This course is an introduction to classical multiplicative analytic number theory. The main object of study is the distribution of the prime numbers in the integers. We will study arithmetic functions and learn the basic tools for manipulating and calculating their averages. We will make use of generating series and tools from complex analysis.
The main goal for the course is to prove the prime number theorem in arithmetic progressions: If gcd(a,q)=1, then the number of primes p = a mod q with p<x is approximately (1/phi(q))*(x/log x), as x tends to infinity, where phi(q) is the Euler totient function.
Developing the necessary techniques and theory to prove the prime number theorem in arithmetic progressions will lead us to the study of prime numbers by Chebyshev's method, to study techniques for summing arithmetic functions by Dirichlet series, multiplicative functions, L-series, characters of a finite abelian group, theory of integral functions, and a detailed study of the Riemann zeta function and Dirichlet's L-functions.
Lecture notes will be provided for the course.
Multiplicative Number Theory by Harold Davenport Multiplicative Number Theory I. Classical Theory by Hugh L. Montgomery and Robert C. Vaughan Analytic Number Theory by Henryk Iwaniec and Emmanuel Kowalski
Voraussetzungen / Besonderes
Complex analysis Group theory Linear algebra Familiarity with the Fourier transform and Fourier series preferable but not required.
Information zur Leistungskontrolle (gültig bis die Lerneinheit neu gelesen wird)