052-0543-23L  House Behaviorology in Switzerland

SemesterAutumn Semester 2023
LecturersM. Kaijima, R. Boltshauser, E. Christ, J. De Vylder, C. Gantenbein, D. Mettler, D. Studer
Periodicityyearly recurring course
Language of instructionEnglish (lecture), German (exercise), English (exercise)
CommentPlease register (Link) only after the internal enrolment for the design classes (see Link).
Students who do not wish to change the design class must not enrol.

Project grading at semester end is based on the list of enrolments on 1.11.2023 (valuation date) only. This is the ultimate deadline to unsubscribe or enroll for the studio.


052-0505-00 VKonstruktion III
Kurssprachen: Deutsch und Englisch.
Keine Lehrveranstaltung am 25.10 (Seminarwoche) und in den beiden letzten Semesterwochen (Schlussabgaben).
2 hrs
Wed08:00-09:35HIL E 3 »
R. Boltshauser, E. Christ, J. De Vylder, C. Gantenbein, M. Kaijima
052-0505-00 UKonstruktion BUK III
Kurssprachen: Deutsch und Englisch.
Keine Lehrveranstaltung am 24.10 (Seminarwoche).
2 hrs
Tue08:00-09:35HIL E 3 »
D. Mettler, D. Studer
052-0543-23 UArchitectural Design III: House Behaviorology in Switzerland (M.Kaijima)
Permission from lecturers required for all students.
No course on 24/25.10 (seminar week)
12 hrs
Tue08:50-16:30ONA G 25 »
Wed09:45-16:30ONA G 25 »
M. Kaijima

Catalogue data

AbstractLecture "Construction III":
The overall topic of the lecture series is “Construction – Elements of Architecture”. The lecture series gives the students an insight into different construction and design methods. The lectures are held by four different professorships in a block of 5 lectures in a row and showcasing their individual approach on design and architecture in general.
ObjectiveIn the 2nd Year curriculum, three courses are related in design theory and design practice: "Konstruktion III" is design theory. "Konstruktion BUK III" is construction theory. "Architectural Design III" integrates the theories from the different courses including with them to apply architectural design in real-world problems.

Architectural Design III: House Behaviorology in Switzerland (M.Kaijima)

Typology and Research (4 weeks)
Each individual student
• is able to understand different housing typologies within their historical context. (2)
• is able to understand the principles of housing design, including topics such as Typology, Program, Usage, Privacy, Commonality, Material and Climate. (2)
• is able to independently gather information on a self-chosen topic (3)
• is able to analyze a case study house based on an individually formed question or individual interest. (4)
• is able to represent their analysis in a drawing and a short text. (3)

Structure and Space (4 weeks)
Each individual student
• is able to design a small-scale housing complex according to the above-mentioned principles. (3)
• is able to design spaces for privacy and for community. (3)
• is able to adapt a housing design to the needs of specific inhabitants with partially special needs, such as families and elderly. (3)
• is able to apply the principles of structural design to their housing design. (3)
• is able to critically evaluate a design and improve it. (5+6)
• is able to represent a design through floor plans, sections and elevations as well as with physical models (3)

Improving Design + Details and Construction (5 weeks)
Each individual student
• is able to detail a small-scale housing complex. (3)
• is able to understand the principles of construction. (2)
• is able to gather examples and evaluate them in accordance with their design (5)
• is able to evaluate and chose materials and construction in accordance with their design idea (5).
• Is able draw a section of their design in scale 1:50 with all necessary details. (3)

Cognitive scale
(1) Remember
(2) Understand
(3) Apply
(4) Analyze
(5) Evaluate
(6) Create

Grading Criteria:
The submissions will be graded before each review. Each submission is graded according to the following criteria:
• Completeness and punctuality of submission
• Research method, the ability to find and analyze information
• Implementation of the concept of Architectural Behaviorology within the design
• Choice of Typology, Design and Expression of the project, in connection with the concept of Architectural Behaviorology
• Structural design, construction details and choice of materials in accordance with the design idea and the method of Architectural Behaviorology
• Visualization, the ability to communicate a design effectively with compelling drawings, models and text.
The final grade consists of the following partial grades:
• Mid review 1 submission (individual work): 30%
• Mid Review 2 submission (individual work): 30%
• Final Review submission (individual work): 30%
• "Construction III" submission (individual work): 10%

