# Search result: Catalogue data in Autumn Semester 2020

Process Engineering Master | ||||||

Core Courses | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |
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151-0107-20L | High Performance Computing for Science and Engineering (HPCSE) I | W | 4 credits | 4G | P. Koumoutsakos, S. M. Martin | |

Abstract | This course gives an introduction into algorithms and numerical methods for parallel computing on shared and distributed memory architectures. The algorithms and methods are supported with problems that appear frequently in science and engineering. | |||||

Objective | With manufacturing processes reaching its limits in terms of transistor density on today’s computing architectures, efficient utilization of computing resources must include parallel execution to maintain scaling. The use of computers in academia, industry and society is a fundamental tool for problem solving today while the “think parallel” mind-set of developers is still lagging behind. The aim of the course is to introduce the student to the fundamentals of parallel programming using shared and distributed memory programming models. The goal is on learning to apply these techniques with the help of examples frequently found in science and engineering and to deploy them on large scale high performance computing (HPC) architectures. | |||||

Content | 1. Hardware and Architecture: Moore’s Law, Instruction set architectures (MIPS, RISC, CISC), Instruction pipelines, Caches, Flynn’s taxonomy, Vector instructions (for Intel x86) 2. Shared memory parallelism: Threads, Memory models, Cache coherency, Mutual exclusion, Uniform and Non-Uniform memory access, Open Multi-Processing (OpenMP) 3. Distributed memory parallelism: Message Passing Interface (MPI), Point-to-Point and collective communication, Blocking and non-blocking methods, Parallel file I/O, Hybrid programming models 4. Performance and parallel efficiency analysis: Performance analysis of algorithms, Roofline model, Amdahl’s Law, Strong and weak scaling analysis 5. Applications: HPC Math libraries, Linear Algebra and matrix/vector operations, Singular value decomposition, Neural Networks and linear autoencoders, Solving partial differential equations (PDEs) using grid-based and particle methods | |||||

Lecture notes | Link Class notes, handouts | |||||

Literature | • An Introduction to Parallel Programming, P. Pacheco, Morgan Kaufmann • Introduction to High Performance Computing for Scientists and Engineers, G. Hager and G. Wellein, CRC Press • Computer Organization and Design, D.H. Patterson and J.L. Hennessy, Morgan Kaufmann • Vortex Methods, G.H. Cottet and P. Koumoutsakos, Cambridge University Press • Lecture notes | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Students should be familiar with a compiled programming language (C, C++ or Fortran). Exercises and exams will be designed using C++. The course will not teach basics of programming. Some familiarity using the command line is assumed. Students should also have a basic understanding of diffusion and advection processes, as well as their underlying partial differential equations. | |||||

151-0125-00L | Hydrodynamics and Cavitation | W | 4 credits | 3G | O. Supponen | |

Abstract | This course builds on the foundations of fluid dynamics to describe hydrodynamic flows, with a focus on interfacial and surface tension effects, lubrication and surface waves, and provides an introduction to cavitation: theory, measurement techniques, and industrial and medical applications. | |||||

Objective | The main learning objectives of this course are: 1. Identify and describe dominant effects in liquid fluid flows through physical modelling. 2. Explain tension, nucleation and phase-change in liquids. 3. Describe hydrodynamic cavitation and its consequences in physical terms. 4. Recognise experimental techniques and industrial and medical applications for cavitation. | |||||

Content | The course gives an overview on the following topics: hydrostatics, surface tension effects and capillarity, lubrication theory, surface waves, water hammer, tension in liquids, phase change. Cavitation: single bubbles (nucleation, dynamics, collapse), cavitating flows (attached, cloud, vortex cavitation). Industrial and medical applications, and measurement techniques. | |||||

Lecture notes | Class notes and handouts | |||||

Literature | Literature will be provided in the course material. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Fluid dynamics I & II or equivalent | |||||

151-0182-00L | Fundamentals of CFD Methods | W | 4 credits | 3G | A. Haselbacher | |

Abstract | This course is focused on providing students with the knowledge and understanding required to develop simple computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes to solve the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations and to critically assess the results produced by CFD codes. As part of the course, students will write their own code and verify and validate it systematically. | |||||

