Tom Avermaete: Katalogdaten im Herbstsemester 2022

Auszeichnung: Die Goldene Eule
NameHerr Prof. Dr. Tom Avermaete
LehrgebietGeschichte und Theorie des Städtebaus
Adresse
Geschichte u.Theorie d. Städtebaus
ETH Zürich, HIL D 70.7
Stefano-Franscini-Platz 5
8093 Zürich
SWITZERLAND
Telefon+41 44 633 73 09
E-Mailtom.avermaete@gta.arch.ethz.ch
DepartementArchitektur
BeziehungOrdentlicher Professor

NummerTitelECTSUmfangDozierende
052-0801-00LGlobal History of Urban Design I Information 2 KP2GT. Avermaete
KurzbeschreibungThis course focuses on the history of the design of cities, as well as on the ideas, processes and actors that engender and lead their development and transformation. The history of urban design will be approached as a cross-cultural field of knowledge that integrates scientific, economic and technical innovation as well as social and cultural advances.
LernzielThe lectures deal mainly with the definition of urban design as an independent discipline, which maintains connections with other disciplines (politics, sociology, geography) that are concerned with the transformation of the city. The aim is to make students conversant with the multiple theories, concepts and approaches of urban design as they were articulated throughout time in a variety of cultural contexts, thus offering a theoretical framework for students' future design work.
InhaltIn the first semester the genesis of the objects of study, the city, urban culture and urban design, are introduced and situated within their intellectual, cultural and political contexts:

01. The History and Theory of the City as Project
02. Of Rituals, Water and Mud: The Urban Revolution in Mesopotamia and the Indus
03: The Idea of the Polis: Rome, Greece and Beyond
04: The Long Middle Ages and their Counterparts: From the Towns of Tuscany to Delhi
05: Between Ideal and Laboratory: Of Middle Eastern Grids and European Renaissance Principles
06: Of Absolutism and Enlightenment: Baroque, Defense and Colonization
07: The City of Labor: Company Towns as Cross-Cultural Phenomenon
09: Garden Cities of Tomorrow: From the Global North to the Global South and Back Again
010: Civilized Wilderness and City Beautiful: The Park Movement of Olmsted and The Urban Plans of Burnham
011: The Extension of the European City: From the Viennese Ringstrasse to Amsterdam Zuid
SkriptPrior to each lecture a chapter of the reader (Skript) will be made available through the webpage of the Chair. These chapters will provide an introduction to the lecture, the basic visual references of each lecture, key dates and events, as well as references to the compulsory and additional reading.
LiteraturThere are three books that will function as main reference literature throughout the course:

-Ching, Francis D. K, Mark Jarzombek, and Vikramditya Prakash. A Global History of Architecture. Hoboken: Wiley, 2017.
-Ingersoll, Richard. World Architecture: A Cross-Cultural History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2018.
-James-Chakraborty, Kathleen. Architecture Since 1400. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2014.

These books will be reserved for consultation in the ETH Baubibliothek, and will not be available for individual loans.

