Maria Giuditta Fellin: Catalogue data in Autumn Semester 2022

Name Dr. Maria Giuditta Fellin
Inst. für Geochemie und Petrologie
ETH Zürich, NW D 76.1
Clausiusstrasse 25
8092 Zürich
Telephone+41 44 632 89 07
Fax+41 44 632 11 79
DepartmentEarth Sciences

061-0101-00LClimate / Water / Soil Information Restricted registration - show details
Only for Landscape Architecture MSc.
2 credits3GH. Joos, R. Kretzschmar, R. Weingartner, A. Carminati, S. Dötterl, M. G. Fellin, E. Fischer, A. Frossard, T. Galí-Izard, R. Knutti, G. Mussetti, C. Schär, S. Schemm, J. Schwaab, C. Steger, H. Wernli
AbstractLectures, exercises and excursions serve as an introduction to atmospheric sciences, hydrology and soil science. Students gain a broad vision of the cutting edge topics that are being researched and studied at the Department of Environmental Systems Science at ETH, Eawag, WSL a.o. This will be the base for a future dialog between the field of landscape architecture and the field of sciences.
ObjectiveStudents acquire basic knowledge in atmospheric sciences, hydrology and soil science:
- Understanding basic chemical and physical processes in the atmosphere that influence weather and climate
- Knowledge of water balance, principles of integral water management and climatic factors in the field of hydrology
- Fundamentals about the classification of soils, soil-forming processes, physical and chemical soil properties, soil biology and ecology, soil degradation and protection

Students develop an understanding of the relevance of these topics in the field of landscape architecture. Temporal and physical scale, research methods, units of measurement, lexicon, modes of representation and critical literature form the framework for the joint discourse.
ContentThe course unit consists of the three courses "Climate", "Water" and "Soil", which are organized in modules.

Module 1 “Climate”, 19.–23.09.2022
- Atmospheric dynamics: weather conditions, precipitation formation, weather forecast
- Climate physics: past and future changes in global climate and scenarios for Switzerland
- Land-climate dynamics: interaction between the land surface and the climate system
- Hydrology and water cycle: extreme precipitation, influence of climate change on the cryosphere

Module 2 “Water”, 26.09.–30.09.2022

- Water supply: water balance, groundwater, water quality (water protection)
- Hydrological hazards: floods and drought
- Water use: drinking water, hydropower, ecology
- External influencing factors: human influence in the historical dimension, global change
- “Hydrology of drought” and its impact on water resources.

Hydrological profile of the northern side of the Alps:
- Alpine region (Grimsel area): dominate role of snow and ice, dangerous processes, liquefaction of the water balance in the wake of climate change, uses (hydropower) and conflicts of use, new images of the Alpine region
- From the Alps to the Mittelland (locations along the Aare): Lake Thun (role of lakes in the water cycle, river and lake shore planning), Uttigen (conflicts of use between groundwater use, flood protection, revitalization and modes of transport) & Seeland (Jura water correction, conflicts of use in the Seeland)
- Jura (Reigoldswil region): Jurassic landforms, water in the karst, water supply in the karst

Module 3 “Soil”, 3.10.–7.10.22
- Introduction to soils: definition, function, formation, classification and mapping
- Soil physics: soil texture, soil structure, soil water potentials, hydraulic conductivity
- Soil chemistry and fertility: clay minerals and oxides, cation exange capacity, soil pH, essential plant nutrients
- Soil biology and ecology: soil fauna and microflora, fungi, bacteria, food web, organic matter
- Soil degradation and threats to soil resources: erosion, compactation, sealing, contamination, salinization
- Practical aspects of soil protection
Lecture notesCourse material will be provided.
LiteratureThe course material includes a reading list.
Prerequisites / NoticeThe courses "Climate", "Water" and "Soil" are organized with the Fundamental Studio I as joint one-week modules. The weekly schedules will be provided with the course materials.

