Search result: Catalogue data in Spring Semester 2018

Environmental Sciences Bachelor Information
Bachelor Studies (Programme Regulations 2016)
Basic Courses I
First Year Examinations
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
529-2002-02LChemistry IIO5 credits2V + 2UW. Uhlig, J. E. E. Buschmann, S. Canonica, P. Funck, H. Grützmacher, E. C. Meister, R. Verel
AbstractChemistry II: Electrochemistry and redox reactions, chemistry of the elements, introduction to organic chemistry
ObjectiveGeneral base for understanding problems of inorganic and organic chemistry.
Content1. Redox reactions and electrochemistry

2. Inorganic Chemistry
Rules for nomenclature of inorganic compounds. Systematic description of the groups of elements in the periodical system and the most important compounds of these elements. Formation of compounds as a consequence of the electronoc structure of the elements.

3. Introduction to organic chemistry
Description of the most important classes of compounds and of the functional groups. Principal reactivity of these functional groups.
Stereochemistry.
Rection mechanisms: SN1- and SN2-reactions, electrophilic aromatic subtitutions, eliminations (E1 and E2), addition reactions (C=C and C=O double bonds). Chemistry of carbony and carboxyl groups.
Lecture notesC.E. Mortimer & U. Müller, CHEMIE, 12. Auflage, Thieme: Stuttgart, 2015 (ISBN 978-3-13-484312-5)
LiteratureTh.L.Brown, H.E.LeMay, B.E.Bursten; Chemie, 10. Auflage, Pearson Studium, München, 2007 (ISBN 3-8273-7191-0)

C.E.Housecroft, E.C.Constable, Chemistry, 3rd Edition, Pearson, Harlow (England), 2006 (ISBN 0-131-27567-4)

D.W.Oxtoby, H.P.Gillis, N.H.Nachtrieb, Principles of Modern Chemistry, Fifth Edition, Thomson, London, 2002 (ISBN 0-03-035373-4)
401-0252-00LMathematics IIO7 credits5V + 2UL. Halbeisen
AbstractContinuation of the topics of Mathematics I. Main focus: multivariable calculus and partial differential equations.
ObjectiveMathematics is of ever increasing importance to the Natural Sciences and Engineering. The key is the so-called mathematical modelling cycle, i.e. the translation of problems from outside of mathematics into mathematics, the study of the mathematical problems (often with the help of high level mathematical software packages) and the interpretation of the results in the original environment.

The goal of Mathematics I and II is to provide the mathematical foundations relevant for this paradigm. Differential equations are by far the most important tool for modelling and are therefore a main focus of both of these courses.
Content- Multivariable Differential Calculus:
functions of several variables, partial differentiation, curves and surfaces in space, scalar and vector fields, gradient, curl and divergence.

- Multivariable Integral Calculus:
multiple integrals, line and surface integrals, work and flow, Gauss and Stokes theorems, applications.

- Partial Differential Equations:
separation of variables, Fourier series, heat equation, wave equation, Laplace equation, Fourier transform.
Lecture notesSee literature
Literature- Thomas, G. B.: Thomas' Calculus, Part 2, Pearson Addison-Wesley.
- Kreyszig, E.: Advanced Engineering Mathematics, John Wiley & Sons.
Prerequisites / NoticeMathe-Lab (Assistance):
Tu 17-19, We 17-19, Fr 12-14 in Room HG E 41.
701-0008-00LTackling Environmental Problems II Restricted registration - show details O5 credits4GC. E. Pohl, R. Frischknecht, P. Krütli, B. B. Pearce
AbstractEach year in the case study we analyse a different problem from the field of sustainable development and develop solutions to it.
ObjectiveStudents are able:
- to compile a case study dossier for a given topic. The dossier presents (a) the state of knowledge and (b) the need for further knowledge and action.
- to integrate knowledge of diverse perspectives in a qualitative systems model, to identify problems within the system and to suggest possible solutions from a specific stakeholder's perspective.
- to make an inquiry on a given subject, structure the results, interpret the results in relation to the research question, write a report and present the results.
- name the different roles within a group, explain the role(s) they are suited for, self-organise in groups, identify problems of collaboration and constructively address the problems.
ContentIn the first semester the students compile what is known about the problem, its causes and possible solutions. Each group of students makes an inquiry to a given part of the overall problem. The inquiry includes a thematic as well as stakeholder analysis.

