# Search result: Catalogue data in Autumn Semester 2016

High-Energy Physics (Joint Master with EP Paris) | ||||||

Electives | ||||||

Optional Subjects in Physics | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

402-0715-00L | Low Energy Particle Physics | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | A. S. Antognini, P. A. Schmidt-Wellenburg | |

Abstract | Low energy particle physics provides complementary information to high energy physics with colliders. In this lecture, we will concentrate on selected experiments, using mainly neutrons and muons, which have significantly improved our understanding of particle physics today. | |||||

Learning objective | The course aims to provide an introduction to selected advanced topics in low energy particle physics with neutrons and muons. | |||||

Content | Low energy particle physics provides complementary information to high energy physics with colliders. At the Large Hadron Collider one directly searches for new particles at energies up to the TeV range. In a complementary way, low energy particle physics indirectly probes the existence of such particles and provides constraints for "new physics", making use of precision and high intensities. Besides the sensitivity to effects related with new physics (e.g. lepton flavor violation, symmetry violations, CPT tests, search for electric dipole moments, new low mass exchange bosons etc.), low energy physics provides the best test of QED (electron g-2), the best tests of bound-state QED (atomic physics and exotic atoms), precise determinations of fundamental constants, information about the CKM matrix, precise information on the weak and strong force even in the non-perturbative regime etc. In this lecture, we will concentrate on selected experiments, using mainly neutrons and muons, which have significantly improved our understanding of particle physics today. Starting from a general introduction on high intensity/high precision particle physics and the main characteristics of muons and neutrons and their production, we will then focus on the discussion of fundamental problems and ground-breaking experiments: - Production and characteristics of muon and neutron beams - Ultracold neutron production - Measurement of the neutron lifetime and electric dipole moment - The neutron in the gravitational field and its electric charge - Muon and neutron decay correlations - Lepton flavour violations with muons to search for new physics - What atomic physics can do for particle physics and vice versa - Laser experiments at accelerators - From myonic hydrogen to the proton structure and bound-state QED - From pionic hydrogen to the strong interaction and effective field theories - etc. | |||||

Literature | Golub, Richardson & Lamoreaux: "Ultra-Cold Neutrons" Rauch & Werner: "Neutron Interferometry" Carlile & Willis: "Experimental Neutron Scattering" Byrne: "Neutrons, Nuclei and Matter" Klapdor-Kleingrothaus: "Non Accelerator Particle Physics" | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Einführung in die Kern- und Teilchenphysik / Introduction to Nuclear- and Particle-Physics | |||||

402-0725-00L | Experimental Methods and Instruments of Particle Physics | W | 6 credits | 3V + 1U | U. Langenegger, M. Dittmar, A. Streun, University lecturers | |

Abstract | Physics and design of particle accelerators. Basics and concepts of particle detectors. Track- and vertex-detectors, calorimetry, particle identification. Special applications like Cherenkov detectors, air showers, direct detection of dark matter. Simulation methods, readout electronics, trigger and data acquisition. Examples of key experiments. | |||||

Learning objective | Acquire an in-depth understanding and overview of the essential elements of experimental methods in particle physics, including accelerators and experiments. | |||||

Content | 1. Examples of modern experiments 2. Basics: Bethe-Bloch, radiation length, nucl. interaction length, fixed-target vs. collider, principles of measurements: energy- and momentum-conservation, etc 3. Physics and layout of accelerators 4. Charged particle tracking and vertexing 5. Calorimetry 6. Particle identification 7. Analysis methods: invariant and missing mass, jet algorithms, b-tagging 8. Special detectors: extended airshower detectors and cryogenic detectors 9. MC simulations (GEANT), trigger, readout, electronics | |||||

Lecture notes | Slides are handed out regularly, see http://www.physik.uzh.ch/en/teaching/PHY461/HS2016.html | |||||

402-0713-00L | Astro-Particle Physics I | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | A. Biland | |

Abstract | This lecture gives an overview of the present research in the field of Astro-Particle Physics, including the different experimental techniques. In the first semester, main topics are the charged cosmic rays including the antimatter problem. The second semester focuses on the neutral components of the cosmic rays as well as on some aspects of Dark Matter. | |||||

