# Search result: Catalogue data in Autumn Semester 2019

Mathematics Master | ||||||

Core Courses For the Master's degree in Applied Mathematics the following additional condition (not manifest in myStudies) must be obeyed: At least 15 of the required 28 credits from core courses and electives must be acquired in areas of applied mathematics and further application-oriented fields. | ||||||

Core Courses: Pure Mathematics | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |
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401-3225-00L | Introduction to Lie Groups | W | 8 credits | 4G | P. D. Nelson | |

Abstract | Topological groups and Haar measure. Definition of Lie groups, examples of local fields and examples of discrete subgroups; basic properties; Lie subgroups. Lie algebras and relation with Lie groups: exponential map, adjoint representation. Semisimplicity, nilpotency, solvability, compactness: Killing form, Lie's and Engel's theorems. Definition of algebraic groups and relation with Lie groups. | |||||

Objective | The goal is to have a broad though foundational knowledge of the theory of Lie groups and their associated Lie algebras with an emphasis on the algebraic and topological aspects of it. | |||||

Literature | A. Knapp: "Lie groups beyond an Introduction" (Birkhaeuser) A. Sagle & R. Walde: "Introduction to Lie groups and Lie algebras" (Academic Press, '73) F. Warner: "Foundations of differentiable manifolds and Lie groups" (Springer) H. Samelson: "Notes on Lie algebras" (Springer, '90) S. Helgason: "Differential geometry, Lie groups and symmetric spaces" (Academic Press, '78) A. Knapp: "Lie groups, Lie algebras and cohomology" (Princeton University Press) | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Topology and basic notions of measure theory. A basic understanding of the concepts of manifold, tangent space and vector field is useful, but could also be achieved throughout the semester. Course webpage: Link | |||||

401-3001-61L | Algebraic Topology I | W | 8 credits | 4G | A. Sisto | |

Abstract | This is an introductory course in algebraic topology, which is the study of algebraic invariants of topological spaces. Topics covered include: singular homology, cell complexes and cellular homology, the Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms. | |||||

Objective | ||||||

Literature | 1) A. Hatcher, "Algebraic topology", Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2002. Book can be downloaded for free at: Link See also: Link 2) G. Bredon, "Topology and geometry", Graduate Texts in Mathematics, 139. Springer-Verlag, 1997. 3) E. Spanier, "Algebraic topology", Springer-Verlag | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | You should know the basics of point-set topology. Useful to have (though not absolutely necessary) basic knowledge of the fundamental group and covering spaces (at the level covered in the course "topology"). Some knowledge of differential geometry and differential topology is useful but not strictly necessary. Some (elementary) group theory and algebra will also be needed. | |||||

401-3114-69L | Introduction to Algebraic Number Theory | W | 8 credits | 3V + 1U | Ö. Imamoglu | |

Abstract | This is an introductory course in algebraic number theory covering algebraic integers, discriminant, ideal class group, Minkowski's theorem on the finiteness of the ideal class group, Dirichlet's unit theorem, ramification theory. | |||||

Objective | ||||||

Content | This is an introductory course in algebraic number theory covering algebraic integers, discriminant, ideal class group, Minkowski's theorem on the finiteness of the ideal class group, Dirichlet's unit theorem, ramification theory. | |||||

401-3132-00L | Commutative Algebra | W | 10 credits | 4V + 1U | E. Kowalski | |

Abstract | This course provides an introduction to commutative algebra as a foundation for and first steps towards algebraic geometry. | |||||

Objective | We shall cover approximately the material from --- most of the textbook by Atiyah-MacDonald, or --- the first half of the textbook by Bosch. Topics include: * Basics about rings, ideals and modules * Localization * Primary decomposition * Integral dependence and valuations * Noetherian rings * Completions * Basic dimension theory | |||||

