Suchergebnis: Katalogdaten im Herbstsemester 2017

Agrarwissenschaften Master Information
Master-Studium (Studienreglement 2016)
Vertiefung Pflanzenwissenschaften
Disziplinäre Kompetenzbereiche
Agronomy and Plant Breeding
751-4104-00LAlternative CropsW+2 KP2VA. Walter, B. Büter, E. A. Pérez Torres
KurzbeschreibungFew crops dominate the crop rotations worldwide. Following the goal of an increased agricultural biodiversity, species such as buckwheat but also medicinal plants might become more important in future. The biology, physiology, stress tolerance and central aspects of the value-added chain of the above-mentioned and of other alternative crops will be depicted.
LernzielIm Verlauf des Kurses lernen die Studierenden, das Potential verschiedenster Kulturpflanzenarten im Vergleich zu den Hauptkulturarten auf der Basis ihrer biologischen und agronomischen Eigenschaften zu beurteilen. Jeder Studierende nimmt die Beurteilung einer von ihm oder ihr selbst ausgewählten alternativen Kulturart vor und stellt diese den anderen Kursteilnehmern dar. Dabei werden Fachartikel sowie Einträge in Wikipedia zu Hilfe gezogen und selbst bearbeitet.
751-4203-00LHorticultural Science: Case Studies (HS) Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Maximale Teilnehmerzahl: 24
W+2 KP2GL. Bertschinger, J. Rösti, V. J. U. Zufferey
KurzbeschreibungLectures address 2 horticultural cropping systems and value chains, each one in 4 2h-lecture blocks. Afterwards, the students split in 2 groups for addressing a case study focusing on one of the cropping systems treated before. An excursion to a research site might be included. In a final colloquium, each group presents a report on their case study and their conclusions.
LernzielAchieve a deepened understanding of horticultural value chain challenges relating to ecological intensification, resource efficiency, climate change and healthy and safe food, and the problem solution strategies and scientific principles behind.
Deliver in a team effort a report and a presentation providing a comprehensive insight into a problem of the horticultural value chain and its science-based solution strategy.
InhaltIn the autumn semester, the two addressed cropping systems and value chains are fruit-production and viticulture.
In the spring semester, the two addressed cropping systems and value chains are vegetable-production- and berry-production or glasshouse-horticulture.
The selected topics address challenges with regard to ecological intensification, resource efficiency or climate change and branch into on-going research and development projects.
SkriptDocuments handed out during the case studies.
LiteraturAs provided by the case study leaders.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe course builds on basic knowledge delivered in 'Horticultural Crops I' and 'Horticultural Crops II'. If these courses have not been followed by interested participants, equivalent knowledge and experience will greatly support a successful and productive participation of the participating student.
Language: spoken E, G or F, Documents: Preferably English, G/F possible.
751-3603-00LCurrent Challenges in Plant Breeding Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Maximale Teilnehmerzahl: 15
W+2 KP2GB. Studer, A. Hund, Uni-Dozierende
KurzbeschreibungThe seminar 'Current challenges in plant breeding' aims to bring together national and international experts in plant breeding to discuss current activities, latest achievements and future prospective of a selected topic/area in plant breeding.
The topic this year will be: 'Potential and limitations of genomic selection in plants'.
LernzielThe educational objectives cover both thematic competences and soft skills:
Thematic competences:
- Deepening of scientific knowledge in plant breeding
- Critical evaluation of current challenges and new concepts in plant breeding
- Promotion of collaboration and Master thesis projects with practical plant breeders
Soft skills:
- Independent literature research to get familiar with the selected topic
- Critical evaluation and consolidation of the acquired knowledge in an interdisciplinary team
- Establishment of a scientific presentation in an interdisciplinary team
- Presentation and discussion of the teamwork outcome
- Establishing contacts and strengthening the network to national and international plant breeders and scientist
InhaltInteresting topics related to plant breeding will be selected in close collaboration with the working group for plant breeding of the Swiss Society of Agronomy (SSA). For this year, the topic 'Potential and limitations of genomic selection in plants' was selected.

