Suchergebnis: Katalogdaten im Frühjahrssemester 2021

Erdwissenschaften Master Information
Vertiefung in Geology
Pflichtmodul Analytical Methods in Earth Sciences
Es sind je 6KP innerhalb dem Teil A und 6KP innerhalb dem Teil B zu belegen.
Teil A: Mikroskopie Kurse
Die Kurse dieses Moduls finden jeweils im Herbstsemester statt.
Teil B: Methoden
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
651-4038-00LMicrostructures and Rock Rheology
Findet dieses Semester nicht statt.
W3 KP2GW. Behr
Kurzbeschreibung
Lernziel
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesPrerequisite includes Structural Geology. Petrology or Petrography course is strongly recommended.
Wahlpflichtmodule Geology
Innerhalb der Majors Geology sind mindestens zwei Wahlpflichtmodule zu absolvieren.
Biogeochemistry
Biogeochemistry: Obligatorische Fächer
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
651-4044-04LMicropalaeontology and Molecular PalaeontologyW+3 KP2GH. Stoll, C. De Jonge, T. I. Eglinton, I. Hernández Almeida
KurzbeschreibungThe course aims to provide an introduction to the key micropaleontological and molecular fossils from marine and terrestrial niches, and the use of these fossils for reconstructing environmental and evolutionary changes.
LernzielThe course aims to provide an introduction to the key micropaleontological and molecular fossils from marine and terrestrial niches, and the use of these fossils for reconstructing environmental and evolutionary changes.

The course will include laboratory exercises with microscopy training: identification of plantonic foraminifera and the application of transfer functions, identification of calcareous nannoliths and estimation of water column structure and productivity with n-ratio, identification of major calcareous nannofossils for Mesozoic-cenozoic biostratigraphy, Quaternary radiolarian assemblages and estimation of diversity indices.
The course will include laboratory exercises on molecular markers include study of chlorin extracts, alkenone and TEX86 distributions and temperature reconstruction, and terrestrial leaf wax characterization, using GC-FID, LC-MS, and spectrophotometry.
InhaltMicropaleontology and Molecular paleontology
1. Introduction to the domains of life and molecular and mineral fossils. Genomic classifications of domains of life. Biosynthesis and molecular fossils and preservation/degradation. Biomineralization and mineral fossils and preservation/dissolution. Review of stable isotopes in biosynthesis.
2. The planktic niche – primary producers. Resources and challenges of primary production in the marine photic zone – light supply, nutrient supply, water column structure and niche partitioning. Ecological strategies and specialization, bloom succession, diversity and size gradients in the modern ocean. Introduction to principal mineralizing phytoplankton – diatoms, coccolithophores, dynoflagellates, as well as cyanobacteria. Molecular markers including alkenones, long-chain diols and sterols, IP25, pigments, diatom UV-absorbing compounds. Application of fossils and markers as environmental proxies. Long term evolutionary evidence for originations, radiations, and extinctions in microfossils and biomarkers; evolution of size trends in phytoplankton over Cenozoic, geochemical evidence for evolution of carbon concentrating mechanisms. Introduction to nannofossil biostratigraphy.
3. The planktic niche – heterotrophy from bacteria to zooplankton. Resources and challenges of planktic heterotrophy – food supply, oxygen availability, seasonal cycles, seasonal and vertical niche partitioning. Introduction to principal mineralizing zooplankton planktic foraminifera and radiolaria: ecological strategies and specialization, succession, diversity and size gradients in the modern ocean. Morphometry and adaptations for symbiont hosting. Molecular records such as isorenieratene and Crenoarcheota GDGT; the debate of TEX86 temperature production. Long term evolutionary evidence for originations, radiations, and extinctions in microfossils; evolution of size and form, basic biostratigraphy. Molecular evidence of evolution including diversification of sterol/sterine assemblages.
4. The benthic niche – continental margins. Resources and challenges of benthic heterotrophy – food supply, oxygen, turbulence and substrate. Principal mineralizing benthic organisms – benthic foraminifera and ostracods. Benthic habitat gradients (infaunal and epifaunal; shallow to deep margin. Microbial redox ladder in sediments. Molecular markers of methanogenesis and methanotrophy, Anamox markers, pristine/phytane redox indicator. Applications of benthic communities for sea level reconstructions. Major originations and extinctions.
5. The benthic niche in the abyssal ocean. Resources and challenges of deep benthic heterotrophy. Benthic foraminifera, major extinctions and turnover events. Relationship to deep oxygen level and productivity.
6. Terrestrial dry niches -soils and trees. Resources and challenges - impacts of temperature, humidity, CO2 and soil moisture on terrestrial vegetation and microbial reaction and turnover. Introduction to pollen and molecular markers for soil pH, humidity, leaf wax C3-C4 community composition and hydrology. Long term evolution of C4 pathway, markers for angiosperm and gymnosperm evolution.
7. Terrestrial aquatic environments – resources and challenges. Lake systems, seasonal mixing regimes, eutrophication, closed/open systems. Introduction to lacustrine diatoms, chironomids, testate amoeba. Molecular markers in lake/box environments including paleogenomics of communities.
SkriptA lab and lecture manual will be distributed at the start of the course and additional material will be available in the course Moodle
LiteraturKey references from primary literature will be provided as pdf on the course moodle.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesTiming: The course starts on February 19 and ends on May 28. Prerequisites: Recall and remember what you learned in introductory chemistry and biology
651-4004-00LThe Global Carbon Cycle - ReducedW+3 KP2GT. I. Eglinton, L. Bröder, R. G. Hilton
KurzbeschreibungThe carbon cycle connects different reservoirs of C, including life on Earth, atmospheric CO2, and economically important geological reserves of C. Much of this C is in reduced (organic) form, and is composed of complex chemical structures that reflect diverse biological activity, processes and transformations.
LernzielA wealth of information is held within the complex organic molecules, both in the context of the contemporary carbon cycle and its links to is other biogeochemical cycles, as well as in relation to Earth's history, the evolution of life and climate on this planet.