A list of further recommended literature will be found within each chapter of the reader (Skript).
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesStudents are required to familiarize themselves with the conventions of architectural drawing (reading and analyzing plans at various scales).
052-0803-00LArchitekturgeschichte und -theorie I Information 2 KP2V + 2UM. Delbeke, T. Avermaete, L. Stalder, P. Ursprung
KurzbeschreibungGrundlegende Einführung und Übersicht der Theorie der Architektur der Renaissance bis ins 19. Jahrhundert. Die Vorlesung behandelt Schlüsselbegriffe, Protagonisten und den Diskurs über frühmoderne Europäische Architektur
«Grundlagen der Geschichte und Theorie der Architektur I-II» bietet eine praxisorientierte Einführung in die Methoden und Instrumente der Architektur- und Kunstgeschichte.
Lernziel1. Aneignung eines grundsätzlichen Wissens über die Geschichte und Theorie der Architektur der frühmodernen Epoche, ihrer Hauptprotagonisten und der Methoden und Instrumente der Architekturforschung.
2. Identifizieren der wichtigsten Themen der Architektur, der zeitgenössische Debatten der Epoche und das Erkennen der in der Vorlesung behandelten Orte und Bauwerke.
3. Aneignung grundsätzlicher Werkzeuge um eine historische Sichtweise auf die gebaute Umwelt zu etablieren, Erkennen von Stilen, Konzepten und Problemen welche die Produktion von Architektonischem Wissen befördern.
4. Entwickeln von Werkezeugen, um sich mit historischer, theoretischer und kritischer Forschung auseinanderzusetzen, um so die eigene Architektonischen Kultur besser verstehen zu können.
InhaltDie Vorlesung «Geschichte und Theorie der Architektur I-II» bietet eine chronologische und thematische geordnete Übersicht über die in Europa entstandene frühmoderne Architektur und Architekturgeschichte vom 15. bis ins 19. Jahrhundert. Die Vorlesung strukturiert sich in thematische Vorlesungen, welche die Architektonischen Hauptwerke, Texte und Ikonographien behandelt. Dazu gehören die Vitruvianische Tradition der Architekturgeschichte und Praxis, deren Verbreitung im Italien des 15. Und 16. Jahrhunderts; die Verbreitung Architektonischer Prinzipien durch die Entwicklung des Buchdrucks im 16. Jahrhundert; die Entwicklung voneinander divergierender architektonisch-kompositorischer Prinzipien und der architektonische Entwurf in Italien und Frankreich zwischen dem 16. und 17. Jahrhundert; die Formierung und internationale Ausbreitung religiöser Symbolik durch Architektur; die Analyse zeitgenössischer Entwurfsmethoden – wie im Fall von Michelangelo; eine Auseinandersetzung mit Gebäudetypologien wie dem Palazzo und der Villa, sowie deren Bedeutung, geschaffen durch Architekten wie Andrea Palladio; Debatten über die Frage nach Schönheit und Ornament, spezifisch im 17. Und 18. Jahrhundert; Fragen der Schirmherrschaft und der Beziehung zwischen Architektur und politischer, sowie religiöser Macht (z.B. die Französische Monarchie und das Römische Papsttum); die Beziehung zwischen Gebäude und urbaner Umgebung in der Entstehungszeit Europäischer Hautstädte wie Rom, Paris und Berlin; Historismus und Haltungen gegenüber der Vergangenheit und deren architektonischen Stilen.
Zusätzlich zu den Vorlesungen, beinhaltet die Lehrveranstaltung «Geschichte und Theorie der Architektur I-II» eine Serie von Seminaren mit dem Titel «Small Narratives». Diese Seminare haben das Ziel, den Fokus des Programms zu erweitern und durch ein Erkunden von Fallstudien, wie etwa «Gebäuden und Ruinen in Zürich», den Inhalt der Vorlesung zu ergänzen und zu bereichern. Der Inhalt des Seminars ist nicht prüfungsrelevant; nichtsdestotrotz sind die Studierenden eingeladen, das erworbenen Wissen in anderen Lehrveranstaltungen zu nutzen. Die Teilnahme am Seminar ist obligatorisch.
Die Lehrveranstaltung «Grundlagen der Geschichte und Theorie der Architektur I-II» hat zum Ziel, die grundsätzlichen Methoden und Strategien der Kunst- und Architekturgeschichte zu erforschen und anzuwenden. Sie besteht aus vier Teilen, wobei jeder einzelne von einem anderen der vier gta-Lehrstühle organsiert wird und sich mit jeweils spezifischen Forschungsbereichen im Feld der Architektur- und Kunstgeschichte auseinandersetzt. Die Lehrveranstaltung besteht aus vier unterschiedlichen Übungen und Aufgaben, durchgeführt unter der Leitung einer der vier Lehrstühle über das Jahr verteilt:
1. Architektur und Bücher (M. Delbeke)
2. Architektur und Medium (L. Stalder)
3. Architektur und Kunst (P. Ursprung)
4. Urbanismus und Commons (T. Avermaete)
LiteraturEin Skript zum Kurs, die Power Point Folien und die Videoaufzeichnungen von «Geschichte und Theorie der Architektur I-II» stehen zu Beginn des Semesters zur Verfügung. Zusätzlich stehen gedruckte Skripts zur Verfügung, welche beim Lehrstuhl erworben werden können.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesFür die Lehrveranstaltung «Geschichte und Theorie der Architektur I-II» wird von den Studierenden eine eigenständige Arbeitsweise erwartet, um sich ein grundsätzliches Wissen über die Europäische Architekturgeschichte anzueignen.
052-0817-22LTheory of Architecture: How to be Independent - Architectural Techniques of the Non-Aligned Information Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
The course is limited to 24 students.
2 KP2SH. K. Le Roux, T. Avermaete
KurzbeschreibungThis seminar explores resistance to the post-1945 (1957-1980) globalisation of architectural techniques, which can be found in media used to communicate alternatives. Inspired by practices documented in the dispersed grey literature from the “global South” from 1957-1980, we will experiment with the alternative, independent productions of our own manuals about autonomous ways of building.
LernzielDuring what Okwui Enwezor called “the Short Century” of African independence, building activists published in ways that circumvented the need to use former colonial powers to reproduce knowledge. There were manuals on building in earth, experiments in fibre-based roofing, re-wilding, and bio-energy, amongst others. Given that this research area is distant in time and space, the seminar aims to build empathy in imagining and reacting to the dilemmas faced by activists and architects in the new Non-Aligned nations.

Through this process we will realise our own alternative creative agency as an asset that we could bring to other situations where we need to act autonomously. The case studies it will explore, which are not well known beyond local circulation, will support us to devise and communicate ways to create architecture without easy recourse to new materials, exotic technologies, foreign exchange, or the advice of outsiders.
InhaltCase studies of architectural experimentation from, amongst others, local agencies in Ghana, Tanzania, Egypt, Zambia, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Cuba, India, and allies in the US Peace Corps, anti-apartheid South Africa, and Europe. Co-designing a platform for sharing interesting content, and printing manuals using an off-grid Mimeograph or Spirit Duplicator process.
LiteraturNkrumah, Kwame. 1965. Neo-Colonialism, The Last Stage of Imperialism. London: Thomas Nelson & Sons, Ltd.

Enwezor, Okwui, and Chinua Achebe. 2001. The short century: independence and liberation movements in Africa, 1945-1994. Munich: Prestel.

Baker, Laurie. Mud. 1993. Trichur, India : Centre of Science & Technology for Rural Development.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis course is directed exclusively to students on master level.

Final Critique: week of 19.12.-23.12.2022
The weekly schedule is published at the beginning of the semester and is included in the reader
052-0827-22LSeminar History and Theory of Urban Design: Sites and Services Information Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
For students from the 3rd semester
4 KP2SS. Loosen, T. Avermaete
Kurzbeschreibung‘Sites-and-services’ was an important housing paradigm that was mobilized in the context of development aid to provide cost-efficient housing for the global poor. Since these were essentially unfinished projects that relied on their future inhabitants to complete their dwellings, in this seminar we discuss what we can learn from the histories of such atypical housing projects.
LernzielBy focusing on the history of ‘sites-and-services’ projects, this seminar aims to develop on the one hand to a historical understanding of urban design in the postcolonial context of development aid, and on the other a theoretical understanding of the centrality of the act of inhabitation to architecture and its history.

