Search result: Catalogue data in Autumn Semester 2018
|Materials Science Bachelor|
|Basic Courses Part 2|
|Examination Block 5|
|327-0504-00L||Materials Characterisation Methods||O||3 credits||2V + 1U||L. Heyderman|
|Abstract||The lecture course is aimed to qualifying the student to choose the optimum characterization method according to the questions posed. The main topics are: Thermal Analysis (TD, TG, TM, DTA, DSC), light microscopy, diffraction methods (XRD, NRD, SAD), electron microscopy (TEM, HRTEM, STEM, HAADF-STEM, SEM, ESEM, EFEM, EDX, EELS).|
|Objective||The lecture course is aimed to qualifying the student to choose the optimum characterization method according to the questions posed.|
|Content||Introduction into the fundamentals of materials characterization: Thermal Analysis (TD, TG, TM, DTA, DSC), light microscopy, diffraction methods (XRD, NRD, SAD), electron microscopy (TEM, HRTEM, STEM, HAADF-STEM, SEM, ESEM, EFEM, EDX, EELS). The emphasis is on the discussion of the fundamentals of these characterization methods.|
|Lecture notes||Script is provided.|
|Literature||Materials Science and technology: A comprehensive treatment.|
ed. by R. W. Cahn, P. Haasen, E.J. Kramer. VCH Weinheim 1992, 1994.
Characterization of Materials (Volume Editor E. Lifshin).
|327-0508-00L||Simulation Techniques in Materials Science||O||4 credits||2V + 2U||C. Ederer|
|Abstract||Introduction to simulation techniques that are relevant for material science. Simulation methods for continua (finite differences, finite elements), mesoscopic methods (cellular automata, mesoscopic Monte Carlo methods), microscopic methods (Molecular Dynamics, Monte-Carlo simulations, Density Functional Theory).|
|Objective||Learn techniques which are used in the computer-based study of the physics of materials; Obtain an overview of which simulation techniques are useful for which type of problems; develop the capability to transform problems in materials science into a form suitable for computer studies, including writing the computer program and analyzing the results.|
|Content||- Modeling and simulation techniques in materials science.|
- Simulation methods for continua (finite differences, basic idea of finite elements).
- Mesoscopic methods (Cellular automata, phase-field models, mesoscopic Monte Carlo methods).
- Microscopic methods (Molecular dynamics, Monte-Carlo simulation for many-particle systems, basic idea of density functional theory).
|Literature||- R. Lesar, Introduction to Computational Materials Science (Cambridge University Press 2013).|
- D. Frenkel and B. Smit, Understanding Molecular Simulations (Academic Press 2002).
- M. P. Allen and D. J. Tildesley, Computer Simulation of Liquids (Clarendon Press, 1987).
- D. Raabe, Computational Materials Science (Wiley-VCH 1998).
|327-0407-01L||Materials Physics I||O||5 credits||3V + 2U||P. Gambardella|
|Abstract||This course introduces classical and quantum mechanical concepts for the understanding of material properties from a microscopic point of view. The lectures focus on the static and dynamic properties of crystals, the formation of chemical bonds and electronic bands in metals, and semiconductors, and on the thermal and electrical properties that emerge from this analysis.|
|Objective||Providing physical concepts for the understanding of material properties:|
Understanding the electronic properties of solids is at the heart of modern society and technology. The aim of this course is to provide fundamental concepts that allow the student to relate the microscopic structure of matter and the quantum mechanical behavior of electrons to the macroscopic properties of materials. Beyond fundamental curiosity, such level of understanding is required in order to develop and appropriately describe new classes of materials for future technology applications. By the end of the course the student should have developed a semi-quantitative understanding of basic concepts in solid state physics and be able to appreciate the pertinence of different models to the description of specific material properties.
|Content||PART I: Structure of solid matter, real and reciprocal space|
The crystal lattice, Bravais lattices, primitive cells and unit cells, Wigner-Seitz cell, primitive lattice vectors, lattice with a basis, examples of 3D and 2D lattices.