Objective | 1. Students know and understand basic numerical methods used in CFD in terms of accuracy and stability. 2. Students have a basic understanding of a typical simple CFD code. 3. Students understand how to assess the numerical and physical accuracy of CFD results. | |||||

Content | 1. Governing and model equations. Brief review of equations and properties 2. Overview of basic concepts: Overview of discretization process and its consequences 3. Overview of numerical methods: Finite-difference and finite-volume methods 4. Analysis of spatially discrete equations: Consistency, accuracy, stability, convergence of semi-discrete methods 5. Time-integration methods: LMS and RK methods, consistency, accuracy, stability, convergence 6. Analysis of fully discrete equations: Consistency, accuracy, stability, convergence of fully discrete methods 7. Solution of one-dimensional advection equation: Motivation for and consequences of upwinding, Godunov's theorem, TVD methods, DRP methods 8. Solution of two-dimensional advection equation: Dimension-by-dimension methods, dimensional splitting, multidimensional methods 9. Solution of one- and two-dimensional diffusion equations: Implicit methods, ADI methods 10. Solution of one-dimensional advection-diffusion equation: Numerical vs physical viscosity, boundary layers, non-uniform grids 11. Solution of incompressible Navier-Stokes equations: Incompressibility constraint and consequences, fractional-step and pressure-correction methods 12. Solution of incompressible Navier-Stokes equations on unstructured grids | |||||

Lecture notes | The course is based mostly on notes developed by the instructor. | |||||

Literature | Literature: There is no required textbook. Suggested references are: 1. H.K. Versteeg and W. Malalasekera, An Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics, 2nd ed., Pearson Prentice Hall, 2007 2. R.H. Pletcher, J.C. Tannehill, and D. Anderson, Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer, 3rd ed., Taylor & Francis, 2011 | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Prior knowledge of fluid dynamics, applied mathematics, basic numerical methods, and programming in Fortran and/or C++ (knowledge of MATLAB is *not* sufficient). | |||||

151-0185-00L | Radiation Heat Transfer | W | 4 credits | 2V + 1U | A. Steinfeld, P. Pozivil | |

Abstract | Advanced course in radiation heat transfer | |||||

Objective | Fundamentals of radiative heat transfer and its applications. Examples are combustion and solar thermal/thermochemical processes, and other applications in the field of energy conversion and material processing. | |||||

Content | 1. Introduction to thermal radiation. Definitions. Spectral and directional properties. Electromagnetic spectrum. Blackbody and gray surfaces. Absorptivity, emissivity, reflectivity. Planck's Law, Wien's Displacement Law, Kirchhoff's Law. 2. Surface radiation exchange. Diffuse and specular surfaces. Gray and selective surfaces. Configuration factors. Radiation exchange. Enclosure theory, radiosity method. Monte Carlo. 3.Absorbing, emitting and scattering media. Extinction, absorption, and scattering coefficients. Scattering phase function. Optical thickness. Equation of radiative transfer. Solution methods: discrete ordinate, zone, Monte-Carlo. 4. Applications. Cavities. Selective surfaces and media. Semi-transparent windows. Combined radiation-conduction-convection heat transfer. | |||||

Lecture notes | Copy of the slides presented. | |||||

Literature | R. Siegel, J.R. Howell, Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer, 3rd. ed., Taylor & Francis, New York, 2002. M. Modest, Radiative Heat Transfer, Academic Press, San Diego, 2003. | |||||

151-0207-00L | Theory and Modeling of Reactive Flows | W | 4 credits | 3G | C. E. Frouzakis, I. Mantzaras | |

Abstract | The course first reviews the governing equations and combustion chemistry, setting the ground for the analysis of homogeneous gas-phase mixtures, laminar diffusion and premixed flames. Catalytic combustion and its coupling with homogeneous combustion are dealt in detail, and turbulent combustion modeling approaches are presented. Available numerical codes will be used for modeling. | |||||

