# Search result: Catalogue data in Spring Semester 2019

High-Energy Physics (Joint Master with EP Paris) | ||||||

Electives | ||||||

Optional Subjects in Physics | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |
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402-0714-00L | Astro-Particle Physics II | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | A. Biland | |

Abstract | This lecture focuses on the neutral components of the cosmic rays as well as on several aspects of Dark Matter. Main topics will be very-high energy astronomy and neutrino astronomy. | |||||

Objective | Students know experimental methods to measure neutrinos as well as high energy and very high energy photons from extraterrestrial sources. They are aware of the historical development and the current state of the field, including major theories. Additionally, they understand experimental evidences about the existence of Dark Matter and selected Dark Matter theories. | |||||

Content | a) short repetition about 'charged cosmic rays' (1st semester) b) High Energy (HE) and Very-High Energy (VHE) Astronomy: - ongoing and near-future detectors for (V)HE gamma-rays - possible production mechanisms for (V)HE gamma-rays - galactic sources: supernova remnants, pulsar-wind nebulae, micro-quasars, etc. - extragalactic sources: active galactic nuclei, gamma-ray bursts, galaxy clusters, etc. - the gamma-ray horizon and it's cosmological relevance c) Neutrino Astronomy: - atmospheric, solar, extrasolar and cosmological neutrinos - actual results and near-future experiments d) Dark Matter: - evidence for existence of non-barionic matter - Dark Matter models (mainly Supersymmetry) - actual and near-future experiments for direct and indirect Dark Matter searches | |||||

Lecture notes | See: Link | |||||

Literature | See: Link | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | This course can be attended independent of Astro-Particle Physics I. | |||||

402-0738-00L | Statistical Methods and Analysis Techniques in Experimental Physics | W | 10 credits | 5G | M. Donegà, C. Grab | |

Abstract | This lecture gives an introduction to the statistical methods and the various analysis techniques applied in experimental particle physics. The exercises treat problems of general statistical topics; they also include hands-on analysis projects, where students perform independent analyses on their computer, based on real data from actual particle physics experiments. | |||||

Objective | Students will learn the most important statistical methods used in experimental particle physics. They will acquire the necessary skills to analyse large data records in a statistically correct manner. Learning how to present scientific results in a professional manner and how to discuss them. | |||||

Content | Topics include: - modern methods of statistical data analysis - probability distributions, error analysis, simulation methos, hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, setting limits and introduction to multivariate methods. - most examples are taken from particle physics. Methodology: - lectures about the statistical topics; - common discussions of examples; - exercises: specific exercises to practise the topics of the lectures; - all students perform statistical calculations on (their) computers; - students complete a full data analysis in teams (of two) over the second half of the course, using real data taken from particle physics experiments; - at the end of the course, the students present their analysis results in a scientific presentation; - all students are directly tutored by assistants in the classroom. | |||||

Lecture notes | - Copies of all lectures are available on the web-site of the course. - A scriptum of the lectures is also available to all students of the course. | |||||

Literature | 1) Statistics: A guide to the use of statistical medhods in the Physical Sciences, R.J.Barlow; Wiley Verlag . 2) J Statistical data analysis, G. Cowan, Oxford University Press; ISBN: 0198501552. 3) Statistische und numerische Methoden der Datenanalyse, V.Blobel und E.Lohrmann, Teubner Studienbuecher Verlag. 4) Data Analysis, a Bayesian Tutorial, D.S.Sivia with J.Skilling, Oxford Science Publications. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Basic knowlege of nuclear and particle physics are prerequisites. | |||||

402-0895-00L | The Standard Model of Electroweak InteractionsSpecial Students UZH must book the module PHY563 directly at UZH. | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | A. Gehrmann-De Ridder | |

Abstract | Topics to be covered: A) Electroweak Theory - Spontaneous symmetry breaking and the Higgs mechanism - The electroweak Standard Model Lagrangian - The role of the Higgs and the Goldstone bosons B) Flavour Physics -The flavour sector of the Standard Model -The neutral kaon system and CP violation C) Neutrino oscillations D) Precision tests of the electroweak Standard Model | |||||

Objective | An introduction to modern theoretical particle physics | |||||

Literature | As described in the entity: Lernmaterialien | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Knowledge of Quantum Field Theory I is required. Parallel following of Quantum Field Theory II is recommended. | |||||

402-0886-00L | Introduction to Quantum Chromodynamics | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | V. Del Duca | |

Abstract | Introduction to the theoretical aspects of Quantum Chromodynamics, the theory of strong interactions. | |||||

Objective | Students that complete the course will be able to understand the fundamentals of QCD, to quantitatively discuss the ultraviolet and infrared behaviour of the theory, to perform simple calculations and to understand modern publications on this research field. | |||||

Content | The following topics will be covered: - Parton Model, factorisation and Deeply Inelastic Scattering - Helicity amplitudes - QCD Lagrangian and gauge invariance - Ultraviolet behaviour of QCD: renormalisation, the beta function, running coupling and asymptotic freedom - Infrared behaviour of QCD: soft and collinear divergences, coherence, jets - Parton evolution in QED and QCD: the DGLAP equations - QCD at hadron colliders: Drell-Yan production, jet production and Higgs boson production | |||||