In this course we will learn about the role of reduced forms of carbon in the global cycle, how these forms of carbon are produced, move around the planet, and become sequestered in the geological record, and how they can be used to infer biological activity and conditions on this planet in the geologic past. The course encompasses a range of spatial and temporal scales, from molecular to global, and from the contemporary environment to earliest life.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis course is good preparation for the combined Field-Lab Course: "651-4044-02 P Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry Field Course" and "651-4044-01 P Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry Lab Practical"
Biogeochemistry: Wahlpflichtfächer
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
651-4044-02LGeomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry Field Course Information
Lectures from "Micropalaeontology and Molecular Palaeontology" and "The Global Carbon Cycle - Reduced" are recommended but not mandatory for participation in the field course.

Priority is given to D-ERDW students. If space is available UZH Geography and Earth System Sciences students may attend this field course at full cost.

No registration through myStudies. The registration for excursions and field courses goes through Link only.
W2 KP4PT. I. Eglinton, A. Gilli
KurzbeschreibungGeochemistry: C-sequestration in glacial flood plains, soil formation on different bedrocks, nutrient scavenging in lakes
Geo-Ecology: Geochemical, hydrologic, atmospheric interactions
Geo-Microbiology: Pioneering organisms in "new" habitats in glacial retreat areas, their role in carbon cycling. Microbes dissolving/forming minerals
Lifestyles: Physiological adaptation to extreme conditions
LernzielIllustrating basic geological, chemical and geo-biological topics under natural conditions and relating them to past, present and future global environmental conditions in high mountain habitats.
Each course participant focuses on a scientific question related to one of the course topics, searches for details in the literature and presents a short summary of his / her course research on the last day of the course.

Didactic Approach: Preparation lectures, investigation of field sites, sampling and sample preservation and follow-up analyses for the lab module (651-4044-01L), studying papers, exercises on concept formulation, ecosystem modeling, presentation of field results.
The preparation for the fieldwork is designed as a partial distance-learning course via the internet. Field Guides along with other course material can be viewed before the field course. Detailed introduction to the topics takes place during the course week. Students will need to complete a variety of assignments and participate at discussion forums on OLAT before and during the field course.
InhaltThe field course (651-4044-02L) will take place from September 4 to September 9, 2021, in the Biogeoscience Arena Silvretta. It can be followed by a semester project in the laboratory (independent sign-up under 651-4044-01L).
Which sites will be visited in the Biogeoscience Arena Silvretta depends on the weather, accessibility in case of early snow, and the time. Selection of topics depending on course focus:
1. Biogeochemical processes in rock weathering and the formation of minerals: Gonzen, former iron mine; Alvaneu, sulfur springs. Chemical and microbially mediated transformation of carbonates and gypsum: Albula valley region.
2. Geomicrobiology and hydrogeochemistry in thermal spring (Tamina gorge, Pfäffers) and cold water mineral springs of the Lower Engadin Window: Highly mineralized spring water emerging from low-grade metamorphic rocks (Bündner shist) by ion exchange processes and release of rock interstitial fluids.
3. Geochemical nutrient sequestration in high mountain lakes and in snow and ice: Joeri lake area (Silvretta gneiss).
4. Coupled processes in biogeochemical iron, manganese, and phosphorus cycling: Jöri lake XIII.
5. Primary processes in soil and peat formation (inorganic to organic transition, carbon sequestration) and microbial colonization: Glacial retreat flood plains, early vegetation on deltas, and moraine soils.
6. Lifestyles under extreme conditions: Microorganisms and small invertebrates in ice (Cryoconite holes, Silvretta glacier), snow, and highly mineralized spring water.
7. Formation and weathering of serpentinite (Totalp), effects on soil formation, and on vegetation.
8. Economic aspects of geo-hydrology: mineral water market, wellness tourism, and geo-medical aspects.
(not all sites listed will be visited every year. The topics might vary depending on the course focus and the participants.)
SkriptThe new field guides and details about the course logistics will become available on OLAT in June via Details under Link
(The course site will be renewed as soon as all details are available). Participants who are enrolled for this course in the excursion sign-up tool will receive further instructions during the spring semester.
LiteraturLecture slides and literature references are available on the corresponding OLAT site: Details under Link
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesSites visited and course contents can vary from year to year depending on interest, accessibility and weather conditions.
Field-work can last up to 8 hours daily and will take place at altitudes up to 3000m. This requires endurance and a certain physical fitness. Participants need to be prepared.
Target Groups: Field course and semester project work for the upper level Bachelor curriculum and for Master students.