During synthesis week, which takes place during semester break, the results of the different part inquiries are integrated in a qualitative system model. The students identify specific problems within the system and develop solutions.

Most of the time students work independently in groups. Tutors support the students in key steps. Introductions are given for:
- The overall topic of the case study,
- Inquiry, scientific writing and managing references (by experts of ETH library),
- Role behaviour and collaboration in groups,
- Preparing reports, posters and presentations,
- Qualitative system modelling (Systaim),
- Developing solutions (design thinking, Checklands' soft systems methodology).
Lecture notesStudents will compile the case study dossier.
LiteratureLiterature on methods will be provided during the case study course.
551-0002-00LGeneral Biology II Restricted registration - show details O4 credits4GU. Sauer, R. Aebersold, W. Gruissem
AbstractBasics of biochemistry (macromolecules, membranes, cellular structures, metabolism), molecular genetics (gene expression and its regulation; from gene to protein), and physiology of higher plants (structure, growth, development, nutrition, transport, reproduction)
ObjectiveThe understanding of basic concepts of molecular biology and physiology.
ContentHow cells function at the level of molecules and higher structures.
Molecular processes during gene expression.
Plant physiology.

The following Campbell chapters will be covered:

Week 1-5: Prof. Sauer
5 Biological macromolecules and lipids
7 Cell structure and function
8 Cell membranes
10 Respiration: introduction to metabolism
10 Cell respiration
11 Photosynthetic processes

Week 6-9: Prof. Aebersold
16 Nucleic acids and inheritance
17 Expression of genes
18 Control of gene expression
19 DNA Technology

Week 9-13: Prof. Gruissem
35 Plant Structure and Growth
36 Transport in vascular plants
37 Plant nutrition
38 Reproduction of flowering plants
39 Plants signal and behavior
Lecture notesNo script
LiteratureCampbell, Reece et al: "Biologie" (10th global edition); Pearson 2015.
Additional First Year Courses
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
701-0026-00LExcursions Restricted registration - show details
Limited to students in the 2nd semester of the study programmmes: Environmental Sciences Bachelor.
O1 credit2PM. A. M. Niederhuber
AbstractExcursions are an ideal framework for combining theoretical concepts of the environmental study program with the real world. An intensive discussion of environmental science and political questions takes place on three excursion days. The students learn about the specifics and challenges of a region and deepen their knowledge in exchange with experts.
ObjectiveStudents are able to
- describe concrete environmental science / environmental policy issues of a region and deepen their knowledge in collaboration with the respective experts.
- present different perspectives of a spatial question, and discuss and analyze different points of view.
- explain the interrelations between the different subjects of their environmental studies included in the excursions.
- describe future fields of work and activities of environmental scientists using concrete examples.
ContentEs werden mehrere 1- und 2-tägige Exkursionen angeboten, welche die verschiedenen Fachrichtungen des D-USYS abdecken. Eine ausführliche inhaltliche und organisatorische Beschreibung der einzelnen Exkursionen befindet sich auf der dazugehörigen Moodle-Lernplattform.
Lecture notesDie Exkursionsbeschreibungen finden sich auf der Moodle-Plattform.
Literaturesiehe Moodle-Lernplattform
Prerequisites / NoticeDie Anmeldung zu den Exkursionen erfolgt gemäss separater Ausschreibung im Dezember 2016
701-0038-01LField Course Ecology Restricted registration - show details
Number of participants limited to 65.
Priority is given to BSc Environmental Sciences students.

