the lowenergy description of the weak interaction and the effective description of heavy physics beyond the Standard Model. In the next part of the course, we will discuss Chiral Perturbation Theory (ChPT), the lowenergy effective theory of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). We will briefly discuss the application of this concept to describe a class of theories beyond the SM in which the SM Higgs arises as a composite state of a new confining sector. The second focus of the course is on dispersion theory and its interplay with EFTs. We will discuss how to make use of the constraints from unitarity of the Smatrix and analyticity of scattering amplitudes, in order to extend the range of validity of the theoretical description compared to pure EFT methods. We will also discuss how to obtain constraints on EFT parameters from unitarity and analyticity. We will discuss the application of these methods both in the context of lowenergy strong interaction and physics beyond the Standard Model.  
Content   Introduction to Effective Field Theories  Decoupling and matching  Renormalization group resummation  The Standard Model Effective Field Theory (SMEFT)  Chiral Lagrangians  Unitarity of the Smatrix  Analyticity and dispersion relations  
Prerequisites / Notice  QFTI (mandatory) and QFTII (highly recommended)  
402089700L  Introduction to String Theory  W  6 credits  2V + 1U  M. Gaberdiel  
Abstract  String theory is an attempt to quantise gravity and unite it with the other fundamental forces of nature. It is related to numerous interesting topics and questions in quantum field theory. In this course, an introduction to the basics of string theory is provided.  
Learning objective  Within this course, a basic understanding and overview of the concepts and notions employed in string theory shall be given. More advanced topics will be touched upon towards the end of the course briefly in order to foster further research.  
Content   mechanics of point particles and extended objects  string modes and their quantisation; higher dimensions, supersymmetry  critical dimension and noghost theorem  Dbranes, Tduality  twodimensional conformal field theories  
Literature  B. Zwiebach, A First Course in String Theory, CUP (2004). D. Lust, S. Theisen, Lectures on String Theory, Lecture Notes in Physics, Springer (1989). M.B. Green, J.H. Schwarz, E. Witten, Superstring Theory I, CUP (1987). J. Polchinski, String Theory I & II, CUP (1998).  
Prerequisites / Notice  Recommended: Quantum Field Theory I (in parallel)  
Competencies 

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