# Search result: Catalogue data in Autumn Semester 2018

Energy Science and Technology Master | ||||||

Electives - Elective Core Courses for the 2007 MEST regulations - Electives for the 2018 MEST regulations These courses are particularly recommended, other ETH-courses from the field of Energy Science and Technology at large may be chosen in accordance with your tutor. | ||||||

Electrical Power Engineering | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |
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227-0113-00L | Power Electronics | W | 6 credits | 4G | J. W. Kolar | |

Abstract | Fields of application of power electronic systems. Principle of operation of basic pulse-width modulated and line-commutated power electronic converters, analysis of the operating behavior and of the control oriented behavior, converter design. Reduction of effects of line-commutated rectifiers on the mains, electromagnetic compatibility. | |||||

Objective | Fields of application of power electronic systems. Principle of operation of basic pulse-width modulated and line-commutated power electronic converters, analysis of the operating behavior and of the controloriented behavior, converter design. Reduction of effects of line-commutated rectifiers on the mains, electromagnetic compatibility. | |||||

Content | Basic structure of power electronic systems, applications. DC/DC converters, high frequency isolation, control oriented modeling / state-space averaging and PWM switch model. Power semiconductors, non-idealities, cooling. Magnetic components, skin and proximity effect, design. Electromagnetic compatibility. Single-phase diode bridge with capacitive smoothing, effects on the mains, power factor correction / PWM rectifier. Pulse-width modulated single-phase and three-phase full bridge converter with impressed DC voltage, modulation schemes, space vector calculus. Line-commutated single-phase full bridge with impressed output current, commutation, phase-control, inverter operation, commutation failure. Line-commutated three-phase full bridge converter, impressed output voltage, impressed output current / phase-control. Parallel connection of three-phase line-commutated thyristor circuits, inter-phase transformer. Anti-parallel connection of three-phase line-commutated thyristor bridge circuits, four-quadrant DC motor drive. Load-resonant converters, state plane analysis. | |||||

Lecture notes | Lecture notes and associated exercises including correct answers, simulation program for interactive self-learning including visualization/animation features. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Prerequisites: Basic knowledge of electric circuit analysis and signal theory. | |||||

227-0117-00L | High Voltage Engineering II: Insulation TechnologyThe lectures High Voltage Engineering I: Experimental Techniques (227-0117-10L) and High Voltage Engineering II: Insulation Technology (227-0117-00L) can be taken independently from one another. | W | 6 credits | 4G | C. Franck, U. Straumann | |

Abstract | Understanding of the fundamental phenomena and principles connected with the occurrence of extensive electric field strengths. This knowledge is applied to the dimensioning of equipment of electric power systems. Methods of computer-modeling in use today are presented and applied within the framework of the exercises. | |||||

Objective | The students know the fundamental phenomena and principles connected with the occurrence of extensive electric field strengths. They comprehend the different mechanisms leading to the failure of insulation systems and are able to apply failure criteria on the dimensioning of high voltage components. They have the ability to identify of weak spots in insulation systems and to name possibilities for improvement. Further they know the different insulation systems and their dimensioning in practice. | |||||

Content | - discussion of the field equations relevant for high voltage engineering. - analytical and numerical solutions/solving of this equations, as well as the derivation of the important equivalent circuits for the description of the fields and losses in insulations - introduction to kinetic theory of gases - mechanisms of the breakdown in gaseous, liquid and solid insulations, as well as insulation systems - methods for the mathematical determination of the electric withstand of gaseous, liquid and solid insulations - application of the expertise on high voltage components - excursions to manufacturers of high voltage components | |||||

Lecture notes | Handouts | |||||

Literature | A. Küchler, Hochspannungstechnik, Springer Berlin, 4. Auflage, 2017 (ISBN: 978-3-662-54699-4) | |||||