Upon completion of the course, the students will have:
(1) acquired a general knowledge of the role of architecture and urban planning in the historical context of development aid, the main actors involved, and strategies adopted;
(2) acquired an in-depth knowledge on the specific housing paradigm of ‘sites-and-services’;
(3) developed a critical attitude in engaging with the history of postcolonial urban design;
(4) developed a theoretical understanding of the act of inhabitation as central to architecture and its history;
(5) developed a reflective attitude on the modes of writing architectural history and the role of inhabitation in it;
(6) strengthened their analytical skills by engaging in text- and project-based discussions, their collaborative skills in team-based project analyses, and their communicative skills in presenting the outcomes of their work to their peers.
InhaltThe City Lived: ‘Sites-and-Services’

In our seminar series ‘The City Lived’ we focus on the history of urban design with a particular emphasis on the lived experiences in the city. This semester’s seminar will focus on ‘sites-and-services’, which was an important housing paradigm that was mobilized in the context of development aid to provide cost-efficient housing for the global poor.

This housing strategy consisted of providing ‘sites’ – plots of land to construct dwellings on – in combination with a set of ‘services’, ranging from infrastructural features such as sewerage and waste disposal, to market-based interventions that aimed to make cheap building material more easily accessible or financial loan schemes that offered inhabitants the means to invest in their homes. It often operated on a large scale and targeted thousands of households in a single project. As it was heavily endorsed by major actors such as the World Bank and the United Nations for several decades since the 1970s as a cost-efficient way to relieve a high number of people from their most basic housing needs whilst simultaneously offering authorities the means to direct the enormous growth of spontaneous settlements in the urban peripheries, these ‘sites-and-services’ schemes have left a major imprint on many cities in the Global South. Despite this impact, their histories are not that well documented.

Since these were essentially unfinished projects that relied on their future inhabitants to complete their dwellings, in this seminar we not only intend to dig up the histories of such projects but also to discuss what we can learn from the histories of such atypical housing projects. Inhabitants have drastically expanded and transformed the initial minimal design to often unrecognizable degrees according to their needs and resources and many of these sites are now integrated into wider urban patterns. How do we write the history of ‘unfinished’ projects? How do we acknowledge the act of appropriation and inhabitation as integral part of such projects?
SkriptTexts that need to be read before each lecture will be provided in a course reader at the start of the semester or digitally via our website.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe course will be graded as follows:

Active participation in the course: 20%
Active participation in the course involves the capacity of asking mature questions in response to lectures, critically discussing required readings during our discussion seminars and giving constructive feedback to fellow students during presentations.

Mid-term assignment: 30%
In small teams, students will present a collective presentation on one particular sites-and-services project, each outlining an individual research question they would like to focus on in the remainder of the semester.

Final assignment: 50%
The final assignment consists of two components: (1) an in-class presentation where in small teams students will present both a collective and individual presentation on one particular sites-and-services project; (2) a short individual written paper, pursuing a research question that reflects the individual student's interest in the topic.
KompetenzenKompetenzen
Fachspezifische KompetenzenKonzepte und Theoriengeprüft
Verfahren und Technologiengeprüft
Methodenspezifische KompetenzenAnalytische Kompetenzengeprüft
Problemlösunggeprüft
Projektmanagementgeprüft
Soziale KompetenzenKommunikationgeprüft
Kooperation und Teamarbeitgeprüft
Sensibilität für Vielfalt geprüft
Verhandlunggeprüft
Persönliche KompetenzenKreatives Denkengeprüft
Kritisches Denkengeprüft
Selbststeuerung und Selbstmanagement geprüft
052-0833-22LPhD Teaching Information
Findet dieses Semester nicht statt.
2 KP3SC. Rachele, T. Avermaete
KurzbeschreibungThe course discusses the material encounter of modern architecture and photojournalism as both converged to transform Brasília, the new capital of Brazil designed by Costa and Niemeyer, into a global mass media event. The photographic material produced for magazines promoted images of a new imaginary nation and staged dissonances and microhistories of this massive urban-architectural endeavor.
LernzielTo understand the construction process of modern architecture’s photographic representation in international mass media through the collaboration network between photojournalists, editors, illustrated magazines, photo agencies and new technologies.
To explore how photojournalism challenges the sterile photographic depiction of modern architecture’s spaces. Instead of abstract conditions and no people, photojournalistic images perform a sort of ‘offstage’, introducing the construction site, everyday events, temporary settlements, imperfections, materials, maintenance, impacts on landscapes and communities.
To investigate the exploitative nature and colonial gaze of “humanitarian” photojournalism, and the search for the exotic in faraway lands.
InhaltPhD Teaching: The Architecture of the Photograph: Brasília, 1957-1960“

The fact remains that, right from its foundation, Brasilia benefited from a communicative strategy that made the new capital a clearly identifiable and indeed familiar place - even to people who had never visited it.” Maristella Casciato

Supported by portable cameras, Kodak films, halftone printing, air travel, media organizations, and the State, photojournalism in its many forms composed a mediatized representation of the Brasilia and its architecture, offering the public a dramatization of modernism’s colonial expansion to frontier territories in Brazil. In this course, we will investigate the published and unpublished material of photojournalists from around the world who flocked to the interior of Brazil to capture the genesis of Brasília. In a construction site that resembled a battlefield, under extreme sun heat, surrounded by mud and red dust, we will follow the steps of Swiss René Burri (Magnum Photos) and Jack Metzger (Comet Photos), Germans Peter Scheier (Pix Publishing) and Michael Friedl (Freelancer), Swedish Ake Borglund (Se Magazine), Hungarian Thomaz Farkas (Freelancer), Ukrainian Dmitri Kessel (Life Magazine), and American Frank Scherchel (Life Magazine).

