Search result: Catalogue data in Autumn Semester 2021

Architecture Bachelor Information
First Year Examinations
Examination Block 1
052-0603-00LStructural Design I Information O2 credits3GP. Block, J. Schwartz
AbstractDetermination of internal forces and description of structural behaviour of mixed arches and cable structures, of truss systems, beams, slabs, panels and frames using method of graphical statics as well as dimensioning of these structural systems. Structural behaviour of columns. Discussion of reference buildings and illustration of interplay of structural system and architectural intention.
ObjectiveAwareness of the most important structural systems. Understanding of the interplay of load and form. Estimation of the inner forces and dimensioning of elements.
ContentAfter a general introduction of basic concepts, structural systems such as cable and arch structures will be analyzed with the help of graphic statics. The students will learn to understand the flow of forces in a structural system in relation to the system's form. They will be able to modify this force flow and give dimension to the structural components.

All concepts, approaches and methods will be introduced in the weekly lectures and practiced in subsequent exercises.
Lecture noteson eQuilibrium
"Skript Tragwerksentwurf I/II"

A printed version can be bought at the chair of Structural Design Prof. Schwartz for sFr. 55.-.
Literature"Rule of thumb structural design"
(Philippe Block, Christoph Gengangel, Stefan Peters,
DVA Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt 2013, ISBN: 978-3-421-03904-0)

Further learning material:
"Form and Forces: Designing Efficient, Expressive Structures"
(Edward Allen, Waclaw Zalewski, October 2009, ISBN: 978-0-470-17465-4)

"The art of structures, Introduction to the functioning of structures in architecture"
(Aurelio Muttoni, EPFL Press, 2011, ISBN 13: 978-0415610292, ISBN 10: 041561029X)
052-0703-00LSociology I Information W2 credits2VC. Schmid, I. Apostol, N. Bathla, A. Hertzog-Fraser
AbstractSociology I investigates the relation between social developments and the production of the built environment from a macro-sociological point of view. It examines central aspects of social change, historical and contemporary forms of urbanization, and typical examples of models of urbanization.
ObjectiveThis series of lectures should enable students to comprehend architecture in its social context.
ContentSociology I deals with the macro-sociological point of view, and investigates the relation between social developments and the production of the built environment. In the first part central aspects of social change are examined, –in particular the transition from Fordism to Neoliberalism and the interlinked processes of globalization and regionalization. The second part deals with historical and current forms of urbanization. Among other aspects, it focuses on the changed significance of the urban-rural contradiction, the processes of suburbanization, periurbanization, and planetary urbanization; the formation of global cities and metropolitan regions; the development of new urban configurations in centres (gentrification) and in urban peripheries (edge city, exopolis, new urban intensity). In the third part these general processes are illustrated by typical models of urbanization: Manchester, Chicago, Los Angeles, Paris and Zürich.
LiteratureA detailed collection of original texts will be distributed.
052-0901-00LBuilding History I Information O2 credits2VS. Holzer
AbstractHistory of building from classical antiquity to modernity: building types, constructions, forms, with particular reference to functional issues such as flexibility of use, statics, durability. This is not a mere history lecture, but an important part of the basic introduction into construction.
ObjectiveParticipants know the fundamentals of building history, including landmark monuments of each era, key historic constructions and forms. They are able to "read" a historic building and to relate it to building history. They are aware of the variety of historic building constructions.
ContentBuilding history I covers the period from classical Greek antiquity to Gothic architecture. The principal topics include construction issues such as Greek megalithic buidling, Roman mortar-and-rubble construction, and Gothic rationalism of vaulted architecture.