Literature | Primary Reference: 1. "Introduction to Commutative Algebra" by M. F. Atiyah and I. G. Macdonald (Addison-Wesley Publ., 1969) Secondary Reference: 2. "Algebraic Geometry and Commutative Algebra" by S. Bosch (Springer 2013) Tertiary References: 3. "Commutative algebra. With a view towards algebraic geometry" by D. Eisenbud (GTM 150, Springer Verlag, 1995) 4. "Commutative ring theory" by H. Matsumura (Cambridge University Press 1989) 5. "Commutative Algebra" by N. Bourbaki (Hermann, Masson, Springer) | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Prerequisites: Algebra I (or a similar introduction to the basic concepts of ring theory). | |||||

Core Courses: Applied Mathematics and Further Appl.-Oriented Fields ¬ | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |

401-3651-00L | Numerical Analysis for Elliptic and Parabolic Partial Differential Equations Course audience at ETH: 3rd year ETH BSc Mathematics and MSc Mathematics and MSc Applied Mathematics students. Other ETH-students are advised to attend the course "Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations" (401-0674-00L) in the CSE curriculum during the spring semester. | W | 10 credits | 4V + 1U | C. Schwab | |

Abstract | This course gives a comprehensive introduction into the numerical treatment of linear and nonlinear elliptic boundary value problems, related eigenvalue problems and linear, parabolic evolution problems. Emphasis is on theory and the foundations of numerical methods. Practical exercises include MATLAB implementations of finite element methods. | |||||

Objective | Participants of the course should become familiar with * concepts underlying the discretization of elliptic and parabolic boundary value problems * analytical techniques for investigating the convergence of numerical methods for the approximate solution of boundary value problems * methods for the efficient solution of discrete boundary value problems * implementational aspects of the finite element method | |||||

Content | The course will address the mathematical analysis of numerical solution methods for linear and nonlinear elliptic and parabolic partial differential equations. Functional analytic and algebraic (De Rham complex) tools will be provided. Primal, mixed and nonstandard (discontinuous Galerkin, Virtual, Trefftz) discretizations will be analyzed. Particular attention will be placed on developing mathematical foundations (Regularity, Approximation theory) for a-priori convergence rate analysis. A-posteriori error analysis and mathematical proofs of adaptivity and optimality will be covered. Implementations for model problems in MATLAB and python will illustrate the theory. A selection of the following topics will be covered: * Elliptic boundary value problems * Galerkin discretization of linear variational problems * The primal finite element method * Mixed finite element methods * Discontinuous Galerkin Methods * Boundary element methods * Spectral methods * Adaptive finite element schemes * Singularly perturbed problems * Sparse grids * Galerkin discretization of elliptic eigenproblems * Non-linear elliptic boundary value problems * Discretization of parabolic initial boundary value problems | |||||

Literature | Brenner, Susanne C.; Scott, L. Ridgway The mathematical theory of finite element methods. Third edition. Texts in Applied Mathematics, 15. Springer, New York, 2008. xviii+397 pp. A. Ern and J.L. Guermond: Theory and Practice of Finite Element Methods, Springer Applied Mathematical Sciences Vol. 159, Springer, 1st Ed. 2004, 2nd Ed. 2015. R. Verfürth: A Posteriori Error Estimation Techniques for Finite Element Methods, Oxford University Press, 2013 Additional Literature: D. Braess: Finite Elements, THIRD Ed., Cambridge Univ. Press, (2007). (Also available in German.) Brezis, Haim Functional analysis, Sobolev spaces and partial differential equations. Universitext. Springer, New York, 2011. xiv+599 pp. D. A. Di Pietro and A. Ern, Mathematical Aspects of Discontinuous Galerkin Methods, vol. 69 SMAI Mathématiques et Applications, Springer, 2012 [DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-22980-0] V. Thomee: Galerkin Finite Element Methods for Parabolic Problems, SECOND Ed., Springer Verlag (2006). | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Practical exercises based on MATLAB Former title of the course unit: Numerical Methods for Elliptic and Parabolic Partial Differential Equations | |||||