Fourier transforms and reciprocal space, reciprocal lattice vectors, Brillouin zones
Elastic and inelastic scattering of elementary particles with matter (x-rays, neutrons, electrons). Interaction of x-rays with matter. X-ray diffraction, Bragg condition, atomic scattering factors, scattering length, absorption and refraction.
PART II: Dynamics of atoms in crystals
Lattice vibrations and phonons in 1D, phonons in 1D chains with monoatomic basis, phonon in 1D chains with a diatomic basis, optical and acoustic modes, phase and group velocities, phonon dispersion and eigenvectors. Phonons in 2D and 3D.
Quantum mechanical description of lattice waves in solids, the harmonic oscillator, the concept of phonon, phonon statistics, Bose-Einstein distribution, phonon density of states, Debye and Einstein models, thermal energy, heat capacity of solids.
PART III: Electron states and energy bands in crystalline solids
Electronic properties of materials, classical concepts: electrical conductivity, Hall effect, thermoelectric effects. Drude model. Transition to quantum models and review of quantum mechanical concepts.
The formation of electronic bands: from molecules to periodic crystal structures.
The free electron gas: Fermi statistics, Fermi energy and Fermi surface, density of states in k-space and as a function of energy. Inadequacy of the free electron model.
Electrons in a periodic potential, Bloch's theorem and Bloch functions, electron Bragg scattering, nearly free electron model, physical origin of bandgaps, band filling. Energy bands of different types of solids: metals, insulators, and semiconductors. Fermi surfaces. Examples.
PART IV: Electrical and heat conduction
Dynamics of electrons in energy bands, phase and group velocity, crystal momentum, the effective mass concept, scattering phenomena.
Electrical and thermal conductivities revisited. Electron transport due to electric fields (drift) and concentration gradients (diffusion). Einstein's relations. Transport of heat by electrons, Seebeck effect and thermopower, Peltier effect, thermoelectric cooling, thermoelectric energy conversion.
PART V: Semiconductors: concepts and devices
Band structure: valence and conduction states. Intrinsic and extrinsic charge carrier density. Electrical conductivity. p-n junctions. Metal-semiconductor contacts. FET transistors. Transistors as switches and amplifiers.
|Lecture notes||in English, available for download at http://www.intermag.mat.ethz.ch/education.html|
|Literature||C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics (Wiley, 2005), also printed in German. General text that covers most arguments from the point of view of condensed matter physics.|
S.O. Kasap, Principles of Electronic Materials and Devices (McGraw-Hill, 2006). General text that covers most arguments from the point of view of materials science.
L. Solymar, D. Walsh, R.R.A. Syms, Electrical Properties of Materials (Oxford Univ. Press, 2014). Modern treatment of the electronic properties of materials, with examples of applications. The thermal properties of solids are not included.
J. Livingston, Electronic Properties of Engineering Materials (Wiley, 1999). Good text for providing intuitive understanding and perspectives.
D. A. Neamen, Semiconductor Physics and Devices (McGraw-Hill, 2012). General treatment of semiconductor physics and devices, including both basic and more advanced topics.
H. Ibach, H. Lueth, Solid-State Physics (Springer, 2003), available free of charge as ebook from the ETH library, also in German. General text that covers most arguments from the point of view of condensed matter physics.
