Search result: Catalogue data in Spring Semester 2019

Environmental Sciences Bachelor Information
Bachelor Studies (Programme Regulations 2011)
Natural Science and Technical Electives
Natural Science Modules
Biomedicine
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
701-0614-00LAllergies and EnvironmentW1 credit1VP. Schmid-Grendelmeier
AbstractAllergic diseases are common and of increasing importance. In this course symptoms and management of allergies such as hay fever, asthma, eczema or food allergy are presesented. The importnat interactions between environmental factors such as air quality, climate, nutrition and form and frequency of allergic diseases will be discussed.
ObjectiveKenntnis der Grundlagen der allergischen Erkrankungen bei Menschen, insbesonders der sogenannten Atopien. Kenntnis der Umweltallergene und der möglichen Mechanismen, welche für die Zunahme der allergischen Reaktionen verantwortlich sind. Kenntnis der Wechselbeziehungen zwischen individueller genetischer Prädisposition, Umweltallergenen und anderen Umweltfaktoren wie Luftschadstoffen.
ContentGrundtypen der allergischen Erkrankungen. Begriff von Atopien und Pseudoallergien. Pathophysiologie IgE-vermittelter Reaktionen inkl. Mechanismen der IgE-Regulation. Epidemiologische Daten über die Zunahme der Allergien als Umweltkrankheiten Nr. 1 und Gründe für ihre Zunahme. Besprechung der wichtigsten inhalativen und nutritiven Allergene wie Pollen, Hausstaubmilben, Pilzsporen, Nahrungsmittel und Nahrungsmittelzusätze.
Lecture notesMerkblätter resp Vorlesungsunterlagen werden abgegeben.
LiteratureAxel Trautmann und Jörg Kleine-Tebbe:
Allergie-Diagnose/Allergie-Therapie
Thieme-Verlag. 2 Auflage (2013)
ISBN 978-3-13-142181-4
227-0398-10LPhysiology and Anatomy for Biomedical Engineers IIW3 credits2GM. Wyss
AbstractThis course offers an introduction into the structure and function of the human body, and how these are interlinked with one another. Focusing on physiology, the visualization of anatomy is supported by 3D-animation, Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance imaging.
ObjectiveTo understand basic principles and structure of the human body in consideration of the clinical relevance and the medical terminology used in medical work and research.
ContentDigestive system, nutrition and digestion
Thermal balance and thermoregulation
Kidneys and urinary system
Endocrine system and hormones
Reproductive System
Basic anatomy of neck, face and cranium
Basics of neurophysiology and neuroanatomy
Sense organs
Lecture notesLecture notes and handouts
LiteratureSilbernagl S., Despopoulos A. Color Atlas of Physiology; Thieme 2008
Faller A., Schuenke M. The Human Body; Thieme 2004
Netter F. Atlas of human anatomy; Elsevier 2014
752-1300-00LIntroduction to ToxicologyW3 credits2VR. Eggen, S. J. Sturla
AbstractIntroduction to how chemical properties and biological interactions govern the disposition and influences of toxicants.
ObjectiveThe objectives are for the student to establish a framework for examining adverse effects resulting from exposures to toxicants by understanding key mechanisms that give rise to toxic responses and disease processes.
ContentThis course will introduce mechanisms governing the chemical disposition and biological influences of toxicants. The course is geared toward advanced bachelors students in food science, environmental science, and related disciplines, such as chemistry, biology and pharmaceutical sciences. Examples of topics include: dose-response relationships and risk assessment, absorption, transport, and biotransformation of xenobiotic chemicals; Carcinogenesis; DNA damage, repair, and mutation; Immunotoxicity; Neurotoxicity; and modern toxicity testing strategies. These fundamental concepts in Mechanistic Toxicology will be integrated with examples of toxicants relevant to food, drugs and the environment.
LiteratureCasarett & Doull's Toxicology, The Basic Science of Poisons. Seventh Edition. Editor: Curtis D. Klaassen, 2008, McGraw-Hill. (available on-line)
Prerequisites / NoticeBasic knowledge of organic chemistry and biochemistry is required.
Soil Sciences
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
701-0362-00LSoils and Vegetation of the Alps Restricted registration - show details
Voraussetzungen sind die bestandenen Prüfungen in "Bodenchemie" (701-0533-00L; R. Kretzschmar, D.I. Christl) und "Pedosphäre" (701-0501-00L; R. Kretzschmar). Falls gleichwertige Voraussetzungen (z.B. von anderen Hochschulen) vorliegen, muss eine Teilnahme zuvor mit den Dozenten abgesprochen werden.
W2 credits2PA. Widmer, R. Kretzschmar
AbstractField trip: Knowledge of the interactions between plants and environment (especially climate and soil) in the Alps (demonstrated in the Davos region); sites on different substrate (dolomite, acid and basic silicate, serpentine) in the subalpine and alpine zones; structure and development of the soils, implications for the plants, characteristic vegetation types and species at the respective sites.
ObjectiveKnowledge of the interactions between plants and their environment (especially climate and soil) in the Alps (demonstrated in the Davos region).
ContentField trip in the Davos region: Sites on different substrat (dolomite, acid and basic silicate, serpentine) in the subalpine and alpine zones; structure and development of the soils, implications for the plants, characteristic vegetation types and species at the respective sites.
Lecture notesA guide to the excursion will be made available.
LiteratureLandolt E. 2003: Unsere Alpenflora. 7.Aufl., SAC-Verlag.
Prerequisites / NoticeVoraussetzungen /Besonderes:
Diese Lehrveranstaltung kann nur mit bestandenen Prüfungen in "Bodenchemie" (701-0533-00L; R. Kretzschmar, D.I. Christl) und "Pedosphäre" (701-0501-00L; R. Kretzschmar) belegt werden. Falls gleichwertige Voraussetzungen (z.B. von anderen Hochschulen) vorliegen, muss eine Teilnahme zuvor mit den Dozenten abgesprochen werden. Studierende, die auch die Vorlesung "Flora und Vegetation der Alpen" (701-0364-00V; A. Widmer) belegen, können diese Lehrveranstaltung nicht zusätzlich belegen

