Search result: Catalogue data in Spring Semester 2019
|Doctoral Department of Environmental Sciences |
More Information at: https://www.ethz.ch/en/doctorate.html
|Atmosphere and Climate|
|701-1244-00L||Aerosols II: Applications in Environment and Technology||W||4 credits||2V + 1U||J. Slowik, U. Baltensperger, M. Gysel Beer|
|Abstract||Major topics: Important sources and sinks of atmospheric aerosols and their importance for men and environment. Particle emissions from combustion systems, means to reduce emissions like particle filters.|
|Objective||Profound knowledge about aerosols in the atmosphere and applications of aerosols in technology|
important sources and sinks, wet and dry deposition, chemical composition, importance for men and environment, interaction with the gas phase, influence on climate.
combustion aerosols, techniques to reduce emissions, application of aerosols in technology
|Lecture notes||Information is distributed during the lectures|
|Literature||- Colbeck I. (ed.) Physical and Chemical Properties of Aerosols, Blackie Academic & Professional, London, 1998.|
- Seinfeld, J.H., and S.N. Pandis, Atmospheric chemistry and physics, John Wiley, New York, (1998).
|701-1228-00L||Cloud Dynamics: Hurricanes||W||4 credits||3G||U. Lohmann|
|Abstract||Hurricanes are among the most destructive elements in the atmosphere. This lecture will discuss the physical requirements for their formation, life cycle, damage potential and their relationship to global warming. It also distinguishes hurricanes from thunderstorms and tornadoes.|
|Objective||At the end of this course students will be able to distinguish the formation and life cycle mechanisms of tropical cyclones from those of extratropical thunderstorms/cyclones, project how tropical cyclones change in a warmer climate based on their physics and evaluate different tropical cyclone modification ideas.|
|Lecture notes||Slides will be made available|
|Literature||A literature list can be found here: http://www.iac.ethz.ch/edu/courses/master/modules/cloud_dynamics|
|Prerequisites / Notice||At least one introductory lecture in Atmospheric Science or Instructor's consent.|
|701-1226-00L||Inter-Annual Phenomena and Their Prediction||W||2 credits||2G||C. Appenzeller|
|Abstract||This course provides an overview of the current ability to understand and predict intra-seasonal and inter-annual climate variability in the tropical and extra-tropical region and provides insights on how operational weather and climate services are organized.|
|Objective||Students will acquire an understanding of the key atmosphere and ocean processes involved, will gain experience in analyzing and predicting sub-seasonal to inter-annual variability and learn how operational weather and climate services are organised and how scientific developments can improve these services.|
|Content||The course covers the following topics: |
- Introduction, some basic concepts and examples of sub-seasonal and inter-annual variability
- Weather and climate data and the statistical concepts used for analysing inter-annual variability (e.g. correlation analysis, teleconnection maps, EOF analysis)
- Inter-annual variability in the tropical region (e.g. ENSO, MJO)
- Inter-annual variability in the extra-tropical region (e.g. Blocking, NAO, PNA, regimes)
- Prediction of inter-annual variability (statistical methods, ensemble prediction systems, monthly and seasonal forecasts, seamless forecasts)
- Verification and interpretation of probabilistic forecast systems
- Climate change and inter-annual variability
- Challenges for operational weather and climate services
- Role of weather and climate extremes
- Early warning systems
- A visit to the forecasting centre of MeteoSwiss
|Lecture notes||A pdf version of the slides will be available at |
|Literature||References are given during the lecture.|
|701-1224-00L||Mesoscale Atmospheric Systems - Observation and Modelling||W||2 credits||2V||H. Wernli, U. Germann|
|Abstract||Mesoscale meteorology focusing on processes relevant for the evolution of precipitation systems. Discussion of empirical and mathematical-physical models for, e.g., fronts and convective storms. Consideration of oceanic evaporation, transport and the associated physics of stable water isotopes. Introduction to weather radar being the widespread instrument for observing mesoscale precipitation.|
|Objective||Basic concepts of observational and theoretical mesoscale meteorology, including precipitation measurements and radar. Knowledge about the interpretation of radar images. Understanding of processes leading to the formation of fronts and convective storms, and basic knowledge on ocean evaporation and the physics of stable water isotopes.|
|701-1216-00L||Numerical Modelling of Weather and Climate||W||4 credits||3G||C. Schär, N. Ban|
|Abstract||The course provides an introduction to weather and climate models. It discusses how these models are built addressing both the dynamical core and the physical parameterizations, and it provides an overview of how these models are used in numerical weather prediction and climate research. As a tutorial, students conduct a term project and build a simple atmospheric model using the language PYTHON.|
|Objective||At the end of this course, students understand how weather and climate models are formulated from the governing physical principles, and how they are used for climate and weather prediction purposes.|
|Content||The course provides an introduction into the following themes: numerical methods (finite differences and spectral methods); adiabatic formulation of atmospheric models (vertical coordinates, hydrostatic approximation); parameterization of physical processes (e.g. clouds, convection, boundary layer, radiation); atmospheric data assimilation and weather prediction; predictability (chaos-theory, ensemble methods); climate models (coupled atmospheric, oceanic and biogeochemical models); climate prediction. Hands-on experience with simple models will be acquired in the tutorials.|
|Lecture notes||Slides and lecture notes will be made available at|
|Literature||List of literature will be provided.|
|Prerequisites / Notice||Prerequisites: to follow this course, you need some basic background in atmospheric science, numerical methods (e.g., "Numerische Methoden in der Umweltphysik", 701-0461-00L) as well as experience in programming. Previous experience with PYTHON is useful but not required.|
|701-1232-00L||Radiation and Climate Change||W||3 credits||2G||M. Wild|
|Abstract||This lecture focuses on the prominent role of radiation in the energy balance of the Earth and in the context of past and future climate change.|
|Objective||The aim of this course is to develop a thorough understanding of the fundamental role of radiation in the context of Earth's energy balance and climate change.|
|Content||The course will cover the following topics:|
Basic radiation laws; sun-earth relations; the sun as driver of climate change (faint sun paradox, Milankovic ice age theory, solar cycles); radiative forcings in the atmosphere: aerosol, water vapour, clouds; radiation balance of the Earth (satellite and surface observations, modeling approaches); anthropogenic perturbation of the Earth radiation balance: greenhouse gases and enhanced greenhouse effect, air pollution and global dimming; radiation-induced feedbacks in the climate system (water vapour feedback, snow albedo feedback); climate model scenarios under various radiative forcings.
