651-4023-00L  Groundwater

SemesterAutumn Semester 2023
LecturersX.‑Z. Kong, B. Marti
Periodicityyearly recurring course
Language of instructionEnglish


651-4023-00 GGroundwater4 hrs
Mon16:15-18:00NO E 39 »
Thu08:15-10:00NO E 39 »
X.‑Z. Kong, B. Marti

Catalogue data

AbstractThe course provides an introduction into quantitative analysis of groundwater flow and solute transport. It is focussed on understanding, formulating, and solving groundwater flow and solute transport problems.
Objectivea) Students understand the basic concepts of groundwater flow and solute transport processes, and boundary conditions.

b) Students are able to formulate simple, practical groundwater flow and solute transport problems.

c) Students are able to understand and apply simple analytical and/or numerical solutions to fluid flow and solute transport problems.
Content1. Introduction to groundwater problems. Concepts to quantify properties of aquifers.

2. Flow equation. The generalised Darcy law.

3. The water balance equation and basic concepts of poroelasticity.

4. Boundary conditions. Formulation of flow problems.

5. Analytical solutions to flow problems

6. Finitie difference scheme solution for simple flow problems.

7. Numerical solution using finitie difference scheme.

8. Concepts of transport modelling. Mass balance equation for contaminants.

9. Boundary conditons. Formulation of contaminant transport problems in groundwater.

10. Analytical solutions to transport problems.

11. Fractured and karst aquifers.

12. The unsaturated zone and capillary pressure.

13. Examples of applied hydrogeology from Switzerland and around the world. (Given by Dr. Beatrice Marti from hydrosolutions GmbH)
Lecture notesHandouts of slides.
LiteratureBear J., Hydraulics of Groundwater, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1979

Domenico P.A., and F.W. Schwartz, Physical and Chemical Hydrogeology, J. Wilson & Sons, New York, 1990

Chiang und Kinzelbach, 3-D Groundwater Modeling with PMWIN. Springer, 2001.

Kruseman G.P., de Ridder N.A., Analysis and evaluation of pumping test data. Wageningen International Institute for Land Reclamation and Improvement, 1991.

de Marsily G., Quantitative Hydrogeology, Academic Press, 1986
Subject-specific CompetenciesConcepts and Theoriesassessed

Performance assessment

Performance assessment information (valid until the course unit is held again)
Performance assessment as a semester course
ECTS credits4 credits
ExaminersX.-Z. Kong, B. Marti
Typegraded semester performance
Language of examinationEnglish
RepetitionRepetition only possible after re-enrolling for the course unit.
Additional information on mode of examinationTwo written exams: the mid-term and the final exams contribute 40 % and 60 % to the final grade, respectively.

Learning materials

No public learning materials available.
Only public learning materials are listed.


No information on groups available.


There are no additional restrictions for the registration.

Offered in

Earth Sciences MasterEngineering Geology: FundamentalsW+Information
Environmental Sciences MasterHydrology and Water CycleWInformation