Besonderes
Die viertägigen Exkursion in der Region Davos findet statt vom Mittwoch, 3. Juli bis Samstag, 6. Juli 2019. Die Reisekosten werden von der ETH Zürich übernommen; die Departemente Biologie und Umweltsystemwissenschaften leisten einen Beitrag an die Unterkunftskosten; die restlichen Kosten (Unterkunft inkl. Vollpension und Exkursionsführer) von 190 Fr. müssen von den Teilnehmenden übernommen werden.

Die Exkursionen finden in den Bergen statt. Die Teilnehmenden müssen deshalb geländegängig sein, auch in steilem Gelände. Bei Bedenken bitten wir um rechtzeitige Kontaktaufnahme, damit wir die Situation vorgängig analysieren und besprechen können.
701-0518-00LSoil Resources and Global ChangeW3 credits2GM. W. Evangelou, S. Dötterl
AbstractIntroduction into problems, concepts and areas of action related to soil resources and land use
ObjectiveUnderstand the aims, problems, boundary conditions of anthropogenic use of soils
To estimate the effects of land use and the resulting stress on soils of different climate zones.
ContentSoil functions and threats to soil quality; soil erosion; impacts of land use on water and gas circulation related to soils; regional and global estimations of threats to soil functions: soil compaction, soil salinization; soil contamination by toxic substances; soil amendments, remediation of polluted soil; soil protection planning and policies
Lecture notesHandouts will be distributed.
701-0522-01LApplied Soil EcologyW2 credits2GA. M. Gramlich
AbstractThis self-guided e-learning course gives students the possibility to deepen their knowledge and understanding in important areas of soil science and to apply it in little case studies to real-world problems
ObjectiveTo deepen the knowledge and understanding of important topics in soil science and to learn by means of selected example cases– how this knowledge can be applied to solve in real-world problems in soil use and protection.
ContentThe course consists of 8 modules, of which three must be worked through to gain 2 credit points: 1) water storage in soil, 2) dynamics of soil organic matter, 3) soil erosion, 4) soil aeration and soil compaction, 5) soil acidification, 6) fertility and sustainable use of soil, 7) soil contamination and remediation, 8) soil salinization
Prerequisites / NoticeBasic knowledge in soil sciences
701-0524-00LSoil BiologyW3 credits2VO. Daniel, B. W. Frey
AbstractBasic knowledge on biological structures and functions in soil. Knowledge on biological interactions, nutrient cycles and energy fluxes.
ObjectiveBasic knowledge on biological structures and functions in soil. Discussion of biological interactions, nutrient cycles and energy fluxes in the subsurface.
ContentStruktur des Biotops Boden: Chemische, physikalische und biologische Faktoren Kopplung Boden-Wasser-Luft. Struktur der Biozönosen im Boden. Interaktionen Bodenfauna-Umwelt und Bodenmikroorganismen-Umwelt. Stoffkreisläufe und biologisch katalysierte Prozesse im Boden. Evaluation von bodenbiologischen Methoden.
Lecture notesHandouts and student assignments will be distributed during the course.
LiteratureNo specific books required. Some recommendations will be given in the course
Prerequisites / NoticeVoraussetzungen: Grundlagen der Bodenphysik, Bodenchemie, Zoologie und Mikrobiologie.
701-1802-00LEcology of Forest SoilW3 credits2GS. Zimmermann, J. Luster
AbstractDeepen and apply the basic knowledge in forest soil ecology obtained in previous courses (Bachelor degree); this is achieved by the autonomous study of selected questions in working groups and lectures on case studies.
Objective- Deepen and apply the basic knowledge in forest soil ecology obtained in previous courses (Bachelor degree).
- Get familiar with current issues in forest soil ecology based on case studies directed to practical problems
- Gain a deeper understanding through autonomous studies of selected questions in forest ecology in working groups. This includes an autonomous soil description in the field.