Lecture "Construction III":
Introducing students into different design and making approaches to find a path towards their personal approach on designing and making.
Last day of lecture, students must bring construction drawing by a A5 sketchbook given at first lecture by design studio to submit the result of understanding of lectures. The presentation will be a large exhibition participated by all 2nd year students to share as exhibition by all 2nd year students. The result will be integrated in the grading of design studio.
ContentArchitectural Design III: House Behaviorology in Switzerland (M.Kaijima)
Architectural Behaviorology and Actor Network Theory are our two guiding principles to not only design architecture but also understand our current existing environment.
By understanding a building, a house not as an isolated object but as a node in a vast and far reaching network, or several networks, we grow conscious of the impact, which our design has, not only on the specific plot but on the neighbours, the city, the environment, the society. Vice-versa, analyzing and understanding the relationships, which have shaped existing buildings, helps us to better understand how and why the design of those buildings came to be.
While identifying the relationship between actors within the network, we simultaneously observe the behavior of each actor as a result of their relationship. The behavior can be static or dynamic, actors can be human, non-human, animate or inanimate. How does a building behave towards its environment? What behavior do inhabitants engage in within and around a building? How do we have to design to take Behaviors of certain materials into account?
House and Housing is the base of our living environment and a diverse field in architecture. House behaviorology will set the challenge to find sustainable living condition in the city, by understanding historical examples and their geography, density, economic standing, and time period.
At first, to find the character and essence of today’s house and housing design in Ticino, we will start with analyzing existing single-family houses in and around the city. We will research and map how these basic units of housing relate to the users, to each other and to their surroundings. What kind of purposes they fulfilled and what kind of activities and behaviors do these houses enable?
Second, we will try to improve on the design by changing the single-family house into housing complexes, responding to the need of greater density, but still retaining the qualities of the original houses. Where do we find synergies, when combining houses? What kind of common spaces arise and how can we make use of them to make better neighborhoods?
Simultaneously we will have a close look on designing for inclusivity. How do we design for partially special needs groups, such as the elderly or children? How can we all live together in a house and in the urban ecology?

The course is structured as follow:

Typology and Research (4 weeks)
• Analyzing an existing single-family house in Ticino according to the principles of Architectural Behaviorology und the historical context of the said house.
• Defining a special interest for an element or relationship between elements of the chosen house and defining a question as a tool to better understand this field of interest.
• Representing the house and the research in a large-scale drawing and a short text.

Structure and Space (4 weeks)
• Designing a housing complex with a given program on the basis of the analysis of the case study single-family house.
• Evaluating and adapting the design constantly.
• Applying the principles of structural design to the design project.

Improving Design + Details and Construction (5 weeks)
• Constantly improving the design and sharpening the design idea.
• Detailing one section in the scale of 1:50 by applying the learned principles of construction and structural design as well as adding details in accordance with the principles of Architectural Behaviorology.
Lecture notesArchitectural Design III: House Behaviorology in Switzerland (M.Kaijima) Lecture Notes
Each student will receive a printed reader, containing the basic information about the course, such as schedule, syllabus and other important information, as well as examples and references for the design task, and readings to support the theoretical framework of the course.
LiteratureArchitectural Design III: House Behaviorology in Switzerland (M.Kaijima)
• Nott Caviezel, « Switzerland since the 1970s: from Ticino Tendenza to Pluralism ». In: Petra Ceferin (Hrsg.): Architectural Epicentres: Inventing Architecture, Intervening in Reality, Ljubljana: Architecture Museum of Ljubljana, 2008, pp. 90-103
• Latour, Bruno, Science in Action, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1987
• Atelier Bow-Wow, Graphic Anatomy, Toto Publishing, Tokyo, 2007
• Atelier Bow-Wow, Behaviorology, Rizzoli International Publications, New York, 2010
• Carloni, Tita, « Zwischen Bewahren und Erneuern- Bemerkungen zur Architektur im Kanton Tessin von 1930 bis 1980 », 1983
• Davidovici, Irina, « Constructing ‘the School of the Ticino’: the historiography of a new Swiss architecture, 1975–1990 », In: The Journal of Architecture, 25:8, pp. 1115-1140, 2020

