# Search result: Catalogue data in Spring Semester 2021

Atmospheric and Climate Science Master | ||||||

Course Units for Additional Admission Requirements The courses below are only available for MSc students with additional admission requirements. | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |
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701-0412-AAL | Climate SystemsEnrolment ONLY for MSc students with a decree declaring this course unit as an additional admission requirement. Any other students (e.g. incoming exchange students, doctoral students) CANNOT enrol for this course unit. | E- | 3 credits | 6R | S. I. Seneviratne | |

Abstract | Introduction of the most important components of the climate systems and their interactions. | |||||

Objective | Students have a basic understanding of the global energy balance, radiation budget, boundary, layer, atmosphere, ocean, biosphere, land-surface coupling, cryosphere, carbon cycle, climate variability, climate of the past and anthropogenic climate change, and they are able to apply this to solve simple quantitative problems and answer qualitative questions. | |||||

701-0471-AAL | Atmospheric Chemistry Enrolment ONLY for MSc students with a decree declaring this course unit as an additional admission requirement. Any other students (e.g. incoming exchange students, doctoral students) CANNOT enrol for this course unit. | E- | 3 credits | 6R | M. Ammann, T. Peter | |

Abstract | This course provides a general introduction into atmospheric chemistry targeted at master students who did not follow the bachelor course "atmospheric chemistry" or equivalent. | |||||

Objective | The learning target of this course is a general overview on the most important processes of atmospheric chemistry and the various problems of the anthropogenic impact on the chemical composition of the atmosphere and air quality. | |||||

Content | - Physical properties of the atmosphere: structure, large scale dynamics, UV radiation - Thermodynamics and kinetics of gas phase reactions: enthalpy and free energy of reactions, rate laws, mechanisms of bimolecular and termolecular reactions. - Photochemistry: Photolysis frequencies, O3 formation,... - Aerosols and clouds: chemical properties, primary and secondary aerosol sources - Multiphase chemistry: heterogeneous kinetics, solubility and hygroscopicity, N2O5 chemistry, SO2 oxidation, secondary organic aerosols - Deposition: dry and wet deposition, acid rain,... - Air quality: Environmental problems, legislation, sources, trends - Stratospheric chemistry: Chapman cycle, Brewer-Dobson circulation, catalytic ozone destruction cycles, polar ozone hole, Montreal protocol Global aspects: global budgets, air quality - climate interactions | |||||

701-0475-AAL | Atmospheric PhysicsEnrolment ONLY for MSc students with a decree declaring this course unit as an additional admission requirement. Any other students (e.g. incoming exchange students, doctoral students) CANNOT enrol for this course unit. | E- | 3 credits | 6R | U. Lohmann | |

Abstract | This course covers the basics of atmospheric physics, which consist of: cloud and precipitation formation, thermodynamics, aerosol physics, radiation as well as the impact of aerosols and clouds on climate and artificial weather modification. | |||||

Objective | Students are able - to explain the mechanisms of cloud and precipitation formation using knowledge of humidity processes and thermodynamics. - to evaluate the significance of clouds and aerosol particles for climate and artificial weather modification. | |||||

Content | Moist processes/thermodynamics; aerosol physics; cloud formation; precipitation processes, storms; importance of aerosols and clouds for climate and weather modification, clouds and precipitation | |||||

Lecture notes | Lohmann, U., Lüönd, F. and Mahrt, F., An Introduction to Clouds: From the Microscale to Climate, Cambridge Univ. Press, 391 pp., 2016. | |||||

Literature | Lohmann, U., Lüönd, F. and Mahrt, F., An Introduction to Clouds: From the Microscale to Climate, Cambridge Univ. Press, 391 pp., 2016. | |||||

701-0473-AAL | Weather SystemsAny other students (e.g. incoming exchange students, doctoral students) CANNOT enrol for this course unit. | E- | 3 credits | 6R | M. A. Sprenger, F. Scholder-Aemisegger | |