Learning objective | Successful students know: - experimental methods to measure cosmic ray particles over full energy range - current knowledge about the composition of cosmic ray - possible cosmic acceleration mechanisms - correlation between astronomical object classes and cosmic accelerators - information about our galaxy and cosmology gained from observations of cosmic ray | |||||

Content | First semester (Astro-Particle Physics I): - definition of 'Astro-Particle Physics' - important historical experiments - chemical composition of the cosmic rays - direct observations of cosmic rays - indirect observations of cosmic rays - 'extended air showers' and 'cosmic muons' - 'knee' and 'ankle' in the energy spectrum - the 'anti-matter problem' and the Big Bang - 'cosmic accelerators' | |||||

Lecture notes | See lecture home page: http://ihp-lx2.ethz.ch/AstroTeilchen/ | |||||

Literature | See lecture home page: http://ihp-lx2.ethz.ch/AstroTeilchen/ | |||||

402-0833-00L | Particle Physics in the Early UniverseDoes not take place this semester. | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | ||

Abstract | An introduction to key concepts on the interface of Particle Physics and Early Universe cosmology. Topics include inflation and inflationary models, the ElectroWeak phase transition and vacuum stability, matter-antimatter asymmetry, recombination and the Cosmic Microwave Background, relic abundances and primordial nucleosynthesis, baryogenesis, dark matter and more. | |||||

Learning objective | ||||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Prerequisites: Particle Physics Phenomenolgy 1 or Quantum Field Theory 1 Recommended: Quantum Field Theory 2, Advanced Field Theory, General Relativity | |||||

402-0849-00L | Introduction to Lattice QCD | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | P. De Forcrand | |

Abstract | This course offers an introduction to quantum field theories, in particular QCD, formulated on a space-time lattice. The lattice provides a non-perturbative, gauge-invariant regularization scheme for the Euclidean path integral. The course introduces both the theoretical background and the computational tools, like Monte Carlo simulations, used for the quantitative study of quarks and gluons. | |||||

Learning objective | To gain familiarity with the formalism of lattice field theories and their numerical simulation methods. | |||||

402-0767-00L | Neutrino Physics | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | A. Rubbia | |

Abstract | Theoretical basis and selected experiments to determine the properties of neutrinos and their interactions (mass, spin, helicity, chirality, oscillations, interactions with leptons and quarks). | |||||

Learning objective | Introduction to the physics of neutrinos with special consideration of phenomena connected with neutrino masses. | |||||

Lecture notes | Script | |||||

Literature | B. Kayser, F. Gibrat-Debu and F. Perrier, The Physics of Massive Neutrinos, World Scientific Lecture Notes in Physic, Vol. 25, 1989, and newer publications. N. Schmitz, Neutrinophysik, Teubner-Studienbücher Physik, 1997. D.O. Caldwell, Current Aspects of Neutrino Physics, Springer. C. Giunti & C.W. Kim, Fundamentals of Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics, Oxford. | |||||

402-0883-63L | Symmetries in Physics | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | M. Gaberdiel | |

Abstract | The course gives an introduction to symmetry groups in physics. It explains the relevant mathematical background (finite groups, Lie groups and algebras as well as their representations), and illustrates their important role in modern physics. | |||||

Learning objective | The aim of the course is to give a self-contained introduction into finite group theory as well as Lie theory from a physicists point of view. Abstract mathematical constructions will be illustrated with examples from physics. | |||||

402-0830-00L | General Relativity | W | 10 credits | 4V + 2U | P. Jetzer | |

Abstract | Manifold, Riemannian metric, connection, curvature; Special Relativity; Lorentzian metric; Equivalence principle; Tidal force and spacetime curvature; Energy-momentum tensor, field equations, Newtonian limit; Post-Newtonian approximation; Schwarzschild solution; Mercury's perihelion precession, light deflection. | |||||

Learning objective | Basic understanding of general relativity, its mathematical foundations, and some of the interesting phenomena it predicts. | |||||

Literature | Suggested textbooks: C. Misner, K, Thorne and J. Wheeler: Gravitation S. Carroll - Spacetime and Geometry: An Introduction to General Relativity R. Wald - General Relativity S. Weinberg - Gravitation and Cosmology N. Straumann - General Relativity with applications to Astrophysics | |||||