Like detectives, students will investigate analog cameras, films, printing technologies, search for archives, photographs, missing links, clues and contradictions. Like storytellers, they will develop a cohesive visual narrative by arranging existing and imaginary fragments into an exhibition or photo-essay.

Assessment based on active participation in interactive seminars and final essay/exhibition.
KompetenzenKompetenzen
Fachspezifische KompetenzenKonzepte und Theoriengeprüft
Verfahren und Technologiengefördert
Methodenspezifische KompetenzenAnalytische Kompetenzengeprüft
Entscheidungsfindunggeprüft
Medien und digitale Technologiengeprüft
Problemlösunggeprüft
Projektmanagementgeprüft
Soziale KompetenzenKommunikationgeprüft
Kooperation und Teamarbeitgeprüft
Kundenorientierunggefördert
Menschenführung und Verantwortunggeprüft
Selbstdarstellung und soziale Einflussnahmegeprüft
Sensibilität für Vielfalt geprüft
Verhandlunggefördert
Persönliche KompetenzenAnpassung und Flexibilitätgeprüft
Kreatives Denkengeprüft
Kritisches Denkengeprüft
Integrität und Arbeitsethikgeprüft
Selbstbewusstsein und Selbstreflexion geprüft
Selbststeuerung und Selbstmanagement geprüft
052-0839-22LParticular Questions in Architectural Theory: Parity in History? Information 2 KP2SA. Hultzsch, T. Avermaete
KurzbeschreibungCan we achieve gender parity in architectural historiography? This course is intended to give students an insight into writing critical histories of architecture, challenging and expanding canons. Based on reading seminars and writing exercises, sessions will focus on questions of gender and parity in architecture while exploring specific case studies from the 18th and 19th centuries.
LernzielCan we achieve gender parity in architectural historiography? Can we talk about equal numbers of women, men, and other gender identities when all textbooks agree that there simply were (much) more male architects than those identifying as female until very recently – and still are, if we accept the star system? What would shift, if we insisted on finding a woman with architectural agency for each man we are taught about? How would we find these women?

In this course, we will explore what forms of agency woman had before 1900, focusing on her pen as her main tool. Writing and publishing allowed woman a public voice long before she was allowed to enrol for professional degrees or have the vote at the ballot box. She was not silent, and she had a lot to say about her environment. Her lived experiences and her skill to ascribe meaning to spaces for others to relive is as crucial to our understanding of architectural history as that of contemporaneous design practices. We must listen to her if we want to come closer to parity in architectural histories. This course will broaden students’ understanding of the modern age by challenging existing canons in terms of gender, class, race, and other social categorisations creating systems of oppression.

Consisting of reading seminars and writing exercises, we will engage both with 18th and 19th-century primary sources as well as with feminist theory across the last 300 years, embedding these in the wider contexts to achieve parity. Writing is central to the course, both as primary source as well as a tool to develop our own engagement with architecture and its histories. Students will gain skills in historical research as well as with digital humanities tools. Concepts taught include situated writing, intensive/extensive reading as well as text mining and analysis. Students will be enabled to write their own histories, to take agency themselves in which ways they want to know about the past.