Abstract | Satellite observations; analysis of vertical soundings; geostrophic and thermal wind; cyclones at mid-latitude; global circulation; north-atlantic oscillation; atmospheric blocking situtations; Eulerian and Lagrangian perspective; potential vorticity; Alpine dynamics (storms, orographic wind); planetary boundary layer | |||||

Objective | Introduction to basic aspects of atmospheric dynamics. Focus is given to the global-scale atmospheric circulation, synoptic-scale processes (in particular low-pressure systems), and the influence of mountains on the atmospheric flow. | |||||

Content | Satellite observations; analysis of vertical soundings; geostrophic and thermal wind; cyclones at mid-latitude; global circulation; north-atlantic oscillation; atmospheric blocking situtations; Eulerian and Lagrangian perspective; potential vorticity; Alpine dynamics (storms, orographic wind); planetary boundary layer | |||||

Literature | Atmospheric Science, An Introductory Survey John M. Wallace and Peter V. Hobbs, Academic Press | |||||

701-0461-AAL | Numerical Methods in Environmental Sciences Any other students (e.g. incoming exchange students, doctoral students) CANNOT enrol for this course unit. | E- | 3 credits | 6R | C. Schär | |

Abstract | This lecture imparts the mathematical basis necessary for the development and application of numerical models in the field of Environmental Science. The lecture material includes an introduction into numerical techniques for solving ordinary and partial differential equations, as well as exercises aimed at the realization of simple models. | |||||

Objective | This lecture imparts the mathematical basis necessary for the development and application of numerical models in the field of Environmental Science. The lecture material includes an introduction into numerical techniques for solving ordinary and partial differential equations, as well as exercises aimed at the realization of simple models. | |||||

Content | Classification of numerical problems, introduction to finite-difference methods, time integration schemes, non-linearity, conservative numerical techniques, an overview of spectral and finite-element methods. Examples and exercises from a diverse cross-section of Environmental Science. Three obligatory exercises, each two hours in length, are integrated into the lecture. The implementation language is Matlab (previous experience not necessary: a Matlab introduction is given). Example programs and graphics tools are supplied. | |||||

Literature | List of literature is provided. | |||||

701-0071-AAL | Mathematics III: Systems AnalysisAny other students (e.g. incoming exchange students, doctoral students) CANNOT enrol for this course unit. | E- | 4 credits | 9R | R. Knutti, H. Wernli | |

Abstract | The objective of the systems analysis course is to deepen and illustrate the mathematical concepts on the basis of a series of very concrete examples. Topics covered include: linear box models with one or several variables, non-linear box models with one or several variables, time-discrete models, and continuous models in time and space. | |||||

Objective | Learning and applying of concepts (models) and quantitative methods to address concrete problems of environmental relevance. Understanding and applying the systems-analytic approach, i.e., Recognizing the core of the problem - simplification - quantitative approach - prediction. | |||||

Content | Link | |||||

Lecture notes | Overhead slides will be made available through Ilias. | |||||

Literature | Imboden, D.S. and S. Pfenninger (2013) Introduction to Systems Analysis: Mathematically Modeling Natural Systems. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer Verlag. Link | |||||

701-0106-AAL | Mathematics V: Applied Deepening of Mathematics I - IIIAny other students (e.g. incoming exchange students, doctoral students) CANNOT enrol for this course unit. | E- | 3 credits | 6R | M. A. Sprenger | |

Abstract | Selected mathematical topics are presented for later use in more specialised lectures. Part of the topics were already discussed in the lectures Mathematics I-III. Here, they should be shortly recapitulated and most importantly applied to practical problems. If necessary, new mathematical concepts and methods will be introduced in order to solve challenging and inspiring problems from practice. | |||||

Objective | The aim of this lecture is to prepare the students for the more specialised lectures. They should become more familiar with the mathematical background, the mathematical concepts und most of all with their application and interpretation. | |||||

Content | Practical examples from the following areas will be discussed: ordinary differential equations; eigenvalue problems from linear algebra; systems of linear and nonlinear differential equations; partial differential equations (diffusion, transport, waves). |

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