Content- Overview of forest soils in Switzerland /concept of reference soils
- Forest and water (hydromorphic soils, water retention, flood protection and forest soils)
- Physical soil protection in forests: DPSIR approch (driver-pressure-state-impact-response), regeneration after compaction
- Acidification of forest soils
- Inorganic soil contamination (focus on heavy metals)
- spatial soil information (soil maps, extrapolation of point information)
- Long-term forest ecosystem research: monitoring of atmospheric pollution and reaction of the soil (soil solution and soil matrix)
- Nutrient pools and cycling in the soil environment
- Soil-plant-interactions / processes in the rhizosphere
- Carbon balance and global change
- Land-use effects on the carbon balance
- Drought and forest soils
Lecture notesLecture notes, working material exercises will be handed out.
Literature- Walthert, L., Zimmermann, S., Blaser, P., Luster, J., Lüscher, P., 2004: Waldböden der Schweiz. Volume 1. Grundlagen und Region Jura. Birmensdorf, Eidgenössische Forschungsanstalt WSL. Bern, Hep Verlag, 768 pp.
- Blaser, P., Zimmermann, S., Luster, J., Walthert, L., Lüscher, P. 2005: Waldböden der Schweiz. Volume 2. Regionen Alpen und Alpensüdseite. Birmensdorf, Eidgenössische Forschungsanstalt WSL. Bern, Hep Verlag, 920 pp.
- Zimmermann, S., Luster, J., Blaser, P., Walthert, L., Lüscher, P. (2006): Waldböden der Schweiz. Volume 3. Regionen Mittelland und Voralpen. Birmensdorf, Eidgenössische Forschungsanstalt WSL. Bern, Hep Verlag. 848 pp.
- Ott, E., Frehner, M., Frey, H.-U., Lüscher, P., 1997: Gebirgsnadelwälder. Ein praxisorientierter Leitfaden für eine standortgerechte Waldbehandlung. Haupt, Bern. 287 pp.
- Blume, H.P., Brümmer, G., Horn, R., Kandeler, E., Kögel-Knabner, I., Kretzschmar, R., Stahr, K., Wilke, B.M. 2010. Scheffer/Schachtschabel, Lehrbuch der Bodenkunde, 16th edition, Spektrum Akademischer Verlage, Heidelberg, 569 pp.
Prerequisites / Notice- Practical field work as a basis for a presentation held during class is part of the requirement. Workload approximately 1 day.
- Each learning unit of 2 hours will be organised as follows. A lecture of one hour is followed by an hour of autonomous study in working groups on a selected topic.
- It is required that students have some knowledge in practical Soil Science (recommended: Integrated applied soil course, 4th semester, and courses of the specialization "Wald und Landschaft", part site classification (soil science & phytosociology) 6th semester)
Methodes of Statistical Data Analysis
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
701-0104-00LStatistical Modelling of Spatial DataW3 credits2GA. J. Papritz
AbstractIn environmental sciences one often deals with spatial data. When analysing such data the focus is either on exploring their structure (dependence on explanatory variables, autocorrelation) and/or on spatial prediction. The course provides an introduction to geostatistical methods that are useful for such analyses.
ObjectiveThe course will provide an overview of the basic concepts and stochastic models that are used to model spatial data. In addition, participants will learn a number of geostatistical techniques and acquire familiarity with R software that is useful for analyzing spatial data.
ContentAfter an introductory discussion of the types of problems and the kind of data that arise in environmental research, an introduction into linear geostatistics (models: stationary and intrinsic random processes, modelling large-scale spatial patterns by linear regression, modelling autocorrelation by variogram; kriging: mean square prediction of spatial data) will be taught. The lectures will be complemented by data analyses that the participants have to do themselves.
Lecture notesSlides, descriptions of the problems for the data analyses and solutions to them will be provided.
LiteratureP.J. Diggle & P.J. Ribeiro Jr. 2007. Model-based Geostatistics. Springer.