Only one Field Course can be chosen per semester: Field Course Ecology (701-0038-01L) Field Course Chemistry and Environment (701-0038-02L).
W1 credit2PJ. Ghazoul, F. Kleinschroth
AbstractIn this course, students gain first experiences with ecological field research. They learn to design their own small research project, carry it out in the field, make sense of the collected data and present their results. With close support, they learn to tackle a range of ecological questions from phenology and site adaptations to population dynamics of selected plant and animal species.
ObjectiveAfter having attended this course, the students will be able to
- associate theoretical concepts taught during the first-year classes (adaptation, population dynamics, species diversity) with personal experiences made in their own research set-up;
- develop hypotheses in the broader field of ecology and design ways to test them;
- process and analyze simple ecological field data;
- present the findings to a peer audience.
ContentField course in Zurich and surroundings
Day 1 (half day):
Introduction to the field course; examples of ecological studies, possible case study subjects and field methods.
Preparation of field work in small groups, development of an individual question on a specific subject, choice of potential study sites
Day 2:
Field work in groups supported by a tutor: E.g. assessment of plant species diversity, plant population dynamics, tree regeneration and growth forms, physiological measurements on plant stress at extreme sites, in urban and peri-urban woodlands, riparian areas, grasslands, roadsides, etc.
Day 3:
Data preparation and analysis based on simple tools and visualization techniques; preparation of a short presentation that will serve as the ungraded course performance assessment.
Lecture notesHandouts will be provided during the course
701-0038-02LField Course Chemistry and Environment Restricted registration - show details
Number of participants limited to 80.
Priority is given to BSc Environmental Sciences students until February 26,2018. The waiting list will be deleted after March 2nd, 2018.

Only one Field Course can be chosen per semester: Field Course Ecology (701-0038-01L) Field Course Chemistry and Environment (701-0038-02L).
W1 credit2PB. Wehrli
AbstractThe field course consist of an introductory part and two days of field work focusing on a lake system. The students will gather insights into sensor technology for quantifying hydrological and chemical processes. They learn how to evaluate data series and to apply simple models in order to address questions of water management.
ObjectiveThe studens get familiar with in-situ measurements and sampling of water and sediments. They use their knowledge in chemistry and systems analysis in order to address questions of ecosystem functions and the management of a lake in an intensively modified environment.
ContentThe introduction (3 hours) covers the basic themes of
* lakes as biogeochemical systems, stratrification of the water column, variability of in- and outflows, sediment archives,
* typical measurement systems for hydrological and chemical parameters,
* working groups for the field days and workplan.

In the field course the students work in groups on three different topics
1. The lake reflects its catchment: The students analyze nutrient loads in the inflows and the outflow and use existing data to construct a mass balance

2. Sediment archives: We retrieve sediment cores in order to estimate sedimenation rates and to reconstruct the changes in water quality over the last century.

3. From light to darkness: Using profiling equippment the students analyze the vertical stratification of the lake and the varibility of light and chemical parameters.

4. Think about it! In the fourth part the students assemble the different facts in order to draw some practical conclusions.
Lecture notesA guide for the field work and electronic data series will be avialable.
Prerequisites / NoticeBachelor courses: Chemie I und II (529-2001-02, 529-2002-02)
701-0268-00LBiodiversity Excursions Restricted registration - show details
Limited to students in the 2nd semester of the study programmmes: Environmental Sciences Bachelor.
O2 credits4PJ. Jokela, A. Funk, M. Greeff
AbstractStudents deepen their basic understanding of systematics and acquire exemplary knowledge of selected organism groups using online tutorials. They then carry out their own determinations on excursions to different habitats and apply current methods of biodiversity detection. In workshops, the collected data are analyzed and discussed with a view to various ecological questions.
ObjectiveThe students are able to:
- show the relationship between phenotypic characteristics and taxonomic classification for different groups of organisms
- identify key criteria for the taxonomic classification of selected organism groups and carry out classifications
- explain Biodiversity Assessment Methods including their applications and limits, based on their own experience
- make quantitative estimates of biodiversity in selected habitats based on their own data surveys
Content1) Einführung in die Thematik Systematik, Artenkenntnisse, Methoden der Biodiversitätserfassung und Überblick über die zu bearbeitenden Organismengruppen und Exkursionsmodule. (Plenumsveranstaltung, am Di 20.02.18)
2) Bestimmungsübungen mit Online-Tutorials zu den zugeteilten Organismen und Exkursionsmodulen. Je Exkursionsmodul werden ca. 10-20 Arten/Familien bearbeitet. (Selbststudium)
3) 6 halbtägige Bestimmungs- und Erfassungsübungen (Exkursionsmodule) im Feld zu den zugeteilten und vorbereiteten Organismen, wenn möglich mit mobiler Datenerfassung mittels GIS-App (Collector ArcGIS, Link). (mehrere, teils parallele Gruppenveranstaltungen)
4) Datenworkshops mit Datenauswertung inkl. Präsentation der Daten, Diskussion und Ausblick. (Veranstaltungen in Gruppen, jeder Student nimmt an einem Workshop teil, Zuteilung aufgrund der besuchten Exkursionsmodule)
Prerequisites / NoticeVorlesung 551-0001-00L Allgemeine Biologie I & 701-0243-01L Biologie III: Ökologie