401-3621-00L | Fundamentals of Mathematical Statistics | W | 10 credits | 4V + 1U | S. van de Geer | |

Abstract | The course covers the basics of inferential statistics. | |||||

Objective | ||||||

401-3622-00L | Statistical Modelling | W | 8 credits | 4G | C. Heinze-Deml | |

Abstract | In regression, the dependency of a random response variable on other variables is examined. We consider the theory of linear regression with one or more covariates, high-dimensional linear models, nonlinear models and generalized linear models, robust methods, model choice and nonparametric models. Several numerical examples will illustrate the theory. | |||||

Objective | Introduction into theory and practice of a broad and popular area of statistics, from a modern viewpoint. | |||||

Content | In der Regression wird die Abhängigkeit einer beobachteten quantitativen Grösse von einer oder mehreren anderen (unter Berücksichtigung zufälliger Fehler) untersucht. Themen der Vorlesung sind: Einfache und multiple Regression, Theorie allgemeiner linearer Modelle, Hoch-dimensionale Modelle, Ausblick auf nichtlineare Modelle. Querverbindungen zur Varianzanalyse, Modellsuche, Residuenanalyse; Einblicke in Robuste Regression. Durchrechnung und Diskussion von Anwendungsbeispielen. | |||||

Lecture notes | Lecture notes | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | This is the course unit with former course title "Regression". Credits cannot be recognised for both courses 401-3622-00L Statistical Modelling and 401-0649-00L Applied Statistical Regression in the Mathematics Bachelor and Master programmes (to be precise: one course in the Bachelor and the other course in the Master is also forbidden). | |||||

401-4889-00L | Mathematical Finance | W | 11 credits | 4V + 2U | J. Teichmann | |

Abstract | Advanced course on mathematical finance: - semimartingales and general stochastic integration - absence of arbitrage and martingale measures - fundamental theorem of asset pricing - option pricing and hedging - hedging duality - optimal investment problems - additional topics | |||||

Objective | Advanced course on mathematical finance, presupposing good knowledge in probability theory and stochastic calculus (for continuous processes) | |||||

Content | This is an advanced course on mathematical finance for students with a good background in probability. We want to give an overview of main concepts, questions and approaches, and we do this mostly in continuous-time models. Topics include - semimartingales and general stochastic integration - absence of arbitrage and martingale measures - fundamental theorem of asset pricing - option pricing and hedging - hedging duality - optimal investment problems - and probably others | |||||

Lecture notes | The course is based on different parts from different books as well as on original research literature. Lecture notes will not be available. | |||||

Literature | (will be updated later) | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Prerequisites are the standard courses - Probability Theory (for which lecture notes are available) - Brownian Motion and Stochastic Calculus (for which lecture notes are available) Those students who already attended "Introduction to Mathematical Finance" will have an advantage in terms of ideas and concepts. This course is the second of a sequence of two courses on mathematical finance. The first course "Introduction to Mathematical Finance" (MF I), 401-3888-00, focuses on models in finite discrete time. It is advisable that the course MF I is taken prior to the present course, MF II. For an overview of courses offered in the area of mathematical finance, see Link. | |||||

401-3901-00L | Mathematical Optimization | W | 11 credits | 4V + 2U | R. Zenklusen | |

Abstract | Mathematical treatment of diverse optimization techniques. | |||||

Objective | The goal of this course is to get a thorough understanding of various classical mathematical optimization techniques with an emphasis on polyhedral approaches. In particular, we want students to develop a good understanding of some important problem classes in the field, of structural mathematical results linked to these problems, and of solution approaches based on this structural understanding. | |||||

Content | Key topics include: - Linear programming and polyhedra; - Flows and cuts; - Combinatorial optimization problems and techniques; - Equivalence between optimization and separation; - Brief introduction to Integer Programming. | |||||

