Suchergebnis: Katalogdaten im Frühjahrssemester 2021

Energy Science and Technology Master Information
Wahlfächer
Diese Kurse sind besonders empfohlen, andere ETH-Kurse aus dem Feld Energy Science and Technology im weiteren Sinne können in Absprache mit dem Tutor gewählt werden.
Energy Flows and Processes
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
101-0206-00LWasserbauW5 KP4GR. Boes
KurzbeschreibungWasserbauliche Systeme, Anlagen und Bauwerke (z.B. Talsperren, Fassungen, Stollen, Leitungen, Kanäle, Wehre, Krafthäuser, Schleusen), Grundlagen des Flussbaus und der Naturgefahren
LernzielKenntnis wasserbaulicher Anlageteile und ihrer Funktion innerhalb wasserbaulicher Systeme; Befähigung zu Entwurf und Dimensionierung hinsichtlich Gebrauchstauglichkeit und Sicherheit
InhaltWasserbauliche Systeme: Speicher, Nieder- und Hochdruckanlagen.
Wehre: Wehrarten, Verschlüsse, Hydraulische Bemessung.
Fassungen: Fassungstypen, Entsandungsanlagen.
Kanäle: konstruktive Gestaltung, offene und geschlossene Kanäle.
Leitungen: Auskleidungstypen, hydraulische Bemessung von Druckstollen und Druckschächten.
Talsperren: Talsperrentypen, Nebenanlagen.
Flussbau: Abflussberechnung, Sedimenttransport, flussbauliche Massnahmen.
Naturgefahren: Überblick und Grundlagen zu Art und Schutzmassnahmentypen.
Verkehrswasserbau: Schifffahrtskanäle und Schleusen.
Schriftliche Übungen, Übung im hydraulischen Labor und am Computer.
Exkursion.
SkriptUmfassendes Wasserbau-Skript.
Ergänzende Vorlesungsunterlagen.
LiteraturWeiterführende Literatur ist am Ende des jeweiligen Skript-Kapitels angegeben. Empfehlenswerte Fachbücher:
- Giesecke, J., Heimerl, S. & Mosonyi, E. (2014): Wasserkraftanlagen (6. Auflage), Springer-Verlag, Berlin
- Patt, H. & Gonsowsky, P. (2011): Wasserbau (7. Auflage), Springer-Verlag, Berlin
- Bollrich, G. (2000): Technische Hydromechanik, Verlag für Bauwesen, Berlin
- Strobl, T., Zunic, F. (2006): Wasserbau, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg.
- Hager, W.H., Schleiss, A.J. (2009): Constructions Hydrauliques; Traité de Génie Civil, Vol. 15, Presses Polytechniques et Universitaires Romandes, Lausanne.
Voraussetzungen / Besonderesals Grundlage dringend empfohlen: Hydraulik I (Vorlesung 101-0203)
101-0588-01LRe-/Source the Built EnvironmentW3 KP2SG. Habert
KurzbeschreibungThe course focuses on material choice and energy strategies to limit the environmental impact of construction sector. During the course, specific topics will be presented (construction technologies, environmental policies, social consequences of material use, etc.). The course aims to present sustainable options to tackle the global challenge we are facing and show that "it is not too late".
LernzielAfter the lecture series, the students are aware of the main challenges for the production and use of building materials.

They know the different technologies/propositions available, and environmental consequence of a choice.

They understand in which conditions/context one resource/technology will be more appropriate than another
InhaltA general presentation of the global context allows to identify the objectives that as engineer, material scientist or architect needs to achieve to create a sustainable built environment.

The course is then conducted as a serie of guest lectures focusing on one specific aspect to tackle this global challenge and show that "it is not too late".

The lecture series is divided as follows:
- General presentation
- Notion of resource depletion, resilience, criticality, decoupling, etc.
- Guest lectures covering different resources and proposing different option to build or maintain a sustainable built environment.
SkriptFor each lecture slides will be provided.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe lecture series will be conducted in English and is aimed at students of master's programs, particularly the departments ARCH, BAUG, ITET, MAVT, MTEC and USYS.

No lecture will be given during Seminar week.
151-0060-00LThermodynamics and Transport Phenomena in NanotechnologyW4 KP2V + 2UT. Schutzius, D. Taylor
KurzbeschreibungThe lecture deals with thermodynamics and transport phenomena in nano- and microscale systems. Typical areas of applications are microelectronics manufacturing and cooling, manufacturing of novel materials and coatings, surface technologies, wetting phenomena and related technologies, and micro- and nanosystems and devices.
LernzielThe student will acquire fundamental knowledge of interfacial and micro-nanoscale thermofluidics including electric field and light interaction with surfaces. Furthermore, the student will be exposed to a host of applications ranging from superhydrophobic surfaces and microelectronics cooling to solar energy, all of which will be discussed in the context of the course. The student will also judge state-of-the-art scientific research in these areas.
InhaltThermodynamic aspects of intermolecular forces; Interfacial phenomena; Surface tension; Wettability and contact angle; Wettability of Micro/Nanoscale textured surfaces: superhydrophobicity and superhydrophilicity.