Die Anmeldung zu den Exkursionen erfolgt gemäss separater Ausschreibung im Dezember 2017, Information am Di 12. Dez in LV Umweltsysteme II
Basic Courses II
Examination Blocks
Examination Block 1
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
402-0062-00LPhysics IO5 credits3V + 1UA. Refregier
AbstractIntroduction to the concepts and tools in physics with the help of demonstration experiments: mechanics of point-like and rigid bodies, elasticity theory, elements of hydrostatics and hydrodynamics, periodic motion and mechanical waves, electricity and magnetism. Whenever possible, examples relevant to the students' main field of study are given.
ObjectiveIntroduction to the scientific methodology. The student should develop his/her capability to turn physical observations into mathematical models, and to solve them.
Lecture notesA script will be distributed
LiteratureFriedhelm Kuypers
Physik für Ingenieure und Naturwissenschaftler
Band 1: Mechanik und Thermodynamik
Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2012, 448 S, ca.: Fr. 30.-

Douglas C. Giancoli
Physik
Pearson Studium

Paul A. Tipler
Physik
Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, 1998

David Halliday Robert Resnick Jearl Walker
Physik
Wiley-VCH, 2003

dazu gratis Online Ressourcen (z.B. Simulationen): Link
Examination Block 3
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
701-0401-00LHydrosphereO3 credits2VR. Kipfer, W. Aeschbach
AbstractQualitative and quantitative understanding of the physical processes that control the terrestrial water cycle. Energy and mass exchange, mixing and transport processes are described and the coupling of the hydrosphere with the atmosphere and the solid Earth are discussed.
ObjectiveQualitative and quantitative understanding of the physical processes that control the terrestrial water cycle. Energy and mass exchange, mixing and transport processes are described and the coupling of the hydrosphere with the atmosphere and the solid Earth are discussed.
ContentTopics of the course.
Physical properties of water (i.e. density and equation of state)
- global water resources
Exchange at boundaries
- energy (thermal & kinetic), gas exchange
Mixing and transport processes in open waters
- vertical stratification, large scale transport
- turbulence and mixing
- mixing and exchange processes in rivers
Groundwater and its dynamics
- ground water as part of the terrestrial water cycle
- ground water hydraulics, Darcy's law
- aquifers and their properties
- hydrochemistry and tracer
- ground water use
Case studies
- 1. Water as resource, 2. Water and climate
Lecture notesIn addition to the suggested literature handouts are distributed.
LiteratureSuggested literature.
a) Park, Ch., 2001, The Environment, Routledge, 2001
b) Price, M., 1996. Introducing groundwater. Chapman & Hall, London u.a.
Prerequisites / NoticeThe case studies and the analysis of the questions and problems are integral part of the course.
Additional Compulsory Courses
NumberTitleTypeECTSHoursLecturers
701-0220-00LBasic Practical in Microbiology Restricted registration - show details
Only for BSc Environmental Sciences.

Registration is necessary until three weeks before course begins (29.01.2018). After that date a place cannot be garanteed.
W2 credits3PM. Ackermann, F. Hammes, D. R. Johnson
AbstractDer Kurs vermittelt eine Einführung in das experimentelle Arbeiten mit Mikroorganismen, und zeigt Anwendungen der Mikrobiologie in den Umweltwissenschaften.
ObjectiveErwerben von Grundlagen in folgenden Gebieten: experimentelles Arbeiten mit Mikroorganismen, Untersuchung von Antibiotika-Resistenz, genetische Modifikation von Mikroorganismen, und Analyse der Verbreitung von pathogenen Bakterien.
ContentEinführung in das sterile Arbeiten mit Mikroorganismen, inklusive Kultivierung; Bestimmung von Antibiotika-Resistenz; Isolierung von Mikroorganismen aus Umweltsystemen; mikroskopische Beobachtungen von Mikroorganismen; Herstellung von transgenen Mikroorganismen zur Anwendung in Umweltsystemen; Analyse der Inaktivierung von pathogenen Bakterien.
Der Kurs beruht auf einer Kombination von praktischer Arbeit im Labor und Vorlesungen zu den wissenschaftlichen Hintergründen.
Lecture notesPraktikumsunterlagen werden abgegeben.
Prerequisites / NoticeDer Kurs wird an der ETHZ im CHN durchgeführt.
252-0840-02LApplication-Oriented Programming Information W2 credits2GL. E. Fässler, M. Dahinden
AbstractThis course provides important basic concepts for interdisciplinary programming projects. The programming language is Python and Matlab.
ObjectiveStudents learn