Objective | Theory of combustion with numerical applications | |||||

Content | The analysis of realistic reactive flow systems necessitates the use of detailed computer models that can be constructed starting from first principles i.e. thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, chemical kinetics, and heat and mass transport. In this course, the focus will be on combustion theory and modeling. The reacting flow governing equations and the combustion chemistry are firstly reviewed, setting the ground for the analysis of homogeneous gas-phase mixtures, laminar diffusion and premixed flames. Heterogeneous (catalytic) combustion, an area of increased importance in the last years, will be dealt in detail along with its coupling with homogeneous combustion. Finally, approaches for the modeling of turbulent combustion will be presented. Available numerical codes will be used to compute the above described phenomena. Familiarity with numerical methods for the solution of partial differential equations is expected. | |||||

Lecture notes | Handouts | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | NEW course | |||||

151-0209-00L | Renewable Energy Technologies | W | 4 credits | 3G | A. Steinfeld, E. Casati, F. Dähler | |

Abstract | Renewable energy technologies: solar, biomass, wind, geothermal, hydro, waste-to-energy. Focus is on the engineering aspects. | |||||

Objective | Students learn the potential and limitations of renewable energy technologies and their contribution towards sustainable energy utilization. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Prerequisite: strong background on the fundamentals of engineering thermodynamics, equivalent to the material taught in the courses Thermodynamics I, II, and III of D-MAVT. | |||||

151-0213-00L | Fluid Dynamics with the Lattice Boltzmann Method | W | 4 credits | 3G | I. Karlin | |

Abstract | The course provides an introduction to theoretical foundations and practical usage of the Lattice Boltzmann Method for fluid dynamics simulations. | |||||

Objective | Methods like molecular dynamics, DSMC, lattice Boltzmann etc are being increasingly used by engineers all over and these methods require knowledge of kinetic theory and statistical mechanics which are traditionally not taught at engineering departments. The goal of this course is to give an introduction to ideas of kinetic theory and non-equilibrium thermodynamics with a focus on developing simulation algorithms and their realizations. During the course, students will be able to develop a lattice Boltzmann code on their own. Practical issues about implementation and performance on parallel machines will be demonstrated hands on. Central element of the course is the completion of a lattice Boltzmann code (using the framework specifically designed for this course). The course will also include a review of topics of current interest in various fields of fluid dynamics, such as multiphase flows, reactive flows, microflows among others. Optionally, we offer an opportunity to complete a project of student's choice as an alternative to the oral exam. Samples of projects completed by previous students will be made available. | |||||

Content | The course builds upon three parts: I Elementary kinetic theory and lattice Boltzmann simulations introduced on simple examples. II Theoretical basis of statistical mechanics and kinetic equations. III Lattice Boltzmann method for real-world applications. The content of the course includes: 1. Background: Elements of statistical mechanics and kinetic theory: Particle's distribution function, Liouville equation, entropy, ensembles; Kinetic theory: Boltzmann equation for rarefied gas, H-theorem, hydrodynamic limit and derivation of Navier-Stokes equations, Chapman-Enskog method, Grad method, boundary conditions; mean-field interactions, Vlasov equation; Kinetic models: BGK model, generalized BGK model for mixtures, chemical reactions and other fluids. 2. Basics of the Lattice Boltzmann Method and Simulations: Minimal kinetic models: lattice Boltzmann method for single-component fluid, discretization of velocity space, time-space discretization, boundary conditions, forcing, thermal models, mixtures. 3. Hands on: Development of the basic lattice Boltzmann code and its validation on standard benchmarks (Taylor-Green vortex, lid-driven cavity flow etc). 4. Practical issues of LBM for fluid dynamics simulations: Lattice Boltzmann simulations of turbulent flows; numerical stability and accuracy. 5. Microflow: Rarefaction effects in moderately dilute gases; Boundary conditions, exact solutions to Couette and Poiseuille flows; micro-channel simulations. 6. Advanced lattice Boltzmann methods: Entropic lattice Boltzmann scheme, subgrid simulations at high Reynolds numbers; Boundary conditions for complex geometries. 7. Introduction to LB models beyond hydrodynamics: Relativistic fluid dynamics; flows with phase transitions. | |||||

Lecture notes | Lecture notes on the theoretical parts of the course will be made available. Selected original and review papers are provided for some of the lectures on advanced topics. Handouts and basic code framework for implementation of the lattice Boltzmann models will be provided. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | The course addresses mainly graduate students (MSc/Ph D) but BSc students can also attend. | |||||