Bivand, R. S., Pebesma, E. J. & Gómez-Rubio, V. 2013. Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R. Springer.
Prerequisites / NoticeFamiliarity with linear regression analysis (e.g. equivalent to the first part of the course 401-0649-00L Applied Statistical Regression) and with the software R (e.g. 401-6215-00L Using R for Data Analysis and Graphics (Part I), 401-6217-00L Using R for Data Analysis and Graphics (Part II)) are required for attending the course.
401-0102-00LApplied Multivariate StatisticsW5 credits2V + 1UF. Sigrist
AbstractMultivariate statistics analyzes data on several random variables simultaneously. This course introduces the basic concepts and provides an overview of classical and modern methods of multivariate statistics including visualization, dimension reduction, supervised and unsupervised learning for multivariate data. An emphasis is on applications and solving problems with the statistical software R.
ObjectiveAfter the course, you are able to:
- describe the various methods and the concepts behind them
- identify adequate methods for a given statistical problem
- use the statistical software R to efficiently apply these methods
- interpret the output of these methods
ContentVisualization, multivariate outliers, the multivariate normal distribution, dimension reduction, principal component analysis, multidimensional scaling, factor analysis, cluster analysis, classification, multivariate tests and multiple testing
Lecture notesNone
Literature1) "An Introduction to Applied Multivariate Analysis with R" (2011) by Everitt and Hothorn
2) "An Introduction to Statistical Learning: With Applications in R" (2013) by Gareth, Witten, Hastie and Tibshirani

Electronic versions (pdf) of both books can be downloaded for free from the ETH library.
Prerequisites / NoticeThis course is targeted at students with a non-math background.

Requirements:
==========
1) Introductory course in statistics (min: t-test, regression; ideal: conditional probability, multiple regression)
2) Good understanding of R (if you don't know R, it is recommended that you study chapters 1,2,3,4, and 5 of "Introductory Statistics with R" from Peter Dalgaard, which is freely available online from the ETH library)

An alternative course with more emphasis on theory is 401-6102-00L "Multivariate Statistics" (only every second year).

401-0102-00L and 401-6102-00L are mutually exclusive. You can register for only one of these two courses.
401-6624-11LApplied Time SeriesW5 credits2V + 1UM. Dettling
AbstractThe course starts with an introduction to time series analysis (examples, goal, mathematical notation). In the following, descriptive techniques, modeling and prediction as well as advanced topics will be covered.
ObjectiveGetting to know the mathematical properties of time series, as well as the requirements, descriptive techniques, models, advanced methods and software that are necessary such that the student can independently run an applied time series analysis.
ContentThe course starts with an introduction to time series analysis that comprises of examples and goals. We continue with notation and descriptive analysis of time series. A major part of the course will be dedicated to modeling and forecasting of time series using the flexible class of ARMA models. More advanced topics that will be covered in the following are time series regression, state space models and spectral analysis.
Lecture notesA script will be available.
Prerequisites / NoticeThe course starts with an introduction to time series analysis that comprises of examples and goals. We continue with notation and descriptive analysis of time series. A major part of the course will be dedicated to modeling and forecasting of time series using the flexible class of ARMA models. More advanced topics that will be covered in the following are time series regression, state space models and spectral analysis.
Ecology and Conservation Biology
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
701-0303-00LForest Communities and Their Sites Information W2 credits1GH.‑U. Frey
AbstractSystematic overview of Swiss forest-vegetation, communities and their site-factors and methods of vegetation-survey will be shown.
Objective* Erwerb einer Übersicht über wichtige Typen von Pflanzengemeinschaften und ihre Standortsverhältnisse (in geographischer und ökologischer Hinsicht) der Waldvegetation der Schweiz.

* Einordnen einzelner Standortstypen bezüglich ihrer Ökologie, Nutzung und Schutzwürdigkeit.

* Kennenlernen wichtiger Zeigerpflanzen der Waldvegetation.

* Wechselwirkungen zwischen Standorten und Pflanzengemeinschaften bestimmen die Erscheinung und Funktion von Ökosystemen. Deren Ursachen verstehen und deren Bedeutung für die Praxis (Wald- und Landschaftsmanagement, Naturschutz) beurteilen können.

* Faktoren kennen lernen, die für das Vorkommen bestimmter Standortstypen entscheidend sind, und wie diese Faktoren die Zusammensetzung der Pflanzengemeinschaften beeinflussen.