Lecture notes | Will be provided at the Moodle site for the course. | |||||

Literature | Will be provided at the Moodle site for the course. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | QFT I : A working knowledge of Quantum Field Theory I, at the level of easily performing tree-level computations with Feynman diagrams given the Feynman rules, is assumed. | |||||

402-0703-00L | Phenomenology of Physics Beyond the Standard Model | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | M. Spira, M. G. Ratti | |

Abstract | After a short introduction to the theoretical foundations and experimental tests of the standard model, supersymmetry, leptoquarks, and extra dimensions will be treated among other topics. Thereby the phenomenological aspect, i. e., the search for new particles and interactions at existing and future particle accelerators will play a significant role. | |||||

Objective | The goal of the lecture is the introduction into several theoretical concepts that provide solutions for the open questions of the Standard Model of particle physics and thus lead to physics beyond the Standard Model. Besides the theoretical concepts the phenomenological aspect plays a role, i.e. the search for new particles and interactions at the existing and future particle accelerators plays a crucial role. | |||||

Content | see home page: Link | |||||

Lecture notes | see home page: Link | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Will be taught in German only if all students understand German. | |||||

402-0394-00L | Theoretical Astrophysics and CosmologyUZH students are not allowed to register this course unit at ETH. They must book the corresponding module directly at UZH. | W | 10 credits | 4V + 2U | L. M. Mayer, J. Yoo | |

Abstract | This is the second of a two course series which starts with "General Relativity" and continues in the spring with "Theoretical Astrophysics and Cosmology", where the focus will be on applying general relativity to cosmology as well as developing the modern theory of structure formation in a cold dark matter Universe. | |||||

Objective | Learning the fundamentals of modern physical cosmology. This entails understanding the physical principles behind the description of the homogeneous Universe on large scales in the first part of the course, and moving on to the inhomogeneous Universe model where perturbation theory is used to study the development of structure through gravitational instability in the second part of the course. Modern notions of dark matter and dark energy will also be introduced and discussed. | |||||

Content | The course will cover the following topics: - Homogeneous cosmology - Thermal history of the universe, recombination, baryogenesis and nucleosynthesis - Dark matter and Dark Energy - Inflation - Perturbation theory: Relativistic and Newtonian - Model of structure formation and initial conditions from Inflation - Cosmic microwave background anisotropies - Spherical collapse and galaxy formation - Large scale structure and cosmological probes | |||||

Literature | Suggested textbooks: H.Mo, F. Van den Bosch, S. White: Galaxy Formation and Evolution S. Carroll: Space-Time and Geometry: An Introduction to General Relativity S. Dodelson: Modern Cosmology Secondary textbooks: S. Weinberg: Gravitation and Cosmology V. Mukhanov: Physical Foundations of Cosmology E. W. Kolb and M. S. Turner: The Early Universe N. Straumann: General relativity with applications to astrophysics A. Liddle and D. Lyth: Cosmological Inflation and Large Scale Structure | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Knowledge of General Relativity is recommended. | |||||

402-0883-63L | Symmetries in PhysicsThe course starts on 25 February 2019. | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | M. Gaberdiel | |

Abstract | The course gives an introduction to symmetry groups in physics. It explains the relevant mathematical background (finite groups, Lie groups and algebras as well as their representations), and illustrates their important role in modern physics. | |||||

Objective | The aim of the course is to give a self-contained introduction into finite group theory as well as Lie theory from a physicists point of view. Abstract mathematical constructions will be illustrated with examples from physics. | |||||

Content | symmetries in two and three dimensions, groups and representations, finite group theory, point and space groups, structure of simple Lie algebras, finite-dimensional representations; advanced topics such as: representations of SU(N), classification of simple Lie algebras, conformal symmetry | |||||

402-0848-00L | Advanced Field Theory Special Students UZH must book the module PHY572 directly at UZH. | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | R. Chitra, A. Lazopoulos | |

Abstract | This course will introduce students to concepts and methods in field theory which are used to study topics both in high energy physics and quantum condensed matter theory. | |||||

Objective | The course aims to illustrate the deep similarities in the field theory methodologies used in both fields. The students will learn techniques commonly used to study interacting quantum systems and see corresponding applications both in high energy and condensed matter physics. The course will show how continuum field theories can be used to describe a wide variety of collective phenomena in condensed matter systems, like magnetism and spin-charge separation in one dimensional electronic systems. The same field theory techniques are used in high energy physics to treat light bound states in quantum chromodynamics (pions), to describe non-perturbative contributions to the vacuum state of quantum chromodynamics, or quantum tunneling effects that might have catalyzed baryogenesis in the early universe. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Prerequisite: Quantum Field Theory I Recommended: Quantum Field Theory II (to be attended in parallel). We will strive to keep this course accessible independently of QFTII, but some conceptually difficult topics here will be treated there much more extensively. One prime example is the path integral formalism which is a central topic in QFTII, but only touched upon in this course, with the emphasis shifted on the Euclidean version of path integrals. | |||||