Physics of micro- and nanofluidics as well as heat and mass transport phenomena at the nanoscale.

Scientific communication and exposure to state-of-the-art scientific research in the areas of Nanotechnology and the Water-Energy Nexus.
Skriptyes
151-0160-00LNuclear Energy SystemsW4 KP2V + 1UH.‑M. Prasser, P. Burgherr, I. Günther-Leopold, W. Hummel, T. Kämpfer, T. Kober, X. Zhang
KurzbeschreibungKernenergie und Nachhaltigkeit, Urangewinnung, Urananreicherung, Kernbrennstoffherstellung, Wiederaufarbeitung ausgedienter Brennelemente, Entsorgung von radioaktivem Abfall, Lebenszyklusanalyse, Energie- und Stoffbilanzen von Kernkraftwerken.
LernzielDie Studenten erhalten einen Überblick über die physikalisch-chemischen Grundlagen, die technologischen Prozesse und die Entwicklungstrends in Bereich der gesamten nuklearen Energieumwandlungskette. Sie werden in die Lage versetzt, die Potentiale und Risiken der Einbettung der Kernenergie in ein komplexes Energiesystem einzuschätzen.
Inhalt(1) Überblick über den kosmischen und geologischen Ursprung von Uranvorkommen, Methoden des Uranbergbaus, der Urangewinnung aus dem Erz, (2) Urananreicherung (Diffusionszellen, Ultrazentrifugen, alternative Methoden), chemische Konvertierung Uranoxid - Fluorid - Oxid, Brennelementfertigung, Abbrand im Reaktor. (3) Wiederaufarbeitung abgebrannter Brennelemente (hydro- und pyrochemisch) einschliesslich der modernen Verfahren der Tiefentrennung hochaktiver Abfälle, Methoden der Minimierung von Menge und Radiotoxizität des nuklearen Abfalls, (4) Entsorgung von Nuklearabfall, Abfallkategorien und -herkunft, geologische und künstliche Barrieren in Tiefenlagern und deren Eigenschaften, Projekt für ein geologisches Tiefenlager für radioaktive Abfälle in der Schweiz, (5) Methoden zur Ermittlung der Nachhaltigkeit von Energiesystemen, Masse der Nachhaltigkeit, Vergleich der Kernenergie mit anderen Energieumwandlungstechnologien, Umwelteinfluss des Kernenergiesystems als Ganzes, spezieller Aspekt CO2-Emissionen, CO2-Reduktionskosten. Die Materialbilanzen unterschiedlicher Varianten des Brennstoffzyklus werden betrachtet.
SkriptVorlesungsfolien werden verteilt und in digitaler Form bereit gestellt.
151-0206-00LEnergy Systems and Power EngineeringW4 KP2V + 2UR. S. Abhari, A. Steinfeld
KurzbeschreibungIntroductory first course for the specialization in ENERGY. The course provides an overall view of the energy field and pertinent global problems, reviews some of the thermodynamic basics in energy conversion, and presents the state-of-the-art technology for power generation and fuel processing.
LernzielIntroductory first course for the specialization in ENERGY. The course provides an overall view of the energy field and pertinent global problems, reviews some of the thermodynamic basics in energy conversion, and presents the state-of-the-art technology for power generation and fuel processing.
InhaltWorld primary energy resources and use: fossil fuels, renewable energies, nuclear energy; present situation, trends, and future developments. Sustainable energy system and environmental impact of energy conversion and use: energy, economy and society. Electric power and the electricity economy worldwide and in Switzerland; production, consumption, alternatives. The electric power distribution system. Renewable energy and power: available techniques and their potential. Cost of electricity. Conventional power plants and their cycles; state-of-the-art and advanced cycles. Combined cycles and cogeneration; environmental benefits. Solar thermal; concentrated solar power; solar photovoltaics. Fuel cells: characteristics, fuel reforming and combined cycles.
SkriptVorlesungsunterlagen werden verteilt
151-0224-00LFuel Synthesis EngineeringW4 KP3VB. Bulfin, A. Lidor
KurzbeschreibungThis course will include a revision of chemical engineering fundamentals and the basics of processes modelling for fuel synthesis technologies. Using this as a background we will then study a range of fuel production technologies, including established fossil fuel processing and emerging renewable fuel production processes.
Lernziel1) Develop an understanding of the fundamentals of chemical process engineering, including chemical thermodynamics, molecular theory and kinetics.
2) Learn to perform basic process modelling using some computational methods in order to analyse fuel production processes.
3) Using the fundamentals as a background, we will study a number of different fuel production processes, both conventional and emerging technologies.
InhaltTheory: Chemical equilibrium thermodynamics, reaction kinetics, and chemical reaction engineering.