* Kennenlernen von Methoden für die Erhebung, Auswertung und Darstellung von Vegetationsdaten und kritische Würdigung deren Aussagewerte.
ContentEine systematische Übersicht über die Waldvegetation der Schweiz und deren Standortsverhältnisse wird aufgezeigt. Wichtige Standortstypen, deren charakteristische Pflanzenzusammensetzung, ausschlaggebende Faktoren und Bewirtschaftungshinweise werden vermittelt. Besprochen werden zudem grundlegende Konzepte und Methoden der Vegetationskunde, Probleme der Datenerhebung und verschiedene Ansätze der Datenauswertung. Die Disziplin wird in der Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften positioniert.
Lecture notesWird während dem Unterricht verteilt.
Die Unterlagen stehen auch unter Link, Rubrik Lehre/Lehrmaterialien/Lehrmaterialien zum Herunterladen zur Verfügung (nethz-Zugriff).
Sämtliche während der Vorlesung gezeigten Abbildungen stehen auf Link zur Verfügung.
Ein eigens zusammengestelltes e-learning Programm kann auf Link heruntergeladen werden.
LiteratureBAFU (2005) Nachhaltigkeit und Erfolgskontrolle im Schutzwald.
Link
Ellenberg, H. (1996) Vegetation Mitteleuropas mit den Alpen 5.Aufl. Ulmer, Stuttgart.
Ott E., Frehner M., Frey, H.U., Lüscher, P. (1997) Gebirgsnadelwälder. Haupt, Bern.
Steiger P., (2010) Wälder der Schweiz 4.Aufl. Ott Thun
Prerequisites / NoticeDie Lehrveranstaltung "Waldvegetation und Waldstandorte" ist essentielle Grundlage zum Verständnis der im Praktikum "Wald und Landschaft - Teil Standortskunde" gebotenen Inhalte und wird dringend empfohlen.
701-0310-00LConservation Biology Information W2 credits2GF. Knaus
AbstractIn this course, the students explore ecological approaches, philosophical foundations, and practical implementations of conservation activities. Based on case studies, they are introduced to different views, values and ideals inherent in these activities.
ObjectiveStudents of this course are able to:
- understand the historical development and the current state of biodiversity and estimate possible future trends
- explain the economic legal, political and philosophical foundations of conservation activities
- define different possibilities of how conservation can be implemented in practice
- identify and critically appraise normative elements in conservation
- analyse and evaluate a nature conservation project from conception to successful completion.
ContentThe course covers the following content:
- Describe and analyse the past, current and future human impacts on biodiversity.
- Explore alternative approaches to nature conservation and their implementation for example species or habitat protection, restorations, parks, etc.
- Discuss the ethical, moral, legal, and economic reasons for conservation.
- Understand the main theories relevant to conservation such as the vulnerability of small populations, ecosystem services, biodiversity, etc.
- Explore practical examples during excursions and provide an analysis and evaluation of concrete case studies.
Lecture notesKein Skript
LiteratureKüster H. 1999: Geschichte der Landschaft in Mitteleuropa. Von der Eiszeit bis zur Gegenwart. Beck, München, Germany. 424p.
Piechocki R. 2010: Landschaft, Heimat, Wildnis. Schutz der Natur - aber welcher und warum? Beck'sche Reihe, Beck, München, Germany. 266p.
Primack R.B. 2008: A primer of Conservation Biology. Fourth Edition. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland MA, USA. 349p.
Prerequisites / NoticeKenntnisse aus den folgenden LV sind vorausgesetzt:
- Allgemeine Biologie I
- Allgemeine Biologie II
- Biologie III: Ökologie
- Biologie IV: Diversität der Pflanzen und Tiere
701-0314-00LPlant Diversity: Colline/Montane Restricted registration - show details
Number of participants is limited to 24 (splitted between BIOL and USYS).
Priority is given to Environmental Science students (BSc/MSc) and Agricultural students (BSc/MSc).
Enrollment is possible until February 18th, 2019.
The excursion fee has to be payed until March 18th, 2019. Unpaid places will be given to students on the waiting list until April 1st, 2019.
W3 credits6PR. Berndt, A. Guggisberg
AbstractThe practical focuses on the flora and vegetation of the central Rhone valley in the Valais cantone and covers the foothill and montane zone. During an excursion to Visp the students will deepen their knowledge of plant species and learn to recognize important vegetation units and their ecological characteristics. An introduction will be provided in Zurich.
ObjectiveKnowledge of the most important vegetation types, their flora and ecological conditions in an intramontane xeric valley (central Rhone valley). Consolidation of taxonomic and plant morphological knowledge. Experience in plant determination using scientific determination keys. Teaching of basic collecting and herbarium techniques.
ContentLecture: Introduction to the vegetation of xeric intramontane valleys. Climatic, biogeographic and geological characteristics of the central Valais; adaptation of plants to a xeric environment.
Excursions: Identification of vascular plant species. Characteristic vegetation types of a xeric intramontane valley and their ecological conditions. Interaction between plants and their environment: Examples from pollination, reproduction and dispersal strategies. Adaptations of plant species to their environment. Essential techniques of collecting and pressing of plants.
Literature-Baltisberger M., Nyffeler R. & Widmer A. 2013: Systematische Botanik. 4., vollständig überarbeitete und erweiterte Aufl. v/d/f Hochschulverlag AG an der ETH Zürich.
-Hess H.E., Landolt E., Hirzel R. & Baltisberger M. 2015: Bestimmungsschlüssel zur Flora der Schweiz. 7., aktualisierte und überarbeitete Aufl., Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel/Boston/Berlin.
Prerequisites / NoticeWe only admit students to the practical who have successfully completed the introductory lectures of Prof. Leuchtmann and the associated exercises and excursions. In addition, it is expected that the participants know how to use a determination key (Bestimmungsschlüssel zur Flora der Schweiz) and understand the necessary descriptive terminology.