In the fall semester (November 29, 2017), the enrolled students will meet with the lecturers as well as four to six tutors, selected according to their expertise in the selected topic (one afternoon, for about two hours). After an input talk by the lecturers, four to six specific questions/aspects will be identified and phrased. The tutors and the enrolled students will be assigned to four to six different groups, to critically evaluate one question/aspect of the selected topic. The students, guided by tutors, will prepare a presentation of 15 minutes (plus 5 minutes discussion) covering their specific question/aspect. Participation on that afternoon will be mandatory.

End of January (January 30, 2018), a one-day seminar on the selected topic will be organized. After one to two keynote speakers (international experts), four invited talks will link the selected topic to practical plant breeding. In the afternoon, the four to six students groups will present and discuss with the experts their specific questions on the selected topic/area. These presentations will be evaluated by the lecturers. The seminar will be public and serve as annual meeting of the SSA working group for plant breeding, bringing together the experts in plant breeding.

The course is designed for a maximum of 15 Master students and 10 PhD students (advertised and recruited via the Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center). For full and active participation, a total of 2 credit/ECTS points will be provided.
SkriptSeminar abstracts
LiteraturPeer-reviewed research articles, selected according to the selected topic/area.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesParticipation in the BSc course 'Pflanzenzüchtung' is strongly recommended, a completed course in 'Molecular Plant Breeding' is highly advantageous.
Crop Health
751-5121-00LInsect EcologyW+2 KP2VC. De Moraes, M. Mescher, N. Stanczyk
KurzbeschreibungThis is an introductory course in insect ecology. Students will learn about the ways in which insects interact with and adapt to their abiotic & biotic environments and their roles in diverse ecosystems. The course will entail lectures, outside readings, and critical analysis of contemporary literature.
LernzielStudents completing this course should become familiar with the application of ecological principles to the study of insects, as well as major areas of inquiry in this field. Highlighted topics will include insect behavior, chemical and sensory ecology, physiological responses to biotic and abiotic stressors, plant-insect interactions, community and food-web dynamics, and disease ecology. The course will emphasize insect evolution and adaptation in the context of specific interactions with other organisms and the abiotic environment. Examples from the literature incorporated into lectures will highlight the methods used to study insect ecology.
SkriptProvided to students through ILIAS
LiteraturSelected required readings (peer reviewed literature, selected book chapters). Optional recommended readings with additional information.
751-4811-00LAlien Organisms in AgricultureW+2 KP2GJ. Collatz, M. Meissle
KurzbeschreibungThe course focuses on alien organisms in agriculture as well as the scientific assessment and regulatory management of their effects on the environment and agricultural production.
LernzielStudents will understand the consequences arising from the unintentional or deliberate introduction of alien organisms into agricultural systems. They will be able to understand the concept of environmental risk assessment and be able to evaluate risk management options.
InhaltAlien organisms in agriculture is a topic that receives an increasing awareness among farmers, agricultural scientists, regulators and the general public. Students of this course will learn about the nature of alien organisms such as invasive species, biocontrol organisms and genetically modified organisms. With a particular focus on arthropods, plants and their interactions we will look at the potential threats the novel organisms pose, the benefits they provide and how both of these effects can be scientifically assessed. Students will learn how the topic of alien organisms in agriculture is intrinsically tied to policy making and regulation and get to know current examples and future challenges in research. In the last part of the course students will be able to apply the acquired knowledge in a practical exercise (case study).
SkriptMaterial will be distributed during the course
701-0263-01LSeminar in Evolutionary Ecology of Infectious DiseasesW+3 KP2GA. Mikaberidze, S. Bonhoeffer, R. R. Regös
