227-0155-00L Machine Learning on Microcontrollers
|Semester||Spring Semester 2021|
|Lecturers||M. Magno, L. Benini|
|Periodicity||every semester recurring course|
|Language of instruction||English|
|Comment||Number of participants limited to 40.|
Registration in this class requires the permission of the instructors.
|227-0155-00 G||Machine Learning on Microcontrollers
Permission from lecturers required for all students.
|M. Magno, L. Benini|
|Abstract||Machine Learning (ML) and artificial intelligence are pervading the digital society. Today, even low power embedded systems are incorporating ML, becoming increasingly “smart”. This lecture gives an overview of ML methods and algorithms to process and extracts useful near-sensor information in end-nodes of the “internet-of-things”, using low-power microcontrollers (ARM-Cortex-M; RISC-V).|
|Objective||Learn how to Process data from sensors and how to extract useful information with low power microprocessors using ML techniques. We will analyze data coming from real low-power sensors (accelerometers, microphones, ExG bio-signals, cameras…). The main objective is to study in detail how Machine Learning algorithms can be adapted to the performance constraints and limited resources of low-power microcontrollers becoming Tiny Machine learning algorithms.|
|Content||The final goal of the course is a deep understanding of machine learning and its practical implementation on single- and multi-core microcontrollers, coupled with performance and energy efficiency analysis and optimization. The main topics of the course include:|
- Sensors and sensor data acquisition with low power embedded systems
- Machine Learning: Overview of supervised and unsupervised learning and in particular supervised learning ( Decision Trees, Random, Support Vector Machines, Artificial Neural Networks, Deep Learning, and Convolutional Networks)
- Low-power embedded systems and their architecture. Low Power microcontrollers (ARM-Cortex M) and RISC-V-based Parallel Ultra Low Power (PULP) systems-on-chip.
- Low power smart sensor system design: hardware-software tradeoffs, analysis, and optimization. Implementation and performance evaluation of ML in battery-operated embedded systems.
The laboratory exercised will show how to address concrete design problems, like motion, gesture recognition, emotion detection, image, and sound classification, using real sensors data and real MCU boards.
Presentations from Ph.D. students and the visit to the Digital Circuits and Systems Group will introduce current research topics and international research projects.
|Lecture notes||Script and exercise sheets. Books will be suggested during the course.|
|Prerequisites / Notice||Prerequisites: Good experience in C language programming. Microprocessors and computer architecture. Basics of Digital Signal Processing. Some exposure to machine learning concepts is also desirable.|
|Performance assessment information (valid until the course unit is held again)|
|Performance assessment as a semester course|
|ECTS credits||6 credits|
|Examiners||L. Benini, M. Magno|
|Type||graded semester performance|
|Language of examination||English|
|Repetition||Repetition only possible after re-enrolling for the course unit.|
|Additional information on mode of examination||Final grade will be based on a graded project work that can also be done in teams. The project topic can be chosen freely, as long as it employs content that is taught in this course and it employs machine learning on micro-controllers.|
|No public learning materials available.|
|Only public learning materials are listed.|
|No information on groups available.|
|General|| : Special students and auditors need a special permission from the lecturers|
Permission from lecturers required for all students