402-0898-00L | The Physics of Electroweak Symmetry BreakingDoes not take place this semester. | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | not available | |

Abstract | The aim is to understand the need of physics beyond the Standard Model, the basic techniques of model building in theories BSM and the elements of collider physics required to analyze their phenomenological implications. After an introduction to the SM and alternative theories of electroweak symmetry breaking, we will investigate these issues in the context of models with warped extra dimensions. | |||||

Learning objective | After the course the student should have a good knowledge of some of the most relevant theories beyond the Standard Model and have the techniques to understand those theories that have not been surveyed in the course. He or she should be able to compute the constraints on any model of new physics, its successes explaining current experimental data and its main phenomenological implications at colliders. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | The former title of this course unit was "The Physics Beyond the Standard Model". If you already got credits for "The Physics Beyond the Standard Model" (402-0898-00L), you cannot get credits for "The Physics of Electroweak Symmetry Breaking" (402-0898-00L). | |||||

402-0899-65L | Higgs PhysicsDoes not take place this semester. | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | M. Grazzini | |

Abstract | The course introduces the theory and phenomenology of the recently discovered Higgs boson.With this course the students will receive a detailed introduction to the physics of the Higgs boson in the Standard Model. They will acquire the necessary theoretical background to understand the main production and decay channels of the Higgs boson at high-energy colliders, and the corresponding experimenta | |||||

Learning objective | With this course the students will receive a detailed introduction to the physics of the Higgs boson in the Standard Model. They will acquire the necessary theoretical background to understand the main production and decay channels of the Higgs boson at high-energy colliders, and the corresponding experimental signatures. | |||||

Content | Theory part: - the Standard Model and the mass problem: WW scattering and the no-lose theorem - the Higgs mechanism and its implementation in the Standard Model - radiative corrections and the screening theorem - theoretical constraints on the Higgs mass; the hierarchy problem - Higgs production in e+e- collisions - Higgs production at hadron colliders - Higgs decays to fermions and vector bosons - Higgs differential distributions, rapidity distribution, pt spectrum and jet vetoes - Higgs properties and beyond the Standard Model perspective - Outlook: The Higgs sector in weakly coupled and strongly coupled new physics scenarios. Experimental part: * Introductory material: - reminders of detectors/accelerators - reminders of statistics: likelihoods, hypothesis testing - reminders of multivariate techniques: Neural Networks, Decision Trees * Main topics: - pre-history (pre-LEP) - LEP1: measurements at the Z-pole - LEP2: towards the limit mH<114 GeV - TeVatron searches - LHC: -- main channels overview -- dissect on analysis -- combine information from all channels -- differential measurements -- off-shell measurements - Future: -- pseudo-observables / EFT -- Beyond Standard Model | |||||

Literature | - Higgs Hunter's Guide (by S.Dawson, J. Gunion, H. Haber and G. Kane) - A. Djouadi, The Anatomy of electro-weak symmetry breaking. I: The Higgs boson in the standard model, Phys.Rept. 457 (2008) 1. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Prerequisites: Quantum Field Theory I, Phenomenology of Particle Physics I | |||||

402-0777-00L | Particle Accelerator Physics and Modeling I | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | A. Adelmann | |

Abstract | This is the first of two courses, introducing particle accelerators from a theoretical point of view and covers state-of-the-art modeling techniques. It emphasizes the multidisciplinary aspect of the field, both in methodology (numerical and computational methods) and with regard to applications such as medical, industrial, material research and particle physics. | |||||

Learning objective | You understand the building blocks of particle accelerators. Modern analysis tools allows you to model state-of-the art particle accelerators. In some of the exercises you will be confronted with next generation machines. We will develop a Python simulation tool (AcceLEGOrator) that reflects the theory from the lecture. | |||||

Content | Here is the rough plan of the topics, however the actual pace may vary relative to this plan. - Particle Accelerators an Overview - Relativity for Accelerator Physicists - Building Blocks of Particle Accelerators - Lie Algebraic Structure of Classical Mechanics and Applications to Particle Accelerators - Symplectic Maps & Analysis of Maps - Particle Tracking - Linear & Circular Machines - Cyclotrons - Free Electron Lasers - Collective effects in linear approximation - Preview of Particle Accelerator Physics and Modeling II | |||||