Lecture "Construction III"
Momoyo Kaijima:
- Atelier Bow-Wow: “Behaviorology” Rizzoli International Publication, New York, 2010
- Momoyo Kaijima et al “Made in Tokyo” Kajima Publishing, Japan, 2001
Jan De Vylder:
Free to consult / not limited
- 3 BOEK 789 – ISBN 9789492321749
- UNLESS EVER PEOPLE – ISBN 9789492567079
- GALLERY MAGAZINE N° I – ISBN 9789493146495
Emanuel Christ and Christoph Gantenbein:
- “Remaking Cities: Techning at ETH Zurich 2010 - 2013. Review No. III”, Park Books, Zurich,2022
Roger Boltshauser:
- Tschanz, Martin (2021): Roger Boltshauser, Monografie, Triest Verlag, Zürich.
- Boltshauser, Roger; Veillon, Cyril; Maillard, Nadja (2020): Pisé. Stampflehm – Tradition und Potenzial, Triest Verlag, Zürich.
- Hönger, Christian; Menti, Urs-Peter; et al. (2009): Das Klima als Entwurfsfaktor, Quart Verlag, Luzern.
- Kapfinger, Otto; Boltshauser, Roger; Rauch, Martin (2011): Haus Rauch: ein Modell moderner Lehmarchitektur / The Rauch house: a model of advanced clay architecture, Birkhäuser, Basel.
Prerequisites / NoticeArchitectural Design III: House Behaviorology in Switzerland (M.Kaijima)
To attend this course, students have to enroll through the “Enrolment in the Design Studios of D-Arch”-page: (Link).
The design studio is structured as a year-long course.
The submissions during the autumn semester will be individual work.
Schedule Autumn Semester 2023:
• Introduction: September 19th, 10:15
• Mid Review 1: October 11th
• Mid Review 2: November 15th
• Final Review: December 20th
Costs: ca. 150 CHF
Location: ONA G 25 + G 27

Lecture "Construction III":
- 20.09.2023 Momoyo Kaijima
- 27.09.2023 Momoyo Kaijima
- 04.10.2023 Momoyo Kaijima
- 11.10.2023 Momoyo Kaijima
- 18.10.2023 Momoyo Kaijima
- 25.10.2023 Seminar Week
- 01.11.2023 Christ & Gantenbein
- 08.11.2023 Christ & Gantenbein
- 15.11.2023 Christ & Gantenbein
- 22.11.2023 Christ & Gantenbein
- 29.12.2023 Christ & Gantenbein
- 06.12.2023 All professors: Examination - exhibition of the sketchbooks
Subject-specific CompetenciesConcepts and Theoriesassessed
Techniques and Technologiesassessed
Method-specific CompetenciesAnalytical Competenciesassessed
Media and Digital Technologiesfostered
Project Managementfostered
Social CompetenciesCommunicationassessed
Cooperation and Teamworkfostered
Customer Orientationfostered
Leadership and Responsibilityfostered
Self-presentation and Social Influence fostered
Sensitivity to Diversityassessed
Personal CompetenciesAdaptability and Flexibilityfostered
Creative Thinkingassessed
Critical Thinkingassessed
Integrity and Work Ethicsassessed
Self-awareness and Self-reflection assessed
Self-direction and Self-management assessed

Performance assessment

Performance assessment information (valid until the course unit is held again)
Performance assessment as a semester course
ECTS credits14 credits
ExaminersM. Kaijima
Typegraded semester performance
Language of examinationEnglish
RepetitionRepetition possible without re-enrolling for the course unit.
Additional information on mode of examinationTeaching languages are English and German.

Vorlesung "Konstruktion III":
Die Vorlesung Konstruktion III ist ein obligatorischer Leistungselement und Bestandteil des Entwurfskurses mit dem Ziel ein umfassendes Verständnis für Architektur und Konstruktion zu erlangen. Die Semesterleistung wird als fortlaufende Leistungskontrolle in einem Skizzenbuch, das am Anfang der Vorlesungsserie ausgehändigt wird, festgehalten. Das Skizzenbuch ist ein eigenständiges Lernelement, mit welchem die Studierenden das Vorgetragene direkt in Form von Skizzen, Kommentaren, Ausarbeitungen und Spekulationen verarbeiten. Am Ende des Semesters findet eine Ausstellung aller Skizzenbücher statt. Die Bewertung wird dann von den jeweiligen Entwurfsstudios durchgeführt und geht mit 10% in die Gesamtnote des Entwurfskurses ein. Dabei werden folgende Kriterien in die Beurteilung einfliessen: Vollständigkeit und Pünktlichkeit der Abgabe, Verständnis und Wiedergabe der präsentieren Inhalte, Fähigkeit zur Interpretation und umfassenderen Aneignung der Konzepte, sowie die grafische Qualität der Darstellungen und Beschriebe.

Übung "Konstruktion BUK III":
Während des Semesters werden verschiedene Übungsaufgaben angeboten. Die Teilnahme an diesen freiwilligen Übungen wird empfohlen.

Learning materials

Main linkInformation
Only public learning materials are listed.


No information on groups available.


GeneralPermission from lecturers required for all students

Offered in

Architecture BachelorArchitectural Design (3. Semester)WInformation