# Search result: Catalogue data in Spring Semester 2017

Physics Master | ||||||

Core Courses One Core Course in Experimental or Theoretical Physics from Physics Bachelor is eligible; however, this Core Course from Physics Bachelor cannot be used to compensate for the mandatory Core Course in Experimental or Theoretical Physics. For the category assignment keep the choice "no category" and take contact with the Study Administration (www.phys.ethz.ch/studies/study-administration.html) after having received the credits. | ||||||

Core Courses: Experimental Physics | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |
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402-0448-01L | Quantum Information Processing I: ConceptsThis theory part QIP I together with the experimental part 402-0448-02L QIP II (both offered in the Spring Semester) combine to the core course in experimental physics "Quantum Information Processing" (totally 10 ECTS credits). | W | 5 credits | 2V + 1U | J. Home, A. Wallraff | |

Abstract | The course will cover the key concepts and ideas of quantum information processing, including descriptions of quantum algorithms which give the quantum computer the power to compute problems outside the reach of any classical supercomputer. Key concepts such as quantum error correction will be described. These ideas provide fundamental insights into the nature of quantum states and measurement. | |||||

Learning objective | We aim to provide an overview of the central concepts in Quantum Information Processing, including insights into the advantages to be gained from using quantum mechanics and the range of techniques based on quantum error correction which enable the elimination of noise. | |||||

Content | The topics covered in the course will include 1. Entanglement 2. Circuits, circuit elements, universality 3. Efficiency ideas, Gottesmann Knill 4. Teleportation + dense coding 5. Swapping/Gate Teleportation 6. Algorithms: Shor, Grover, 7. Deutsch-Josza, simulations of local systems 8. Cryptography 9. Error correction, basic circuit, 10. ideas of construction, Fault-tolerant design, | |||||

Lecture notes | Will be made available on the Moodle for the course. More details to follow. | |||||

Literature | Quantum Computation and Quantum Information Michael Nielsen and Isaac Chuang Cambridge University Press | |||||

402-0448-02L | Quantum Information Processing II: ImplementationsThis experimental part QIP II together with the theory part 402-0448-01L QIP I (both offered in the Spring Semester) combine to the core course in experimental physics "Quantum Information Processing" (totally 10 ECTS credits). | W | 5 credits | 2V + 1U | A. Wallraff, J. Home | |

Abstract | Introduction to experimental systems for quantum information processing (QIP). Quantum bits. Coherent Control. Measurement. Decoherence. Microscopic and macroscopic quantum systems. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Photons. Ions and neutral atoms in electromagnetic traps. Charges and spins in quantum dots and NV centers. Charges and flux quanta in superconducting circuits. Novel hybrid systems. | |||||

Learning objective | Throughout the past 20 years the realm of quantum physics has entered the domain of information technology in more and more prominent ways. Enormous progress in the physical sciences and in engineering and technology has allowed us to build novel types of information processors based on the concepts of quantum physics. In these processors information is stored in the quantum state of physical systems forming quantum bits (qubits). The interaction between qubits is controlled and the resulting states are read out on the level of single quanta in order to process information. Realizing such challenging tasks is believed to allow constructing an information processor much more powerful than a classical computer. This task is taken on by academic labs, startups and major industry. The aim of this class is to give a thorough introduction to physical implementations pursued in current research for realizing quantum information processors. The field of quantum information science is one of the fastest growing and most active domains of research in modern physics. | |||||

Content | Introduction to experimental systems for quantum information processing (QIP). - Quantum bits - Coherent Control - Measurement - Decoherence QIP with - Ions - Superconducting Circuits - Photons - NMR - Rydberg atoms - NV-centers - Quantum dots | |||||

Lecture notes | Course material be made available at www.qudev.ethz.ch and on the Moodle platform for the course. More details to follow. | |||||

Literature | Quantum Computation and Quantum Information Michael Nielsen and Isaac Chuang Cambridge University Press | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | The class will be taught in English language. Basic knowledge of concepts of quantum physics and quantum systems, e.g from courses such as Phyiscs III, Quantum Mechanics I and II or courses on topics such as atomic physics, solid state physics, quantum electronics are considered helpful. More information on this class can be found on the web site www.qudev.ethz.ch | |||||

402-0702-00L | Phenomenology of Particle Physics II | W | 10 credits | 3V + 2U | S. Pozzorini, A. Rubbia | |

Abstract | In PPP II the standard model of particle physics will be developed from the point of view of gauge invariance. The example of QED will introduce the essential concepts. Then we will treat both strong and electroweak interactions. Important examples like deep inelastic lepton-hadron scattering, e+e- -> fermion antifermion, and weak particle decays will be calculated in detail. | |||||

Learning objective | ||||||

402-0264-00L | Astrophysics II | W | 10 credits | 3V + 2U | M. Carollo | |

Abstract | The course examines various topics in astrophysics with an emphasis on physical processes occurring in an expanding Universe, from a time about 1 microsecond after the Big Bang, to the formation of galaxies and supermassive black holes within the next billion years. | |||||

Learning objective | The course examines various topics in astrophysics with an emphasis on physical processes occurring in an expanding Universe. These include the Robertson-Walker metric, the Friedmann models, the thermal history of the Universe after 1 micro-sec including Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, and introduction to Inflation, and the growth of structure through gravitational instability. The observational determination of cosmological parameters is studied in some detail, including the imprinting of temperature fluctuations on the microwave background. Finally, the key physics of the formation of galaxies is reviewed. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Prior completion of Astrophysics I is recommended but not required. | |||||

402-0265-00L | Astrophysics III | W | 10 credits | 3V + 2U | H. M. Schmid | |

Abstract | Astrophysics III is a course in Galactic Astrophysics. It introduces the concepts of stellar populations, stellar dynamics, interstellar medium, and star formation for understanding the physics and phenomenology of the different components of the Milky Way galaxy. | |||||

Learning objective | The course should provide basic knowledge for first research projects in the field of star formation and interstellar matter. A strong emphasis is put on radiation processes and the determination of physical parameters from observations. | |||||

Content | Astrophysics III: Galactic Astrophysics - components of the Milky Way: stars, ISM, dark matter, - dynamics of the Milky Way and of different subcomponents, - the physics of the interstellar medium, - star formation and feedback, and - the Milky Way origin and evolution. | |||||

Lecture notes | A lecture script will be distributed. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Prior completion of Astrophysics I is recommended but not required. |

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