# Search result: Catalogue data in Autumn Semester 2018

Energy Science and Technology Master | ||||||

Electives - Elective Core Courses for the 2007 MEST regulations - Electives for the 2018 MEST regulations These courses are particularly recommended, other ETH-courses from the field of Energy Science and Technology at large may be chosen in accordance with your tutor. | ||||||

Energy Flows and Processes | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |
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151-0123-00L | Experimental Methods for Engineers | W | 4 credits | 2V + 2U | T. Rösgen, K. Boulouchos, A.‑K. U. Michel, H.‑M. Prasser | |

Abstract | The course presents an overview of measurement tasks in engineering environments. Different concepts for the acquisition and processing of typical measurement quantities are introduced. Following an initial in-class introduction, laboratory exercises from different application areas (especially in thermofluidics and process engineering) are attended by students in small groups. | |||||

Objective | Introduction to various aspects of measurement techniques, with particular emphasis on thermo-fluidic applications. Understanding of various sensing technologies and analysis procedures. Exposure to typical experiments, diagnostics hardware, data acquisition and processing. Study of applications in the laboratory. Fundamentals of scientific documentation & reporting. | |||||

Content | In-class introduction to representative measurement techniques in the research areas of the participating institutes (fluid dynamics, energy technology, process engineering) Student participation in 8-10 laboratory experiments (study groups of 3-5 students, dependent on the number of course participants and available experiments) Lab reports for all attended experiments have to be submitted by the study groups. A final exam evaluates the acquired knowledge individually. | |||||

Lecture notes | Presentations, handouts and instructions are provided for each experiment. | |||||

Literature | Holman, J.P. "Experimental Methods for Engineers", McGraw-Hill 2001, ISBN 0-07-366055-8 Morris, A.S. & Langari, R. "Measurement and Instrumentation", Elsevier 2011, ISBN 0-12-381960-4 Eckelmann, H. "Einführung in die Strömungsmesstechnik", Teubner 1997, ISBN 3-519-02379-2 | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Basic understanding in the following areas: - fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, heat and mass transfer - electrical engineering / electronics - numerical data analysis and processing (e.g. using MATLAB) | |||||

151-0163-00L | Nuclear Energy Conversion | W | 4 credits | 2V + 1U | H.‑M. Prasser | |

Abstract | Phyiscal fundamentals of the fission reaction and the sustainable chain reaction, thermal design, construction, function and operation of nuclear reactors and power plants, light water reactors and other reactor types, converion and breeding | |||||

Objective | Students get an overview on energy conversion in nuclear power plants, on construction and function of the most important types of nuclear reactors with special emphasis to light water reactors. They obtain the mathematical/physical basis for quantitative assessments concerning most relevant aspects of design, dynamic behaviour as well as material and energy flows. | |||||

Content | Nuclear physics of fission and chain reaction. Themodynamics of nuclear reactors. Design of the rector core. Introduction into the dynamic behaviour of nuclear reactors. Overview on types of nuclear reactors, difference between thermal reactors and fast breaders. Construction and operation of nuclear power plants with pressurized and boiling water reactors, role and function of the most important safety systems, special features of the energy conversion. Development tendencies of rector technology. | |||||

Lecture notes | Hand-outs will be distributed. Additional literature and information on the website of the lab: Link | |||||

Literature | S. Glasston & A. Sesonke: Nuclear Reactor Engineering, Reactor System Engineering, Ed. 4, Vol. 2., Springer-Science+Business Media, B.V. R. L. Murray: Nuclear Energy (Sixth Edition), An Introduction to the Concepts, Systems, and Applications of Nuclear Processes, Elsevier | |||||

151-0185-00L | Radiation Heat Transfer | W | 4 credits | 2V + 1U | A. Steinfeld, P. Pozivil | |

Abstract | Advanced course in radiation heat transfer | |||||

Objective | Fundamentals of radiative heat transfer and its applications. Examples are combustion and solar thermal/thermochemical processes, and other applications in the field of energy conversion and material processing. | |||||

