Suchergebnis: Katalogdaten im Frühjahrssemester 2012

Physik Master Information
Kernfächer
Theoretische Kernfächer
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
402-0871-00LSolid State TheoryW10 KP4V + 1UM. Sigrist
KurzbeschreibungDiese Vorlesung richtet sich an Studierende der Experimentalphysik und der theoretischen Physik. Sie bietet eine Einführung in wichtige theoretische Konzepte der Festkörperphysik.
LernzielZiel der Vorlesung ist die Entwicklung eines theoretischen Rahmens zum Verständnis grundlegender Phänomene der Festkörperphysik. Dazu gehören Symmetrien, Bandstrukturen, Teilchen-Teilchen Wechselwirkung, Landau Fermi-Flüssigkeiten, sowie spezifische Themen wie Transport, Supraleitung, Magnetismus. Die Übungen unterstützen und illustrieren die Vorlesung durch handwerkliches Lösen spezifischer Probleme. Der Student versteht grundlegende theoretische Konzepte der Festkörperphysik und kann Probleme selbständig lösen. Es werden keine diagrammatischen Techniken behandelt.
InhaltDiese Vorlesung richtet sich an Studierende der Experimentalphysik und der theoretischen Physik. Sie bietet eine Einführung in wichtige theoretische Konzepte der Festkörperphysik. Eine Auswahl aus folgenden Themen ist üblich: Symmetrien und Gruppentheorie, Elektronenstruktur in Kristallen, Isolatoren-Halbleiter-Metalle, Phononen, Wechselwirkungseffekte, (un-)geladene Fermi-Flüssigkeiten, lineare Antworttheorie, kollektive Moden, Abschirmung, Transport in Halbleitern und Metallen, Magnetismus, Mott-Isolatoren, Quanten-Hall-Effekt, Supraleitung.
Skriptin Deutsch
402-0844-00LQuantum Field Theory IIW10 KP3V + 2UT. K. Gehrmann
KurzbeschreibungThe subject of the course is modern applications of quantum field theory with emphasis on the quantization of non-abelian gauge theories.
Lernziel
InhaltThe following topics will be covered:
- path integral quantization
- non-abelian gauge theories and their quantization
- systematics of renormalization, including BRST symmetries,
Slavnov-Taylor Identities and the Callan Symanzik equation
- gauge theories with spontaneous symmetry breaking and
their quantization
- renormalization of spontaneously broken gauge theories and
quantum effective actions
LiteraturM.E. Peskin and D.V. Schroeder,
An introduction to Quantum Field Theory, Perseus (1995).
L.H. Ryder,
Quantum Field Theory, CUP (1996).
S. Weinberg,
The Quantum Theory of Fields (Volume 2), CUP (1996).
M. Srednicki,
Quantum Field Theory, CUP (2006).
402-0394-00LTheoretical Astrophysics and CosmologyW10 KP3V + 2UU. Seljak
KurzbeschreibungThis is the second of a two course series which started with "General Relativity" and continues in the spring with "Theoretical Astrophysics and Cosmology", where the focus will be on applying general relativity to cosmology.
Lernziel
InhaltHere is the rough plan of the topics we plan to cover. The actual pace may vary relative to this plan.

Week 1: overview of homogeneous cosmology I: spacetime geometry, redshift, Hubble law, distances
Week 2: overview of homogeneous cosmology I: dynamics of expansion, accelerated expansion, horizons
Week 3: thermal history of the universe and recombination
Week 4: cosmic microwave background anisotropies I: first look
Week 5: creation of matter: baryogenesis
Week 6: creation of nuclei: nucleosynthesis
Week 7: cold dark matter
Week 8: inflation: homogeneous limit
Week 9: relativistic perturbation theory I
Week 10: relativistic perturbation theory II
Week 11: cosmic microwave background anisotropies II: scalar and tensor modes
Week 12: cosmic microwave background anisotropies III: polarization
Week 13: structure formation
Week 14: gravitational lensing
Week 15: inflation and initial perturbations in the universe
LiteraturSuggested textbooks:
primary textbook: S. Weinberg, Cosmology
secondary textbooks: R. Durrer, The cosmic microwave background
V. Mukhanov: Physical Foundations of Cosmology
E. W. Kolb and M. S. Turner: The Early Universe
S. Carroll: An introduction to General Relativity Spacetime and Geometry
N. Straumann: General relativity with applications to astrophysics
S. Dodelson: Modern Cosmology
A. Liddle and D. Lyth: Cosmological Inflation and Large Scale Structure
Voraussetzungen / Besonderesweb site: Link
Experimentelle Kernfächer
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
402-0702-00LPhenomenology of Particle Physics IIW6 KP2V + 1UM. Dittmar, M. Grazzini
KurzbeschreibungIn PPP II the standard model of particle physics will be developed from the point of view of gauge invariance. The example of QED will introduce the essential concepts. Then we will treat both strong and electroweak interactions. Important examples like deep inelastic lepton-hadron scattering, e+e- -> fermion antifermion, and weak particle decays will be calculated in detail.
Lernziel
402-0264-00LAstrophysics IIW10 KP3V + 2US. Lilly
KurzbeschreibungThe course examines various topics in astrophysics with an emphasis on physical processes occurring in an expanding Universe, from a time about 1 microsecond after the Big Bang, to the formation of galaxies and supermassive black holes within the next billion years.
LernzielThe course examines various topics in astrophysics with an emphasis on physical processes occurring in an expanding Universe. These include the Robertson-Walker metric, the Friedmann models, the thermal history of the Universe after 1 micro-sec including Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, and introduction to Inflation, and the growth of structure through gravitational instability. The observational determination of cosmological parameters is studied in some detail, including the imprinting of temperature fluctuations on the microwave background. Finally, the key physics of the formation of galaxies and the development of black-hole is reviewed, including the way in which the first structures re-ionize the Universe.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis course covers the former Wahlfach course "Cosmology and Large-Scale Structure of the Universe" (402-0377-00L). Therefore it is not allowed to take credits for both courses.

Prior completion of Astrophysics I is recommended but not required.
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