227-0247-00L | Power Electronic Systems I | W | 6 credits | 4G | J. W. Kolar | |

Abstract | Basics of the switching behavior, gate drive and snubber circuits of power semiconductors are discussed. Soft-switching and resonant DC/DC converters are analyzed in detail and high frequency loss mechanisms of magnetic components are explained. Space vector modulation of three-phase inverters is introduced and the main power components are designed for typical industry applications. | |||||

Objective | Detailed understanding of the principle of operation and modulation of advanced power electronics converter systems, especially of zero voltage switching and zero current switching non-isolated and isolated DC/DC converter systems and three-phase voltage DC link inverter systems. Furthermore, the course should convey knowledge on the switching frequency related losses of power semiconductors and inductive power components and introduce the concept of space vector calculus which provides a basis for the comprehensive discussion of three-phase PWM converters systems in the lecture Power Electronic Systems II. | |||||

Content | Basics of the switching behavior and gate drive circuits of power semiconductor devices and auxiliary circuits for minimizing the switching losses are explained. Furthermore, zero voltage switching, zero current switching, and resonant DC/DC converters are discussed in detail; the operating behavior of isolated full-bridge DC/DC converters is detailed for different secondary side rectifier topologies; high frequency loss mechanisms of magnetic components of converter circuits are explained and approximate calculation methods are presented; the concept of space vector calculus for analyzing three-phase systems is introduced; finally, phase-oriented and space vector modulation of three-phase inverter systems are discussed related to voltage DC link inverter systems and the design of the main power components based on analytical calculations is explained. | |||||

Lecture notes | Lecture notes and associated exercises including correct answers, simulation program for interactive self-learning including visualization/animation features. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Prerequisites: Introductory course on power electronics. | |||||

227-0523-00L | Railway Systems I | W | 6 credits | 4G | M. Meyer | |

Abstract | Basic characteristis of railway vehicles and their interfaces with the railway infrastructure: - Transportation tasks and vehicle types - Running dynamics - Mechanical part of rail vehicles - Brakes - Traction chain and auxiliary supply - Railway power supply - Signalling systems - Traffic control and maintenance | |||||

Objective | - Overview of the technical characteristics of railway systems - Know-how about the design and construction principles of rail vehicles - Interrelationship between different fields of engineering sciences (mechanics, electro and information technology, transport systems) - Understanding tasks and opportunities of engineers working in an environment which has strong economical and political boundaries - Insight into the activities of the railway vehicle industry and railway operators in Switzerland - Motivation of young engineers to start a career in the railway industry or with railway operators | |||||

Content | EST I (Herbstsemester) - Begriffen, Grundlagen, Merkmale 1 Einführung: 1.1 Geschichte und Struktur des Bahnsystems 1.2 Fahrdynamik 2 Vollbahnfahrzeuge: 2.3 Mechanik: Kasten, Drehgestelle, Lauftechnik, Adhäsion 2.2 Bremsen 2.3 Traktionsantriebssysteme 2.4 Hilfsbetriebe und Komfortanlagen 2.5 Steuerung und Regelung 3 Infrastruktur: 3.1 Fahrweg 3.2 Bahnstromversorgung 3.3 Sicherungsanlagen 4 Betrieb: 4.1 Interoperabilität, Normen und Zulassung 4.2 RAMS, LCC 4.3 Anwendungsbeispiele Voraussichtlich ein oder zwei Gastreferate Geplante Exkursionen: Betriebszentrale SBB, Zürich Flughafen Reparatur und Unterhalt, SBB Zürich Altstetten Fahrzeugfertigung, Stadler Bussnang | |||||

Lecture notes | Abgabe der Unterlagen (gegen eine Schutzgebühr) zu Beginn des Semesters. Rechtzeitig eingschriebene Teilnehmer können die Unterlagen auf Wunsch und gegen eine Zusatzgebühr auch in Farbe beziehen. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Dozent: Dr. Markus Meyer, Emkamatik GmbH Voraussichtlich ein oder zwei Gastvorträge von anderen Referenten. EST I (Herbstsemester) kann als in sich geschlossene einsemestrige Vorlesung besucht werden. EST II (Frühjahrssemester) dient der weiteren Vertiefung der Fahrzeugtechnik und der Integration in die Bahninfrastruktur. | |||||