This field course is coupled to a semester project work "651-4044-01 P Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry Lab Practical", when samples collected during the field work will be analyzed. Students who sign up for both, the field and the lab component, have priority. It is possible, however, to participate at the field section only.
The lecture course "651-4004-00L Organic Geochemistry and the Global Carbon Cycle" is a good preparations for the combined Field-Lab Course.

Students registering for the course confirm having read and accepted the terms and conditions for excursions and field courses of D-ERDW Link
651-4056-00LLimnogeologyW3 KP2GN. Dubois, A. Gilli, K. Kremer
KurzbeschreibungThis course links lakes, their subsurface and their environment. It will be discussed how lake sediments record past environmental changes (e.g. climate, human impact, natural hazards) and how lake sediments can be used to reconstruct these changes. Emphasis is also given on the modern limnologic processes essential in interpreting the fossil record. Field and laboratory work is foreseen.
LernzielStudents are able to
- explain and discuss the role of lake sediments as archives of environmental change.
- plan an own limnogeologic campaign, i.e. finding, recovering, analyzing and interpreting the sedimentary lake archive to solve a particular scientific question.
- examine the complexity of a lake system with all its connection to the environment.
- relate subaerial processes with subaquatic processes.
- identify processes around and in lakes causing natural hazards.
InhaltContent of the course:
Introduction - Lakes, the small oceans
History of Limnogeology.
Limnogeologic campaigns
The water column: Aquatic physics (currents, waves, oscillations, etc.).
Sediments caught in the water: sediment traps
Geophysical survey methods (multibeam bathymetry, seismics)
Large open perialpine lakes.
Laminations in lake sediments: Clastic vs. biochemical varves.
Hydrologically closed lake systems
Chronostratigraphic dating of lake sediments
Lake sediments as proxies for climate change
Lake sediments as recorder of anthropogenic impact

The class includes 2 lectures as field work on Lake Zurich.
Introduction to themes of Lake Zurich field work.
Limnogeological methods on the lake and in the laboratory: various sampling and surveying techniques (water analysis, seismic surveying, sediment coring, laboratory analyses).
Seismic-to-core correlation and interpretation
SkriptWill be distributed in each class unit.
LiteraturWill be distributed in each class unit.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesCredit points and grade will be given based on a individually written report about the project and a group presentation.
651-4226-00LGeochemical and Isotopic Tracers of the Earth System Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen W+3 KP2VD. Vance
KurzbeschreibungThe unit will investigate the geochemical approaches used to understand the dynamics of the surface Earth, with an emphasis on geochemical archives preserved in ocean sediments. The class will be organised into four themes, each treating a different aspect of surface Earth chemistry and how it is recorded in archives - mainly ocean sediments but also including others ice-cores and loess.
LernzielThe unit is designed with the particular aim of providing a firm grounding in the geochemical methods used to observe and trace the Earth System, now and in the past. Students will gain a basic understanding of the relevant geochemical techniques through at least one 1.5 hour lecture for each theme, and will encourage students to think about their application and interpretation from first principles. But the emphasis will be placed on independent learning by the student through their own research, and the presentation of that research to the class. For each theme, we will use particular time periods in Earth history as case studies. All students will investigate one of these tools in depth themselves, including the application of that tool to problems and questions in the history of the surface Earth.
InhaltThe themes covered in the class will include:
Tracing the large-scale controls on ocean chemistry through time using analytical tools, mass balance and box models;
How ocean physics, chemistry and biology can explain the record of atmospheric chemistry preserved in Quaternary ice-cores;
Tracking global-scale aspects of the carbon cycle through time, concentrating on processes on the continents, such as chemical weathering, how their record is preserved in the oceans, and using the Cenozoic as a case study;
What secular variation in ocean redox tells us about large-scale biogeochemical cycles, using the Mesozoic as a case study.

Students will be encouraged to become familiar with the range of modern geochemical tools used to investigate key scientific questions within the above themes, such as radiogenic isotopes, stable isotopes, speciation of elements in the oceans and in sediments.
SkriptFor lectures on the basic aspects of each theme, slides will be available in advance of the lectures.
LiteraturAbout two thirds of the class will be devoted to student presentations of particular geochemical methods they have researched themselves, with the aid of published papers available online and as guided by the teaching team.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis class builds on ETH Bachelors classes in oceanography, in geochemistry and in earth system science. Those who have not taken similar classes in their Bachelors may need to familiarise themselves with basic concepts in order to take full advantage of this class. Basic reading material will be compiled that those who might need them can consult - but it is the responsibility of the student to do the catching up.
Palaeoclimatology
Palaeoclimatology: Obligatorische Fächer
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
651-4004-00LThe Global Carbon Cycle - ReducedO3 KP2GT. I. Eglinton, L. Bröder, R. G. Hilton
KurzbeschreibungThe carbon cycle connects different reservoirs of C, including life on Earth, atmospheric CO2, and economically important geological reserves of C. Much of this C is in reduced (organic) form, and is composed of complex chemical structures that reflect diverse biological activity, processes and transformations.
LernzielA wealth of information is held within the complex organic molecules, both in the context of the contemporary carbon cycle and its links to is other biogeochemical cycles, as well as in relation to Earth's history, the evolution of life and climate on this planet.