151-0293-00L | Combustion and Reactive Processes in Energy and Materials Technology | W | 4 credits | 2V + 1U + 2A | N. Noiray, K. Boulouchos, F. Ernst | |

Abstract | The students should become familiar with the fundamentals and with application examples of chemically reactive processes in energy conversion (combustion engines in particular) as well as the synthesis of new materials. | |||||

Objective | The students should become familiar with the fundamentals and with application examples of chemically reactive processes in energy conversion (combustion engines in particular) as well as the synthesis of new materials. The lecture is part of the focus "Energy, Flows & Processes" on the Bachelor level and is recommended as a basis for a future Master in the area of energy. It is also a facultative lecture on Master level in Energy Science and Technology and Process Engineering. | |||||

Content | Reaction kinetics, fuel oxidation mechanisms, premixed and diffusion laminar flames, two-phase-flows, turbulence and turbulent combustion, pollutant formation, applications in combustion engines. Synthesis of materials in flame processes: particles, pigments and nanoparticles. Fundamentals of design and optimization of flame reactors, effect of reactant mixing on product characteristics. Tailoring of products made in flame spray pyrolysis. | |||||

Lecture notes | No script available. Instead, material will be provided in lecture slides and the following text book (which can be downloaded for free) will be followed: J. Warnatz, U. Maas, R.W. Dibble, "Combustion:Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modeling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation", Springer-Verlag, 1997. Teaching language, assignments and lecture slides in English | |||||

Literature | J. Warnatz, U. Maas, R.W. Dibble, "Combustion:Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modeling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation", Springer-Verlag, 1997. I. Glassman, Combustion, 3rd edition, Academic Press, 1996. | |||||

151-0509-00L | Microscale Acoustofluidics | W | 4 credits | 3G | J. Dual | |

Abstract | In this lecture the basics as well as practical aspects (from modelling to design and fabrication ) are described from a solid and fluid mechanics perspective with applications to microsystems and lab on a chip devices. | |||||

Objective | Understanding acoustophoresis, the design of devices and potential applications | |||||

Content | Linear and nonlinear acoustics, foundations of fluid and solid mechanics and piezoelectricity, Gorkov potential, numerical modelling, acoustic streaming, applications from ultrasonic microrobotics to surface acoustic wave devices | |||||

Lecture notes | Yes, incl. Chapters from the Tutorial: Microscale Acoustofluidics, T. Laurell and A. Lenshof, Ed., Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015 | |||||

Literature | Microscale Acoustofluidics, T. Laurell and A. Lenshof, Ed., Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015 | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Solid and fluid continuum mechanics. Notice: The exercise part is a mixture of presentation, lab sessions ( both compulsary) and hand in homework. | |||||

151-0902-00L | Micro- and Nanoparticle Technology Number of participants is limited to 20. Additional ones could be enrolled by permission of the lecturer. | W | 6 credits | 2V + 2U | S. E. Pratsinis, G. Kelesidis, V. Mavrantzas, K. Wegner | |

Abstract | Particles are everywhere and nano is the new scale in science & engineering as micro was ~200 years ago. For highly motivated students, this exceptionally demanding class gives a flavor of nanotechnology with hands-on student projects on gas-phase particle synthesis & applications capitalizing on particle dynamics (diffusion, coagulation etc.), shape, size distribution and characterization. | |||||

Objective | This course aims to familiarize motivated M/BSc students with some of the basic phenomena of particles at the nanoscale, thereby illustrating the links between physics, chemistry, materials science through hands-on experience. Furthermore it aims to give an overview of the field with motivating lectures from industry and academia, including the development of technologies and processes based on particle technology with introduction to design methods of mechanical processes, scale-up laws and optimal use of materials and energy. Most importantly, this course aims to develop the creativity and sharpen the communication skills of motivated students through their individual projects, a PERFECT preparation for the M/BSc thesis (e.g. efficient & critical literature search, effective oral/written project presentations), the future profession itself and even life, in general, are always there! | |||||