227-0526-00L | Power System Analysis | W | 6 credits | 4G | G. Hug | |

Abstract | The goal of this course is understanding the stationary and dynamic problems in electrical power systems. The course includes the development of stationary models of the electrical network, their mathematical representation and special characteristics and solution methods of large linear and non-linear systems of equations related to electrical power networks. | |||||

Objective | The goal of this course is understanding the stationary and dynamic problems in electrical power systems and the application of analysis tools in steady and dynamic states. | |||||

Content | The course includes the development of stationary models of the electrical network, their mathematical representation and special characteristics and solution methods of large linear and non-linear systems of equations related to electrical power grids. Approaches such as the Newton-Raphson algorithm applied to power flow equations, superposition technique for short-circuit analysis, equal area criterion and nose curve analysis are discussed as well as power flow computation techniques for distribution grids. | |||||

Lecture notes | Lecture notes. | |||||

227-0731-00L | Power Market I - Portfolio and Risk Management | W | 6 credits | 4G | D. Reichelt, G. A. Koeppel | |

Abstract | Portfolio and risk management in the electrical power business, Pan-European power market and trading, futures and forward contracts, hedging, options and derivatives, performance indicators for the risk management, modelling of physical assets, cross-border trading, ancillary services, balancing power market, Swiss market model | |||||

Objective | Knowlege on the worldwide liberalisation of electricity markets, pan-european power trading and the role of power exchanges. Understand financial products (derivatives) based on power. Management of a portfolio containing physical production, contracts and derivatives. Evaluate trading and hedging strategies. Apply methods and tools of risk management. | |||||

Content | 1. Pan-European power market and trading 1.1. Power trading 1.2. Development of the European power markets 1.3. Energy economics 1.4. Spot and OTC trading 1.5. European energy exchange EEX 2. Market model 2.1. Market place and organisation 2.2. Balance groups / balancing energy 2.3. Ancillary services 2.4. Market for ancillary services 2.5. Cross-border trading 2.6. Capacity auctions 3. Portfolio and Risk management 3.1. Portfolio management 1 (introduction) 3.2. Forward and futures contracts 3.3. Risk management 1 (m2m, VaR, hpfc, volatility, cVaR) 3.4. Risk management 2 (PaR) 3.5. Contract valuation (HPFC) 3.6. Portfolio management 2 2.8. Risk Management 3 (enterprise wide) 4. Energy & Finance I 4.1. Options 1 – basics 4.2. Options 2 – hedging with options 4.3. Introduction to derivatives (swaps, cap, floor, collar) 4.4. Financial modelling of physical assets 4.5. Trading and hydro power 4.6. Incentive regulation | |||||

Lecture notes | Handouts of the lecture | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | 1 excursion per semester, 2 case studies, guest speakers for specific topics. Course Moodle: Link | |||||

Energy Flows and Processes | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |

151-0123-00L | Experimental Methods for Engineers | W | 4 credits | 2V + 2U | T. Rösgen, K. Boulouchos, A.‑K. U. Michel, H.‑M. Prasser | |

Abstract | The course presents an overview of measurement tasks in engineering environments. Different concepts for the acquisition and processing of typical measurement quantities are introduced. Following an initial in-class introduction, laboratory exercises from different application areas (especially in thermofluidics and process engineering) are attended by students in small groups. | |||||

Objective | Introduction to various aspects of measurement techniques, with particular emphasis on thermo-fluidic applications. Understanding of various sensing technologies and analysis procedures. Exposure to typical experiments, diagnostics hardware, data acquisition and processing. Study of applications in the laboratory. Fundamentals of scientific documentation & reporting. | |||||