In this course we will learn about the role of reduced forms of carbon in the global cycle, how these forms of carbon are produced, move around the planet, and become sequestered in the geological record, and how they can be used to infer biological activity and conditions on this planet in the geologic past. The course encompasses a range of spatial and temporal scales, from molecular to global, and from the contemporary environment to earliest life.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis course is good preparation for the combined Field-Lab Course: "651-4044-02 P Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry Field Course" and "651-4044-01 P Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry Lab Practical"
Palaeoclimatology: Wahlfpflichtfächer
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
651-4226-00LGeochemical and Isotopic Tracers of the Earth System Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen W+3 KP2VD. Vance
KurzbeschreibungThe unit will investigate the geochemical approaches used to understand the dynamics of the surface Earth, with an emphasis on geochemical archives preserved in ocean sediments. The class will be organised into four themes, each treating a different aspect of surface Earth chemistry and how it is recorded in archives - mainly ocean sediments but also including others ice-cores and loess.
LernzielThe unit is designed with the particular aim of providing a firm grounding in the geochemical methods used to observe and trace the Earth System, now and in the past. Students will gain a basic understanding of the relevant geochemical techniques through at least one 1.5 hour lecture for each theme, and will encourage students to think about their application and interpretation from first principles. But the emphasis will be placed on independent learning by the student through their own research, and the presentation of that research to the class. For each theme, we will use particular time periods in Earth history as case studies. All students will investigate one of these tools in depth themselves, including the application of that tool to problems and questions in the history of the surface Earth.
InhaltThe themes covered in the class will include:
Tracing the large-scale controls on ocean chemistry through time using analytical tools, mass balance and box models;
How ocean physics, chemistry and biology can explain the record of atmospheric chemistry preserved in Quaternary ice-cores;
Tracking global-scale aspects of the carbon cycle through time, concentrating on processes on the continents, such as chemical weathering, how their record is preserved in the oceans, and using the Cenozoic as a case study;
What secular variation in ocean redox tells us about large-scale biogeochemical cycles, using the Mesozoic as a case study.

Students will be encouraged to become familiar with the range of modern geochemical tools used to investigate key scientific questions within the above themes, such as radiogenic isotopes, stable isotopes, speciation of elements in the oceans and in sediments.
SkriptFor lectures on the basic aspects of each theme, slides will be available in advance of the lectures.
LiteraturAbout two thirds of the class will be devoted to student presentations of particular geochemical methods they have researched themselves, with the aid of published papers available online and as guided by the teaching team.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis class builds on ETH Bachelors classes in oceanography, in geochemistry and in earth system science. Those who have not taken similar classes in their Bachelors may need to familiarise themselves with basic concepts in order to take full advantage of this class. Basic reading material will be compiled that those who might need them can consult - but it is the responsibility of the student to do the catching up.
651-4056-00LLimnogeologyW+3 KP2GN. Dubois, A. Gilli, K. Kremer
KurzbeschreibungThis course links lakes, their subsurface and their environment. It will be discussed how lake sediments record past environmental changes (e.g. climate, human impact, natural hazards) and how lake sediments can be used to reconstruct these changes. Emphasis is also given on the modern limnologic processes essential in interpreting the fossil record. Field and laboratory work is foreseen.
LernzielStudents are able to
- explain and discuss the role of lake sediments as archives of environmental change.
- plan an own limnogeologic campaign, i.e. finding, recovering, analyzing and interpreting the sedimentary lake archive to solve a particular scientific question.
- examine the complexity of a lake system with all its connection to the environment.
- relate subaerial processes with subaquatic processes.
- identify processes around and in lakes causing natural hazards.
InhaltContent of the course:
Introduction - Lakes, the small oceans
History of Limnogeology.
Limnogeologic campaigns
The water column: Aquatic physics (currents, waves, oscillations, etc.).
Sediments caught in the water: sediment traps
Geophysical survey methods (multibeam bathymetry, seismics)
Large open perialpine lakes.
Laminations in lake sediments: Clastic vs. biochemical varves.
Hydrologically closed lake systems
Chronostratigraphic dating of lake sediments
Lake sediments as proxies for climate change
Lake sediments as recorder of anthropogenic impact