Literature | Particle Accelerator Physics, H. Wiedemann, ISBN-13 978-3-540-49043-2, Springer Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams, M. Reiser, ISBN 0-471-30616-9, Wiley-VCH | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Physics, Computational Science (RW) at BSc. Level This lecture is also suited for PhD. students | |||||

402-0851-00L | QCD: Theory and Experiment | W | 3 credits | 3G | G. Dissertori, University lecturers | |

Abstract | An introduction to the theoretical aspects and experimental tests of QCD, with emphasis on perturbative QCD and related experiments at colliders. | |||||

Learning objective | Knowledge acquired on basics of perturbative QCD, both of theoretical and experimental nature. Ability to perform simple calculations of perturbative QCD, as well as to understand modern publications on theoretical and experimental aspects of perturbative QCD. | |||||

Content | QCD Lagrangian and Feynman Rules QCD running coupling Parton model Altarelli-Parisi equations Basic processes Experimental tests at lepton and hadron colliders Measurements of the strong coupling constant | |||||

Literature | 1) G. Dissertori, I. Knowles, M. Schmelling : "Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory" (The International Series of Monographs on Physics, 115, Oxford University Press) 2) R. K. Ellis, W. J. Stirling, B. R. Webber : "QCD and Collider Physics" (Cambridge Monographs on Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics & Cosmology)" | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Will be given as block course, language: English. For students of both ETH and University of Zurich. | |||||

402-0845-60L | Quantum Field Theory III: EFT and SUSY | W | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | G. Isidori | |

Abstract | This course provides a comprehensive introduction to two advanced topics in Quantum Field Theory: Effective Field Theories (EFTs) and Supersymmetry (SUSY). | |||||

Learning objective | ||||||

Content | In the first part we will discuss the basic concepts of EFTs, with particular attention to the concepts of decoupling of heavy degrees of freedom, matching and renormalization, chiral Lagrangians. The Standard Model viewed as an EFT will also be discussed as a specific application. The second part of the course is devoted to Supersymmetry, starting from the discussion of the SUSY algebra and its representations, to arrive, after the presentation of the superfield formalism, to the construction of the supersymmetric version of gauge field theories. A phenomenological discussion of the mechanisms of SUSY breaking and the construction of viable supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model will also be presented. Topics: - Introduction to Effective Field Theories - The Appelquist-Carrazone theorem - The matching procedure - Chiral Lagrangians - The SM as an EFTs - The SUSY algebra - Superspace and superfields - Supersymmetric field theories - Supersymmetric gauge theories - Supersymmetry breaking - The Minimal supersymmetric Standard Model | |||||

Literature | A. Manohar, Effective field theories, Lect. Notes Phys. 479 (1997) 311 [hep-ph/9606222] J. Wess and J. Bagger, "Supersymmetry and supergravity". Mueller-Kirsten & Wiedemann, "Introduction to supersymmetry". S. Weinberg, "The quantum theory of fields. Vol. 3: Supersymmetry". | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | QFT-I (mandatory) and QFT-II (highly recommended). | |||||

402-0846-66L | The BFKL Equation Reloaded and the Multi-Regge Kinematics in QCD and in N=4 SYM | W | 1 credit | 2G | V. Del Duca | |

Abstract | The goal of the course is to help the audience to keep abreast of the strong advances there have been in the study of the high energy limit of scattering amplitudes in the last decade. | |||||

Learning objective | The goal of the course is to help the audience to keep abreast of the strong advances there have been in the study of the high energy limit of scattering amplitudes in the last decade. | |||||

Content | - the BFKL Hamiltonian as an integrable model - the analytic structure of the Mueller-Navelet jet cross sections in QCD - the analytic properties of N=4 SYM amplitudes in multi-Regge kinematics | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | follow-up of the block course "An Introduction to the Perturbative Pomeron and to the BFKL Equation in QCD and in N=4 SYM" |

- Page 1 of 1