Content | In-class introduction to representative measurement techniques in the research areas of the participating institutes (fluid dynamics, energy technology, process engineering) Student participation in 8-10 laboratory experiments (study groups of 3-5 students, dependent on the number of course participants and available experiments) Lab reports for all attended experiments have to be submitted by the study groups. A final exam evaluates the acquired knowledge individually. | |||||

Lecture notes | Presentations, handouts and instructions are provided for each experiment. | |||||

Literature | Holman, J.P. "Experimental Methods for Engineers", McGraw-Hill 2001, ISBN 0-07-366055-8 Morris, A.S. & Langari, R. "Measurement and Instrumentation", Elsevier 2011, ISBN 0-12-381960-4 Eckelmann, H. "Einführung in die Strömungsmesstechnik", Teubner 1997, ISBN 3-519-02379-2 | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Basic understanding in the following areas: - fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, heat and mass transfer - electrical engineering / electronics - numerical data analysis and processing (e.g. using MATLAB) | |||||

151-0163-00L | Nuclear Energy Conversion | W | 4 credits | 2V + 1U | H.‑M. Prasser | |

Abstract | Phyiscal fundamentals of the fission reaction and the sustainable chain reaction, thermal design, construction, function and operation of nuclear reactors and power plants, light water reactors and other reactor types, converion and breeding | |||||

Objective | Students get an overview on energy conversion in nuclear power plants, on construction and function of the most important types of nuclear reactors with special emphasis to light water reactors. They obtain the mathematical/physical basis for quantitative assessments concerning most relevant aspects of design, dynamic behaviour as well as material and energy flows. | |||||

Content | Nuclear physics of fission and chain reaction. Themodynamics of nuclear reactors. Design of the rector core. Introduction into the dynamic behaviour of nuclear reactors. Overview on types of nuclear reactors, difference between thermal reactors and fast breaders. Construction and operation of nuclear power plants with pressurized and boiling water reactors, role and function of the most important safety systems, special features of the energy conversion. Development tendencies of rector technology. | |||||

Lecture notes | Hand-outs will be distributed. Additional literature and information on the website of the lab: Link | |||||

Literature | S. Glasston & A. Sesonke: Nuclear Reactor Engineering, Reactor System Engineering, Ed. 4, Vol. 2., Springer-Science+Business Media, B.V. R. L. Murray: Nuclear Energy (Sixth Edition), An Introduction to the Concepts, Systems, and Applications of Nuclear Processes, Elsevier | |||||

151-0185-00L | Radiation Heat Transfer | W | 4 credits | 2V + 1U | A. Steinfeld, P. Pozivil | |

Abstract | Advanced course in radiation heat transfer | |||||

Objective | Fundamentals of radiative heat transfer and its applications. Examples are combustion and solar thermal/thermochemical processes, and other applications in the field of energy conversion and material processing. | |||||

Content | 1. Introduction to thermal radiation. Definitions. Spectral and directional properties. Electromagnetic spectrum. Blackbody and gray surfaces. Absorptivity, emissivity, reflectivity. Planck's Law, Wien's Displacement Law, Kirchhoff's Law. 2. Surface radiation exchange. Diffuse and specular surfaces. Gray and selective surfaces. Configuration factors. Radiation exchange. Enclosure theory, radiosity method. Monte Carlo. 3.Absorbing, emitting and scattering media. Extinction, absorption, and scattering coefficients. Scattering phase function. Optical thickness. Equation of radiative transfer. Solution methods: discrete ordinate, zone, Monte-Carlo. 4. Applications. Cavities. Selective surfaces and media. Semi-transparent windows. Combined radiation-conduction-convection heat transfer. | |||||

Lecture notes | Copy of the slides presented. | |||||

Literature | R. Siegel, J.R. Howell, Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer, 3rd. ed., Taylor & Francis, New York, 2002. M. Modest, Radiative Heat Transfer, Academic Press, San Diego, 2003. | |||||