The class includes 2 lectures as field work on Lake Zurich.
Introduction to themes of Lake Zurich field work.
Limnogeological methods on the lake and in the laboratory: various sampling and surveying techniques (water analysis, seismic surveying, sediment coring, laboratory analyses).
Seismic-to-core correlation and interpretation
SkriptWill be distributed in each class unit.
LiteraturWill be distributed in each class unit.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesCredit points and grade will be given based on a individually written report about the project and a group presentation.
651-4004-00LThe Global Carbon Cycle - ReducedW+3 KP2GT. I. Eglinton, L. Bröder, R. G. Hilton
KurzbeschreibungThe carbon cycle connects different reservoirs of C, including life on Earth, atmospheric CO2, and economically important geological reserves of C. Much of this C is in reduced (organic) form, and is composed of complex chemical structures that reflect diverse biological activity, processes and transformations.
LernzielA wealth of information is held within the complex organic molecules, both in the context of the contemporary carbon cycle and its links to is other biogeochemical cycles, as well as in relation to Earth's history, the evolution of life and climate on this planet.

In this course we will learn about the role of reduced forms of carbon in the global cycle, how these forms of carbon are produced, move around the planet, and become sequestered in the geological record, and how they can be used to infer biological activity and conditions on this planet in the geologic past. The course encompasses a range of spatial and temporal scales, from molecular to global, and from the contemporary environment to earliest life.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis course is good preparation for the combined Field-Lab Course: "651-4044-02 P Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry Field Course" and "651-4044-01 P Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry Lab Practical"
651-4044-04LMicropalaeontology and Molecular PalaeontologyW3 KP2GH. Stoll, C. De Jonge, T. I. Eglinton, I. Hernández Almeida
KurzbeschreibungThe course aims to provide an introduction to the key micropaleontological and molecular fossils from marine and terrestrial niches, and the use of these fossils for reconstructing environmental and evolutionary changes.
LernzielThe course aims to provide an introduction to the key micropaleontological and molecular fossils from marine and terrestrial niches, and the use of these fossils for reconstructing environmental and evolutionary changes.

The course will include laboratory exercises with microscopy training: identification of plantonic foraminifera and the application of transfer functions, identification of calcareous nannoliths and estimation of water column structure and productivity with n-ratio, identification of major calcareous nannofossils for Mesozoic-cenozoic biostratigraphy, Quaternary radiolarian assemblages and estimation of diversity indices.
The course will include laboratory exercises on molecular markers include study of chlorin extracts, alkenone and TEX86 distributions and temperature reconstruction, and terrestrial leaf wax characterization, using GC-FID, LC-MS, and spectrophotometry.
InhaltMicropaleontology and Molecular paleontology
1. Introduction to the domains of life and molecular and mineral fossils. Genomic classifications of domains of life. Biosynthesis and molecular fossils and preservation/degradation. Biomineralization and mineral fossils and preservation/dissolution. Review of stable isotopes in biosynthesis.
2. The planktic niche – primary producers. Resources and challenges of primary production in the marine photic zone – light supply, nutrient supply, water column structure and niche partitioning. Ecological strategies and specialization, bloom succession, diversity and size gradients in the modern ocean. Introduction to principal mineralizing phytoplankton – diatoms, coccolithophores, dynoflagellates, as well as cyanobacteria. Molecular markers including alkenones, long-chain diols and sterols, IP25, pigments, diatom UV-absorbing compounds. Application of fossils and markers as environmental proxies. Long term evolutionary evidence for originations, radiations, and extinctions in microfossils and biomarkers; evolution of size trends in phytoplankton over Cenozoic, geochemical evidence for evolution of carbon concentrating mechanisms. Introduction to nannofossil biostratigraphy.
3. The planktic niche – heterotrophy from bacteria to zooplankton. Resources and challenges of planktic heterotrophy – food supply, oxygen availability, seasonal cycles, seasonal and vertical niche partitioning. Introduction to principal mineralizing zooplankton planktic foraminifera and radiolaria: ecological strategies and specialization, succession, diversity and size gradients in the modern ocean. Morphometry and adaptations for symbiont hosting. Molecular records such as isorenieratene and Crenoarcheota GDGT; the debate of TEX86 temperature production. Long term evolutionary evidence for originations, radiations, and extinctions in microfossils; evolution of size and form, basic biostratigraphy. Molecular evidence of evolution including diversification of sterol/sterine assemblages.
4. The benthic niche – continental margins. Resources and challenges of benthic heterotrophy – food supply, oxygen, turbulence and substrate. Principal mineralizing benthic organisms – benthic foraminifera and ostracods. Benthic habitat gradients (infaunal and epifaunal; shallow to deep margin. Microbial redox ladder in sediments. Molecular markers of methanogenesis and methanotrophy, Anamox markers, pristine/phytane redox indicator. Applications of benthic communities for sea level reconstructions. Major originations and extinctions.
5. The benthic niche in the abyssal ocean. Resources and challenges of deep benthic heterotrophy. Benthic foraminifera, major extinctions and turnover events. Relationship to deep oxygen level and productivity.
6. Terrestrial dry niches -soils and trees. Resources and challenges - impacts of temperature, humidity, CO2 and soil moisture on terrestrial vegetation and microbial reaction and turnover. Introduction to pollen and molecular markers for soil pH, humidity, leaf wax C3-C4 community composition and hydrology. Long term evolution of C4 pathway, markers for angiosperm and gymnosperm evolution.
7. Terrestrial aquatic environments – resources and challenges. Lake systems, seasonal mixing regimes, eutrophication, closed/open systems. Introduction to lacustrine diatoms, chironomids, testate amoeba. Molecular markers in lake/box environments including paleogenomics of communities.
SkriptA lab and lecture manual will be distributed at the start of the course and additional material will be available in the course Moodle
LiteraturKey references from primary literature will be provided as pdf on the course moodle.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesTiming: The course starts on February 19 and ends on May 28. Prerequisites: Recall and remember what you learned in introductory chemistry and biology
Sedimentology
Sedimentology: Obligatorische Fächer
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
651-4150-00LSedimentary Rocks and Processes Information
Geography and Earth System Sciences students UZH may attend this field course at full costs (no subsidies).