Students from other universities are requested to contact the lecturers.

Program:
3.6. Introduction (Zürich, ETH Centre, CHN D-46)
11.-15.6. Excursion to Valais (Visp)
18.6. Exam (Zürich, ETH Centre, CHN building, room to be announced)

The excursion will take place in the mountains under any weather conditions. The participants should be equipped appropriately to cope with rough and steep terrain and adverse weather conditions. Sturdy mountain boots are mandatory!

Course fees:
ETH and the Departments of Biology and Environmental Sciences financially support this excursion. The students’ fee is CHF 240.- and covers transport, accommodation and full board.
701-0314-01LPlant Diversity: Subalpine/Alpine Restricted registration - show details
Number of participants is limited to 24 (splitted between BIOL and USYS).
Priority is given to Environmental Science students (BSc/MSc) and Agricultural students (BSc/MSc).
Enrollment is possible until February 18th, 2019.
The excursion fee has to be payed until March 18th, 2019. Unpaid places will be given to students on the waiting list until April 1st, 2019.
W3 credits6PA. Guggisberg, R. Berndt
AbstractThe practical focuses on the flora and vegetation of the northern Alps and covers the altitudinal range between the upper montane and the lower alpine zone. During an excursion to Kandersteg the students will deepen their knowledge of plant species and learn to recognize important vegetation units and their ecological characteristics. An introduction will be provided in Zurich.
ObjectiveKnowledge of the most important vegetation types, their flora and ecological conditions in the northern Alps (Berner Oberland). Consolidation of taxonomic and plant morphological knowledge. Experience in plant determination using scientific determination keys.
ContentLectures/course: Climatic and geological divisions of the Alps. Effect of local conditions on vegetation of different altitudes. Adaptation of plants to various alpine conditions.
Excursions: Identification of vascular plant species. Characteristic vegetation types of the subalpine and alpine zone (e.g. subalpine conifer forests, tall-herb communities and green alder scrubs, alpine grassland and scree vegetation, subalpine floodplain alder forest with fens) and their ecological conditions. Interaction between plants and their environment: Examples from pollination, reproduction and dispersal strategies; adaptations of plant species to their environment.
Literature-Baltisberger M., Nyffeler R. & Widmer A. 2013: Systematische Botanik. 4., vollständig überarbeitete und erweiterte Aufl. v/d/f Hochschulverlag AG an der ETH Zürich.
-Hess H.E., Landolt E., Hirzel R. & Baltisberger M. 2015: Bestimmungsschlüssel zur Flora der Schweiz. 7., aktualisierte und überarbeitete Aufl., Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel/Boston/Berlin.
Prerequisites / NoticeWe only admit students to the practical who have successfully completed the introductory lectures in systematic botany of Prof. Leuchtmann together with the associated exercises and excursions. In addition, we expect that the participants know how to use a determination key (Bestimmungsschlüssel zur Flora der Schweiz) and understand the necessary terminology.

Students from other universities are requested to contact the lecturers.

Program:
18.6. Introduction for subsequent week (Zurich, ETH Centre, CHN building)
24.6.-28.6. Excursion northern Alps (Kandersteg): upper montane to alpine zone
1.7. Exam and visit of Herbarium (Zurich, Botanical Garden, University of Zurich).

The excursion will take place in the mountains under any weather conditions. The participants should be able to cope with rough and steep terrain and should bring appropriate equipment. Sturdy mountain boots are mandatory!