Content | The course objectives are best met primarily through the individual student projects which may involve experiments, simulations or critical & quantitative reviews of the literature. Projects are conducted individually under the close supervision of MSc, PhD or post-doctoral students. Therein, a 2-page proposal is submitted within the first two semester weeks addressing explicitly, at least, 10 well-selected research articles and thoughtful meetings with the project supervisor. The proposal address 3 basic questions: a) how important is the project; b) what has been done already in that field and c) what will be done by the student. Detailed feedback on each proposal is given by the supervisor, assistant and professor two weeks later. Towards the end of the semester, a 10-minute oral presentation is given by the student followed by 10 minutes Q&A. A 10-page final report is submitted by noon of the last day of the semester. The project supervisor will provide guidance throughout the course. Lectures include some of the following: - Overview & Project Presentation - Particle Size Distribution - Particle Diffusion - Coagulation - Agglomeration & Coalescence - Particle Growth by Condensation - Control of particle size & structure during gas-phase synthesis - Multi-scale design of aerosol synthesis of particles - Particle Characterization - Aerosol manufacture of nanoparticles - Forces acting on Single Particles in a Flow Field - Fixed and Fluidized Beds - Separations of Solid-Liquid & Solid-Gas systems - Emulsions/droplet formation/microfluidics - Gas Sensors - Coaching for proposal & report writing as well as oral presentations | |||||

Literature | Smoke, Dust and Haze, S.K. Friedlander, Oxford, 2nd ed., 2000 Aerosol Technology, W. Hinds, Wiley, 2nd Edition, 1999. Aerosol Processing of Materials, T. Kodas M. Hampden-Smith, Wiley, 1999. History of the Manufacture of Fine Particles in High-Temperature Aerosol Reactors in Aerosol Science and Technology: History and Reviews, ed. D.S. Ensor & K.N. Lohr, RTI Press, Ch. 18, pp. 475-507, 2011. Flame aerosol synthesis of smart nanostructured materials, R. Strobel, S. E. Pratsinis, J. Mater. Chem., 17, 4743-4756 (2007). | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | FluidMechanik I, Thermodynamik I&II & "clean" 5th semester BSc student standing in D-MAVT (no block 1 or 2 obligations). Students attending this course are expected to allocate sufficient additional time within their weekly schedule to successfully conduct their project. As exceptional effort will be required! Having seen "Chasing Mavericks" (2012) by Apted & Henson, "Unbroken" (2014) by Angelina Jolie and, in particular, "The Salt of the Earth" (2014) by Wim Wenders might be helpful and even motivating. These movies show how methodic effort can bring superior and truly unexpected results (e.g. stay under water for 5 minutes to overcome the fear of riding huge waves or merciless Olympic athlete training that help survive 45 days on a raft in Pacific Ocean followed by 2 years in a Japanese POW camp during WWII). | |||||

151-0911-00L | Introduction to Plasmonics | W | 4 credits | 2V + 1U | D. J. Norris | |

Abstract | This course provides fundamental knowledge of surface plasmon polaritons and discusses their applications in plasmonics. | |||||

Objective | Electromagnetic oscillations known as surface plasmon polaritons have many unique properties that are useful across a broad set of applications in biology, chemistry, physics, and optics. The field of plasmonics has arisen to understand the behavior of surface plasmon polaritons and to develop applications in areas such as catalysis, imaging, photovoltaics, and sensing. In particular, metallic nanoparticles and patterned metallic interfaces have been developed to utilize plasmonic resonances. The aim of this course is to provide the basic knowledge to understand and apply the principles of plasmonics. The course will strive to be approachable to students from a diverse set of science and engineering backgrounds. | |||||

Content | Fundamentals of Plasmonics - Basic electromagnetic theory - Optical properties of metals - Surface plasmon polaritons on surfaces - Surface plasmon polariton propagation - Localized surface plasmons Applications of Plasmonics - Waveguides - Extraordinary optical transmission - Enhanced spectroscopy - Sensing - Metamaterials | |||||

Lecture notes | Class notes and handouts | |||||

Literature | S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications, 2007, Springer | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Physics I, Physics II | |||||

151-0913-00L | Introduction to Photonics | W | 4 credits | 2V + 2U | R. Quidant | |

Abstract | This course introduces students to the main concepts of optics and photonics. Specifically, we will describe the laws obeyed by optical waves and discuss how to use them to manipulate light. | |||||