Assignments will consist of several written pieces, produced during the semester, of differing length and format, both creative and academic, always closely linked to our joint research. The pieces will be peer reviewed in class to produce a collaborative response to the question: Can we achieve gender parity in architectural historiography?
SkriptAll readings will be available on Moodle.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis course is intended for students from the 5th semester onwards. Attendance is a key requirement.
KompetenzenKompetenzen
Fachspezifische KompetenzenKonzepte und Theoriengeprüft
Verfahren und Technologiengefördert
Methodenspezifische KompetenzenAnalytische Kompetenzengeprüft
Medien und digitale Technologiengeprüft
Soziale KompetenzenKommunikationgeprüft
Kooperation und Teamarbeitgeprüft
Sensibilität für Vielfalt geprüft
Persönliche KompetenzenKreatives Denkengeprüft
Kritisches Denkengeprüft
Selbststeuerung und Selbstmanagement gefördert
052-0851-22LTopical Questions in History and Theory of Architecture: (Un)settling Territory Information 2 KP2SH. A. Kennedy, T. Avermaete
KurzbeschreibungThis course poses the question of how projects of land, terrain, and territory enfold laboring bodies and gather around, legislate, and flow through settlement. Linking the architectures of colonization to modernization's damaged ecologies, we will trace the ways in which those spatial orders have been disrupted and re-imagined, proposing new methodologies for the design of planetary futures.
LernzielSeeking to unearth longstanding entanglements between land and architecture, we will chart the imperial global geographies, the territorial formations, and their knowledge systems, shaped and sustained over the last 500 years by the spatial grammar of colonization—the “rifts of broken earths” created by modernization’s displacements. These formations share a common heritage of practices informed by the same recurring themes that define the damaged ecologies of the Anthropocene, a subject of increasing decolonial scrutiny within studies of the built and landscaped environment. Those themes include entrenched forms of racialized violence, land alienation, environmental degradation, and large-scale species loss, narratives of modernity archived by the land and landscape. Thinking alongside Kathryn Yusoff and Swati Chattopadhyay and engaging Indigenous spatial ontologies and Black feminist- and postcolonial counter-mapping, we will trace the ways in which those territorial orders have been disrupted, unsettled, and re-imagined, proposing new methodologies for the design of planetary futures.
InhaltThis course opens with the hypothesis that the historical dynamic of deterritorialization that is fundamental to imperial and colonial structures—the unit of the global, formed by empire and capitalism—has taken shape through design and architectural interventions, stressing the need to better understand modern architecture’s land histories. Postcolonial theory further underscores the necessity to shift how we read design’s participation in capitalist transformations of the environment, its long history of “development thinking.” Thinking within and across differences, the readings for this course share a core set of decolonial practices, new patterns of thought, to chart the spatial histories of these transformations. Working with an interdisciplinary and intersectional approach and privileging marginalized voices and geographies, we will explore these interventions and developments with perspectives offered by recent movements in Black studies, critical feminist geography, Indigenous environmental history, and multispecies studies. Engaging these perspectives serves to shift how we understand who and what has shaped the architectural past, while unearthing long-standing but overlooked entanglements between land and the built environment.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis course is aimed at students from the 5th semester onwards. It will require a set amount of reading and sessions will include intensive discussion and in-class exercises, so consistent attendance is very important.
KompetenzenKompetenzen
Fachspezifische KompetenzenKonzepte und Theoriengeprüft
Methodenspezifische KompetenzenAnalytische Kompetenzengeprüft
Soziale KompetenzenKommunikationgeprüft
Kooperation und Teamarbeitgeprüft
Sensibilität für Vielfalt geprüft
Persönliche KompetenzenKreatives Denkengeprüft
Kritisches Denkengeprüft
Integrität und Arbeitsethikgeprüft
Selbstbewusstsein und Selbstreflexion geprüft
Selbststeuerung und Selbstmanagement geprüft
063-0805-22LHistory and Theory in Architecture IX Information 1 KP1VT. Avermaete, H. Teerds
KurzbeschreibungThis course offers a brief introduction to contemporary urban problems and challenges. Based on a thematic approach, the course explores how these issues pose a challenge to the fields of architecture, urban design and planning.
LernzielThis course aims to offer a survey of the history and current state of urban theory for students of urban design and architecture.
InhaltIt is a somewhat commonplace to say thatwe live in an 'urban age': cities are the most common habitat for the inhabitants of the world, today. Moreover, while more than half the global population lives in cities according to the reports of the UN, it is expected that within the next few decades this amount will increase to two-thirds. This 'urban' condition, however, cannot be generalized. Within the term 'city' a broad range of different urban conditions are taken together: from metropolises to suburban neighborhoods, and from shrinking (old industrial) cities to the new cities that prosper under the conditions of globalization. It also generalizes too much with regard to the urban condition within cities in the so-called Global North as compared to the Global South. In other words: the urban condition is as diverse as there are cities. However, it is also true that it is precisely in the cities that the challenges of our time are most apparent: globalization, gentrification, poverty, climate change. These topics call for a response.

The development of cities forms the topic of discussion, not only within the fields of architecture, urban design, spatial planning, but also among politicians, economists, anthropologists, philosophers, citizens and activists. The urban realm and reality has provoked them to think and write about its form and functioning, appearance and structure, to protest against particular issues, and to take initiatives to direct the development in a different direction. Designers and planners reflect on the urban developments as well, sometimes in participating in the development themselves, sometimes from the sideline.

This is obviously not new, nor limited to the current urban condition. The discourse regarding the size and growth of cities, its functioning and politics, has a long pedigree in history, going back to the establishment of Greek and Roman city-states. This survey course aims to offer an introduction to issues at stake in cities, tailored to students of architecture and urban design. It will explore the past and current discourses, and will access a broad range of perspectives. It also does an effort to expand the scope beyond regular Western-European and North-American perspectives from Western world. The course will specifically address how architecture (positively or negatively) is involved in these issues.

The aim of the course is to challenge the question how architects and urban designers can have an influence on urban developments and issues that we often regard as beyond the scope of architecture. With this challenge, also students are urged to reflect upon their own position regarding architectural interventions in the urban fabric, facing the current condition of the urban environment (in all its diversity).

This course consists of weekly, one-hour lectures that address one particular topic at a time. In each lecture, this theme is investigated through different texts and case-studies that highlight crucial moments in the history and developments of cities. At the same time, the case studies will be structured so as to bridge between urban theories and concrete urban situations, design reflections and political ambitions. This will help convey to students the historical pedigree of current discourses on cities, whether simultaneously gain insight the role of designers in respect to the chosen topic. Students will prepare the meetings by reading fragments from core texts on the forehand.

The course is finalized through the writing of an essay, wherein the student is challenged to question how architectural agency can address (a) contemporary urban issue(s).