Course fees:
The ETH Departments of Biology and Environmental Systems Sciences financially support this excursion. The costs amount CHF 260.- per student and cover transport, accommodation and full board.
701-0316-00LWoody Plants of Central EuropeW3 credits2GA. Rudow
AbstractTrees and shrubs are significant structural elements of forests and landscapes and drivers of several important ecosystem processes. The course builds on the Introduction to Dendrology (Dendrology I) and provides a wide survey about the woody plant flora of Central Europe as well as an in-depth knowledge of the identification, the ecology and the use of a large palett of selected species.
ObjectiveAdvanced knowledge of the woody plant species native in Middle Europe. Ability to identify selected species and taxonomic groups as well as ability to decribe and explain their morphological, physiological and ecological characteristics. Practical knowledge of in situ observation of woody plants and a differentiated view on forest ecosystems.
ContentEnlargement of the basic knowledge about woody plants on the basis of concrete observations and practical exercises in the classroom as well as on the excursions (building on the course Introduction to Dendrology, Dendrology I). Emphasis on the identification of 160 selected native and introduced tree and shrub species of Central Europe as well as an in-depth knowledge of the mode of life of trees and shrubs and the ecological traits of the 80 most frequent woody plant species (physiology, autecology, synecology, habitat) in the context of current forest and landscape topics.
Lecture notesRudow, A., 2019: Gehölzpflanzen Mitteleuropas - Folien (in German).
Rudow, A., 2019: Dendrologie II - Bestimmungshilfe für 160 einheimische und eingeführte Gehölzarten (in German).
Rudow, A., 2019: Dendrologie II - Ökologische Eigenschaften von 80 häufigen einheimischen und eingeführten Gehölzarten (in German).
LiteratureAas, G., 2017: Bäume und Sträucher. Bestimmungsschlüssel der Gehölze Mitteleuropas (in German).
Steiger, P., 2016: Esche, Espe oder Erle? Pflanzenporträts aller wild wachsenden Gehölze Mitteleuropas (in German).
(a broad overview on literature will be given during the course)
Prerequisites / NoticeThe course is based on 701-0266-00L Introduction into Dendrology (Dendrology I). This or equivalent knowledge is a prerequisite for the course.
Half of the course will be held in form of excursions and exercises in the forest (Zurich, Argovia, Alps) and botanical collections. Weatherproof clothes are presupposed.
701-0322-00LSeminar with Conservation PractitionersW2 credits2SR. Holderegger, A. L. Bergamini
AbstractIn this seminar, students meet with specialists from practical nature conservation. The students, together with the practitioners, will consider current concepts and problems in nature conservation. This includes input-presentations by practitioners, and students will discuss and treat relevant problems in more detail.
ObjectiveThe aim of the seminar is to bring students into contact with parctitioners in nature conservation and to consider and discuss current problems of nature conservation in Switzerland.
ContentThe seminar consists of several blocks, each dealing with a separate problem or topic of nature conservation. Each block includes a presentation and a more-in-depth treatment of the corresponding theme in student groups and discussions. The invited professionals come from national and cantonal authorities, consulting offices, NGOs or from research institutes. Additionally, there is a short excursion.
Lecture notesNo script. Diverse material will be made available.
LiteratureNo text book.
Prerequisites / NoticeThe additional effort of students, in addition to the lecture hours, is about 2 hours per week.
The evaluation of student activities is an integral part of the seminar.

Teaching form: This seminar needs the active participation of students! It consists of input talks, group work, presentations, discussions, readings and a short excursion.
701-0324-00LRain Forest EcologyW2 credits2GC. Kettle, C. D. Philipson
AbstractTropical rain forests contain most of the world's terrestrial biodiversity as well as immense carbon stores, and support the livelihoods of 1.5 billion people. This course addresses the ecology and management of tropical rain forests with a view to understanding the impact of land use change on their biodiversity, as well as food security, carbon storage, poverty alleviation and climate change.
ObjectiveThe course has several learning objectives organised in three sections:

Overview of rain forest formations
1. Explore the diversity and functioning of one of the world's most important biomes: tropical rain forests.

The ecology and dynamics of rain forest systems
2. Introduce and evaluate competing ecological and biogeographic theories of species coexistence.
3. Understand how interacting ecological processes acting over multiple time and spatial scales can shape patterns of species diversity.
4. Explore how species, functional groups and environment interact to shape rain forest structure and function.

Conservation and management of tropical rain forest regions
5. Recognise and understand the complexity of threats facing rain forests and their implications to human wellbeing.
6. Apply ecological theory and ecosystem understanding to current conservation challenges.
7. Understand conservation and land management strategies in the tropics and evaluate the conditions for their success