151-0207-00L | Theory and Modeling of Reactive Flows | W | 4 credits | 3G | C. E. Frouzakis, I. Mantzaras | |

Abstract | The course first reviews the governing equations and combustion chemistry, setting the ground for the analysis of homogeneous gas-phase mixtures, laminar diffusion and premixed flames. Catalytic combustion and its coupling with homogeneous combustion are dealt in detail, and turbulent combustion modeling approaches are presented. Available numerical codes will be used for modeling. | |||||

Objective | Theory of combustion with numerical applications | |||||

Content | The analysis of realistic reactive flow systems necessitates the use of detailed computer models that can be constructed starting from first principles i.e. thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, chemical kinetics, and heat and mass transport. In this course, the focus will be on combustion theory and modeling. The reacting flow governing equations and the combustion chemistry are firstly reviewed, setting the ground for the analysis of homogeneous gas-phase mixtures, laminar diffusion and premixed flames. Heterogeneous (catalytic) combustion, an area of increased importance in the last years, will be dealt in detail along with its coupling with homogeneous combustion. Finally, approaches for the modeling of turbulent combustion will be presented. Available numerical codes will be used to compute the above described phenomena. Familiarity with numerical methods for the solution of partial differential equations is expected. | |||||

Lecture notes | Handouts | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | NEW course | |||||

151-0209-00L | Renewable Energy Technologies IDoes not take place this semester. The lectures Renewable Energy Technologies I (151-0209-00L) and Renewable Energy Technologies II (529-0191-01L) can be taken independently from one another. | W | 4 credits | 3G | A. Steinfeld | |

Abstract | Scenarios for world energy demand and CO2 emissions, implications for climate. Methods for the assessment of energy chains. Potential and technology of renewable energies: Biomass (heat, electricity, biofuels), solar energy (low temp. heat, solar thermal and photovoltaic electricity, solar chemistry). Wind and ocean energy, heat pumps, geothermal energy, energy from waste. CO2 sequestration. | |||||

Objective | Scenarios for the development of world primary energy consumption are introduced. Students know the potential and limitations of renewable energies for reducing CO2 emissions, and their contribution towards a future sustainable energy system that respects climate protection goals. | |||||

Content | Scenarios for the development of world energy consumption, energy intensity and economic development. Energy conversion chains, primary energy sources and availability of raw materials. Methods for the assessment of energy systems, ecological balances and life cycle analysis of complete energy chains. Biomass: carbon reservoirs and the carbon cycle, energetic utilisation of biomass, agricultural production of energy carriers, biofuels. Solar energy: solar collectors, solar-thermal power stations, solar chemistry, photovoltaics, photochemistry. Wind energy, wind power stations. Ocean energy (tides, waves). Geothermal energy: heat pumps, hot steam and hot water resources, hot dry rock (HDR) technique. Energy recovery from waste. Greenhouse gas mitigation, CO2 sequestration, chemical bonding of CO2. Consequences of human energy use for ecological systems, atmosphere and climate. | |||||

Lecture notes | Lecture notes will be distributed electronically during the course. | |||||

Literature | - Kaltschmitt, M., Wiese, A., Streicher, W.: Erneuerbare Energien (Springer, 2003) - Tester, J.W., Drake, E.M., Golay, M.W., Driscoll, M.J., Peters, W.A.: Sustainable Energy - Choosing Among Options (MIT Press, 2005) - G. Boyle, Renewable Energy: Power for a sustainable futureOxford University Press, 3rd ed., 2012, ISBN: 978-0-19-954533-9 -V. Quaschning, Renewable Energy and Climate ChangeWiley- IEEE, 2010, ISBN: 978-0-470-74707-0, 9781119994381 (online) | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Fundamentals of chemistry, physics and thermodynamics are a prerequisite for this course. Topics are available to carry out a Project Work (Semesterarbeit) on the contents of this course. | |||||