KurzbeschreibungStudents of this course will discuss current topics from the field of infectious disease biology. From a list of publications, each student chooses some themes that he/she is going to explain and discuss with all other participants and under supervision. The actual topics will change from year to year corresponding to the progress and new results occuring in the field.
LernzielThis is an advanced course that will require significant student participation.  Students will learn how to evaluate and present scientific literature and trace the development of ideas related to understanding the ecology and evolutionary biology of infectious diseases.
InhaltA core set of ~10 classic publications encompassing unifying themes in infectious disease ecology and evolution, such as virulence, resistance, metapopulations, networks, and competition will be presented and discussed.  Pathogens will include bacteria, viruses and fungi.  Hosts will include animals, plants and humans.
SkriptPublications and class notes can be downloaded from a web page announced during the lecture.
LiteraturPapers will be assigned and downloaded from a web page announced during the lecture.
751-4506-00LPlant Pathology IIIW+2 KP2GU. Merz, M. Maurhofer Bringolf
KurzbeschreibungIdentifikation der wichtigsten Krankheiten und ihrer pilzlichen Erreger von ein- und mehrjährigen, landwirtschaftlich wichtigen Pflanzenarten, basierend auf der Symptomatologie sowie den Mikro-Strukturen. Die zugehörigen Kontrollmassnahmen einiger wichtiger Schaderreger werden anhand ihrer Lebenszyklen erklärt.
Lernziel- Erkennen der wichtigsten Pflanzenkrankheiten, d.h. deren Symptome (makroskopisch)
- Präpariertechnik, Umgang mit Lupe und Mikroskop
- Kenntnisse über die Biologie (Sporulationsorgane, Zyklus) der Erreger und ihre systematische Zuordnung
- sichere DIAGNOSE
- allgemeine sowie spezifische Kontrollmassnahmen (aus der Biologie abgeleitet)
InhaltEine Lektion der LV wird als e-learning Uebung (computergestützt) durchgeführt. Dies gilt auch als Vorbereitung auf das e-exam (Schlussprüfung).
SkriptEs wird mit einem Skript (die Kulturen und ihre wichtigsten Krankheiten) gearbeitet. Dieses wird schrittweise aktualisiert.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesDer Kurs wird in deutscher Sprache geführt (spez. Terminologie)
Agriculture and Environment
751-5101-00LBiogeochemistry and Sustainable Management Information W+2 KP2GN. Buchmann, C. Bachofen, V. Klaus
KurzbeschreibungThis course focuses on the interactions between ecology, biogeochemistry and management of agro- and forest ecosystems, thus, coupled human-environmental systems. Students learn how human impacts on ecosystems via management or global change are mainly driven by effects on biogeochemical cycles and thus ecosystem functioning, but also about feedback mechanisms of terrestrial ecosystems.
LernzielStudents will know and understand the complex and interacting processes of ecology, biogeochemistry and management of agro- and forest ecosystems, be able to analyze and evaluate the various impacts of different management practices under different environmental conditions, based on real-life data, and be able to coordinate and work successfully in small (interdisciplinary) teams.
InhaltAgroecosystems and forest ecosystems play a major role in all landscapes, either for production purposes, ecological areas or for recreation. The human impact of any management on the environment is mainly driven by effects on biogeochemical cycles. Effects of global change impacts will also act via biogeochemistry at the soil-biosphere-atmosphere-interface. Thus, ecosystem functioning, i.e., the interactions between ecology, biogeochemistry and management of terrestrial systems, is the science topic for this course.

Students will gain profound knowledge about nutrient cycles in managed and unmanaged grassland, cropland and forest ecosystems. Responses of agro- and forest ecosystems to the environment, e.g., to climate, anthropogenic deposition, major disturbances, soil nutrients or competition of plants and microorganisms, but also feedback mechanisms of ecosystems on (micro)climate, soils or vegetation patterns will be studied. Different management practices will be investigated and assessed in terms of production and quality of yield (ecosystem goods and services), but also in regard to their effect on the environment, e.g., greenhouse gas budgets. Thus, students will learn about the complex interactions of a coupled human-environmental system.