- how to encode a problem into a program, test the program, and correct errors.
- to understand and improve existing code.
- to implement models from the natural sciences as a simulation.
ContentThe following programming concepts are introduced in the lecture:

1. Variables, data types
2. Condition check, Loops, logics
3. Arrays
4. Functions
5. Matrices
6. Random

In the practical part of the course, students work on small programming projects with a context from natural sciences. Electronic tutorials are available as preparation.
LiteratureL. Fässler, M. Dahinden, D. Komm, and D. Sichau: Einführung in die Programmierung mit Python und Matlab. Begleitunterlagen zum Onlinekurs und zur Vorlesung, 2016. ISBN: 978-3741250842.
Prerequisites / NoticeNo prior knowledge is required for this course.It is based on application-oriented learning. The students spend most of their time working through programming projects with data from natural science and discussing their results with teaching assistants. To learn the programming basics there are electronic tutorials available.
701-0034-06LIntegrated Practical: Soil Restricted registration - show details W1.5 credits3PR. Kretzschmar, E. Frossard, D. Or, L. Walthert
AbstractDuring three full-day field trips and two half-day field exercises, various aspects of soil morphology, soil genesis, and soil functioning are discussed using practical examples.
ObjectiveGaining practical knowledge in soil science in the field.
ContentSoil description in the field, soil formation in Zurich-Nord, forest soils, carbon and nitrogen cycles, soil-water relations, soil conservation and landuse.
Lecture notesHandouts are provided during the course.
Prerequisites / NoticeCourse "Pedosphere" or equivalent
701-0034-07LIntegrated Practical: Electromagnetic Fields Restricted registration - show details W1.5 credits3PM. Röösli, M. R. Eeftens
AbstractStudents will design and carry out a measurement study on "Extremely Low Frequency" or "Radio Frequency" electromagnetic fields. Firstly, we will study the dependence of exposure on distance to environmental and household sources. Secondly, we will analyze typical exposure patterns emerging from everyday microenvironments. The measurements are used for dose and health risk calculations.
Objective- Developing knowledge about important sources of ELF and RF electromagnetic fiels in everyday life
- Gaining experience in developing concepts for environmental measurement studies
- Performing measurements using research instruments and statistical analyses
- Learning about associations between electromagnetic field exposure and health.
Contentextremely Low Frequency electromagnetic fields, high Frequency electromagnetic fields, power lines, electronic devices, mobile phones, mobile phone base stations, wireless LAN / Wi-Fi, cordless landline phones, far field, near field, exposure measurement device, measurement protocols, electromagnetic induction, specific absorption rate, cumulative dose, health, brain tumors, symptoms, electromagnetic hypersensitivity, health risk estimation
701-0034-08LIntegrated Practical: Forest Ecosystems Restricted registration - show details W1.5 credits3PH. Bugmann, M. Lévesque, P. Rotach, T. N. Sieber
AbstractIntroductory course on field methods in forest ecosystem research and ecosystem management, with an emphasis on regeneration ecology, forest growth and management as well as mortality processes. The course is set up as a comparative study between a low-elevation beech forest and a mixed spruce-fir forest in the northern pre-Alps.
ObjectiveStudents
•- get to know the diversity of forest ecosystems based on case studies
•- understand important processes of forest dynamics (regeneration, growth, mortality) and their significance in an ecosystem context
•- acquire pracitcal skills regarding field methods of forest ecosystem research
•- get to know selected forest management systems
Lecture noteswill be distributed
701-0034-09LIntegrated Practical: Analysis of Conflicts in Species Conservation Restricted registration - show details W1.5 credits3PP. Waeber, A. Giger Dray
AbstractThe objective of this course is to analyse a concrete conflict in the context of species conservation. It is based on concepts from social sciences and natural sciences. The conflict will be examined from the perspectives of all affected stakeholders. The aim is to demonstrate how conflicts among stakeholders can be resolved to achieve a mutually agreed consensus.
ObjectiveThe students know
-the history of a specific conflict within the field of species conservation
-the major lines of conflict (values and interests)
-the main political actors and their resources
-the actors’ fundamental lines of reasoning and instruments in negotiation processes
-the scope of action and possibilities for coalitions in the elaboration or development of solution concepts