151-0216-00L | Wind Energy | W | 4 credits | 2V + 1U | N. Chokani | |

Abstract | The objective of this course is to introduce the students to the fundamentals, technologies, modern day application, and economics of wind energy. These subjects are introduced through a discussion of the basic principles of wind energy generation and conversion, and a detailed description of the broad range of relevant technical, economic and environmental topics. | |||||

Objective | The objective of this course is to introduce the students to the fundamentals, technologies, modern day application, and economics of wind energy. | |||||

Content | This mechanical engineering course focuses on the technical aspects of wind turbines; non-technical issues are not within the scope of this technically oriented course. On completion of this course, the student shall be able to conduct the preliminary aerodynamic and structural design of the wind turbine blades. The student shall also be more aware of the broad context of drivetrains, dynamics and control, electrical systems, and meteorology, relevant to all types of wind turbines. | |||||

151-0251-00L | IC-Engines: Principles, Thermodynamic Optimization and Applications Number of participants limited to 60. | W | 4 credits | 2V + 1U | K. Boulouchos, G. Georges, P. Kyrtatos | |

Abstract | Introduction to characteristic parameters, operating maps and classification of internal combustion engines (ICE). Engine process thermodynamic, simplified simulations of the engine process, heat transfer in IC-engines, turbocharging and waste heat recovery systems. Fields of applications of IC-engines in transportation (incl. hybrid powertrains) and decentralized cogeneration of power and heat. | |||||

Objective | The students learn the basic concepts of an internal combustion engine by means of the topics mentioned in the abstract. This knowledge is applied in several calculation exercises and two lab exercises at the engine test bench. The students get an insight in alternative powertrain systems. | |||||

Lecture notes | in English | |||||

Literature | J. Heywood, Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw-Hill | |||||

151-0293-00L | Combustion and Reactive Processes in Energy and Materials Technology | W | 4 credits | 2V + 1U + 2A | K. Boulouchos, F. Ernst, N. Noiray, Y. Wright | |

Abstract | The students should become familiar with the fundamentals and with application examples of chemically reactive processes in energy conversion (combustion engines in particular) as well as the synthesis of new materials. | |||||

Objective | The students should become familiar with the fundamentals and with application examples of chemically reactive processes in energy conversion (combustion engines in particular) as well as the synthesis of new materials. The lecture is part of the focus "Energy, Flows & Processes" on the Bachelor level and is recommended as a basis for a future Master in the area of energy. It is also a facultative lecture on Master level in Energy Science and Technology and Process Engineering. | |||||

Content | Reaction kinetics, fuel oxidation mechanisms, premixed and diffusion laminar flames, two-phase-flows, turbulence and turbulent combustion, pollutant formation, applications in combustion engines. Synthesis of materials in flame processes: particles, pigments and nanoparticles. Fundamentals of design and optimization of flame reactors, effect of reactant mixing on product characteristics. Tailoring of products made in flame spray pyrolysis. | |||||

Lecture notes | No script available. Instead, material will be provided in lecture slides and the following text book (which can be downloaded for free) will be followed: J. Warnatz, U. Maas, R.W. Dibble, "Combustion:Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modeling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation", Springer-Verlag, 1997. Teaching language, assignments and lecture slides in English | |||||

Literature | J. Warnatz, U. Maas, R.W. Dibble, "Combustion:Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modeling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation", Springer-Verlag, 1997. I. Glassman, Combustion, 3rd edition, Academic Press, 1996. | |||||

151-0567-00L | Engine Systems | W | 4 credits | 3G | C. Onder | |

Abstract | Introduction to current and future engine systems and their control systems | |||||

Objective | Introduction to methods of control and optimization of dynamic systems. Application to real engines. Understand the structure and behavior of drive train systems and their quantitative descriptions. | |||||