No registration through myStudies. The registration for excursions and field courses goes through Link only.
O4 KP3PV. Picotti, S. Willett
KurzbeschreibungStudents will be trained for 10 days in the field analysis of sedimentary rocks. They will learn how to measure sections, they will combine facies analysis with analysis of sedimentary structures in the field. The area of study selected for this course changes from year to year.
LernzielThe students will be able to analyse and describe marine sedimentary rocks in the field and they will be able to reconstruct their depositional setting.
InhaltThe students will learn how to analyze sedimentary rocks in the field. The field course will include investigations of marine carbonates and siliciclastics in an alpine setting.
LiteraturWill be distributed before the course
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesBSc in Earth Sciences
Some experience in geological field mapping (Geological Field Course 1 and 2 or equivalent)
Sedimentology: Wahlpflichtfächer
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
651-4134-00LTectonic Geomorphology Information Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Prerequisite for 651-4134-01L Tectonic Geomorphology Field Course

Priority is given to D-ERDW students. If space is available UZH Geography and Earth System Sciences students may attend this field course at full cost.
W3 KP2VE. Deal
KurzbeschreibungCourse covers the theory and applications of tectonic geomorphology. Topics include the landscape response to an earthquake, use of fluvial terraces and other geomorphic markers to map uplift, methods of dating surfaces and landscapes, topographic evolution over active structures and landscape evolution of active mountain ranges. Methods include field mapping, DEM analysis and computer modeling.
LernzielTo learn theoretical and practical aspects of modern tectonic geomorphology. Classroom and computer-based analysis will be combined to provide hands-on experience with geomorphic data, analysis and modeling techniques. We will work through a series of practicals based on real world case studies that will build on the concepts learned in class.
InhaltCourse includes a lecture component (in second half-semester) and a series of classroom practicals. Students should also register for the associated fieldtrip component, which will hopefully be able to take place. The fieldtrip will involve collecting field data from active structures in the Northern Apennines. Lecture component will include theoretical background and analysis of real world data.
LiteraturRequired Textbook: Tectonic Geomorphology, Burbank and Anderson, Blackwell.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesStudents should register for both lecture and field components (blockcourse). If the fieldtrip is able to take place, they will be graded together. Fieldtrip will be held during 1 week of the semester.

Geography and Earth System Sciences students UZH may attend the lecture but will have to pay the full amount for this field course (no subsidies from UZH).
651-4134-01LTectonic Geomorphology Field Course Information Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Prerequisite: 651-4134-00L Tectonic Geomorphology (lecture)

Priority is given to D-ERDW students. If space is available UZH Geography and Earth System Sciences students may attend this field course at full cost.
W3 KP6PV. Picotti
KurzbeschreibungCourse covers the applications of tectonic geomorphology. Topics include the landscape response to an earthquake, use of fluvial terraces and other geomorphic markers to map uplift, topographic evolution over active structures and landscape evolution of active mountain ranges. Methods include field mapping and description of key outcrops.
LernzielTo learn practical aspects of modern tectonic geomorphology. The field course will be combined with classroom and computer-based analysis to provide hands-on experience with geomorphic data, analysis and modelling techniques. We will work as a group to address the practical questions regarding evidence for recent deformation of the northern Apennines as an integrated field and modeling study. We will learn to use a variety of geomorphic and tectonic data to map uplift rates and patterns and use this to infer subsurface faulting kinematics.
InhaltCourse includes a 9 day fieldtrip (in second half-semester) to be integrated with the lecture component. Students are invited to register for both components. Fieldtrip will involve collecting geologic and geomorphic field data from active structures in the Northern Apennines.
LiteraturRequired Textbook: Tectonic Geomorphology, Burbank and Anderson, Blackwell.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesAlthough separated from the theory part for practical reasons, students have to register for both lecture and field course. Fieldtrip will be held during 1 week of the semester, typically in early May.

