# Suchergebnis: Katalogdaten im Herbstsemester 2019

Agrarwissenschaften Master | ||||||

Vertiefung Agrarökonomie | ||||||

Methodische Kompetenzbereiche | ||||||

Methods in Agricultural Economics | ||||||

Nummer | Titel | Typ | ECTS | Umfang | Dozierende | |
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363-0305-00L | Empirical Methods in Management | W+ | 3 KP | 2G | S. Tillmanns | |

Kurzbeschreibung | Evidence-based management requires valid empirical research. In this course, students will learn the basics of research design, fundamentals of data collection and statistical methods to analyze the data acquired in social science research. Students are expected to apply their knowledge in class discussions and out-of-class assignments. | |||||

Lernziel | - Ability to formulate research questions and designing an appropriate study - Ability to collect and analyze data using a variety of methods - Ability to critically assess the quality of empirical research in management - Applied knowledge of empirical methods through out-of-class assignments | |||||

Inhalt | 1) Introduction to empirical management research 2) Research designs: exploratory, descriptive, experimental 3) Measurement and scaling 4) Data collection and sampling 5) Data analysis methods 6) Reporting and presenting empirical research | |||||

Voraussetzungen / Besonderes | Assignments and projects: This course includes out-of-class assignments and projects to give students some hands-on experience in conducting empirical research in management. Projects will focus on one particular aspect of empirical research, like the formulation of a research question or the design of a study. Students will have at least one week to work on each assignment. Students are expected to work on these assignments individually. Duplicate answers will receive no credit and will be subject to a disciplinary review. Assignments will be graded and need to be turned-in on time. Class participation: Class participation is encouraged and can greatly improve students' learning in this class. In this spirit, students are expected to attend class regularly and come to class prepared. | |||||

363-0585-00L | Intermediate Econometrics | W+ | 3 KP | 2V | N. Strecker, S. Ding | |

Kurzbeschreibung | The aim of the course is to discuss different econometric models and their empirical applications. We will cover cross-sectional linear and non-linear regression models, models for estimating treatment effects, and linear panel data models. | |||||

Lernziel | By the end of the course, students should understand the different existing approaches, their applicability, and their advantages and disadvantages. They should be able to read and understand regression output tables. Additionally, students will be able to apply the estimation approaches in practice using STATA. | |||||

Inhalt | The lectures will consist of both theoretical and practical components. In the theoretical part, we will discuss each estimation approach in detail. The lecture will present the assumptions, derivations, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of the estimation approach. In the empirical part, we will look at simulation results using artificial data. Furthermore, we will investigate a particular research question using STATA. The course will tentatively cover the following subjects: - review of ordinary least squares (OLS) estimation - instrumental variable estimation and two-stage least squares estimation - seemingly unrelated regression models - simultaneous equation models - maximum likelihood estimation - binary response models - count data models - censored and truncated regression models - sample selection models - treatment effect models - static linear panel data models (random effects and fixed effects estimation) For the theoretical portions of the lectures, we will prepare slides for in-class discussion. Slides will be distributed electronically before each lecture. For the applied portion of the lectures, we will provide STATA do files, log files, and data sets. Problem sets will also be made available after every lecture. These problem sets will not be collected or graded, but students can use them in order to prepare for the final exam. Solutions will be made available in the following lecture. While there is no required textbook for the course, we draw from the following texts, which are also recommend for the preparation of the exam: - Wooldridge, J.M. (2015). Introductory Econometrics. - Wooldridge, J.M. (2010). Econometrics of Cross Section and Panel Data. - Cameron, A.C. and P. Trivedi (2005). Microeconometrics. Methods and Applications. - Cameron, A.C. and P. Trivedi (2009). Microeconometrics Using Stata. - Angrist, J.D. and Pischke, J.-S. (2009). Mostly Harmless Econometrics. | |||||

Literatur | Jeffrey M. Wooldridge: Introductory Econometrics; Jeffrey M. Wooldridge: Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data; A. Colin Cameron and Pravin K. Trivedi. Microeconometrics: Methods and Applications. Joshua A. Angrist and Jörn-Steffen Pischke: Mostly Harmless Econometrics. | |||||

751-0423-00L | Risk Analysis and Risk Management in Agriculture | W+ | 3 KP | 2G | R. Finger | |

Kurzbeschreibung | Agricultural production is exposed to various risks which are important for decisions taken by farmers and other actors in the agri-food sector. Moreover, risk management is indispensable for all actors. This course introduces modern concepts on decision making under risk and recent developments in risk management. The focus of this course in on agriculture applications. | |||||