They have gained routine
-in working with literature, documents and reports of organizations and administrations
-in the preparation, conduction, and evaluation of expert interviews
-elaboration of common solutions, respectively solution concept
ContentDer Kurs beschäftigt sich mit der Analyse und der Bearbeitung von Konflikten im Artenschutz sowohl aus sozial- wie aus naturwissenschaftlicher Perspektive. Der Fokus liegt dabei auf einem Verständnis der unterschiedlichen Haltung der Akteure und ihrer Positionen, sowie der Erarbeitung von konkreten Lösungsvorschlägen. Dies wird an einem aktuellen Beispiel einer geschützten Tierart wie z.B. Wolf, Bär, Luchs, Biber geübt. Neben einer möglichst exakten Beschreibung der naturwissenschaftlichen Grundlagen und des gesellschaftlich-politischen Problems geht es um das Herausarbeiten der am Konflikt beteiligten Akteure, deren unterschiedlichen Werte und Interessen, sowie das Einbringen und Bearbeiten von unterschiedlichen Positionen in ein Problemlösungsverfahren, welches eine möglichst einvernehmliche Lösung zum Ziel hat. Es sollen sowohl staatliche wie zivile Akteure in den Prozess eingebunden werden.
Lecture notesAnstelle eines Skriptes werden verschiedene Unterlagen zum ausgewählten Fall zur Verfügung gestellt. Weitere Unterlagen werden von den Studierenden während des Praktikums bereit gestellt (insbesondere Unterlagen der Stakeholders).
Literaturesiehe Bemerkungen zum Skript
Prerequisites / NoticeDas Praktikum wird nach Möglichkeit mit einer ganztägigen Exkursion verknüpft. Geplant, jedoch noch nicht gewiss, ist die Präsentation des Lösungsvorschlages vor involvierten Stakeholdern und Expertinnen und Experten.
701-0034-10LIntegrated Practical: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) Information Restricted registration - show details W1.5 credits3PA. Hilbeck, B.  Oehen
AbstractThe basic elements of the risk assessment of genetically modified plants are introduced, preceded by a brief introduction to gene technology and its applications in the environment. The relevant regulations and the approval procedures are explained. The elements of risk assessment are introduced using case examples and the risks and benefits of genetically modified organisms are discussed.
ObjectiveThe students will learn the:
•- Theory of risk assessment and its practical application for genetically modified plants
•- Methods and approaches to risk assessment of genetically modified
plants
•- Application of simple methods of risk assessment to real case examples
•- Practical exercises with genetically modified plants, detection of
transgene products and their bioactivity
ContentThe practical course 'Integrated Practical Risk Analysis with GMO' will explain the basic elements of risk assessment of genetically modified plants that allows an initial estimation of their environmental consequences. This will be preceded by an introduction to the technology of genetic engineering of plants and the application of this technology in the environment and agriculture. Further, since genetically engineered organisms are subject to regulation, the relevant laws and ordinances that form the basis of the approval procedures are introduced. The elements of risk assessment are taught using most recent case examples (usually maize or wheat) and their risks and benefits will be discussed.
Prerequisites / NoticeThe practical course is carried out with the help of Bernadette Oehen, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FIBL, Frick
701-0034-12LIntegrated Practical: Plant Ecology: From Theory to Practice Restricted registration - show details
Does not take place this semester.
W1.5 credits3PS. Güsewell
AbstractIn this practical class, students investigate how the plant species composition of grasslands depends on management and soil conditions. They learn how to survey the composition of plant communities and how to plan, realise and analyse field experiments. They will understand how the traits of grassland species determine their response to management, and how this knowledge is applied in practice.
ObjectiveStudents will be able to:
- Identify a plant's functional type, growth form and reproductive strategy and derive expectations regarding its response to management and its role in a plant community;
- Recognize grassland types from their structure and species composition, and explain how they depend on soil conditions, microclimate and management;
- Describe and explain changes in grassland composition after establishment and implications for grassland use;
- Survey plant species composition and vegetation structure with established methods; measure soil properties and microclimate;
- Carry out a field survey or a field experiment with a correct design; analyse the resulting data.
ContentWir führen Untersuchungen an der ETH Hönggerberg und in der Umgebung durch, um die Funktionsweise und Nutzung von Wiesen (Grünland) zu verstehen.