402-0778-00L | Particle Accelerator Physics and Modeling II | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | A. Adelmann | |

Abstract | The effect of nonlinearities on the beam dynamics of charged particles will be discussed. For the nonlinear beam transport, Lie-Methods in combination with differential algebra (DA) and truncated power series (TPS) will be introduced. In the second part we will discuss surrogate model construction for such non-linear dynamical systems using neural networks and support vector machines. | |||||

Objective | Models for nonlinear beam dynamics can be applied to new or existing particle accelerators. You create Python based surrogate models using Keras and Tensorflow. | |||||

Content | - Symplectic Maps and Higher Order Beam Dynamics - Taylor Modells and Differential Algebra - Lie Methods - Normal Forms - Coulomb Repulsion (Space Charge) as N-Body Problem - Coherent Synchrotron Radiation - Particle Collisions - Laser Plasma Wakefield Acceleration | |||||

Lecture notes | Lecture notes | |||||

Literature | * Modern Map Methods in Particle Beam Physics M. Berz (Link) | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Ideally Particle Accelerator Physics and Modelling 1 (PAM-1), however at the beginning of the semester, a crash course is offered introducing the minimum level of particle accelerator modeling needed to follow. This lecture is also suited for PhD. Students. | |||||

402-0822-13L | Introduction to Integrability | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | A. Sfondrini | |

Abstract | This course provides an introduction to integrable models, with emphasis on Bethe Ansatz techniques. | |||||

Objective | Integrable models are special theories that can be solved exactly due to an exceptionally large number of symmetries. They appear in many different areas of physics, including classical mechanics, condensed-matter physics, 2-D quantum field theories and recently in string and gauge theories. In this course we will see how to apply various ideas of integrability, and in particular Bethe Ansatz techniques, to efficiently compute observables in different integrable models. In the first part of the course we will mostly focus on integrable spin chains and on their thermodynamic limit. In the second part we will consider integrable 2-D QFTs and their finite-volume spectrum. We will conclude by illustrating the role of these techniques in string theory. | |||||

Content | - Elements of classical Integrability - Integrable Spin Chains - Bethe Ansatz - Elements of Yangian symmetry - Factorised Scattering for 2-D QFTs - (Mirror) Thermodynamic Bethe Ansatz - Applications to string theory | |||||

Literature | - A.B. Zamolodchikov, Al.B. Zamolodchikov, "Factorized s Matrices in Two-Dimensions as the Exact Solutions of Certain Relativistic Quantum Field Models", Annals Phys. 120 (1979) 253-291. - L.D. Faddeev, "How Algebraic Bethe Ansatz Works for Integrable Model", hep-th/9605187. - P. Dorey, "Exact S-matrices", hep-th/9810026. - F. Loebbert, "Lectures on Yangian Symmetry", J.Phys. A49 (2016) no.32, 323002, arXiv:1606.02947. - F. Levkovich-Maslyuk, "The Bethe ansatz", J.Phys. A49 (2016) no.32, 323004, arXiv:1606.02950. - S.J. van Tongeren, "Introduction to the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz", J.Phys. A49 (2016) no.32, 323005, arXiv:1606.02951. | |||||

402-0726-12L | Physics of Exotic Atoms | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | P. Crivelli | |

Abstract | In this course, we will review the status of physics with exotic atoms including the new exciting advances such as anti-hydrogen 1S-2S spectroscopy and measurements of the hyperfine splitting and the puzzling results of the muonic-hydrogen experiment for the determination of the proton charge radius. | |||||

Objective | The course will give an introduction on the physics of exotic atoms covering both theoretical and experimental aspects. The focus will be set on the systems which are currently a subject of research in Switzerland: positronium at ETHZ, anti-hydrogen at CERN and muonium, muonic-H and muonic-He at PSI. The course will enable the students to follow recent publications in this field. | |||||

Content | Review of the theory of hydrogen and hydrogen-like atoms Interaction of atoms with radiation Hyperfine splitting theory and experiments: Positronium (Ps), Muonium (Mu) and anti-hydrogen (Hbar) High precision spectroscopy: Ps, Mu and Hbar Lamb shift in muonic-H and muonic-He- the proton radius puzzle Weak and strong interaction tests with exotic atoms Anti-matter and gravitation Applications of antimatter | |||||

Lecture notes | script | |||||

Literature | Precision physics of simple atoms and molecules, Savely G. Karshenboim, Springer 2008 Proceedings of the International Conference on Exotic Atoms (EXA 2008) and the 9th International Conference on Low Energy Antiproton Physics (LEAP 2008) held in Vienna, Austria, 15-19 September 2008 (PART I/II), Hyperfine Interactions, Volume 193, Numbers 1-3 / September 2009 Laser Spectroscopy: Vol. 1 Basic Principles Vol. 2 Experimental Techniques von Wolfgang Demtröder von Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2008 |

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