Within the Vitruvian and Albertian triad of firmitas, utilitas and venustas, we focus on the first two topics, whereas the last topic (deciphering the "meaning" of architecture) stands at the heart of the "architectural history" lectures. The present lecture contributes essentially to deepening knowledge about historic constructions, an indispensable precondition for buildig within existing fabric.
Lecture notesPlease keep a tight record of manuscript notes yourself. Lecture notes to some topics will be provided. pdf of lecture slides will be on line before each lecture.
LiteratureWill be announced during the lectures.
Subject-specific CompetenciesConcepts and Theoriesassessed
Techniques and Technologiesassessed
Method-specific CompetenciesAnalytical Competenciesassessed
Media and Digital Technologiesfostered
Project Managementfostered
Social CompetenciesCommunicationfostered
Cooperation and Teamworkfostered
Customer Orientationfostered
Leadership and Responsibilityfostered
Self-presentation and Social Influence fostered
Sensitivity to Diversityassessed
Personal CompetenciesAdaptability and Flexibilityassessed
Creative Thinkingfostered
Critical Thinkingassessed
Integrity and Work Ethicsassessed
Self-awareness and Self-reflection assessed
Self-direction and Self-management fostered
Examination Block 2
052-0803-00LHistory and Theory of Architecture I Information O2 credits2V + 2UT. Avermaete, M. Delbeke, L. Stalder, H. Teerds, P. Ursprung
AbstractIntroduction and overview of the history and theory of architecture from the Renaissance to the nineteenth century. The course covers the chronology and key works, protagonists and discourses of early modern European architecture.
‘Fundamentals for the History and Theory of Architecture I-II’ provides a practical introduction to the methods and instruments of the history of art and architecture.
Objective1. Acquiring basic knowledge of the history and theory of architecture during the early modern period, of its key protagonists and discourses and of the methods and instruments of architectural research.
2. Identifying the main architectural issues and debates of the period and recognising the places and architectural works covered in the course.
3. Acquiring the tools to develop a historically informed reading of the built environment, recognising debates, styles, ideas and problems which drive and inform architectural production.
4. Developing the tools to draw on historical, theoretical and critical research to the benefit to one's own architectural culture.
ContentThe course ‘History and Theory of Architecture I-II’ offers a chronological and thematic survey of early modern architecture and architectural theory produced in Europe from the 15th up to 19th century. The course is based on thematic lectures, analysing key European architectural works, texts and iconography.
Themes will include the origin of the Vitruvian tradition in architectural theory and practice and its dissemination in Italy during the 15th and 16th centuries; the mediatisation of architectural principles through the development of book production during the 16th century; the development of divergent theories of architectural composition and design in Italy and France between the 16th and 17th centuries; the formation and international spread of religious symbolism through architecture; analyses of original design practices, such as in the case of Michelangelo; a study of building types, such as the palazzo and the villa, and their codification by architects like Andrea Palladio; debates over questions of beauty and ornament, especially in the 17th and 18th centuries; questions of patronage and the relationship between architecture and political and religious powers (e.g. the French Monarchy and the Roman Papacy); the relation between buildings and their urban setting in the development of European capitals like Rome, Paris and Berlin; historicism and attitudes towards the past in architectural styles.

In addition to the main lectures, the course ‘History and Theory of Architecture I-II’ will also include a series of seminars, called ‘Small Narratives’. These seminars are meant to widen the scope of the programme by exploring case studies, such as buildings and ruins in Zurich, which relate and contribute to the content of the course. While content of the ‘Small Narratives’ seminars is not part of the exam, students are invited to make use of it for their study, and attendance is compulsory.

The course ‘Fundamentals of the History and Theory of Architecture I-II’ aims to explore and develop basic methods and strategies to research the history of art and architecture. It consists of four parts, each developed under one of the four Chairs of the gta, and each dealing with a particular area of study in the field of architecture and art history. The course will consist of four different exercises and tasks, carried out under the supervision of each of the four Chairs throughout the year:
1. Architecture and books (M. Delbeke)
2. Architecture and media (L. Stalder)
3. Architecture and art (P. Ursprung)
4. Urbanism and the Commons (T. Avermaete)
LiteratureCourse scripts, PowerPoints and lecture recordings for ‘History and Theory of Architecture I-II’ will be available to download from the course page at the beginning of the semester. Printed copies of the course scripts will also be available for purchase.
Prerequisites / NoticeFor the course ‘History and Theory of Architecture I-II’ students will rely on assisted self-study to acquire basic knowledge of the history of architecture in Europe.
052-0601-00LBuilding Materials I Information O2 credits2VJ. Pauli
AbstractBuilding Materials - Introduction to the most common building materials