Content | 1. Introduction to thermal radiation. Definitions. Spectral and directional properties. Electromagnetic spectrum. Blackbody and gray surfaces. Absorptivity, emissivity, reflectivity. Planck's Law, Wien's Displacement Law, Kirchhoff's Law. 2. Surface radiation exchange. Diffuse and specular surfaces. Gray and selective surfaces. Configuration factors. Radiation exchange. Enclosure theory, radiosity method. Monte Carlo. 3.Absorbing, emitting and scattering media. Extinction, absorption, and scattering coefficients. Scattering phase function. Optical thickness. Equation of radiative transfer. Solution methods: discrete ordinate, zone, Monte-Carlo. 4. Applications. Cavities. Selective surfaces and media. Semi-transparent windows. Combined radiation-conduction-convection heat transfer. | |||||

Lecture notes | Copy of the slides presented. | |||||

Literature | R. Siegel, J.R. Howell, Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer, 3rd. ed., Taylor & Francis, New York, 2002. M. Modest, Radiative Heat Transfer, Academic Press, San Diego, 2003. | |||||

151-0207-00L | Theory and Modeling of Reactive Flows | W | 4 credits | 3G | C. E. Frouzakis, I. Mantzaras | |

Abstract | The course first reviews the governing equations and combustion chemistry, setting the ground for the analysis of homogeneous gas-phase mixtures, laminar diffusion and premixed flames. Catalytic combustion and its coupling with homogeneous combustion are dealt in detail, and turbulent combustion modeling approaches are presented. Available numerical codes will be used for modeling. | |||||

Objective | Theory of combustion with numerical applications | |||||

Content | The analysis of realistic reactive flow systems necessitates the use of detailed computer models that can be constructed starting from first principles i.e. thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, chemical kinetics, and heat and mass transport. In this course, the focus will be on combustion theory and modeling. The reacting flow governing equations and the combustion chemistry are firstly reviewed, setting the ground for the analysis of homogeneous gas-phase mixtures, laminar diffusion and premixed flames. Heterogeneous (catalytic) combustion, an area of increased importance in the last years, will be dealt in detail along with its coupling with homogeneous combustion. Finally, approaches for the modeling of turbulent combustion will be presented. Available numerical codes will be used to compute the above described phenomena. Familiarity with numerical methods for the solution of partial differential equations is expected. | |||||

Lecture notes | Handouts | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | NEW course | |||||

151-0209-00L | Renewable Energy Technologies IDoes not take place this semester. The lectures Renewable Energy Technologies I (151-0209-00L) and Renewable Energy Technologies II (529-0191-01L) can be taken independently from one another. | W | 4 credits | 3G | A. Steinfeld | |

Abstract | Scenarios for world energy demand and CO2 emissions, implications for climate. Methods for the assessment of energy chains. Potential and technology of renewable energies: Biomass (heat, electricity, biofuels), solar energy (low temp. heat, solar thermal and photovoltaic electricity, solar chemistry). Wind and ocean energy, heat pumps, geothermal energy, energy from waste. CO2 sequestration. | |||||

Objective | Scenarios for the development of world primary energy consumption are introduced. Students know the potential and limitations of renewable energies for reducing CO2 emissions, and their contribution towards a future sustainable energy system that respects climate protection goals. | |||||

Content | Scenarios for the development of world energy consumption, energy intensity and economic development. Energy conversion chains, primary energy sources and availability of raw materials. Methods for the assessment of energy systems, ecological balances and life cycle analysis of complete energy chains. Biomass: carbon reservoirs and the carbon cycle, energetic utilisation of biomass, agricultural production of energy carriers, biofuels. Solar energy: solar collectors, solar-thermal power stations, solar chemistry, photovoltaics, photochemistry. Wind energy, wind power stations. Ocean energy (tides, waves). Geothermal energy: heat pumps, hot steam and hot water resources, hot dry rock (HDR) technique. Energy recovery from waste. Greenhouse gas mitigation, CO2 sequestration, chemical bonding of CO2. Consequences of human energy use for ecological systems, atmosphere and climate. | |||||

Lecture notes | Lecture notes will be distributed electronically during the course. | |||||