Wir beginnen mit Populationen einzelner Pflanzenarten. Wie wachsen, überleben und vermehren sich die Pflanzen? Wieviel investieren sie in verschiedene Möglichkeiten der Vermehrung? Wie flexibel sind sie, und welche Strategien sind wann günstig?
Wir vergleichen dann verschieden genutze Gründlandtypen miteinander: wie können wir sie schnell erkennen und ökologisch einordnen?
Für das Praktikum haben wir Feldeperimente mit unterschiedlichen Wiesenmischungen angelegt. Die Versuchsflächen werden unterschiedlich geschnitten und gedüngt. Wir untersuchen, welche Pflanzentypen durch welche Nutzung gefördert werden, wie sich die Bestände mit der Zeit ändern, und ob artenreiche Wiesen stabiler sind als artenarme. Dazu führen wir Vegetationsaufnahmen durch, analysieren Bodenproben und messen Temperatur und Strahlung. Die Daten werden ausgewertet und mit Postern präsentiert und diskutiert. Wir vergleichen die Ergebnisse mit den Nutzungsempfehlungen für die Praxis.
Schliesslich besuchen wir Feldexperimente, die von Praktikern angelegt und unterhalten werden. Die Projektleiter werden die Versuche vorstellen und über ihre Arbeit in der ökologischen Praxis berichten.
Lecture notesHandouts will be supplied in class.
LiteratureSpecialized literature will be available during classes
Prerequisites / NoticeBei den Felduntersuchungen sind gute Kleidung und Schuhe, Sonnen- und Regenschutz, sowie Massnahmen gegen Zeckenkrankheiten notwendig; die TeilnehmerInnen sind hierfür selbst verantwortlich.
701-0034-13LIntegrated Practical: Tropical Diseases in the North-South Context Restricted registration - show details
Does not take place this semester.
W1.5 credits3P
AbstractThis course introduces tropical infectious diseases within a North-South context and elucidates the links between tropical diseases and social-ecological systems and poverty. Particular emphasis will be put on questionnaires as important data collection tools in the health sciences. Integrated tropical disease control approaches will be discussed.
Objective- After completion of this course, students have acquired basic knowledge about selected tropical infectious diseases and their control within a North-South context
- Course participants have a concrete understanding of the links between tropical infectious diseases and social-ecological systems and poverty
- Students will be able to design, implement and analyse an efficient questionnaire in the field of tropical public health
- Students understand the concept of integrated tropical disease control and are able to utilize results from questionnaire surveys to tailor setting-specific integrated control strategies
Content- Global burden of disease and main risk factors
- Epidemiology and control of tropical infectious diseases, with an emphasis on malaria, helminthiases and intestinal protozoa infections
- Interrelationship of tropical infectious disases with conditions of poverty, lack of improved water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)
- Development and validation of questionnaires in the health sciences with particular emphasis on knowledge, attitudes, practices and beliefs (KAPB)
- Data entry, cleaning, analysis and interpretation of questionnaire surveys
- Concepts and case studies of integrated approaches for tropical disease control
- Participatory approaches and information, education and communication (IEC) strategies for integrated disease control
701-0034-14LIntegrated Practical: Analysis of Urban Food Systems Information Restricted registration - show details W1.5 credits3PH. Moschitz
AbstractThe course deals with the analysis of Urban Food Systems (UFS). UFS include all processes that food runs through in a particular space (here: the city of Zurich): production, processing, distribution, consumption, waste disposal. We will analyse those processes with selected examples and particularly consider the role of the different actors of administration, market, and civil society.
Objective- Knowledge of the relevant actors and processes in the urban food system
- Critical reflection of framework conditions of the food system
- Factors influencing food in a city
- Understanding the relationships between administration/policy, civil society, and the market; that influence the food system
- Dealing with different sources and qualities of data (statistics, expert interviews)
- Testing possibilities of processing and presentation of data from different sources
ContentWie ernährt sich eine Stadt? Wie gelangen täglich ausreichend Lebensmittel in guter Qualität in Lebensmittelgeschäfte, und zu den Konsumentinnen und Konsumenten? Wo und wann werden Lebensmittel eingekauft? Welche Rolle spielt die Ausser-Haus-Verpflegung? Was passiert mit den Lebensmittelresten, dem Food Waste? Wo und wie werden die Nahrungsmittel produziert, wo verarbeitet und verpackt, für den Transport bereit gemacht? Welche Faktoren bestimmen, wie dieses komplexe Ernährungssystem funktioniert?