Lecture 01 – Introduction
Lecture 02 – Politics
Lecture 03 – Public Space
Lecture 04 – Capital
Lecture 05 – Climate Change
Lecture 06 – Technology
Lecture 07 – Tourism
Lecture 08 – Migration
Lecture 09 – Housing
Lecture 10 – Participation
Lecture 11 – Architectural Agency
LiteraturFor this course, each week students will read fragments from key readings on the topics addressed. The readings will be made available via the website of the course prior to HS2022.
KompetenzenKompetenzen
Fachspezifische KompetenzenKonzepte und Theoriengeprüft
Verfahren und Technologiengeprüft
Methodenspezifische KompetenzenAnalytische Kompetenzengeprüft
Medien und digitale Technologiengeprüft
Soziale KompetenzenKommunikationgeprüft
Kooperation und Teamarbeitgeprüft
Kundenorientierunggeprüft
Menschenführung und Verantwortunggeprüft
Selbstdarstellung und soziale Einflussnahmegeprüft
Sensibilität für Vielfalt geprüft
Verhandlunggeprüft
Persönliche KompetenzenKreatives Denkengeprüft
Kritisches Denkengeprüft
Integrität und Arbeitsethikgeprüft
Selbstbewusstsein und Selbstreflexion geprüft
063-0857-22LSubject Semester HS22 (Fachsemester) in the Field of History and Theory in Architecture (Avermaete) Information Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Enrolment by email to the chair Link; Application deadline is Wednesday 7th September 2022, 8 p.m.

A student can only register once for a "Fachsemester" during the Master studies!

Available places will be allocated firstly conform the A-B-C-studio priority system, and secondly, if necessary, randomly. You will receive a message about acceptance or rejection for the subject semester by Thursday, September 8, 2021, 2 p.m. at the latest. Students who have been rejected have the opportunity to choose a design class.
14 KP29AT. Avermaete
KurzbeschreibungZürich’s Land Commons

This Research Studio focuses on the land commons of Zürich and explores how the ways in which land is managed and appropriated influences the construction of the city. What are land commons and how do architects and how do architects and other citizens engage with them? How do they help us in addressing the social, political, and environmental challenges of our time?
LernzielThe Research Studio has two main objectives:

First, to develop an ‘Archeology’ of Zürich’s land commons. In this part, the work of the urban historian or theoretician is understood as an archaeological venture. The collective stock of Zürich’s variegated land use, as well as the crafts and realizations (buildings and neighborhoods) related to it, will be systematically analyzed as the outcome of codes and as reliant on established practices of ‘commoning’. The result will be a catalogue of the city’s common-pool land resources, illustrating how these provide a basis for practices of ‘commoning’ and how, as architectural, and urban figures, they are integrated into and have an impact upon the city fabric.

Second, to identify a ‘Project for the City’. Based on the archeology, we will explore the inherent logics of the land commons of Zürich. The idea is that the uncovering of these logics not only helps to comprehend the historical development of the land commons, but also to speculate about future scenarios for engaging with the scarce land resources in the city. The past, present, and future roles of the land commons in the city will be discussed, as a more comprehensive project for the city as we know it and as it might evolve.
InhaltCities have always been places based on common resources. While designing and constructing the architecture of the city, architects, urban designers, builders, and inhabitants have had to engage with common resources located in particular places and geographies: inherited common-pool resources (water, nature, air); material common-pool resources (clay, brick, stone, wood); as well as immaterial common-pool resources (craft, knowledge).

This understanding of the city, as being intrinsically related to common resources has gained renewed attention, as neoliberalism replaces ever-shrinking welfare structures, and global urbanization is accompanied by rising inequality. It is not only architects and urban designers who are again becoming interested in alternative principles of governing common resources, but also political movements and society at large. Hence, some of these issues – generally labeled ‘the commons’ – have received growing attention in the last decades within the fields of critical urban studies, urban history, urban geography and the social sciences.

After four semesters focusing on the water commons, the green commons, the housing commons, and the material commons, this Research Studio continues the investigations into the rich history of ‘the commons’ in the city of Zürich by focusing on its land resources. The ‘land commons’ will be investigated from architectural, urban, typological, environmental, and material perspectives. We will explore how common practices have affected the development of the city, and conversely how land commons enable and structure common practices. Ultimately, this historical research will unlock an alternative reading of the urban and architectural qualities of the built environment of the city, potentially pointing to more socially inclusive and environmentally conscious alternatives to the mostly market driven land use of the city.
SkriptMethodology: Exploring the Tools and Knowledge of the Architect

The main hypothesis of the Research Studio is that historical and theoretical research can gain from a profound use of the tools and knowledge of an architect. During the Research Studio students will employ specific architectural tools, such as drawing, writing, and model making to explore historical and theoretical realities. Students will be urged to explore various methods of composing analytical and interpretative drawings. They will reflect upon the capacity of drawing methods from the field of architecture, such as plan drawing, sectional drawings, mappings, serial visions, public drawings, diagramming and perspective representations to act as tools of historical and theoretical research. At the same time, they will be asked to investigate various analytical and interpretative modes of scale-model making. Students may work with different types of models (structural models, mass models, counter form models, landscape and territorial models) as ways to historically or theoretically explore the reality of the city.

Far from being simple graphic or artefactual restitutions of the city, these drawings and models will create morphological, thematic or theoretical links between various occurrences in the city. These methods of drawing and model making will be combined with more conventional investigative techniques in the fields of history and theory such as discourse analysis, iconographic studies and compositional investigation, to support a better historical or theoretical understanding of specific occurrences and conditions in the city of Zürich.

Students will also be stimulated to use their spatial, formal, material and constructive architectural knowledge to offer alternative historical or theoretical interpretations of the reality that they encounter in the archives, in the library or in the city. They will be asked to activate their specific spatial, typological, compositional, technical, material and constructive expertise to probe into the various historical layers of the architecture of the city in newfangled ways.