Literature | - Bernhard Korte, Jens Vygen: Combinatorial Optimization. 6th edition, Springer, 2018. - Alexander Schrijver: Combinatorial Optimization: Polyhedra and Efficiency. Springer, 2003. This work has 3 volumes. - Ravindra K. Ahuja, Thomas L. Magnanti, James B. Orlin. Network Flows: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications. Prentice Hall, 1993. - Alexander Schrijver: Theory of Linear and Integer Programming. John Wiley, 1986. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Solid background in linear algebra. | |||||

Bachelor Core Courses: Pure Mathematics Further restrictions apply, but in particular: 401-3531-00L Differential Geometry I can only be recognised for the Master Programme if 401-3532-00L Differential Geometry II has not been recognised for the Bachelor Programme. Analogously for: 401-3461-00L Functional Analysis I - 401-3462-00L Functional Analysis II 401-3001-61L Algebraic Topology I - 401-3002-12L Algebraic Topology II 401-3132-00L Commutative Algebra - 401-3146-12L Algebraic Geometry For the category assignment take contact with the Study Administration Office (Link) after having received the credits. | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |

401-3461-00L | Functional Analysis I At most one of the three course units (Bachelor Core Courses) 401-3461-00L Functional Analysis I 401-3531-00L Differential Geometry I 401-3601-00L Probability Theory can be recognised for the Master's degree in Mathematics or Applied Mathematics. | E- | 10 credits | 4V + 1U | M. Struwe | |

Abstract | Baire category; Banach and Hilbert spaces, bounded linear operators; basic principles: Uniform boundedness, open mapping/closed graph theorem, Hahn-Banach; convexity; dual spaces; weak and weak* topologies; Banach-Alaoglu; reflexive spaces; compact operators and Fredholm theory; closed range theorem; spectral theory of self-adjoint operators in Hilbert spaces. | |||||

Objective | Acquire a good degree of fluency with the fundamental concepts and tools belonging to the realm of linear Functional Analysis, with special emphasis on the geometric structure of Banach and Hilbert spaces, and on the basic properties of linear maps. | |||||

Literature | We will be using the Lecture Notes on "Funktionalanalysis I" by Michael Struwe. Other useful, and recommended references include the following books: Haim Brezis: "Functional analysis, Sobolev spaces and partial differential equations". Springer, 2011. Manfred Einsiedler and Thomas Ward: "Functional Analysis, Spectral Theory, and Applications", Graduate Text in Mathematics 276. Springer, 2017. Peter D. Lax: "Functional analysis". Pure and Applied Mathematics (New York). Wiley-Interscience [John Wiley & Sons], New York, 2002. Elias M. Stein and Rami Shakarchi: "Functional analysis" (volume 4 of Princeton Lectures in Analysis). Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 2011. Walter Rudin: "Functional analysis". International Series in Pure and Applied Mathematics. McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, second edition, 1991. Dirk Werner, "Funktionalanalysis". Springer-Lehrbuch, 8. Auflage. Springer, 2018 | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Solid background on the content of all Mathematics courses of the first two years of the undergraduate curriculum at ETH (most remarkably: fluency with measure theory, Lebesgue integration and L^p spaces). | |||||

401-3531-00L | Differential Geometry I At most one of the three course units (Bachelor Core Courses) 401-3461-00L Functional Analysis I 401-3531-00L Differential Geometry I 401-3601-00L Probability Theory can be recognised for the Master's degree in Mathematics or Applied Mathematics. | E- | 10 credits | 4V + 1U | U. Lang | |

Abstract | Introduction to differential geometry and differential topology. Contents: Curves, (hyper-)surfaces in R^n, geodesics, curvature, Theorema Egregium, Theorem of Gauss-Bonnet. Hyperbolic space. Differentiable manifolds, immersions and embeddings, Sard's Theorem, mapping degree and intersection number, vector bundles, vector fields and flows, differential forms, Stokes' Theorem. | |||||