Students will work with real-life data from the long-term measurement network Swiss FluxNet. Data from the intensively managed grassland site Chamau will be used to investigate the biosphere-atmosphere exchange of CO2, H2O, N2O and CH4. Greenhouse gas budgets will be calculated for different time periods and in relation to management over the course of a year. In a final report, students will compare their findings to the forest site Davos.
SkriptHandouts will be available on the webpage of the course.
LiteraturWill be discussed in class.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesPrerequisites: Attendance of introductory courses in plant ecophysiology, ecology, and grassland or forest sciences. Knowledge of data analyses and statistics. Course will be taught in English.
751-3405-00LChemical Nature of Nutrients and their Availability to Plants: The Case of Phosphorus Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to 18.
W+4 KP4GE. Frossard, T. I. McLaren, L. P. Schönholzer
KurzbeschreibungThe course will present the principles underlying the use of radioisotopes in soil/plant systems. It will present how the introduction of an isotope into a system can be done to get some information on the structure of the system. Case studies will be presented to determine element availability. Finally, published studies from other groups will be analyzed and presented by the students.
LernzielAt the end of this course the students are familiar with the principles on which radioisotope works are based and they have learned from case studies how radioisotopes can be used to obtain meaningful data. They are aware of the advantages of using radioisotopes in element cycling studies, but also of the risks and open questions related to isotope work.
InhaltRadio-isotopes are extensively used at the soil/plant or ecosystem level to quantify the fluxes of elements (phosphorus (P), heavy metals, radionuclides) within a given system and to assess the importance of processes controlling these fluxes (e.g. exchange reactions between the soil solution and the soil solid phase, element turnover through the microbial biomass, organic matter mineralization etc.).
The course will first present the principles, the basic assumptions and the theoretical framework that underlay the work with radioisotopes. It will present how the introduction of an isotope into a system can be done so as to get information on the structure of the system (e.g. number and size of compartments). Secondly, case studies on isotopic dilution and tracer work will be presented for instance on the isotopic exchange kinetics method to determine nutrients or pollutants availability. The case studies will be adapted to the ongoing research of the group of plant nutrition and will thus give an insight into our current research. In addition, published studies will be analyzed and presented by the students. Finally, the advantages and disadvantages of work with radioisotopes will be analyzed and discussed critically.
SkriptDocuments will be distributed during the lecture
LiteraturWill be given during the lecture
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe lecture will take place at the ETH experimental station in Eschikon Lindau. See the location of the station at: Link
751-5125-00LStable Isotope Ecology of Terrestrial Ecosystems Information Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen W+2 KP2GR. A. Werner, N. Buchmann, A. Gessler
KurzbeschreibungThis course provides an overview about the applicability of stable isotopes (carbon 13C, nitrogen 15N, oxygen 18O and hydrogen 2H) to process-oriented ecological research. Topics focus on stable isotopes as indicators for the origin of pools and fluxes, partitioning of composite fluxes as well as to trace and integrate processes. In addition, students carry out a small project during lab sessions.
LernzielStudents will be familiar with basic and advanced applications of stable isotopes in studies on plants, soils, water and trace gases, know the relevant approaches, concepts and recent results in stable isotope ecology, know how to combine classical and modern techniques to solve ecophysiological or ecological problems, learn to design, carry out and interpret a small IsoProject, practice to search and analyze literature as well as to give an oral presentation.
InhaltThe analyses of stable isotopes often provide insights into ecophysiological and ecological processes that otherwise would not be available with classical methods only. Stable isotopes proved useful to determine origin of pools and fluxes in ecosystems, to partition composite fluxes and to integrate processes spatially and temporally.

