101-0524-00L  Lean, Integrated and Digital Project Delivery

SemesterAutumn Semester 2021
LecturersD. Hall
Periodicityyearly recurring course
Language of instructionEnglish


AbstractThis course is an introduction to innovative construction project delivery through three strategies: integrated information, integrated organization, and integrated processes. Students will be introduced to project and production management concepts such as Lean Construction, Building Information Modeling, the Tri-Constraint Method, & Integrated Project Delivery.
ObjectiveBy the end of the course, students will be able to plan and manage the lean, integrated, and digital project delivery of a construction project.
Students will know they are able to achieve this overall course goal when they can:
1. Apply the fundamental theories of lean production to the context of construction management. This includes the ability to describe the three views of production: transformation, flow and value generation; evaluate the benefits of a pull production system compared to push production systems; evaluate how production variability and uncertainty contributes to work-in-process and 'waste'; and apply the concepts of lean production to several construction management tools including the Last Planner System, Pull Planning, Target Value Design, and Takt Planning.
2. Understand the fundamentals of Virtual Design and Construction and Building Information Modeling. This includes the ability to prepare a model breakdown structure capable of integrating project information for all stakeholders; describe the upcoming transition to a common data environment for BIM that will use platforms such as Autodesk Forge; and describe the barriers to successful implementation of BIM within construction and design firms
3. Plan and schedule an integrated '5D' scope schedule cost model using the Tri-Constraint Method. This includes the ability to understand the TCM algorithm, apply parametric logic to the creation of a virtual model for construction production; and evaluate the limitations of the critical path method when compared to resource- and space-constrained scheduling
4. Evaluate benefits of integrated project governance compared to the organization of traditional construction project delivery systems. This includes the ability to evaluate the risks, benefits and considerations for integrated teams using multi-party relational contracts that cross disciplinary and firm boundaries; and explain to others the 'elements' of integrated projects (e.g. colocation, early involvement of key stakeholders, shared risk/reward, collaborative decision making)
ContentThe construction industry is continually seeking to deliver High-Performance (HP) projects for their clients. HP buildings must meet the criteria of four focus areas – buildability, operability, usability, and sustainability. The project must be buildable, as measured by metrics of cost, schedule, and quality. It must be operable, as measured by the cost of maintaining the facility for the duration of its lifecycle. It must be usable, enabling productivity, efficiency and well-being of those who will inhabit the building. Finally, it must be sustainable, minimizing the use of resources such as energy and water. Buildings that succeed in all four of these areas can be considered HP projects.
HP buildings require the integration of building systems. However, the traditional methods of planning and construction do not use an integrated approach. Project fragmentation between many stakeholders is often cited as the cause of poor project outcomes and the reason for poor productivity gains in the construction industry. In response, the construction industry has turned to new forms of integration in order to integrate the processes, organization, and information required for high performance projects.
This course investigates emerging trends in the construction industry – e.g. colocation, shared risk/reward contracts, lean construction methods, and use of shared building information models (BIM) for virtual design and construction (VDC) – as a way to achieve HP projects.
For integrated processes, students will be introduced to the fundamentals of lean construction management. This course will look at the causes of variability in construction production and teach the theory of lean production for construction. Processes and technologies will be introduced for lean management, such as the last planner system, takt time planning, production tracking, and target value design.
For integrated information, students will be introduced to the fundamentals of virtual design and construction, including how to use work breakdown structures and model breakdown structures for building information modeling, and the fundamentals and opportunities for 4D scheduling, clash detection, and “5D and 6D” models. Future technologies emerging to integrate information such as the use of Autodesk Forge will be presented. Students will have the opportunity to discuss barriers in the industry to more advanced implementation of BIM and VDC.
For integrated organization, students will study the limitations of the construction industry to effectively organize for complex projects, including the challenges of managing highly interdependent tasks and generating knowledge and learning within large multi-organizational project teams. One emerging approach in North America known as IPD will be studied as a case example. Students will explore the benefits of certain ‘elements’ of IPD such as project team colocation, early involvement of trade contractors, shared risk/reward contracts, and collaborative decision making.
The course will also include several guest lectures from industry experts to further demonstrate how these concepts are applied in practice.
Lecture notesLecture Presentation slides will be available for viewing and download the day before each lecture.

The class will be presented in a "flipped classroom" environment where students will be required to do readings or watch video before class. In-class activities will act to reinforce and expand upon these primary concepts.

If possible due to COVID restrictions, students will be expected to attend a half-day workshop on the Last Planner System. The date of this workshop will be provided at a later point in time.
LiteratureA full list of required readings will be made available to the students via Moodle
Prerequisites / NoticeProject Management for Construction Projects (101-0007-00L) is a recommended but not required prerequisite for this course
CompetenciesCompetencies
Subject-specific CompetenciesConcepts and Theoriesassessed
Techniques and Technologiesassessed
Method-specific CompetenciesAnalytical Competenciesassessed
Decision-makingassessed
Media and Digital Technologiesassessed
Problem-solvingassessed
Project Managementassessed
Social CompetenciesCommunicationfostered
Cooperation and Teamworkassessed
Customer Orientationfostered
Leadership and Responsibilityassessed
Self-presentation and Social Influence fostered
Sensitivity to Diversityfostered
Negotiationfostered
Personal CompetenciesCritical Thinkingassessed
Self-direction and Self-management fostered