Habib Ammari: Catalogue data in Autumn Semester 2022
|Name||Prof. Dr. Habib Ammari|
Seminar für Angewandte Mathematik
ETH Zürich, HG G 57.3
|Telephone||+41 44 633 80 31|
|401-3651-00L||Numerical Analysis for Elliptic and Parabolic Partial Differential Equations|
3rd year ETH BSc Mathematics and MSc Mathematics and MSc Applied Mathematics students.
Other ETH-students are advised to attend the course
"Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations" (401-0674-00L) in the CSE curriculum during the spring semester.
|9 credits||4V + 1U||H. Ammari|
|Abstract||This course gives a comprehensive introduction into the numerical treatment of linear and nonlinear elliptic boundary value problems, related eigenvalue problems and linear, parabolic evolution problems. Emphasis is on theory and the foundations of numerical methods. Practical exercises include MATLAB implementations of finite element methods.|
|Objective||Participants of the course should become familiar with|
* concepts underlying the discretization of elliptic and parabolic boundary value problems
* analytical techniques for investigating the convergence of numerical methods for the approximate solution of boundary value problems
* methods for the efficient solution of discrete boundary value problems
* implementational aspects of the finite element method
|Content||The course will address the mathematical analysis of numerical solution methods|
for linear and nonlinear elliptic and parabolic partial differential equations.
Functional analytic and algebraic (De Rham complex) tools will be provided.
Primal, mixed and nonstandard (discontinuous Galerkin, Virtual, Trefftz) discretizations will be analyzed.
Particular attention will be placed on developing mathematical foundations
(Regularity, Approximation theory) for a-priori convergence rate analysis.
A-posteriori error analysis and mathematical proofs of adaptivity and optimality
will be covered.
Implementations for model problems in MATLAB and python will illustrate the
A selection of the following topics will be covered:
* Elliptic boundary value problems
* Galerkin discretization of linear variational problems
* The primal finite element method
* Mixed finite element methods
* Discontinuous Galerkin Methods
* Boundary element methods
* Spectral methods
* Adaptive finite element schemes
* Singularly perturbed problems
* Sparse grids
* Galerkin discretization of elliptic eigenproblems
* Non-linear elliptic boundary value problems
* Discretization of parabolic initial boundary value problems
|Literature||Brenner, Susanne C.; Scott, L. Ridgway The mathematical theory of finite element methods. Third edition. Texts in Applied Mathematics, 15. Springer, New York, 2008. xviii+397 pp.|
A. Ern and J.L. Guermond: Theory and Practice of Finite Element Methods,
Springer Applied Mathematical Sciences Vol. 159, Springer,
1st Ed. 2004, 2nd Ed. 2015.
R. Verfürth: A Posteriori Error Estimation Techniques for Finite Element Methods, Oxford University Press, 2013
D. Braess: Finite Elements, THIRD Ed., Cambridge Univ. Press, (2007).
(Also available in German.)
Brezis, Haim Functional analysis, Sobolev spaces and partial differential equations. Universitext. Springer, New York, 2011. xiv+599 pp.
D. A. Di Pietro and A. Ern, Mathematical Aspects of Discontinuous Galerkin Methods, vol. 69 SMAI Mathématiques et Applications,
Springer, 2012 [DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-22980-0]
V. Thomee: Galerkin Finite Element Methods for Parabolic Problems,
SECOND Ed., Springer Verlag (2006).
|Prerequisites / Notice||Practical exercises based on MATLAB|
Former title of the course unit: Numerical Methods for Elliptic and Parabolic Partial Differential Equations
|401-4785-00L||Mathematical and Computational Methods in Photonics|
Does not take place this semester.
|8 credits||4G||H. Ammari|
|Abstract||The aim of this course is to review new and fundamental mathematical tools, computational approaches, and inversion and optimal design methods used to address challenging problems in nanophotonics. The emphasis will be on analyzing plasmon resonant nanoparticles, super-focusing & super-resolution of electromagnetic waves, photonic crystals, electromagnetic cloaking, metamaterials, and metasurfaces|
|Objective||The field of photonics encompasses the fundamental science of light propagation and interactions in complex structures, and its technological applications. |
The recent advances in nanoscience present great challenges for the applied and computational mathematics community. In nanophotonics, the aim is to control, manipulate, reshape, guide, and focus electromagnetic waves at nanometer length scales, beyond the resolution limit. In particular, one wants to break the resolution limit by reducing the focal spot and confine light to length scales that are significantly smaller than half the wavelength.
Interactions between the field of photonics and mathematics has led to the emergence of a multitude of new and unique solutions in which today's conventional technologies are approaching their limits in terms of speed, capacity and accuracy. Light can be used for detection and measurement in a fast, sensitive and accurate manner, and thus photonics possesses a unique potential to revolutionize healthcare. Light-based technologies can be used effectively for the very early detection of diseases, with non-invasive imaging techniques or point-of-care applications. They are also instrumental in the analysis of processes at the molecular level, giving a greater understanding of the origin of diseases, and hence allowing prevention along with new treatments. Photonic technologies also play a major role in addressing the needs of our ageing society: from pace-makers to synthetic bones, and from endoscopes to the micro-cameras used in in-vivo processes. Furthermore, photonics are also used in advanced lighting technology, and in improving energy efficiency and quality. By using photonic media to control waves across a wide band of wavelengths, we have an unprecedented ability to fabricate new materials with specific microstructures.
The main objective in this course is to report on the use of sophisticated mathematics in diffractive optics, plasmonics, super-resolution, photonic crystals, and metamaterials for electromagnetic invisibility and cloaking. The book merges highly nontrivial multi-mathematics in order to make a breakthrough in the field of mathematical modelling, imaging, and optimal design of optical nanodevices and nanostructures capable of light enhancement, and of the focusing and guiding of light at a subwavelength scale. We demonstrate the power of layer potential techniques in solving challenging problems in photonics, when they are combined with asymptotic analysis and the elegant theory of Gohberg and Sigal on meromorphic operator-valued functions.
In this course we shall consider both analytical and computational matters in photonics. The issues we consider lead to the investigation of fundamental problems in various branches of mathematics. These include asymptotic analysis, spectral analysis, mathematical imaging, optimal design, stochastic modelling, and analysis of wave propagation phenomena. On the other hand, deriving mathematical foundations, and new and efficient computational frameworks and tools in photonics, requires a deep understanding of the different scales in the wave propagation problem, an accurate mathematical modelling of the nanodevices, and fine analysis of complex wave propagation phenomena. An emphasis is put on mathematically analyzing plasmon resonant nanoparticles, diffractive optics, photonic crystals, super-resolution, and metamaterials.
|401-5650-00L||Zurich Colloquium in Applied and Computational Mathematics||0 credits||1K||R. Abgrall, R. Alaifari, H. Ammari, R. Hiptmair, S. Mishra, S. Sauter, C. Schwab|