Name | Prof. Dr. Philippe Block |

Field | Architecture and Structure |

Address | Professur Architektur und Tragwerk ETH Zürich, HIB E 45 Stefano-Franscini-Platz 1 8093 Zürich SWITZERLAND |

Telephone | +41 44 633 68 44 |

block@arch.ethz.ch | |

URL | http://block.arch.ethz.ch |

Department | Architecture |

Relationship | Full Professor |

Number | Title | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

052-0603-00L | Structural Design I | 2 credits | 3G | P. Block, J. Schwartz | |

Abstract | Determination of internal forces and description of structural behaviour of mixed arches and cable structures, of truss systems, beams, slabs, panels and frames using method of graphical statics as well as dimensioning of these structural systems. Structural behaviour of columns. Discussion of reference buildings and illustration of interplay of structural system and architectural intention. | ||||

Objective | Awareness of the most important structural systems. Understanding of the interplay of load and form. Estimation of the inner forces and dimensioning of elements. | ||||

Content | After a general introduction of basic concepts, structural systems such as cable and arch structures will be analyzed with the help of graphic statics. The students will learn to understand the flow of forces in a structural system in relation to the system's form. They will be able to modify this force flow and give dimension to the structural components. All concepts, approaches and methods will be introduced in the weekly lectures and practiced in subsequent exercises. | ||||

Lecture notes | on eQuilibrium "Skript Tragwerksentwurf I/II" http://www.block.arch.ethz.ch/eq/course/4?lang=en A printed version can be bought at the chair of Structural Design Prof. Schwartz for sFr. 55.-. | ||||

Literature | "Rule of thumb structural design" (Philippe Block, Christoph Gengangel, Stefan Peters, DVA Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt 2013, ISBN: 978-3-421-03904-0) Further learning material: "Form and Forces: Designing Efficient, Expressive Structures" (Edward Allen, Waclaw Zalewski, October 2009, ISBN: 978-0-470-17465-4) "The art of structures, Introduction to the functioning of structures in architecture" (Aurelio Muttoni, EPFL Press, 2011, ISBN 13: 978-0415610292, ISBN 10: 041561029X) | ||||

052-0607-00L | Structural Design III | 2 credits | 3G | J. Schwartz, P. Block | |

Abstract | After a review of essential facts from the first year the course will be examine the interplay of architectural concept and structural system by analyzing buildings of exemplary quality. The focus will be on the integration of specifics of structural systems made out reinforced concrete or steel into architectural design. | ||||

Objective | Students are enabled to integrate essential characteristics of structural systems made out reinforced concrete or steel into their architectural design. | ||||

Content | After a review of essential facts from the first year the course will be examine the interplay of architectural concept and structural system by analyzing buildings of exemplary quality. The focus will be on the integration of specifics of structural systems made out reinforced concrete or steel into architectural design. | ||||

063-0605-00L | Computational Structural Design I Number of participants limited to 60. To participate in this course it is recommended that the student has previously taken the courses Tragwerksentwurf I-IV. This core course (ending with «00L») can only be passed once! Please check before signing up. ITA Pool - information event on the courses offered at the institute ITA: Wednesday 8th September 2021, 10-11 h, ONLINE. ZoomLink: Link | 3 credits | 3G | P. Block, L. Enrique Monzo, J. Lee | |

Abstract | Determination of the internal forces and description of the behaviour of load-bearing structures with the help of graphic statics. Design of details and simple dimensioning of these structures. Discussion of reference structures, illustration of the interaction of the structure and the architectural design. Application of all that in an own design. | ||||

Objective | Understanding of the relationship between internal forces and the design of load-bearing systems and their connection details. Creative integration of what has been learned into an open design task. | ||||

Content | Determination of the internal forces and description of the behaviour of load-bearing structures with the help of graphic statics. Design of details and simple dimensioning of these structures. Discussion of reference structures, illustration of the interaction of the structure and the architectural design. Application of all that in an own design. | ||||

Lecture notes | on eQuilibrium "Skript Tragwerksentwurf I/II/III/IV" http://www.block.arch.ethz.ch/eq/course/4?lang=en Printed versions can be bought at the chair of Structural Design Prof. Schwartz. | ||||

Literature | "Faustformel Tragwerksentwurf" (Philippe Block, Christoph Gengangel, Stefan Peters, DVA Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt 2013, ISBN: 978-3-421-03904-0) Other Learning Material: "Form and Forces: Designing Efficient, Expressive Structures" (Edward Allen, Waclaw Zalewski, October 2009, ISBN: 978-0-470-17465-4) "The art of structures, Introduction to the functioning of structures in architecture" (Aurelio Muttoni, EPFL Press, 2011, ISBN-13: 978-0415610292, ISBN-10: 041561029X) | ||||