Content | Physical description and mathematical models of components and subsystems (mixture formation, load control, supercharging, emissions, drive train components, etc.). Case studies of model-based optimal design and control of engine systems with the goal of minimizing fuel consumption and emissions. | |||||

Lecture notes | Introduction to Modeling and Control of Internal Combustion Engine Systems Guzzella Lino, Onder Christopher H. 2010, Second Edition, 354 p., hardbound ISBN: 978-3-642-10774-0 | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Combined homework and testbench exercise (air-to-fuel-ratio control or idle-speed control) in groups | |||||

151-0569-00L | Vehicle Propulsion Systems | W | 4 credits | 3G | C. Onder, P. Elbert | |

Abstract | Introduction to current and future propulsion systems and the electronic control of their longitudinal behavior | |||||

Objective | Introduction to methods of system optimization and controller design for vehicles. Understanding the structure and working principles of conventional and new propulsion systems. Quantitative descriptions of propulsion systems | |||||

Content | Understanding of physical phenomena and mathematical models of components and subsystems (manual, automatic and continuously variable transmissions, energy storage systems, electric drive trains, batteries, hybrid systems, fuel cells, road/wheel interaction, automatic braking systems, etc.). Presentation of mathematical methods, CAE tools and case studies for the model-based design and control of propulsion systems with the goal of minimizing fuel consumption and emissions. | |||||

Lecture notes | Vehicle Propulsion Systems -- Introduction to Modeling and Optimization Guzzella Lino, Sciarretta Antonio 2013, X, 409 p. 202 illus., Geb. ISBN: 978-3-642-35912-5 | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Lectures of Prof. Dr. Ch. Onder and Dr. Ph. Elbert are also possible to be held in German. | |||||

529-0613-01L | Process Simulation and Flowsheeting | W | 6 credits | 3G | S. Papadokonstantakis | |

Abstract | This course encompasses the theoretical principles of chemical process simulation, as well as its practical application in process analysis and optimization. The techniques for simulating stationary and dynamic processes are presented, and illustrated with case studies. Commercial software packages are presented as a key engineering tool for solving process flowsheeting and simulation problems. | |||||

Objective | This course aims to develop the competency of chemical engineers in process flowsheeting and simulation. Specifically, students will develop the following skills: - Deep understanding of chemical engineering fundamentals: the acquisition of new concepts and the application of previous knowledge in the area of chemical process systems and their mechanisms are crucial to intelligently simulate and evaluate processes. - Modeling of general chemical processes and systems: students have to be able to identify the boundaries of the system to be studied and develop the set of relevant mathematical relations, which describe the process behavior. - Mathematical reasoning and computational skills: the familiarization with mathematical algorithms and computational tools is essential to be capable of achieving rapid and reliable solutions to simulation and optimization problems. Hence, students will learn the mathematical principles necessary for process simulation and optimization, as well as the structure and application of process simulation software. Thus, they will be able develop criteria to correctly use commercial software packages and critically evaluate their results. | |||||

Content | Overview of process simulation and flowsheeting - Definition and fundamentals - Fields of application - Case studies Process simulation - Modeling strategies of process systems - Mass and energy balances and degrees of freedom of process units and process systems Process flowsheeting - Flowsheet partitioning and tearing - Solution methods for process flowsheeting - Simultaneous methods - Sequential methods Process optimization and analysis - Classification of optimization problems - Linear programming - Non-linear programming - Optimization methods in process flowsheeting Commercial software for simulation: Aspen Plus - Thermodynamic property methods - Reaction and reactors - Separation / columns - Convergence, optimisation & debugging | |||||