Objective | Photonics, the science of light, has become ubiquitous in our lives. Light control and manipulation is what enables us to interact with the screen of our smart devices and exchange large amount of complex information. Photonics has also taken a preponderant importance in cutting-edge science, allowing for instance to image nanospecimens, detect diseases or sense very tiny forces. The aim of this course is to provide the fundamentals of photonics, establishing a solid basis to more specialized courses. The course will also highlight how these concepts are applied in current research as well as in our everyday life. Content has been designed to be approachable by students from a diverse set of science and engineering backgrounds. | |||||

Content | I- BASICS OF WAVE THEORY 1) General concepts 2) Differential wave Equation 3) Complex formalism 4) Phase 5) Plane waves, spherical waves II- ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES 1) Maxwell equations 2) Dielectric function 3) Polarisation 4) Polarisation control III- PROPAGATION OF LIGHT 1) Waves at an interface 2) Dispersion diagram 3) The Fresnel equations 4) Total internal reflection 5) Evanescent waves IV- INTERFERENCES 1) Interferences 2) Temporal and spatial coherence 3) Diffraction gratings 4) Multi-wave interference 5) Introduction to holography and its applications V- LIGHT MANIPULATION 1) Optical waveguide 2) Optical cavity 3) Photonic crystals 4) Metamaterials and metasurfaces VI- INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL MICROSCOPY 1) Light focusing 2) Direct and Fourier imaging 3) Fluorescence microscopy 4) Nonlinear microscopy 5) Interferential Scattering microscopy | |||||

Lecture notes | Class notes and handouts | |||||

Literature | Optics (Hecht) - Pearson | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Physics I, Physics II | |||||

151-0917-00L | Mass Transfer | W | 4 credits | 2V + 2U | S. E. Pratsinis, A. Güntner, V. Mavrantzas | |

Abstract | This course presents the fundamentals of transport phenomena with emphasis on mass transfer. The physical significance of basic principles is elucidated and quantitatively described. Furthermore the application of these principles to important engineering problems is demonstrated. | |||||

Objective | This course presents the fundamentals of transport phenomena with emphasis on mass transfer. The physical significance of basic principles is elucidated and quantitatively described. Furthermore the application of these principles to important engineering problems is demonstrated. | |||||

Content | Fick's laws; application and significance of mass transfer; comparison of Fick's laws with Newton's and Fourier's laws; derivation of Fick's 2nd law; diffusion in dilute and concentrated solutions; rotating disk; dispersion; diffusion coefficients, viscosity and heat conduction (Pr and Sc numbers); Brownian motion; Stokes-Einstein equation; mass transfer coefficients (Nu and Sh numbers); mass transfer across interfaces; Analogies for mass-, heat-, and momentum transfer in turbulent flows; film-, penetration-, and surface renewal theories; simultaneous mass, heat and momentum transfer (boundary layers); homogeneous and heterogeneous reversible and irreversible reactions; diffusion-controlled reactions; mass transfer and first order heterogeneous reaction. Applications. | |||||

Literature | Cussler, E.L.: "Diffusion", 3nd edition, Cambridge University Press, 2009. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Students attending this highly-demanding course are expected to allocate sufficient time within their weekly schedule to successfully conduct the exercises. | |||||

151-0927-00L | Rate-Controlled Separations in Fine Chemistry | W | 6 credits | 3V + 1U | M. Mazzotti | |

Abstract | The students are supposed to obtain detailed insight into the fundamentals of separation processes that are frequently applied in modern life sicence processes in particular, fine chemistry and biotechnology. | |||||

Objective | The students are supposed to obtain detailed insight into the fundamentals of separation processes that are frequently applied in modern life sicence processes in particular, fine chemistry and biotechnology. | |||||

Content | The class covers separation techniques that are central in the purification and downstream processing of chemicals and bio-pharmaceuticals. Examples from both areas illustrate the utility of the methods: 1) Liquid-liquid extraction; 2) Adsorption and chromatography; 3) Membrane processes; 4) Crystallization and precipitation. | |||||

Lecture notes | Handouts during the class | |||||

Literature | Recommendations for text books will be covered in the class | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Requirements: Thermal separation Processes I (151-0926-00) and Modelling and mathematical methods in process and chemical engineering (151-0940-00) | |||||