Objective | ||||||

Lecture notes | Partial lecture notes are available from Link | |||||

Literature | Differential geometry in R^n: - Manfredo P. do Carmo: Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces - Wolfgang Kühnel: Differentialgeometrie. Kurven-Flächen-Mannigfaltigkeiten - Christian Bär: Elementare Differentialgeometrie Differential topology: - Dennis Barden & Charles Thomas: An Introduction to Differential Manifolds - Victor Guillemin & Alan Pollack: Differential Topology - Morris W. Hirsch: Differential Topology | |||||

401-3371-00L | Dynamical Systems I | W | 10 credits | 4V + 1U | W. Merry | |

Abstract | This course is a broad introduction to dynamical systems. Topic covered include topological dynamics, ergodic theory and low-dimensional dynamics. | |||||

Objective | Mastery of the basic methods and principal themes of some aspects of dynamical systems. | |||||

Content | Topics covered include: 1. Topological dynamics (transitivity, attractors, chaos, structural stability) 2. Ergodic theory (Poincare recurrence theorem, Birkhoff ergodic theorem, existence of invariant measures) 3. Low-dimensional dynamics (Poincare rotation number, dynamical systems on [0,1]) | |||||

Literature | The most relevant textbook for this course is Introduction to Dynamical Systems, Brin and Stuck, CUP, 2002. I will also produce full lecture notes, available from my website Link | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | The material of the basic courses of the first two years of the program at ETH is assumed. In particular, you should be familiar with metric spaces and elementary measure theory. | |||||

Bachelor Core Courses: Applied Mathematics ... Further restrictions apply, but in particular: 401-3601-00L Probability Theory can only be recognised for the Master Programme if neither 401-3642-00L Brownian Motion and Stochastic Calculus nor 401-3602-00L Applied Stochastic Processes has been recognised for the Bachelor Programme. 402-0205-00L Quantum Mechanics I is eligible as an applied core course, but only if 402-0224-00L Theoretical Physics (offered for the last time in FS 2016) isn't recognised for credits (neither in the Bachelor's nor in the Master's programme). For the category assignment take contact with the Study Administration Office (Link) after having received the credits. | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |

401-3601-00L | Probability Theory At most one of the three course units (Bachelor Core Courses) 401-3461-00L Functional Analysis I 401-3531-00L Differential Geometry I 401-3601-00L Probability Theory can be recognised for the Master's degree in Mathematics or Applied Mathematics. | E- | 10 credits | 4V + 1U | A.‑S. Sznitman | |

Abstract | Basics of probability theory and the theory of stochastic processes in discrete time | |||||

Objective | This course presents the basics of probability theory and the theory of stochastic processes in discrete time. The following topics are planned: Basics in measure theory, random series, law of large numbers, weak convergence, characteristic functions, central limit theorem, conditional expectation, martingales, convergence theorems for martingales, Galton Watson chain, transition probability, Theorem of Ionescu Tulcea, Markov chains. | |||||

Content | This course presents the basics of probability theory and the theory of stochastic processes in discrete time. The following topics are planned: Basics in measure theory, random series, law of large numbers, weak convergence, characteristic functions, central limit theorem, conditional expectation, martingales, convergence theorems for martingales, Galton Watson chain, transition probability, Theorem of Ionescu Tulcea, Markov chains. | |||||

Lecture notes | available, will be sold in the course | |||||

Literature | R. Durrett, Probability: Theory and examples, Duxbury Press 1996 H. Bauer, Probability Theory, de Gruyter 1996 J. Jacod and P. Protter, Probability essentials, Springer 2004 A. Klenke, Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie, Springer 2006 D. Williams, Probability with martingales, Cambridge University Press 1991 | |||||

402-0205-00L | Quantum Mechanics I | W | 10 credits | 3V + 2U | G. Blatter | |

Abstract | Introduction to quantum theory: wave mechanics, Schroedinger equation, angular momentum, central force problems, potential scattering, spin. General structure: Hilbert space, states, obervables, equation of motion, density matrix, symmetries, Heisenberg- and interaction picture, approximate methods: perturbation theory, variational approach, quasi-classics. | |||||