Literature | - Kaltschmitt, M., Wiese, A., Streicher, W.: Erneuerbare Energien (Springer, 2003) - Tester, J.W., Drake, E.M., Golay, M.W., Driscoll, M.J., Peters, W.A.: Sustainable Energy - Choosing Among Options (MIT Press, 2005) - G. Boyle, Renewable Energy: Power for a sustainable futureOxford University Press, 3rd ed., 2012, ISBN: 978-0-19-954533-9 -V. Quaschning, Renewable Energy and Climate ChangeWiley- IEEE, 2010, ISBN: 978-0-470-74707-0, 9781119994381 (online) | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Fundamentals of chemistry, physics and thermodynamics are a prerequisite for this course. Topics are available to carry out a Project Work (Semesterarbeit) on the contents of this course. | |||||

151-0216-00L | Wind Energy | W | 4 credits | 2V + 1U | N. Chokani | |

Abstract | The objective of this course is to introduce the students to the fundamentals, technologies, modern day application, and economics of wind energy. These subjects are introduced through a discussion of the basic principles of wind energy generation and conversion, and a detailed description of the broad range of relevant technical, economic and environmental topics. | |||||

Objective | The objective of this course is to introduce the students to the fundamentals, technologies, modern day application, and economics of wind energy. | |||||

Content | This mechanical engineering course focuses on the technical aspects of wind turbines; non-technical issues are not within the scope of this technically oriented course. On completion of this course, the student shall be able to conduct the preliminary aerodynamic and structural design of the wind turbine blades. The student shall also be more aware of the broad context of drivetrains, dynamics and control, electrical systems, and meteorology, relevant to all types of wind turbines. | |||||

151-0251-00L | IC-Engines: Principles, Thermodynamic Optimization and Applications Number of participants limited to 60. | W | 4 credits | 2V + 1U | K. Boulouchos, G. Georges, P. Kyrtatos | |

Abstract | Introduction to characteristic parameters, operating maps and classification of internal combustion engines (ICE). Engine process thermodynamic, simplified simulations of the engine process, heat transfer in IC-engines, turbocharging and waste heat recovery systems. Fields of applications of IC-engines in transportation (incl. hybrid powertrains) and decentralized cogeneration of power and heat. | |||||

Objective | The students learn the basic concepts of an internal combustion engine by means of the topics mentioned in the abstract. This knowledge is applied in several calculation exercises and two lab exercises at the engine test bench. The students get an insight in alternative powertrain systems. | |||||

Lecture notes | in English | |||||

Literature | J. Heywood, Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw-Hill | |||||

151-0293-00L | Combustion and Reactive Processes in Energy and Materials Technology | W | 4 credits | 2V + 1U + 2A | K. Boulouchos, F. Ernst, N. Noiray, Y. Wright | |

Abstract | The students should become familiar with the fundamentals and with application examples of chemically reactive processes in energy conversion (combustion engines in particular) as well as the synthesis of new materials. | |||||

Objective | The students should become familiar with the fundamentals and with application examples of chemically reactive processes in energy conversion (combustion engines in particular) as well as the synthesis of new materials. The lecture is part of the focus "Energy, Flows & Processes" on the Bachelor level and is recommended as a basis for a future Master in the area of energy. It is also a facultative lecture on Master level in Energy Science and Technology and Process Engineering. | |||||

Content | Reaction kinetics, fuel oxidation mechanisms, premixed and diffusion laminar flames, two-phase-flows, turbulence and turbulent combustion, pollutant formation, applications in combustion engines. Synthesis of materials in flame processes: particles, pigments and nanoparticles. Fundamentals of design and optimization of flame reactors, effect of reactant mixing on product characteristics. Tailoring of products made in flame spray pyrolysis. | |||||

Lecture notes | No script available. Instead, material will be provided in lecture slides and the following text book (which can be downloaded for free) will be followed: J. Warnatz, U. Maas, R.W. Dibble, "Combustion:Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modeling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation", Springer-Verlag, 1997. Teaching language, assignments and lecture slides in English | |||||

Literature | J. Warnatz, U. Maas, R.W. Dibble, "Combustion:Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modeling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation", Springer-Verlag, 1997. I. Glassman, Combustion, 3rd edition, Academic Press, 1996. | |||||

151-0567-00L | Engine Systems | W | 4 credits | 3G | C. Onder | |

Abstract | Introduction to current and future engine systems and their control systems | |||||

Objective | Introduction to methods of control and optimization of dynamic systems. Application to real engines. Understand the structure and behavior of drive train systems and their quantitative descriptions. | |||||