Students registering for the course confirm having read and accepted the terms and conditions for excursions and field courses of D-ERDW Link

Geography and Earth System Sciences students UZH may attend the lecture but will have to pay the full amount for this field course (no subsidies from UZH).
101-0302-00LClays in Geotechnics: Problems and ApplicationsW3 KP2GM. Plötze
KurzbeschreibungThis course gives a comprehensive introduction in clay mineralogy, properties, characterising and testing methods as well as applied aspects and problems of clays and clay minerals in geotechnics.
LernzielUpon successful completion of this course the student is able to:
- Describe clay minerals and their fundamental properties
- Describe/propose methods for characterisation of clays and clay minerals
- Draw conclusion about specific properties of clays with a focus to their potential use, problematics and things to consider in geotechnics and engineering geology.
Inhalt- Introduction to clays and clay minerals (importance and application in geosciences, industry and everyday life)
- Origin of clays (formation of clays and clay minerals, geological origin)
- Clay mineral structure, classification and identification incl. methods for investigation (e.g., XRD)
- Properties of clay materials, characterisation and quantification incl. methods for investigation (e.g., cation exchange, rheology, plasticity, shearing, swelling, permeability, retardation and diffusion)
- Clay Minerals in geotechnics: Problems and applications (e.g. soil mechanics, barriers, slurry walls, tunnelling)
SkriptLecture slides and further documents will be provided.
651-4080-00LFluvial SedimentologyW2 KP2GP. Huggenberger
KurzbeschreibungVerständnis der Zusammenhänge zwischen Sedimenttransport, Sedimentsortierung und Sedimentstrukturen in grobkörnigen fluvialen Ablagerungen.
LernzielBeschreibung von grobkörnigen fluvialen Sedimenten, Kennenlernen von Ablagerungsmilieus und der wichtigsten Sedimentationsprozesse, Modelle zur Beschreibung fluvialer Systeme. aktuelle Fragestellungen und Anwendungen
Zielpublikum: Geowissenschaftler, Erdwissenschafter, Umweltnaturwissenschaftler, Geographen
Inhalt- Kennenlernen der Grundlagen für die Beschreibung von fluvialen Sedimenten, inklusive geophysikalische Methoden,
Schwergewicht: grobkörnige Kiese, Konglomerate
- Faziesanalyse (Korngrössenverteilungen, Sortierungen, Sedimenttexturen und Strukturen) von fluvialen Sedimenten
- Prozesse des Sedimenttransportes, Ablagerung, und Sortierung, Rolle der Turbulenz
- Erkennen der Zusammenhänge zwischen geologischen Archiven und rezenten Flusssystemen, Einfluss der Dynamik von Flusssystemen auf das Erhaltungspotential von Sedimentstrukturen
-Landschaftsgestaltende Prozesse, Ereignisse
-Ökologische Aspekte der fluvialen Sedimentologie
-Aktuelle Fragen der Sedimentologie
-aktuelle Entwicklungen Untersuchungsmethoden
SkriptUnterlagen werden im Laufe der Vorlesung abgegeben (Text, Beilagen, Figuren)
LiteraturBridge, John S., 2003, Rivers and Floodplains; Forms, Processes and Sedimentary RecordCalow,

Best, J. L. and Bristow, C. S., 1993, Braided Rivers, Geological Society Special Publication, No 75.

Clifford, N. J. et al. 1993, Turbulence, Perspectives on Flow and Sediment Transport, Wiley, 360 p.

P. and Petts, G., 1995, The Rivers Handbook: Hydrological and Ecological Principles, Volume I and II

Miall, A. D., 1985, The Geology of Fluvial Deposits, Sedimentary Facies Analysis, Basin Analysis, and Petroleum Geology

Chiang, H. H. 1992, Fluvial Processes in River Engineering

- weitere Literatur wird während des Kurses angegeben
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesLektüre Fachliteratur begleitend zur Vorlesung
Voraussetzungen: GZ Geo- oder Erdwissenschaften

Wichtiger Bestandteill des Kurses sind Arbeitsexkursionen (nach ETH Corona Schutz Massnahmen)

Mit der Belegung akzeptieren die Studierenden die Allgemeinen Geschäftsbedingungen für Exkursionen und Feldkurse des D-ERDW
Link
651-4902-00LQuaternary Geology and Geomorphology of the Alps Information Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Geography and Earth System Sciences students UZH may attend the lecture but will have to pay the full amount for the excursion (no subsidies from UZH).
W3 KP2VS. Ivy Ochs, N. Akçar, U. H. Fischer
KurzbeschreibungAfter a brief introduction to the scientific principles of glaciology, we survey the present state of knowledge on Pleistocene glacial periods and post-glacial landscape modification in the Alps. Emphasis is on understanding modes of formation of landscape elements attributable to glacial, glaciofluvial, periglacial, fluvial, hillslope, and mass wasting processes.
LernzielThrough a combination of lectures, classroom practical exercises, and field mapping of Quaternary landforms, an intuitive understanding of the formation and evolution of the landscape of the Alps and the forelands will be built up.
We focus on development of the following skills: landform recognition on remote imagery and in the field; depositional process identification based on sediment characterization; reconstruction of valley-scale geomorphological evolutionary sequences.
InhaltThe following topics will be covered: glacier mass and energy balance; glacier motion; glacier hydrology; glacial erosion; glacial sediment balance; piedmont and valley glacier landsystems; till formation; glaciofluvial sediments; alluvial and debris-flow fan processes; Alpine rock slope failure landform/sediment associations; Alpine Quaternary stratigraphy; long-term uplift and denudation of the Alps.
SkriptSlides from the lectures will be made available.
LiteraturLists of key scientific articles will be given for each topic.
Relevant scientific articles will be distributed during the course.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesStudents registering for the course confirm having read and accepted the terms and conditions for excursions and field courses of D-ERDW Link

Required attendance at lectures and excurisions (several 1-day excursions during the semester and one 3-day field mapping session during the summer).