Objective | Introduction to single-particle quantum mechanics. Familiarity with basic ideas and concepts (quantisation, operator formalism, symmetries, angular momentum, perturbation theory) and generic examples and applications (bound states, tunneling, hydrogen atom, harmonic oscillator). Ability to solve simple problems. | |||||

Content | Starting from Feynman's path-integral formulation, we develop the operator technique and introduce Dirac's notation. Quantum phenomena are developed by way of example for one-dimensional single particle problems (bound states, tunneling, scattering problems, resonances, periodic and disordered potentials). We introduce rotations and angular momenta and proceed with central symmetric problems, three dimensional scattering theory, spin, and the addition of angular momenta/spin. Various pictures (Schroedinger-, Heisenberg-, Dirac-) are explained and approximative methods such as variational techniques, perturbation theory, and quasi-classical formalism are introduced. | |||||

Lecture notes | Auf Moodle, in deutscher Sprache | |||||

Literature | G. Baim, Lectures on Quantum Mechanics E. Merzbacher, Quantum Mechanics L.I. Schiff, Quantum Mechanics R. Feynman and A.R. Hibbs, Quantum Mechanics and Path Integrals J.J. Sakurai: Modern Quantum Mechanics A. Messiah: Quantum Mechanics I S. Weinberg: Lectures on Quantum Mechanics | |||||

Electives For the Master's degree in Applied Mathematics the following additional condition (not manifest in myStudies) must be obeyed: At least 15 of the required 28 credits from core courses and electives must be acquired in areas of applied mathematics and further application-oriented fields. | ||||||

Electives: Pure Mathematics | ||||||

Selection: Algebra, Number Thy, Topology, Discrete Mathematics, Logic | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |

401-3033-00L | Gödel's Theorems | W | 8 credits | 3V + 1U | L. Halbeisen | |

Abstract | Die Vorlesung besteht aus drei Teilen: Teil I gibt eine Einführung in die Syntax und Semantik der Prädikatenlogik erster Stufe. Teil II behandelt den Gödel'schen Vollständigkeitssatz Teil III behandelt die Gödel'schen Unvollständigkeitssätze | |||||

Objective | Das Ziel dieser Vorlesung ist ein fundiertes Verständnis der Grundlagen der Mathematik zu vermitteln. | |||||

Content | Syntax und Semantik der Prädikatenlogik Gödel'scher Vollständigkeitssatz Gödel'sche Unvollständigkeitssätze | |||||

Literature | Ergänzende Literatur wird in der Vorlesung angegeben. | |||||

401-4037-69L | O-Minimality and Diophantine Applications | W | 4 credits | 2V | A. Forey | |

Abstract | O-minimal structures provide a framework for tame topology as envisioned by Grothendieck. Originally it was mainly a topic of interest for real algebraic geometers. However, since Pila and Wilkie proved their counting theorem for rational points of bounded height, many applications to diophantine and algebraic geometry have been found. | |||||

Objective | The overall goal of this course is to provide an introduction to o-minimality and to prove results needed for diophantine applications. | |||||

Content | The first part of the course will be devoted to the definition of o-minimal structures and to prove the cell decomposition theorem, which is crucial for describing the shape of subsets of an o-minimal structure. In the second part of the course, we will prove the Pila-Wilkie counting theorem. The last part will be devoted to diophantine applications, with the proof by Pila and Zanier of the Manin-Mumford conjecture and, if time permit, a sketch of the proof by Pila of the André-Oort conjecture for product of modular curves. | |||||

Literature | G. Jones and A. Wilkie: O-minimality and diophantine geometry, Cambridge University Press L. van den Dries: Tame topology and o-minimal structures, Cambridge University Press | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | This course is appropriate for people with basic knowledge of commutative algebra and algebraic geometry. Knowledge of mathematical logic is welcomed but not required. | |||||