This course will provide an introduction to the applicability of stable isotopes to ecological research questions. Topics will focus on carbon (13C), nitrogen (15N), oxygen (18O) and hydrogen (2H) at natural isotope abundance and tracer levels. Lectures will be supplemented by intensive laboratory sessions, short presentations by students and computer exercises.
SkriptHandouts will be available on the webpage of the course.
LiteraturWill be discussed in class.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis course is based on fundamental knowledge about plant ecophysiology, soil science, and ecology in general. Course will be taught in English.
751-5201-00LTropical Cropping Systems, Soils and Livelihoods (with Excursion) Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen W5 KP5GJ. Six, A. Hofmann, B. Wilde
KurzbeschreibungThis course guides students in analyzing and comprehending tropical agroecosystems. Students gain practical knowledge of field methods, diagnostic tools and survey methods for tropical soils and agroecosystems. An integral part of the course is the two-week field project in southern Ethiopia, which is co-organized with Arba Minch University (Ethiopia) and KU Leuven (Belgium).
LernzielLectures and exercises:
(1) Introduction to international soil classification with focus on tropical soils
(2) Soil suitability (chemical, physical and biological fertility) for tropical crops
(3) Soil conservation practices and stakeholder involvement
(4) Approaches to analyzing tropical agroecosystems

Field project:
(5) Overview of the major land use systems in the South Ethiopian Rift Valley
(6) Analysis of agricultural production systems in the Gamo-Gofa region in southern Ethiopia
(7) Hands-on training on the use of field methods, diagnostic tools and survey methods
(8) Collaboration in international student teams (MSc students from Switzerland, Belgium and Ethiopia)
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe number of participants is limited to 12 students due to capacity limitations for the field project in Ethiopia. Selection of participants will be based on (1) the student's motivation statement, (2) successful participation in the BSc lectures "Sustainable Agroecosystems I + II" and (3) related topic for BSc thesis/ tentative topic for MSc thesis. The motivation statement is due in the first week of the semester.
Methodische Kompetenzbereiche
Seminar in Plant Sciences
751-4805-00LRecent Advances in Biocommunication
Maximale Teilnehmerzahl: 25
W+3 KP2SC. De Moraes
KurzbeschreibungStudents will gain insight into the role of sensory cues and signals in mediating interactions within and between species. There will be a primary, but not exclusive, focus on chemical signaling in interactions among plants, insects and microbes. The course will focus on the discussion of current literature addressing key conceptual questions and state-of-the-art research techniques and methods.
LernzielStudents will gain insight into the role of sensory cues and signals in mediating interactions within and between species. There will be a primary, but not exclusive, focus on chemical signaling in interactions among plants, insects and microbes. The course will focus on the discussion of current literature addressing key conceptual questions and state-of-the-art research techniques and methods. Students will engage in discussion and critical analyses of relevant papers and present their evaluations in a seminar setting.
751-5001-00LAgroecologists without BordersW+2 KP2SA. Hofmann, J. Dierks, R. Feola Conz, J. Six
KurzbeschreibungIn this seminar students apply their knowledge on sustainable agriculture, tropical soils and land use to a case study related to a current research project from the Sustainable Agroecosystems group. The seminar offers interactions with researchers and extension specialists working in the context of agricultural development.
Lernziel(1) Students analyze one concrete example of an agricultural research project in a tropical agroecosystem.
(2) Students broaden their understanding of environmental and socio-economic challenges of smallholder farmers.
(3) Students articulate complexity and challenges in agricultural development interventions.
(4) Students develop their science communication skills by producing science communication materials in the context of the given case study.
(5) Students practice their project management skills and write a project management plan.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesStudents signing up for this class should have a strong interest in tropical agriculture and science communication.
751-5115-00LCurrent Aspects of Nutrient Cycle in Agro-Ecosystems
Findet dieses Semester nicht statt.
Die Veranstaltung findet erst wieder im HS 2018 statt.
W+2 KP1SE. Frossard