Literature | An exemplary literature list is provided below: - Biegler, L.T., Grossmann I.E., Westerberg A.W., 1997, systematic methods of chemical process design. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, US. - Boyadjiev, C., 2010, Theoretical chemical engineering: modeling and simulation. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Germany. - Ingham, J., Dunn, I.J., Heinzle, E., Prenosil, J.E., Snape, J.B., 2007, Chemical engineering dynamics: an introduction to modelling and computer simulation. John Wiley & Sons, United States. - Reklaitis, G.V., 1983, Introduction to material and energy balances. John Wiley & Sons, United States. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | A basic understanding of material and energy balances, thermodynamic property methods and typical unit operations (e.g., reactors, flash separations, distillation/absorption columns etc.) is required. | |||||

Energy Economics and Policy | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |

102-0317-00L | Advanced Environmental AssessmentsMaster students in Environmental Engineering choosing module Ecological Systems Design are not allowed to enrol 102-0317-00 Advanced Environmental Assessments (3KP) as already included in 102-0307-01 Advanced Environmental, Social and Economic Assessments (5KP). | W | 3 credits | 2G | S. Hellweg, R. Frischknecht | |

Abstract | This course deepens students' knowledge of the environmental assessment methodologies and their various applications. | |||||

Objective | This course has the aim of deepening students' knowledge of the environmental assessment methodologies and their various applications. In particular, students completing the course should have the - Ability to judge the scientific quality and reliability of environmental assessment studies, the appropriateness of inventory data and modelling, and the adequacy of life cycle impact assessment models and factors - Knowledge about the current state of the scientific discussion and new research developments - Ability to properly plan, conduct and interpret environmental assessment studies - Knowledge of how to use LCA as a decision support tool for companies, public authorities, and consumers | |||||

Content | - Inventory developments, transparency, data quality, data completeness, and data exchange formats - Allocation (multioutput processes and recycling) - Hybrid LCA methods. - Consequential and marginal analysis - Recent development in impact assessment - Spatial differentiation in Life Cycle Assessment - Workplace and indoor exposure in Risk and Life Cycle Assessment - Uncertainty analysis - Subjectivity in environmental assessments - Multicriteria analysis - Case Studies | |||||

Lecture notes | No script. Lecture slides and literature will be made available on Moodle. | |||||

Literature | Literature will be made available on Moodle. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Basic knowledge of environmental assessment tools is a prerequisite for this class. Students that have not done classwork in this topic before are required to read an appropriate textbook before or at the beginning of this course (e.g. Jolliet, O et al. 2016: Environmental Life Cycle Assessment. CRC Press, Boca Raton - London - New York. ISBN 978-1-4398-8766-0 (Chapters 2-5.2)). | |||||

102-0317-03L | Advanced Environmental Assessment (Computer Lab I) | W | 1 credit | 1U | S. Pfister | |

Abstract | Different tools and software used for environmental assessments, such as LCA are introduced. The students will have hands-on exercises in the computer rooms and will gain basic knowledge on how to apply the software and other resources in practice | |||||

Objective | Become acquainted with various software programs for environmental assessment including Life Cycle Assessment, Environmental Risk Assessment, Probabilistic Modeling, Material Flow Analysis. | |||||

102-0317-04L | Advanced Environmental Assessment (Computer Lab II) Not for master students in Environmental Engineering choosing module Ecological System Design as already included in Environment and Computer Laboratory I (Year Course): 102-0527-00 and 102-0528-00. | W | 2 credits | 2P | S. Pfister | |

Abstract | Technical systems are investigated in projects, based on the software and tools introduced in the course 102-0317-03L Advanced Env. Assessment (Computer Lab I). The projects are created around a complete but simplified LCA study, where the students will learn how to answer a given question with target oriented methodologies using various software programs and data sources for env. assessment | |||||

Objective | Become acquainted with utilizing various software programs for environmental assessment to perform a Life Cycle Assessment and learn how to address the challenges when analyzing a complex system with available data and software limitations. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Prerequisite is enrolment of 102-0317-00 Advanced Environmental Assessments and of 102-0317-03 Advanced Environmental Assessments (Computer Lab I) in parallel or in advance (both courses in HS). |

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