Mit diesen Fragen beschäftigt sich der Kurs, auch wenn in der Kürze nicht alle beantwortet werden können. Das Thema Essen und Ernährung wird für einmal nicht aus Sicht der Produktion, der Landwirtschaft, diskutiert, sondern aus Sicht des Konsums. Angesichts der Tatsache, dass 75% aller Einwohner der Schweiz in Städten leben, nehmen wir die Stadtregion als relevanten Raum des Konsums an. Aus dieser Perspektive wird im Kurs analysiert, wie Essen und Ernährung in einer Stadt (beispielhaft: Zürich) eingebettet ist in ein System verschiedener Akteure entlang der Wertschöpfungskette, von Produktion über Verarbeitung, Handel, Konsum und Entsorgung, aber auch in die unterschiedlichsten Bereiche unserer Gesellschaft und des Zusammenlebens: u.a. Soziales, Umwelt, Lebensqualität, Wirtschaft.

Die Studierenden setzen sich mit aktuellen Konzepten, wie food strategies, urban-rural relationships, alternative food networks, food sovereignty auseinander, diskutieren sie und wenden die Konzepte auf das Food System der Stadt Zürich an. Ein Bezug zum 'Milan Urban Food Policy Pact', den die Stadt Zürich unterzeichnet hat, wird hergestellt. Erkenntnisse aus folgenden aktuellen Europäischen und Nationalen Forschungsprojekten fliessen in das Praktikum ein: SUPURBFOOD (supurbfood.eu), FOODLINKS (foodlinkscommunity.net), Ernährungssystem Basel, Regionaler Konsum Freiburg.

Nach einem theoretischen Einstieg lernen die Studierenden in einer Exkursion (geplant: ein Lebensmittel-Verteilzentrum oder Gemüse-Waschanlage) einen Teil des Food Systems von Zürich kennen. Vor diesem Hintergrund wählen sie dann in Gruppen von 2-3 eine Fragestellung aus, die den Einfluss verschiedener Akteursgruppen (Verwaltung, Markt, Zivilgesellschaft) und ihre Beziehungen in der Wertschöpfungskette beispielhaft untersucht (wobei dies nicht abschliessend möglich sein wird). Die konkrete Fragestellung wird in Absprache mit den Akteuren in der Stadt bis zum Kurs entwickelt, um einen Bezug zu aktuellen Themen sicherzustellen.

Die Daten dazu sollen von den Studierenden eigenständig recherchiert werden; Datenquellen sind hierbei Statistiken, Websites und Jahresberichte von Unternehmen, Expertenbefragungen, sowie ggf. Kurzumfragen bei Konsumenten.

Am Ende wird jede Gruppe ihre Ergebnisse in einem Factsheet zusammenfassen und sie darüber hinaus kreativ aufbereiten: anhand einer Kurzgeschichte (story telling), eines Comics, einer Collage, o.ä. Diese werden den anderen Teilnehmerinnen und Teilnehmern im IP vorgestellt.
LiteratureMansfield B. and Mendes W. (2013) Municipal Food Strategies and Integrated Approaches to Urban Agriculture: Exploring Three Cases from the Global North. International Planning Studies 18: 37-60.

Milan Urban Food Policy Pact: Link

Morgan, K. (2014). Nourishing the city: The rise of the urban food question in the Global North. Urban Studies. doi: 10.1177/0042098014534902

Morgan, K., & Sonnino, R. (2010). The urban foodscape: world cities and the new food equation. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 3(2), 209-224.

Stierand, P. (2012). Stadtentwicklung mit dem Gartenspaten. Umrisse einer Stadternährungsplanung. Dortmund. Link
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