Raw materials+ Production
Properties + Application
Ecological footprint + Recycling
ObjectiveThe lecture develops an understanding of different building materials and its application for construction under the aspects of material properties and ecological aspects.
ContentThe lecture introduces the most common building materials concrete, steel, masonery and timber, but also clay, glas and polymers in a historical context. The fabrication processes are described and the most important properties regarding construction explained. A special focus is on the ecological aspects such as availability of raw materials, effort for production, emission of hazardous substances, disposal and recycling.
Lecture notesLecture slides as pdf
052-0701-00LUrban Design I Information O2 credits2VM. Wagner
AbstractThe means and potentials in the field of urban planning and design are pointed out from different perspectives in order to shape the city in the sense of a future-proof and humane environment. To this end, the basic principles are explained and concrete methods of urban design are presented.
ObjectiveThe goal is to provide students with a broad systemic basic knowledge, that enables them to synthesize and evaluate complex urban design and planning problems.
ContentThe lecture series imparts basic knowledge in urban planning and design. Pressing questions and main topics of contemporary urban design practice and theory will be addressed. The focus is on illustrating the richness of relationships as well as the potential of the discipline and its handling in everyday urban planning and design practice.
Lecture notesThere is no script to the lecture series. The lectures are recorded on video and made available online on a few days after each lecture.
LiteratureAt the end of the year course a reader with secondary literature will be made available for download.
Prerequisites / NoticeFurther Informations:
052-0605-00LMathematics and Programming I Information O2 credits2VB. Dillenburger
AbstractThis course introduces computational design and teaches how design can be modeled and materialized using digital technology. Participants learn to use the computer strategically, thoughtfully, and sensitively within the design process. With the “digital literacy” acquired in this course, they develop an understanding of the potential of a digital building culture.
ObjectiveTo systematically harvest the potential of the computer in their work processes, architects need an insight into the fundamental principles of information technology. In this course, students learn the concepts, methods, and instruments of computational design. By the end of the two semesters, students will have mastered the basics of 3D modeling techniques, parametric design, programming code for Computer-aided-design (CAD), and digital prototyping. The acquired knowledge qualifies students to use the computer as a unique instrument to model their designs. Participants also learn to apply CAD and programming code creatively and productively in planning, design, and construction.

Specifically, the learning goals are:
● Critical understanding of the possibilities of information technology in design
● Acquiring an overview of the mechanisms and types of CAD systems and digital building models
● Gaining knowledge of the basic principles of computational geometry
● Applying visualization techniques and creatively using various digital media
● Learning concepts and application of parametric design.
● Being able to integrate computer-aided analysis and optimization methods in design-process
● Understanding the principles of digital process chains from design to production
● Strategically using visual programming code
● Reading, understanding, and adapting programming code within CAD software.
ContentArchitecture is no longer conceivable without information technology. The planning, construction, operation, and ultimately the nature of buildings are increasingly influenced by digital technology. The digital is omnipresent both in the work of architects and in our built environment itself.

The courses Computational Design 1 and 2 offer an introduction to the character, challenges, and possibilities of digital technology in architectural design. The lectures will discuss the topics of digital building models and data, computational geometry, digital fabrication, machine intelligence, and mixed reality.
In this course, students will practice digital modeling processes and related techniques. The spectrum of exercises includes manual modeling, visual programming, and programming code within CAD software. Students learn to read, understand and adapt this code. In addition, the courses will provide insights into the nature and handling of different digital media formats, from real-time rendering to mixed reality.

Topics discussed within the lectures:
● CAD - background, and developments
● On the nature of digital models and data
● Architectural geometry
● Computational geometry
● Parametric and generative creation of models
● Computer-aided analysis and optimization of models
● Artificial intelligence and architectural models
● Materialization of digital models
● Mixed reality

Course Structure
The course consists of theoretical lectures, practical tutorials introducing technical concepts, and exercises supported by tutors. Participants can find updated and detailed information on Moodle, which is the learning platform for the course.
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