401-4117-69L | p-Adic Galois Representations | W | 4 credits | 2V | M. Mornev | |

Abstract | This course covers the structure theory of Galois groups of local fields, the rings of Witt vectors, the classification of p-adic representations via phi-modules, the tilting construction from the theory of perfectoid spaces, the ring of de Rham periods and the notion of a de Rham representation. | |||||

Objective | Understanding the construction of the ring of de Rham periods. | |||||

Content | In addition to the subjects mentioned in the abstract the course included the basic theory of local fields, l-adic local Galois representations, an oveview of perfectoid fields, the statements of the theorems of Fontaine-Winterberger and Faltings-Tsuji. | |||||

Literature | J.-M. Fontaine, Y. Ouyang. Theory of p-adic Galois representations. O. Brinon, B. Conrad. CMI summer school notes on p-adic Hodge theory. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | General topology, linear algebra, Galois theory. | |||||

401-3059-00L | Combinatorics II | W | 4 credits | 2G | N. Hungerbühler | |

Abstract | The course Combinatorics I and II is an introduction into the field of enumerative combinatorics. | |||||

Objective | Upon completion of the course, students are able to classify combinatorial problems and to apply adequate techniques to solve them. | |||||

Content | Contents of the lectures Combinatorics I and II: congruence transformation of the plane, symmetry groups of geometric figures, Euler's function, Cayley graphs, formal power series, permutation groups, cycles, Bunside's lemma, cycle index, Polya's theorems, applications to graph theory and isomers. | |||||

Selection: Geometry | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |

401-4531-69L | Four-Manifolds | W | 4 credits | 2V | G. Smirnov | |

Abstract | Making use of theoretical physics methods, Witten came up with a novel approach to four-dimensional smooth structures, which made the constructing of exotic 4-manifolds somewhat routine. Today, Seiberg-Witten theory has become a classical topic in mathematics, which has a variety of applications to complex and symplectic geometry. We will go through some of these applications. | |||||

Objective | This introductory course has but one goal, namely to familiarize the students with the basics in the Seiberg-Witten theory. | |||||

Content | The course will begin with an introduction to Freedman’s classification theorem for simply-connected topological 4-manifolds. We then will move to the Seiberg-Witten equations and prove the Donaldson theorem of positive-definite intersection forms. Time permitting we may discuss some applications of SW-theory to real symplectic 4-manifolds. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Some knowledge of homology, homotopy, vector bundles, moduli spaces of something, elliptic operators would be an advantage. | |||||

401-3057-00L | Finite Geometries IIDoes not take place this semester. | W | 4 credits | 2G | N. Hungerbühler | |

Abstract | Finite geometries I, II: Finite geometries combine aspects of geometry, discrete mathematics and the algebra of finite fields. In particular, we will construct models of axioms of incidence and investigate closing theorems. Applications include test design in statistics, block design, and the construction of orthogonal Latin squares. | |||||

Objective | Finite geometries I, II: Students will be able to construct and analyse models of finite geometries. They are familiar with closing theorems of the axioms of incidence and are able to design statistical tests by using the theory of finite geometries. They are able to construct orthogonal Latin squares and know the basic elements of the theory of block design. | |||||

Content | Finite geometries I, II: finite fields, rings of polynomials, finite affine planes, axioms of incidence, Euler's thirty-six officers problem, design of statistical tests, orthogonal Latin squares, transformation of finite planes, closing theorems of Desargues and Pappus-Pascal, hierarchy of closing theorems, finite coordinate planes, division rings, finite projective planes, duality principle, finite Moebius planes, error correcting codes, block design | |||||

Literature | - Max Jeger, Endliche Geometrien, ETH Skript 1988 - Albrecht Beutelspacher: Einführung in die endliche Geometrie I,II. Bibliographisches Institut 1983 - Margaret Lynn Batten: Combinatorics of Finite Geometries. Cambridge University Press - Dembowski: Finite Geometries. |

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