227-0384-00L  Ultrasound Fundamentals, Imaging, and Medical Applications

SemesterSpring Semester 2019
LecturersO. Göksel
Periodicityyearly recurring course
Language of instructionEnglish
CommentNumber of participants limited to 60.


227-0384-00 GUltrasound Fundamentals, Imaging, and Medical Applications3 hrs
Fri09:15-12:00ETZ E 6 »
O. Göksel

Catalogue data

AbstractUltrasound is the only imaging modality that is nonionizing (safe), real-time, cost-effective, and portable, with many medical uses in diagnosis, intervention guidance, surgical navigation, and as a therapeutic option. In this course, we introduce conventional and prospective applications of ultrasound, starting with the fundamentals of ultrasound physics and imaging.
ObjectiveStudents can use the fundamentals of ultrasound, to analyze and evaluate ultrasound imaging techniques and applications, in particular in the field of medicine, as well as to design and implement basic applications.
ContentUltrasound is used in wide range of products, from car parking sensors, to assessing fault lines in tram wheels. Medical imaging is the eye of the doctor into body; and ultrasound is the only imaging modality that is nonionizing (safe), real-time, cheap, and portable. Some of its medical uses include diagnosing breast and prostate cancer, guiding needle insertions/biopsies, screening for fetal anomalies, and monitoring cardiac arrhythmias. Ultrasound physically interacts with the tissue, and thus can also be used therapeutically, e.g., to deliver heat to treat tumors, break kidney stones, and targeted drug delivery. Recent years have seen several novel ultrasound techniques and applications – with many more waiting in the horizon to be discovered.

This course covers ultrasonic equipment, physics of wave propagation, numerical methods for its simulation, image generation, beamforming (basic delay-and-sum and advanced methods), transducers (phased-, linear-, convex-arrays), near- and far-field effect, imaging modes (e.g., A-, M-, B-mode), Doppler and harmonic imaging, ultrasound signal processing techniques (e.g., filtering, time-gain-compensation, displacement tracking), image analysis techniques (deconvolution, real-time processing, tracking, segmentation, computer-assisted interventions), acoustic-radiation force, plane-wave imaging, contrast agents, micro-bubbles, elastography, biomechanical characterization, high-intensity focused ultrasound and therapy, lithotripsy, histotripsy, photo-acoustics phenomenon and opto-acoustic imaging, as well as sample non-medical applications such as the basics of non-destructive testing (NDT).

Hands-on exercises: These will help to apply the concepts learned in the course, using simulation environments (such as Matlab k-Wave and FieldII toolboxes). The exercises will involve a mix of design, implementation, and evaluation examples commonly encountered in practical applications.

Project: These will be part of the assessment in grading. Projects will be carried out throughout the course, individually or in small groups. Project reporting and presentations will be due at the end of the semester. Topics highly relevant in the field of ultrasound are offered as suggested projects. Students are also welcome to propose custom project topics of their own.
Prerequisites / NoticePrerequisites: Familiarity with basic numerical methods.
Basic programming skills in Matlab.

Performance assessment

Performance assessment information (valid until the course unit is held again)
Performance assessment as a semester course
ECTS credits4 credits
ExaminersO. Göksel
Typeend-of-semester examination
Language of examinationEnglish
RepetitionThe performance assessment is only offered at the end after the course unit. Repetition only possible after re-enrolling.
Additional information on mode of examinationAssessment is based on a combination of oral exam (70%) and project work (30%) [compulsory continuous performance assessment].

To prepare yourself for the oral examination, you will have the opportunity to come an hour earlier before your scheduled exam time. You will then be given the exam questions to prepare yourself for your answers (without any aid other than pen and paper).

Learning materials

No public learning materials available.
Only public learning materials are listed.


No information on groups available.


Places60 at the most
Waiting listuntil 03.03.2019

Offered in

Biomedical Engineering MasterRecommended Elective CoursesWInformation
Electrical Engineering and Information Technology MasterRecommended SubjectsWInformation
Electrical Engineering and Information Technology MasterSpecialization CoursesWInformation
Electrical Engineering and Information Technology MasterSpecialization CoursesWInformation
Health Sciences and Technology MasterElective Courses IIWInformation
Health Sciences and Technology MasterElective Courses IIWInformation
MAS in Medical PhysicsCore CoursesWInformation
MAS in Medical PhysicsElectivesWInformation
Mechanical Engineering MasterBioengineeringWInformation
Physics MasterGeneral ElectivesWInformation
Computational Science and Engineering BachelorElectivesWInformation
Computational Science and Engineering MasterElectivesWInformation