|Prerequisites / Notice||Physics I and II. Knowledge of basic quantum mechanical concepts. The lecture will be given in English. The script will be available in English.|
|Examination Block 6|
|327-0501-00L||Metals I||O||3 credits||2V + 1U||R. Spolenak|
|Abstract||Repetition and advancement of dislocation theory. Mechanical properties of metals: hardening mechanisms, high temperature plasticity, alloying effects. Case studies in alloying to illustrate the mechanisms.|
|Objective||Repetition and advancement of dislocation theory. Mechanical properties of metals: hardening mechanisms, high temperature plasticity, alloying effects. Case studies in alloying to illustrate the mechanisms.|
Properties of dislocations, motion and kinetics of dislocations, dislocation-dislocation and dislocation-boundary interactions, consequences of partial dislocations, sessile dislocations
a. solid solution hardening: case studies in copper-nickel and iron-carbon alloys
b. particle hardening: case studies on aluminium-copper alloys
High temperature plasticity:
thermally activated glide
diffusional creep: Coble, Nabarro-Herring
deformation mechanism maps
Case studies in turbine blades
|Literature||Gottstein, Physikalische Grundlagen der Materialkunde, Springer Verlag|
Haasen, Physikalische Metallkunde, Springer Verlag
Rösler/Harders/Bäker, Mechanisches Verhalten der Werkstoffe, Teubner Verlag
Porter/Easterling, Transformations in Metals and Alloys, Chapman & Hall
Hull/Bacon, Introduction to Dislocations, Butterworth & Heinemann
Courtney, Mechanical Behaviour of Materials, McGraw-Hill
|327-0502-00L||Polymers I||O||3 credits||2V + 1U||M. Kröger|
|Abstract||Physical foundations of single polymer molecules and interacting chains.|
|Objective||The course offers a modern approach to the understanding of universal static and dynamic properties of polymers.|
1. Introduction to Polymer Physics, Random Walks
2. Excluded Volume
3. Structure Factor from Scattering Experiments
5. Solvent and Temperature Effects
6. Flory theory
7. Self-consistent field theory
8. Interacting Chains, Phase Separation and Critical Phenomena
10. Numerical methods in polymer physics, computer experiments
|Lecture notes||A script is available at http://www.polyphys.mat.ethz.ch/education/courses/polymere-I|
|Literature||1. M. Rubinstein and R. H. Colby, Polymer Physics (Oxford University Press, 2003)|
2. P. G. de Gennes, Scaling Concepts in Polymer Physics (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 1979)
3. M. Doi, Introduction to Polymer Physics (Oxford, Oxford, 2006)
4. M. Kröger, Models for polymeric and anisotropic liquids (Springer, Berlin, 2005)
|Prerequisites / Notice||Computer experiments will use the simple MATLAB programming language and will be made available, if necessary or useful.|
|327-0503-00L||Ceramics I||O||3 credits||2V + 1U||M. Niederberger, T. Graule, A. R. Studart|
|Abstract||Introduction to ceramic processing.|
|Objective||The aim is the understanding of the basic principles of ceramic processing.|
|Content||Basic chemical processes for powder production.|
Liquid-phase synthesis methods.
Classical crystallization theory.
Gas phase reactions.
Basics of the collidal chemistry for suspension preparation and control.
Characterization techniques for powders and colloids.
Shaping techniques for bulk components and thin films.
Sintering processes and microstructural control.
|Literature||Books and references will be given on the lecture notes.|
|327-2131-00L||Materials of Life |
Only for Materials Science BSc.
|O||3 credits||3G||E. Dufresne|
|Abstract||This course examines the materials underlying living systems. We will consider the basic building blocks of biological systems, the processes which organize them, the resulting structures, their properties and functions.|
|Objective||Students will apply basic materials science concepts in a new context while deepening their knowledge of biology. Emphasis on estimating key physical quantities through 'back of the envelope' estimates and simple numerical calculations.|
|Content||I. The physics of life|
a. Length scales
b. Time scales
c. Energy flow
II. The chemistry of life:
a. Water: key properties and interactions
i. Nucleic Acids
c. Lipids: phase behaviour
III. Living Materials in Cellular Physiology
a. Nucleus: information and control
b. Cytoskeleton: mechanics
c. Mitochondria: energy
d. Plasma Membrane: compartmentalization and transport
IV. Living Tissues as Materials
a. Muscle: active material
b. Bone: remodeled material
c. Wood: hierarchical material
|Lecture notes||Lecture notes will be available for download after each lecture.|
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