151-0951-00L | Process Design and Safety | W | 4 credits | 2V + 1U | F. Trachsel, C. Hutter | |

Abstract | The lecture Process Design and Saftey deals with the fundamentals of project management, scale-up, dimensioning and safety of chemical process equipment and plants. | |||||

Objective | The objective of the lecture is to expound the engineering design approach of important elements in chemical plant design. | |||||

Content | Fundamentals in Chemical engineering Design; Project Management, Cost estimate, Materials and Corrosion, Piping and Armatures, Pumps, Reactors and Scale-up, Safety of chemical processes, Patents | |||||

Lecture notes | The lecture slides will be distributed. | |||||

Literature | Coulson and Richardson's: Chemical Engineering , Vol 6: Chemical Engineering Design, (1996) | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | A 1-day excursion including a visit of a chemical plant will be part of the lecture. | |||||

151-0957-00L | Practica in Process Engineering I Prerequisites: "Einführung in Verfahrenstechnik" (151-0973-00L) and further process engineering courses. | W | 2 credits | 2P | A.‑K. U. Michel, M. Tibbitt | |

Abstract | Practical training at pilot facilities for fundamental processing steps, typical laboratory and pilot facility experiments. | |||||

Objective | Getting acquainted with unit operations, measuring tools and data processing | |||||

Content | 4 practica in total (3 from Prof. Norris, 1 from Prof. Mark Tibbitt), details on dates are available at the beginning of the semester on our website Residence time distribution Tibbitt Thin-film deposition Norris Elemental analysis Norris Photovoltaics Norris | |||||

Lecture notes | Descriptions of the practica available | |||||

Literature | Information in the description | |||||

529-0613-01L | Process Simulation and Flowsheeting | W | 6 credits | 3G | G. Guillén Gosálbez | |

Abstract | This course encompasses the theoretical principles of chemical process simulation, as well as its practical application in process analysis and optimization. The techniques for simulating stationary and dynamic processes are presented, and illustrated with case studies. Commercial software packages are presented as a key engineering tool for solving process flowsheeting and simulation problems. | |||||

Objective | This course aims to develop the competency of chemical engineers in process flowsheeting and simulation. Specifically, students will develop the following skills: - Deep understanding of chemical engineering fundamentals: the acquisition of new concepts and the application of previous knowledge in the area of chemical process systems and their mechanisms are crucial to intelligently simulate and evaluate processes. - Modeling of general chemical processes and systems: students have to be able to identify the boundaries of the system to be studied and develop the set of relevant mathematical relations, which describe the process behavior. - Mathematical reasoning and computational skills: the familiarization with mathematical algorithms and computational tools is essential to be capable of achieving rapid and reliable solutions to simulation and optimization problems. Hence, students will learn the mathematical principles necessary for process simulation and optimization, as well as the structure and application of process simulation software. Thus, they will be able develop criteria to correctly use commercial software packages and critically evaluate their results. | |||||

Content | Overview of process simulation and flowsheeting - Definition and fundamentals - Fields of application - Case studies Process simulation - Modeling strategies of process systems - Mass and energy balances and degrees of freedom of process units and process systems Process flowsheeting - Flowsheet partitioning and tearing - Solution methods for process flowsheeting - Simultaneous methods - Sequential methods Process optimization and analysis - Classification of optimization problems - Linear programming - Non-linear programming - Optimization methods in process flowsheeting Commercial software for simulation: Aspen Plus - Thermodynamic property methods - Reaction and reactors - Separation / columns - Convergence, optimisation & debugging | |||||

Literature | An exemplary literature list is provided below: - Biegler, L.T., Grossmann I.E., Westerberg A.W., 1997, systematic methods of chemical process design. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, US. - Boyadjiev, C., 2010, Theoretical chemical engineering: modeling and simulation. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Germany. - Ingham, J., Dunn, I.J., Heinzle, E., Prenosil, J.E., Snape, J.B., 2007, Chemical engineering dynamics: an introduction to modelling and computer simulation. John Wiley & Sons, United States. - Reklaitis, G.V., 1983, Introduction to material and energy balances. John Wiley & Sons, United States. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | A basic understanding of material and energy balances, thermodynamic property methods and typical unit operations (e.g., reactors, flash separations, distillation/absorption columns etc.) is required. |

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