Content | Physical description and mathematical models of components and subsystems (mixture formation, load control, supercharging, emissions, drive train components, etc.). Case studies of model-based optimal design and control of engine systems with the goal of minimizing fuel consumption and emissions. | |||||

Lecture notes | Introduction to Modeling and Control of Internal Combustion Engine Systems Guzzella Lino, Onder Christopher H. 2010, Second Edition, 354 p., hardbound ISBN: 978-3-642-10774-0 | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Combined homework and testbench exercise (air-to-fuel-ratio control or idle-speed control) in groups | |||||

151-0569-00L | Vehicle Propulsion Systems | W | 4 credits | 3G | C. Onder, P. Elbert | |

Abstract | Introduction to current and future propulsion systems and the electronic control of their longitudinal behavior | |||||

Objective | Introduction to methods of system optimization and controller design for vehicles. Understanding the structure and working principles of conventional and new propulsion systems. Quantitative descriptions of propulsion systems | |||||

Content | Understanding of physical phenomena and mathematical models of components and subsystems (manual, automatic and continuously variable transmissions, energy storage systems, electric drive trains, batteries, hybrid systems, fuel cells, road/wheel interaction, automatic braking systems, etc.). Presentation of mathematical methods, CAE tools and case studies for the model-based design and control of propulsion systems with the goal of minimizing fuel consumption and emissions. | |||||

Lecture notes | Vehicle Propulsion Systems -- Introduction to Modeling and Optimization Guzzella Lino, Sciarretta Antonio 2013, X, 409 p. 202 illus., Geb. ISBN: 978-3-642-35912-5 | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Lectures of Prof. Dr. Ch. Onder and Dr. Ph. Elbert are also possible to be held in German. | |||||

529-0613-01L | Process Simulation and Flowsheeting | W | 6 credits | 3G | S. Papadokonstantakis | |

Abstract | This course encompasses the theoretical principles of chemical process simulation, as well as its practical application in process analysis and optimization. The techniques for simulating stationary and dynamic processes are presented, and illustrated with case studies. Commercial software packages are presented as a key engineering tool for solving process flowsheeting and simulation problems. | |||||

Objective | This course aims to develop the competency of chemical engineers in process flowsheeting and simulation. Specifically, students will develop the following skills: - Deep understanding of chemical engineering fundamentals: the acquisition of new concepts and the application of previous knowledge in the area of chemical process systems and their mechanisms are crucial to intelligently simulate and evaluate processes. - Modeling of general chemical processes and systems: students have to be able to identify the boundaries of the system to be studied and develop the set of relevant mathematical relations, which describe the process behavior. - Mathematical reasoning and computational skills: the familiarization with mathematical algorithms and computational tools is essential to be capable of achieving rapid and reliable solutions to simulation and optimization problems. Hence, students will learn the mathematical principles necessary for process simulation and optimization, as well as the structure and application of process simulation software. Thus, they will be able develop criteria to correctly use commercial software packages and critically evaluate their results. | |||||

Content | Overview of process simulation and flowsheeting - Definition and fundamentals - Fields of application - Case studies Process simulation - Modeling strategies of process systems - Mass and energy balances and degrees of freedom of process units and process systems Process flowsheeting - Flowsheet partitioning and tearing - Solution methods for process flowsheeting - Simultaneous methods - Sequential methods Process optimization and analysis - Classification of optimization problems - Linear programming - Non-linear programming - Optimization methods in process flowsheeting Commercial software for simulation: Aspen Plus - Thermodynamic property methods - Reaction and reactors - Separation / columns - Convergence, optimisation & debugging | |||||

Literature | An exemplary literature list is provided below: - Biegler, L.T., Grossmann I.E., Westerberg A.W., 1997, systematic methods of chemical process design. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, US. - Boyadjiev, C., 2010, Theoretical chemical engineering: modeling and simulation. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Germany. - Ingham, J., Dunn, I.J., Heinzle, E., Prenosil, J.E., Snape, J.B., 2007, Chemical engineering dynamics: an introduction to modelling and computer simulation. John Wiley & Sons, United States. - Reklaitis, G.V., 1983, Introduction to material and energy balances. John Wiley & Sons, United States. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | A basic understanding of material and energy balances, thermodynamic property methods and typical unit operations (e.g., reactors, flash separations, distillation/absorption columns etc.) is required. |

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