|Lecture notes||Slides will be made available, lecture notes for part of the course|
|Literature||As announced in the course|
|701-1234-00L||Tropospheric Chemistry||W||3 credits||2G||D. W. Brunner, I. El Haddad|
|Abstract||The course gives an overview tropospheric chemistry, which is based on laboratory studies, measurements and numerical modelling. The topics include aerosol, photochemistry, emissions and depositions. The lecture covers urban-regional-to-global scale issues, as well as fundamentals of the atmospheric nitrogen, sulfur and CH4 cycles and their contributions to aerosol and oxidant formation.|
|Objective||Based on the presented material the students are expected to understand the most relevant processes responsible for the anthropogenic disturbances of tropospheric chemical composition. The competence of synthesis of knowledge will be improved by paper reading and student's presentations. |
These presentations relate to a particular actual problem selected by the candidates.
|Content||Starting from the knowledge acquired in lecture 701-0471, the course provides a more profound view on the the chemical and dynamical process governing the composition and impacts of air pollutants like aerosol and ozone, at the Earth's surface and the free troposphere. |
Specific topics covered by the lecture are: laboratory and ambient measurements in polluted and pristine regions, the determination of emissions of a variety of components, numerical modelling across scales, regional air pollution - aerosol, and photooxidant in relation to precursor emissions,
impacts (health, vegetation, climate), the global cycles of tropospheric ozone, CH4, sulfur and nitrogen components.
|Lecture notes||Lecture presentations are available for download.|
|Literature||D. Jacob, Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry http://acmg.seas.harvard.edu/publications/jacobbook |
Mark Z. Jacobson: Fundamentals of Atmospheric Modelling, Cambridge University Press
John Seinfeld and Spyros Pandis, Atmosperic Chemistry and Physics, from air pollution to Climate Change, Wiley, 2006.
|Prerequisites / Notice||The basics in physical chemsitry are required and an overview equivalent to the bachelor course in atmospheric chemsitry (lecture 701-0471-01) is expected.|
|701-1266-00L||Weather Discussion |
Limited number of participants.
Preference will be given to students on the masters level in Atmospheric and Climate Science and Environmental Sciences and doctoral students in Environmental Sciences.
Prerequisites: Basic knowledge in meteorology is required for this class, students are advised to take courses 702-0473-00L and/or 701-1221-00L before attending this course.
|W||2.5 credits||2P||H. Wernli|
|Abstract||This three-parts course includes: (i) concise units to update the students knowledge about key aspects of mid-latitude weather systems and numerical weather prediction, (ii) a concrete application of this knowledge to predict and discuss the "weather of the week", and (iii) an in-depth case study analysis, performed in small groups, of a remarkable past weather event.|
|Objective||Students will learn how to elaborate a weather prediction and to cope with uncertainties of weather (probabilistic) prediction models. They will also learn how to apply theoretical concepts from other lecture courses on atmospheric dynamics to perform a detailed case study of a specific weather event, using state-of-the-art observational and model-derived products and datasets.|
|701-1211-01L||Master's Seminar: Atmosphere and Climate 1||W||3 credits||2S||H. Joos, I. Medhaug, O. Stebler, M. A. Wüest|
|Abstract||In this seminar the knowledge exchange between you and the other students is promoted. You attend lectures on scientific writing and you train your scientific writing skills by writing a proposal for your Master thesis. You receive critical and constructive feedback through the review by your future supervisors.|
|Objective||Scientific writing skills|
How to effectively write a scientific proposal.
|Content||In this seminar the knowledge exchange between you and the other students is promoted. You attend lectures on scientific writing and you train your scientific writing skills by writing a proposal for your MSc thesis. You receive critical and constructive feedback through the review by your future supervisors.|
|Prerequisites / Notice||Please register for this seminar 1 in the semester before writing your MSc thesis.|
Attendance is mandatory.
|651-4095-01L||Colloquium Atmosphere and Climate 1||W||1 credit||1K||C. Schär, H. Wernli, D. N. Bresch, D. Domeisen, N. Gruber, H. Joos, R. Knutti, U. Lohmann, T. Peter, S. I. Seneviratne, K. Steffen, M. Wild|
|Abstract||The colloquium is a series of scientific talks by prominent invited speakers assembling interested students and researchers from around Zürich. Students take part of the scientific discussions.|
|Objective||The colloquium is a series of scientific talks by prominent invited speakers assembling interested students and researchers from around Zürich. Students take part of the scientific discussions.|
|Prerequisites / Notice||To acquire credit points for this colloquium, please visit the course's web page and sign up for one of the groups.|
- Page 1 of 1