A primary objective of the course is to encourage students to use basic ecological knowledge to infer conclusions and evaluate strategies that address more applied environmental challenges. In so doing students would be encouraged to draw upon the ecological knowledge gained from this course, but also from other courses in ecology, ecological genetics, ecosystem function, conservation, agriculture and land use.
ContentThe course will first address the fundamental ecological processes underlying tropical rain forest form, diversity and function. Building upon this foundation, issues of more applied relevance will be introduced, including threats to rain forests and their biodiversity, and strategies for biodiversity conservation forest protection. This will gradually be developed to incorporate increasingly broader and global considerations that are highly relevant to tropical rain forests including land use in the context of increasing global food demands and the need to reduce global carbon emissions. The course will draw on ecological theory, biodiversity assessment, economic theory, remote sensing technologies, spatial modelling, environmental services, ecosystem management and land use planning, and will therefore be complementary to a variety of other courses offered at Bachelor and Masters level.
Lecture notesLeture notes will be provided as necessary for each session. A list of references and case studies will also be given. Several classes will incorporate class discussions of conservation-relevant issues and material will be provided in support of such discussions.
LiteratureGhazoul, J and Sheil, DS (2010) Tropical rain forest ecology, diversity and conservation. Oxford University Press. And topical papers selected from the recent literature
701-0364-00LFlora, Vegetation and Soils of the Alps Restricted registration - show details W3 credits1V + 2PA. Widmer, R. Kretzschmar
AbstractLecture: Environmental factors and interactions between plants and their environment in the area of the Alps; origin of the flora of the Alps; altitudinal levels and their characteristic vegetations.
Field trip: Sites on different substrate in the subalpine and alpine zones; structure and development of the soils, implications for the plants, characteristic vegetation types and plant species.
ObjectiveFamiliarity with environmental factors and the interactions between plants and their environment in the area of the Alps.
ContentLecture: Environmental factors in the alps; adaptation of plants; patterns of distribution; genesis of the flora of the Alps; altitudinal levels; characteristic vegetation.
Field trip: Sites on different substrate (dolomite, acid and basic silicate, serpentine) in the subalpine and alpine zones; structure and development of the soils, implications for the plants, characteristic vegetation types and species at the respective sites.
Lecture notessee under "Literatur". For the excursion a guide will be available.
LiteratureLandolt E. 2003: Unsere Alpenflora. 7.Aufl., SAC-Verlag.
Prerequisites / NoticeRequirements:
Solid background in systematic botany; successful participation in the course "Systematic Biology: Plants" (Nr. 701-0360-00). It is further recommended that participants have also participated in the block course "Plant Diversity" (Nr. 701-2314-00L), or alternatively the two courses "Plant Diversity: Colline/Montane" (701-0314-00L) and "Plant Diversity: Subalpine/Alpine" (701-0314-01L).

The course consists of the lecture (spring semester, Mo 17-18, CHN G42) and an excursion in July (four days, July 3 to 6, 2019) in the Alps.

The examination includes contents from the lecture and excursion.

Excursion: Travel costs are covered by ETH Zurich. The Biology and Environmental Systems Science Departments contribute to housing costs for the excursion. The remaining costs of 190 Swiss Francs for accommodation, food and the printed excursion booklet are to be covered by the participants.

The excursion takes place in the Alps. Participants therefore must be able and used to walk in steep terrain and have the necessary equipment (most importantly, good hiking shoes). In case of concerns, please contact the responsible person well in advance.

Please note that this course will be taught in German.
701-1663-00LExploring Resilience of Tropical Forest Landscapes
This course takes place exceptionally after spring semester 2019.
W4 credits9GC. Kettle, C. D. Philipson
AbstractA highly interactive learning experience with real world exposure to the challenges associated with conservation and management of tropical forest systems. Designed as a complementary course to Rain Forest Ecology 701-0324-00L. Students will gain first-hand experience of tropical forest landscapes and the challenges associated with conducting ecological research in this fascinating environment.
ObjectiveThe course will have four core learning objectives: 1) provide students with an understanding and experience of a range of tropical rainforest systems, and an appreciation of the challenges of managing these landscapes to provide multiple ecosystem services. 2) To develop their creative and critical scientific thinking and experimental design in the context of tropical field ecology. Specifically through design and implementation an Adaptive Management approach to tropical forest landscapes. 3) Students will develop their understanding of multiple stakeholders perspectives in the context of landscape management in SE Asian develop the knowledge to discuss this issues with experts in the field. Students will present their Adaptive Management Plans to senior Forest Researchers in the forest department at the FRC Sabah and engage in dialogue regarding diverse perspectives in forest and landscape management. 4) To develop their team building skills to work in culturally diverse groups and under sometimes challenging conditions to work toward a common research goal.
ContentProposed topics to be covered within the scope of the projects and based upon the expertise of the course lecturers: Tropical Ecology, Forest Ecology and Forest Botany. Tropical Forest management and restoration. Conservation biology, Animal behaviour, tropical entomology. Biodiversity and ecosystem function. Resilience and Adaptive Management.
LiteratureLiterature presented in Tropical Rainforest Ecology
Prerequisites / Notice701-0324-00 G Rain Forest Ecology
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