Within the general theme of land commons, students will be guided to identify their own subtheme, as well as explore their own different methodologies of doing research. During the Research Studio students will confront their empirical knowledge (about space, typology, composition, technique, material and construction), pertaining to the autonomy of architecture, with other types of knowledge (on politics, economy, the social and cultural) that belong to the heteronomy of architecture. In the relation between autonomous and heteronomous knowledge, a new understanding of the city will be constructed. The combination of these tools and methods will offer an in-depth mode of historical and theoretical research, wherein the students will retro-actively explore the spatial, formal, material and constructive features of a particular situation to uncover and reconstruct the logics that have led to a certain urban condition. On the basis of this research, students will be able to develop an architectural hypothesis of the developments in the city of Zürich.
LiteraturCourse syllabus and reader will be made available during the course's first week.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesA student can only register once for a "Fachsemester" during the Master studies!

The studio is self-dependent work and tutoring takes place on Tuesdays and Wednesdays.

Enrollment will not take place through the D-ARCH website. To enroll for this Fachsemester please send an e-mail to sanna.kattenbeck@gta.arch.ethz.ch by Wednesday 7th September, 2022, 8 p.m. Available places will be allocated firstly conform the A-B-C-studio priority system, and secondly, if necessary, randomly. You will receive a confirmation by Thursday 8th September 2022, 2 p.m. In case of over-applications, students who are not selected will have the opportunity to choose a regular design studio through the D-ARCH website.

https://avermaete.arch.ethz.ch/researchstudio
KompetenzenKompetenzen
Fachspezifische KompetenzenKonzepte und Theoriengeprüft
Verfahren und Technologiengeprüft
Methodenspezifische KompetenzenAnalytische Kompetenzengeprüft
Entscheidungsfindunggeprüft
Medien und digitale Technologiengeprüft
Problemlösunggeprüft
Projektmanagementgefördert
Soziale KompetenzenKommunikationgeprüft
Kooperation und Teamarbeitgeprüft
Kundenorientierunggefördert
Menschenführung und Verantwortunggeprüft
Selbstdarstellung und soziale Einflussnahmegefördert
Sensibilität für Vielfalt geprüft
Verhandlunggefördert
Persönliche KompetenzenAnpassung und Flexibilitätgeprüft
Kreatives Denkengeprüft
Kritisches Denkengeprüft
Integrität und Arbeitsethikgeprüft
Selbstbewusstsein und Selbstreflexion gefördert
Selbststeuerung und Selbstmanagement geprüft
064-0005-22LAdvanced Topics in History and Theory of Architecture Information
For Architecture doctoral program only.
1 KP1KT. Avermaete, M. Delbeke, L. Stalder, P. Ursprung
KurzbeschreibungCorrective historiographies for architectural research
LernzielAcquiring insight into advanced research methods available to PhD-researchers in the fields of the history and theory of art and architecture.
InhaltIn an era of postcolonial theory and reflection, architectural historiography is faced with a series of new challenges and ambitions, concerning its subjects and its methods.

This course will reflect upon three of them: the death of the author, center and meta-theory. A first point investigates how recent scholarship seems to dissociate from histories of single and all-decisive authors, to make way for perspectives that render buildings and neighborhoods as a matter of negotiation between multiple agencies. Second, this course will dwell upon the Euro-American bias of our histories, as well as its implicit center-periphery model, and look at recent attempts to tell more cross-cultural historiographies of architecture. Third, the course will discuss the strong meta-theoretical bias of postcolonial historiography (using theories of power, alterity, gender) and question if this has not resulted in disqualification of the material and formal presence of architecture in our history writing.

This threefold change in architectural historiography seems to coincide with a shift in the contemporary discourses on the changing role of the architect, the cooperative character of architectural practice and the renewed interest in the craft. The course will question the productiveness of these resonances between historiography and design practice.
SkriptScans of selected texts for discussion and exercises will be provided at the beginning of HS 2022 on the course website:

https://doctoral-program.gta.arch.ethz.ch/courses/advanced-methods-in-the-history-and-theory-of-architecture
Literatur- Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen Tiffin. The Post-Colonial Studies Reader. London: Routledge, 2011.
- Smith, Linda T. Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples. London: Zed Books, 2012
- Williams, Patrick, and Laura Chrisman. Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory: A Reader. London: Routledge, 2015
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe seminar addresses the fellows of the Doctoral Program in History and Theory of Architecture. All other doctoral students of the Faculty of Architecture are welcome.
KompetenzenKompetenzen
Fachspezifische KompetenzenKonzepte und Theoriengeprüft
Verfahren und Technologiengeprüft
Methodenspezifische KompetenzenAnalytische Kompetenzengeprüft
Entscheidungsfindunggeprüft
Medien und digitale Technologiengefördert
Problemlösunggefördert
Projektmanagementgefördert
Soziale KompetenzenKommunikationgeprüft
Kooperation und Teamarbeitgeprüft
Kundenorientierunggefördert
Menschenführung und Verantwortunggeprüft
Selbstdarstellung und soziale Einflussnahmegeprüft
Sensibilität für Vielfalt geprüft
Verhandlunggeprüft
Persönliche KompetenzenAnpassung und Flexibilitätgeprüft
Kreatives Denkengeprüft
Kritisches Denkengeprüft
Integrität und Arbeitsethikgeprüft
Selbstbewusstsein und Selbstreflexion geprüft
Selbststeuerung und Selbstmanagement gefördert
064-0017-22LResearch Methods in Landscape and Urban Studies: Writing Landscapes, Writing the Urban Information Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen 2 KP2KF. Persyn, T. Avermaete, T. Galí-Izard, H. Klumpner, C. Schmid, M. Topalovic
KurzbeschreibungThis seminar supports researchers writing on topics related to landscape, urban studies, and architecture through offering hands-on guidance and a safe space for peer-to-peer exchange. The seminar participants receive guidance on how to work with fieldwork, literature reviews, and archival research, develop arguments and narrative arcs in writing.
LernzielResearch writing can often be a solitary, arduous, and unrewarding exercise, this seminar aims to promote peer-to-peer exchange, and offer hands-on guidance and a safe space for researchers writing on topics related to landscape, urban studies, and architecture. The seminar will offer guidance as to how researchers can work with fieldwork, literature reviews, and archival research, develop arguments and narrative arcs in writing, in addition to practical tips and tricks. While the seminar is primarily geared towards supporting doctoral researchers in the dissertation-writing phase, it is open to all researchers regardless of where they might be in their research provided they are in the process of developing a work of academic writing such as research plan, a journal article, or a design manifesto.