Lernziel | -to develop a better understanding of decision making under uncertainty and risk; -to gain experience in different approaches to analyze risky decisions; -to develop an understanding for different sources of risk in agricultural production; -to understand the crucial role of subjective perceptions and preferences for risk management decisions; -to get an overview on risk management in the agricultural sector, with a particular focus on insurance solutions | |||||

Inhalt | - Quantification and measurement of risk - Risk preferences, expected utility theory and alternative models of risk behavior - Concepts on the decision making under risk - Production, investment and diversification decisions under risk - Risk management in agriculture | |||||

Skript | Handouts will be distributed in the lecture and available on the moodle. | |||||

Voraussetzungen / Besonderes | knowledge of basic concepts of probability theory and microeconomics | |||||

751-1573-00L | Dynamic Simulation in Agricultural and Regional Economics | W+ | 2 KP | 2V | B. Kopainsky | |

Kurzbeschreibung | In dieser Vorlesung lernen die Studierenden die Grundzüge der Systemdynamik und deren Anwendung auf agrar- und regionalwirtschaftliche Fragestellungen. In der zweiten Vorlesungshälfte entwickeln die Studierenden ein eigenes Simulationsmodell, anhand dessen sie mögliche Interventionen zur Steigerung der ökonomischen als auch ökologischen Nachhaltigkeit von Ernährungssystemen evaluieren. | |||||

Lernziel | - Die Studierenden erlernen die Grundzüge der dynamischen Simulation. - Die Studierenden können angeleitet ein einfaches dynamisches Simulationsmodell aufbauen, analysieren, weiter entwickeln und Simulationsergebnisse interpretieren. - Über die Anwendung des entwickelten dynamischen Simulationsmodells gewinnen die Studierenden einerseits einen fundierten Einblick in Fragen der Ernährungsproblematik. Andererseits erkennen sie die Grenzen und das Potenzial der dynamischen Simulation, letzteres insbesondere auch in einem anwendungsorientierten Kontext. | |||||

Skript | Folien (werden während der Vorlesung zur Verfügung gestellt) | |||||

Literatur | Artikel (werden während der Vorlesung zur Verfügung gestellt) | |||||

363-0541-00L | Systems Dynamics and Complexity | W | 3 KP | 3G | F. Schweitzer | |

Kurzbeschreibung | Finding solutions: what is complexity, problem solving cycle. Implementing solutions: project management, critical path method, quality control feedback loop. Controlling solutions: Vensim software, feedback cycles, control parameters, instabilities, chaos, oscillations and cycles, supply and demand, production functions, investment and consumption | |||||

Lernziel | A successful participant of the course is able to: - understand why most real problems are not simple, but require solution methods that go beyond algorithmic and mathematical approaches - apply the problem solving cycle as a systematic approach to identify problems and their solutions - calculate project schedules according to the critical path method - setup and run systems dynamics models by means of the Vensim software - identify feedback cycles and reasons for unintended systems behavior - analyse the stability of nonlinear dynamical systems and apply this to macroeconomic dynamics | |||||

Inhalt | Why are problems not simple? Why do some systems behave in an unintended way? How can we model and control their dynamics? The course provides answers to these questions by using a broad range of methods encompassing systems oriented management, classical systems dynamics, nonlinear dynamics and macroeconomic modeling. The course is structured along three main tasks: 1. Finding solutions 2. Implementing solutions 3. Controlling solutions PART 1 introduces complexity as a system immanent property that cannot be simplified. It introduces the problem solving cycle, used in systems oriented management, as an approach to structure problems and to find solutions. PART 2 discusses selected problems of project management when implementing solutions. Methods for identifying the critical path of subtasks in a project and for calculating the allocation of resources are provided. The role of quality control as an additional feedback loop and the consequences of small changes are discussed. PART 3, by far the largest part of the course, provides more insight into the dynamics of existing systems. Examples come from biology (population dynamics), management (inventory modeling, technology adoption, production systems) and economics (supply and demand, investment and consumption). For systems dynamics models, the software program VENSIM is used to evaluate the dynamics. For economic models analytical approaches, also used in nonlinear dynamics and control theory, are applied. These together provide a systematic understanding of the role of feedback loops and instabilities in the dynamics of systems. Emphasis is on oscillating phenomena, such as business cycles and other life cycles. Weekly self-study tasks are used to apply the concepts introduced in the lectures and to come to grips with the software program VENSIM. Another objective of the self-study tasks is to practice efficient communication of such concepts. These are provided as home work and two of these will be graded (see "Prerequisites"). | |||||

Skript | The lecture slides are provided as handouts - including notes and literature sources - to registered students only. All material is to be found on the Moodle platform. More details during the first lecture | |||||