Geography and Earth System Sciences students UZH may attend this excursion at full costs (no subsidies from UZH).

Grading will be a combination of classroom participation, student presentations, practical exercises, field reports, and field maps from the excursions.
651-4004-00LThe Global Carbon Cycle - ReducedW3 KP2GT. I. Eglinton, L. Bröder, R. G. Hilton
KurzbeschreibungThe carbon cycle connects different reservoirs of C, including life on Earth, atmospheric CO2, and economically important geological reserves of C. Much of this C is in reduced (organic) form, and is composed of complex chemical structures that reflect diverse biological activity, processes and transformations.
LernzielA wealth of information is held within the complex organic molecules, both in the context of the contemporary carbon cycle and its links to is other biogeochemical cycles, as well as in relation to Earth's history, the evolution of life and climate on this planet.

In this course we will learn about the role of reduced forms of carbon in the global cycle, how these forms of carbon are produced, move around the planet, and become sequestered in the geological record, and how they can be used to infer biological activity and conditions on this planet in the geologic past. The course encompasses a range of spatial and temporal scales, from molecular to global, and from the contemporary environment to earliest life.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis course is good preparation for the combined Field-Lab Course: "651-4044-02 P Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry Field Course" and "651-4044-01 P Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry Lab Practical"
Structural Geology
Structural Geology: Obligatorische Fächer
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
651-4132-00LField Course IV: Non Alpine Field Course Information
Priority is given to D-ERDW students. If space is available UZH Geography and Earth System Sciences students may attend this field course at full cost.

No registration through myStudies. The registration for excursions and field courses goes through Link only.
O3 KP6PV. Picotti
KurzbeschreibungGeological Mapping in the Jebel Akhdar window in Oman; unconformity between the Permian cover and the Proterozoic basement; excursion in the Sumail ophiolite.
LernzielUnderstanding of the pre-Alpine history of the Arabian Plate (southern margin of Tethys).
InhaltGeological mapping in groups of 2 in Proterozoic and Palaeozoic sediments; distinguishing mappable formations and their description; sedimentological and structural analysis; visiting an ophiolite sequence; presentation and discussion of literature material related to the working area; reconstruction of the history of the area.
Final group reports to be handed within the week 10-17 February in ZH.
SkriptWill be handed out.
LiteraturWill be distributed
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesSuccessful participation in Field Courses I-III and success to all courses of the Bachelor.

Geography and Earth System Sciences students UZH may attend this field course at full costs (no subsidies).

Students registering for the course confirm having read and accepted the terms and conditions for excursions and field courses of D-ERDW Link
651-4022-00LAdvanced Structural Geology with Field Course Information Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Due to the Corona pandemic priority is given to D-ERDW students completing their MSc studies in 2021.

If space is available UZH Geography and Earth System Sciences students may attend this field course at full cost.
O4 KP6PW. Behr
KurzbeschreibungTo provide a theoretical grounding in advanced aspects of structural geology, as well as the practical application of structural field mapping techniques in complexly deformed areas.
LernzielTo learn to map, characterize, measure and analyze complex structures and multiple phases of deformation in the field. The purpose of the course is to give you an experience akin to doing real structural geology and tectonics research while exposing you to advanced aspects of structural analysis.
InhaltThis course has shifted from a lecture-based course, to a field course with an associated term project. We will have ~4 introductory lectures prior to the field trip. The core of the class will be a field trip scheduled for Monday, April 22 to Friday, April 26 (1.5 days travel, 3.5 days in field) on Syros Island in Greece where you will learn to map, measure and analyse a wide range of different deformation fabric types related to Aegean subduction, exhumation and metamorphism. After the field trip, the rest of the semester you will be expected to write a journal-manuscript-style report describing and synthesizing your field data. We will likely not have formal lectures after the field trip, but myself and the TAs will have regular office hours where you can access us to discuss your data or ask questions regarding the report.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesPrevious field mapping experience (field courses I, II and III for ETH Bachelor students or the equivalent for students admitted from elsewhere to the Master program); Structural Geology Course; Petrology/Petrography Course is recommended but not required.

Geography and Earth System Sciences students UZH may attend this lecture but will have to pay the full amount for the field course (no subsidies from UZH).

Students registering for the course confirm having read and accepted the terms and conditions for excursions and field courses of D-ERDW Link
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