The participants of this seminar are expected to bring a text that they would like to develop over the course of the semester. The texts can be diverse in format and length; it can be a dissertation or book chapter, journal or magazine article, or a research plan.

The seminar will alternate between inputs by invited guests, reading and discussion sessions, tutorials, and peer-review. A total of five input lectures by invited guests will be offered during the seminar, where senior academics from the Department and elsewhere will provide a behind-the-scenes look into their writing process. The invited guests will discuss as to how they structure their arguments, organise their sources and materials, and how they find inspiration for their writing process. These input lectures will be alternated with thematically organised tutorial sessions structured around the following themes: writing about fieldwork and field methods, about landscapes, about political ecology and economy, ethnographic human and other-than-human vignettes, about dwelling and urban space. In the first half of these tutorial sessions, the seminar participants will discuss and debate a requisite reading followed by a writing tutorial and feedback session based on the texts. The seminar participants can choose to present the work developed during the seminar at the LUS Doctoral Crits organised at the end of the semester.
InhaltThe format will provide an overarching methodological meta-theme, to be defined prior to the event. One external guest critic will be invited. In this case, each presentation will conclude with a discussion round, providing sufficiently detailed feedback for every doctoral candidate.
Skript22.09 – EXERCISES IN STYLE
29.09 – Ethnography from the field and archive – ADAM JASPER
06.10 – Writing spatially, writing otherwise - MATTHEW CRITCHLEY
13.10 – Indigenous Landscape Urbanism - KELLY SHANNON
03.11 – Informed gardening activism - BARBARA VAN DYCK
10.11 – Ordering the unfamiliar - ANNE HULTZSCH
17.11 – Landscape, dwelling, and the political ecology - MAAN BARUA
24.11 – From notes to narrative - NIKOS MAGOULIOTIS
01.12 – Imagining the invisible - NANCY COULING
08.12 – Writing in the Planetary Age - HOLLYAMBER KENNEDY
15.12 – LUS Doc Crits
LiteraturBarua, M. (2014) ‘Bio-geo-graphy: Landscape, dwelling, and the political ecology of human-elephant relations’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 32(5), pp. 915–934.

Crysler, C.G. (2003) Writing Spaces: Discourses of Architecture, Urbanism and the Built Environment, 1960–2000. London: Routledge. Available at: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203402689.

Eco, U. (2015) How to write a thesis. MIT Press.
Geertz, C. (1973) ‘Thick Description: Toward an Interpretive Theory of Culture 1973’.

Hultzsch, A. (2017) Architecture, travellers and writers: Constructing histories of perception 1640-1950. Routledge.

Jackson Jr, J.L. (2013) Thin description. Harvard University Press.

Jon, I. (2021) ‘The City We Want: Against the Banality of Urban Planning Research’, Planning Theory & Practice, 22(2), pp. 321–328. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/14649357.2021.1893588.

Kennedy, H. (2019) ‘Infrastructures of “Legitimate Violence”: The Prussian Settlement Commission, Internal Colonization, and the Migrant Remainder’, Grey Room, pp. 58–97.

Madden, M. (2005) 99 ways to tell a story: exercises in style. Penguin.

Malm, A. (2013) ‘The origins of fossil capital: From water to steam in the British cotton industry’, Historical Materialism, 21(1), pp. 15–68.

Malm, A. (2016) Fossil capital: The rise of steam power and the roots of global warming. Verso Books.

Malm, A. and Hornborg, A. (2014) ‘The geology of mankind? A critique of the Anthropocene narrative’, The Anthropocene Review, 1(1), pp. 62–69.

Marcus, G.E. (1995) ‘Ethnography in/of the world system: The emergence of multi-sited ethnography’, Annual review of anthropology, 24(1), pp. 95–117.

Narayan, K. (2012) Alive in the Writing: Crafting Ethnography in the Company of Chekhov. University of Chicago Press.

Queneau, R. (2018) Exercises in style. Alma Books.

Shannon, K. and Manawadu, S. (2007) ‘Indigenous Landscape Urbanism: Sri Lanka’s Reservoir & Tank System’, Journal of Landscape Architecture, 2(2), pp. 6–17. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/18626033.2007.9723384.

Soja, E. (2003) ‘Writing the city spatially1’, City, 7(3), pp. 269–280. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/1360481032000157478.

Tornaghi, C. and Van Dyck, B. (2015) ‘informed gardening activism: steering the public food and land agenda’, Local Environment, 20(10), pp. 1247–1264.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe seminar is joint-organized by the chairs of the professors H. Klumpner, Ch. Girot, G. Vogt and M. Angélil (who in HS18 is mainly responsible for the course (one full-day event in the academic semester).

Participants in both cases will be expected to submit single-page abstracts of their papers in advance and to make a presentation of app. 20 minutes at the colloquium. The discussion rounds will be moderated by the organizing professor and the invited guests.

Enrolment on agreement with the lecturer only.