Voraussetzungen / Besonderes | The end-of-semester examination will account for 70% of the grade and may be conducted on computers. The self-study tasks contribute to the compulsory continuous performance assessment (obligatorisches Leistungselement) and account for 30% to the final grade. The Leistungselement contains several modules: one obligatory self-study tasks (self-assessment, pass/fail), one group activity (one out of 3 group exercises, 15% of grade), and one individual submission (one out of 6 individual exercises, 15% of grade). Students will also be required to submit peer feedback about self-study solutions of other students (4 feedback submissions in total). The 30% Leistungselement is conditional on the pass/fail self-assessment exercise and the four feedback submissions. | |||||

401-0647-00L | Introduction to Mathematical Optimization | W | 5 KP | 2V + 1U | D. Adjiashvili | |

Kurzbeschreibung | Introduction to basic techniques and problems in mathematical optimization, and their applications to a variety of problems in engineering. | |||||

Lernziel | The goal of the course is to obtain a good understanding of some of the most fundamental mathematical optimization techniques used to solve linear programs and basic combinatorial optimization problems. The students will also practice applying the learned models to problems in engineering. | |||||

Inhalt | Topics covered in this course include: - Linear programming (simplex method, duality theory, shadow prices, ...). - Basic combinatorial optimization problems (spanning trees, shortest paths, network flows, ...). - Modelling with mathematical optimization: applications of mathematical programming in engineering. | |||||

Literatur | Information about relevant literature will be given in the lecture. | |||||

Voraussetzungen / Besonderes | This course is meant for students who did not already attend the course "Mathematical Optimization", which is a more advance lecture covering similar topics. Compared to "Mathematical Optimization", this course has a stronger focus on modeling and applications. | |||||

363-0565-00L | Principles of Macroeconomics | W | 3 KP | 2V | J.‑E. Sturm | |

Kurzbeschreibung | This course examines the behaviour of macroeconomic variables, such as gross domestic product, unemployment and inflation rates. It tries to answer questions like: How can we explain fluctuations of national economic activity? What can economic policy do against unemployment and inflation? | |||||

Lernziel | This lecture will introduce the fundamentals of macroeconomic theory and explain their relevance to every-day economic problems. | |||||

Inhalt | This course helps you understand the world in which you live. There are many questions about the macroeconomy that might spark your curiosity. Why are living standards so meagre in many African countries? Why do some countries have high rates of inflation while others have stable prices? Why have some European countries adopted a common currency? These are just a few of the questions that this course will help you answer. Furthermore, this course will give you a better understanding of the potential and limits of economic policy. As a voter, you help choose the policies that guide the allocation of society's resources. When deciding which policies to support, you may find yourself asking various questions about economics. What are the burdens associated with alternative forms of taxation? What are the effects of free trade with other countries? How does the government budget deficit affect the economy? These and similar questions are always on the minds of policy makers. | |||||

Skript | The course webpage (to be found at https://moodle-app2.let.ethz.ch/course/view.php?id=11092) contains announcements, course information and lecture slides. | |||||

Literatur | The set-up of the course will closely follow the book of N. Gregory Mankiw and Mark P. Taylor (2017), Economics, Cengage Learning, Fourth Edition. Besides this textbook, the slides, lecture notes and problem sets will cover the content of the lecture and the exam questions. | |||||

Project Management and Communication | ||||||

Nummer | Titel | Typ | ECTS | Umfang | Dozierende | |

751-5201-00L | Tropical Cropping Systems, Soils and Livelihoods (With Excursion) | W+ | 5 KP | 5G | J. Six, A. Hofmann | |

Kurzbeschreibung | This course guides students in analyzing and comprehending tropical agroecosystems and food systems. Students gain practical knowledge of field methods, diagnostic tools and survey methods for tropical soils and agroecosystems. An integral part of the course is the two-week field project in Ethiopia, which is co-organized with Arba Minch University (Ethiopia) and KU Leuven (Belgium). | |||||

Lernziel | (1) Overview of the major land use systems in the East African Rift valley. (2) Transdisciplinary analysis of agricultural production systems in Southern Ethiopia. (3) Hands-on training on the use of field methods, diagnostic tools and survey methods. (4) Collaboration in international student teams (MSc students from Switzerland, Belgium and Ethiopia) | |||||

Voraussetzungen / Besonderes | The field project in Ethiopia will take place from Nov. 16 to Dec. 1, 2019. The number of participants of this class is limited to 20 students due to capacity limitations for the field project in Ethiopia. Participating students are strongly recommended to verify with lecturers from other courses whether their absence of two weeks may affect their performance in the respective courses. If you have questions regarding this class, please contact: anett.hofmann@usys.ethz.ch |

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