Processes modelling: An introduction to using cantera to model chemical processes. This part of the course includes an optional project, where the student will perform a basic analysis of a natural gas to methanol conversion process.

Fuel synthesis topics: Conventional fuel production including oil refinery, upgrading of coal and natural gas, and biofuel. Emerging renewable fuel technologies including the conversion of renewable electricity to fuels via electrolysis, the conversion of heat to fuels via thermochemical cycles, and some other speculative fuel production processes.
SkriptWill be available electronically.
LiteraturA) Physical Chemistry, 3rd edition, A. Alberty and J. Silbey, 2001
B) Chemical Reaction Engineering, 3rd Edition, Octave Levenspiel, 1999
C) Fundamentals of industrial catalytic processes, C. H. Bartholomew, R. J. Farrauto, 2011;
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesSome previous studies in chemistry and chemical engineering are recommended, but not absolutely necessary. Experience with either Python or Matlab is also recommended.
151-0234-00LElectrochemical Energy SystemsW4 KP4GM. Lukatskaya
KurzbeschreibungThis course will discuss working principles of electrochemical energy systems, with focus on energy storage devices and touching on energy conversion systems. It will provide detailed introduction into the fundamentals of the related electrochemical processes and key electrochemical characterization methods.
LernzielThe goal of this course is that students understand fundamental principles and theory behind electrochemical processes, analyse current scientific literature and explain real electrochemical data.
Key objectives of this course are:
1. Explain working principle of electrochemical energy storage systems
2. Claculate theoretical capabilities of the energy storage systems
3. Explain discrepancies between theoretical and real-world performance of energy storage systems
4. Understand and explain principles of analytical electrochemical methods
5. Analyze and explain relevant seminal and modern research literature
SkriptLecture notes and handouts
151-0310-00LModel Predictive Engine Control Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to 55.
W4 KP2V + 1UT. Albin Rajasingham
KurzbeschreibungNonlinear Model Predictive Control (NMPC) is an advanced control algorithm that can provide significant advantages. The lecture details NMPC schemes which are used for systems with sampling times in the millisecond range. As an application examle combustion engine systems are investigated. They are characterized by fast, complex, nonlinear system dynamics.
LernzielLearn how to design and implement Nonlinear Model Predictive Control algorithms for challenging real-time systems. The lecture discusses the algorithmic details of NMPC and gives an overview on the topic of engine control. During the exercise sessions an NMPC controller for an engine airpath controller is developed. The entire process from simulation-based control development to the application at a real-world combustion engine is covered.
Inhalt1) Introduction
2) Model-based control
3) Fundamentals of optimization
4) Linear MPC
5) Formulation of the optimization problem
6) Nonlinear MPC: numerical solution algorithms for real-time applications
7) Nonlinear MPC: discretization methods
8) Introduction to engine control
9) NMPC for airpath control
10) NMPC for combustion control
SkriptLecture slides will be provided after each lecture.
T. Albin: "Nonlinear Model Predictive Control of Combustion Engines"
LiteraturL. Guzzella / C. Onder: "Introduction to Modeling and Control of Internal Combustion Engine Systems", J. Maciejowski: "Predictive Control with Constraints"
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesFundamental control lecture (e.g. Control System 1), Linear Algebra, Matlab
529-0440-00LPhysical Electrochemistry and ElectrocatalysisW6 KP3GT. Schmidt
KurzbeschreibungFundamentals of electrochemistry, electrochemical electron transfer, electrochemical processes, electrochemical kinetics, electrocatalysis, surface electrochemistry, electrochemical energy conversion processes and introduction into the technologies (e.g., fuel cell, electrolysis), electrochemical methods (e.g., voltammetry, impedance spectroscopy), mass transport.
LernzielProviding an overview and in-depth understanding of Fundamentals of electrochemistry, electrochemical electron transfer, electrochemical processes, electrochemical kinetics, electrocatalysis, surface electrochemistry, electrochemical energy conversion processes (fuel cell, electrolysis), electrochemical methods and mass transport during electrochemical reactions. The students will learn about the importance of electrochemical kinetics and its relation to industrial electrochemical processes and in the energy seactor.
InhaltReview of electrochemical thermodynamics, description electrochemical kinetics, Butler-Volmer equation, Tafel kinetics, simple electrochemical reactions, electron transfer, Marcus Theory, fundamentals of electrocatalysis, elementary reaction processes, rate-determining steps in electrochemical reactions, practical examples and applications specifically for electrochemical energy conversion processes, introduction to electrochemical methods, mass transport in electrochemical systems. Introduction to fuel cells and electrolysis
SkriptWill be handed out during the Semester
LiteraturPhysical Electrochemistry, E. Gileadi, Wiley VCH
Electrochemical Methods, A. Bard/L. Faulkner, Wiley-VCH
Modern Electrochemistry 2A - Fundamentals of Electrodics, J. Bockris, A. Reddy, M. Gamboa-Aldeco, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers
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