KurzbeschreibungDas Seminar befasst sich mit aktuellen Fragen und Forschungsarbeiten zu Nährstoffkreisläufen in Agrarökosystemen mit Vertiefung zu einem spezifischen Thema rund um Nährstoffe. Es besteht aus Vorträgen von Referierenden aus dem In- und Ausland inkl. Exkursion. In einem Bericht fassen die Studierenden das Expertenwissen zusammen und verknüpfen es mit ihrem eigenen Wissen und Angaben aus Literatur.
LernzielVorträge von Experten hören und verstehen. Fragen und Diskussionsbeiträge zu Fachvorträgen und an der Exkursion einbringen. Während dem Anlass vermittelte Information mit Wissen aus den früheren Lehrveranstaltungen und mit eigens gesuchter Literatur verbinden. Informationen zusammenführen, um übergeordnete Fragen zu beantworten und Folgerungen abzuleiten. Wissensstand über Nährstoffkreisläufe und Nährstoffmanagement im Agrarökosystem ausbauen.
751-4003-01LCurrent Topics in Grassland Sciences (HS) Information W+2 KP2SN. Buchmann
KurzbeschreibungResearch results in agro- and forest ecosystem sciences will be presented by experienced researchers as well as Ph.D. and graduate students. Citation classics as well as recent research results will be discussed. Topics will range from plant ecophysiology, biodiversity and biogeochemistry to management aspects in agro- and forest ecosystems.
LernzielStudents will be able to understand and evaluate experimental design and data interpretation of on-going studies, be able to critically analyze published research results, practice to present and discuss results in the public, and gain a broad knowledge of recent research and current topics in agro- and forest ecosystem sciences.
InhaltResearch results in agro- and forest ecosystem sciences will be presented by experienced researchers as well as Ph.D. and graduate students. Citation classics as well as recent research results will be discussed. Topics will range from plant ecophysiology, biodiversity and biogeochemistry to management aspects in agro- and forest ecosystems.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesPrerequisites: Basic knowledge of plant ecophysiology, terrestrial ecology and management of agro- and forest ecosystems. Course will be taught in English.
Design, Analysis and Communication of Science
751-3801-00LExperimental Design and Applied Statistics in Agroecosystem ScienceO3 KP2GA. Hund, W. Eugster, C. Grieder, R. Kölliker
KurzbeschreibungIn this course, different experimental designs will be discussed and various statistical tools will be applied to research questions in agroecosystem sciences. Both manipulative (field and laboratory) experiments and surveys are addressed and students work with a selection of basic techniques and methods to analyse data using a hands-on approach. Methods range from simple t-tests to multi-factoria
LernzielStudents will know various statistical analyses and their application to science problems in their study area as well as a wide range of experimental design options used in environmental and agricultural sciences. They will practice to use statistical software packages (R), understand pros and cons of various designs and statistics, and be able to statistically evaluate their own results as well as those of published studies.
InhaltThe course program uses a learning-by-doing approach ("hands-on minds-on"). New topics are introduced in the lecture hall, but most of the work is done in the computer lab to allow for the different speeds of progress of the student while working with data and analyzing results. In addition to contact hours exercises must be finalized and handed in for grading. The credit points will be given based on successful assessments of selected exercises.

The tentative schedule containst the following topics:

Introduction To Experimental Design and Applied Statistics
Introduction to 'R' / Revival of 'R' Skills
Designs of Field and Growth Chamber Experiments
Nonlinear Regression Fits
Multivariate Techniques: Principle Component Analysis, Canonical Correpondence Analysis (CCA), Cluster Analysis
ANOVA using linear and mixed effect models
Error Analysis, Error Propagation and Error Estimation
Introduction to autoregression and autocorrelations in temporal and spatial data and how to consider them in ANOVA-type analysis

This course does not provide the mathematical background that students are expected to bring along when signing up to this course. Alternatively, students can consider some aspects of this course as a first exposure to solutions in experimental design and applied statistics and then deepen their understanding in follow-up statistical courses.
SkriptHandouts will be available (in English)
LiteraturA selection of suggested additional literature, especially for German speaking students will be presented in the introductory lecture.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis course is based on the course Mathematik IV: Statistik, passed in the 2nd year and the Bachelor's course "Wissenschaftliche Datenauswertung und Datenpräsentation" (751-0441-00L)
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