Prerequisites / Notice | ITA Pool - information event on the courses offered at the institute ITA: Wednesday 8th September 2021, 10-11 h, ONLINE. ZoomLink: https://ethz.zoom.us/j/66588100789 Teaching Languages: English and German. | ||||

064-0025-21L | Introduction to Computational Research in Architecture, Engineering, Fabrication and Construction | 2 credits | 3K | P. Block | |

Abstract | The PhD-level course (primarily for A&T PhDs) will introduce computational methods for architecture, engineering, fabrication & construction, incentivising computational literacy. Students learn the theoretical background and basic implementation details of fundamental data structures and algorithms, and to solve realworld problems using the COMPAS framework and other open-source libraries. | ||||

Objective | Understand the scope and relevance of computational methods for architecture and engineering research and practice, ii) the theoretical background of fundamental data structures, iii) the basic principles of algorithmic design; iv) implement basic versions of prevalent algorithms related to architectural geometry, structural design, robotic assembly, volumetric modeling & 3D printing, high-performance computation; v) use sophisticated algorithms available through open-source libraries to solve real-world problems; and, vi) use common CAD tools as interfaces to self-implemented solutions. | ||||

Content | Course consists of a few lectures, several tutorials and project-based exercises. Topics include: - intro Python programming - intro COMPAS open-source framework (https://compas-ev.github.io - intro to geometry processing, data structures, topology, numerical computation - domain-specific case studies (e.g. on architectural geometry, structural design, robotic assembly, volumetric modeling & 3D printing, high-performance computation) | ||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Priority is given to PhD students. | ||||

101-0123-00L | Structural Design | 3 credits | 2G | P. Ohlbrock, P. Block, J. Schwartz | |

Abstract | The goal of the course is to introduce the civil engineering students to Structural Design, which is regarded as a discipline that relates structural behavior, construction technologies and architectural concepts. The course encourages the students to understand the relationship between the form of a structure and the forces within it by promoting the development of designed projects. | ||||

Objective | After successfully completing this course the students will able to: 1. Critically question structural design concepts of historical and contemporary references 2. Use graphic statics and strut-and-tie models based on the Theory of Plasticity to describe the load bearing behavior of structures 3. Understand different construction technologies and have an awareness of their potential for structural design 4. Use contemporary digital tools for the design of structures in equilibrium 5. Design an appropriate structural system for a given design task taking into account architectural considerations | ||||

Content | The goal of the course is to introduce the civil engineering students to Structural Design, which is understood as a discipline that relates structural behavior, construction technologies and architectural concepts. Hence, the course encourages the students to develop an intuitive understanding of the relationship between the form of a structure and the forces within it by promoting the development of designed projects, in which the static and architectural aspects come together. The course is structured in two main parts, each developed in half of a semester: a mainly theoretical one (including the teaching of graphic statics) and a mainly applied one (focused on the development of a design project by the students using digital form-finding tools). Theory: Graphic statics is a graphical method developed by Prof. Karl Culmann and firstly published in 1864 at ETH Zurich. In this approach to structural analysis and design, geometric construction techniques are used to visualize the relation between the geometry of a structure and the forces acting in and on it, represented by geometrically dependent form and force diagrams. The course will firstly review the main principles of graphic statics through a series of frontal lectures and discuss the relationship to analytical statics. Graphic statics is then used as an operative tool to design structures in equilibrium based on the lower bound theorem of the Theory of Plasticity. Additionally, the course will introduce contemporary methodologies and tools (parametric CAD software) for the interactive application of equilibrium modelling in the form of short workshops. The students will familiarize with the topic by solving exercises and confronting themselves with simple design tasks. Design Project: Specific structural design approaches and design methodologies based on graphic statics and references from construction history will be introduced to the students by means of seminars and workshops. By developing a design project, the students will apply these concepts and techniques in order to become proficient with open design tasks (such as the design of a bridge, a large span hall or a tower). At the end of the semester, the students present their projects to a jury of internal and external critics in a final review. The main criterion of evaluation is the students' ability to integrate architectural considerations into their structural design. | ||||

Literature | "Faustformel Tragwerksentwurf" (Philippe Block, Christoph Gengangel, Stefan Peters, DVA Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt 2015, ISBN 978-3-421-04012-1) "Form and Forces: Designing Efficient, Expressive Structures" (Edward Allen, Waclaw Zalewski, October 2009, ISBN: 978-0-470-17465-4) "The art of structures, Introduction to the functioning of structures in architecture" (Aurelio Muttoni, EPFL Press, 2011, ISBN-13: 978-0415610292, ISBN-10: 041561029X) |