Module 1 "Climate", 19.–23.09.20202
Module 2 "Water", 26.09.–30.09.2022
Module 3 "Soil", 3.10.–7.10.22

- The courses are held in English or German.
- The written session examination covers all three courses "Climate", "Water" and "Soil".
- During the excursions there will be at least one external overnight stay.
Subject-specific CompetenciesConcepts and Theoriesassessed
Techniques and Technologiesassessed
Method-specific CompetenciesAnalytical Competenciesassessed
Media and Digital Technologiesassessed
Social CompetenciesCommunicationassessed
Cooperation and Teamworkassessed
Personal CompetenciesCreative Thinkingassessed
Critical Thinkingassessed
Integrity and Work Ethicsassessed
Self-awareness and Self-reflection assessed
651-4113-00LSedimentary Petrography and Microscopy Restricted registration - show details 2 credits2GV. Picotti, M. G. Fellin
AbstractMicroscopy of carbonate (1st half of semester) and sliciclastic rocks (2nd half) rocks as well as siliceous, phosphatic and evaporitic sediements.
ObjectiveDescription of grains and cement/matrix, texture, classification of the main sedimentary rocks. Discussion and interpretation of the environment of sedimentation. Diagenetic Processes.
ContentMicroscopy of carbonate and siliciclastic rocks, siliceous and phosphatic rocks, their origin and classification. Diagenesis.
Lecture notesEnglish textbooks recommended
LiteratureTucker, M.E. (2001): Sedimentary Petrology-An introduction to the Origin of Sedimentary Rocks, 3rd Editition. Blackwell Science Ltd., Oxford, 262 p.
Prerequisites / NoticeThe earlier attendance of other MSc microscopy courses (e.g. magmatic and metamorphic rocks) is not required if during the BSc a general course on microscopy of rocks was completed.
651-4117-00LSediment Analysis Restricted registration - show details
Prerequisite: Successful completion of the MSc-course "Sedimentology I" (651-4041-00L).
3 credits2GM. G. Fellin, A. Gilli, V. Picotti
AbstractTheoretical background and application of some basic methods for sediment analysis.
ObjectiveThe main goal is to learn how to apply the analysis of the texture and grain-size of sediments to constrain the sedimentary processes and environments.
ContentA one-day fieldtrip to a local outcrop to learn how to describe sediments in the field and to collect samples for grain-size and compositional analysis. Application of the same analytical techniques on samples of unknown origin: the sampling sites will be revealed at the end of the course. Discussion of the theoretical background and of the results in class. At the end of the course, the student will have to hand in a report with the presentation and discussion of all the data produced during the course.
Lecture notesFor the various analytical methods English texts will be provided in class.
LiteratureIntroduction to clastic sedimentology. R.J. Cheel, Brock University
Prerequisites / NoticePrerequisite: Successful completion of the MSc-course "Sedimentology I" (651-4041-00L).
651-4229-00LAdvanced Geochronology3 credits2GM. Guillong, H. Busemann, M. G. Fellin, D. Szymanowski
AbstractThis lecture gives an overview of methods and applications of geochronology across a wide range of Earth Science disciplines. Several in their field specialized lecturers cover the principles and methods and will give insight into recent applications and research projects.
ObjectiveThe purpose of this lecture is to provide a comprehensive overview of: a) the different radiometric methods in Geology, the different dating tasks and the constraints put by the complexity of natural systems, including dating by cosmogenic nuclides,
b) the various analytical tools available today for radiometric dating, their advantages and disadvantages,
c) the use of noble gases in Geochemistry and
d) detailed description of case studies, as examples of approach of a number of geological problems and interpretation of the data.

At the end students know the different isotope systems, methods and their application. Understand literature and critical reading and interpretation of published data is possible. For simple geochronological questions they can describe a scientific approach and possible solution. They can plot and interprete data using IsoplotR for different applications.
Content1. Introduction and overview, Data visualization and statistics in IsoplotR, Principles of U-Pb geochronology
2. In situ U-Pb geochronology 1 (LA-ICPMS/SIMS principles, zircon)
3. In situ U-Pb geochronology 2 (calcite, garnet, other minerals)
4. High-precision ID-TIMS U-Pb geochronology (principles and applications)
5. High-precision U-series geochronology (carbonates, silicates)
6. In situ U-series geochronology (zircon, garnet etc.)
7. K-Ar and 40Ar/39Ar geochronology , Principles and Applications
8. Fission Track dating
9. U-Th/He dating
10. Thermochronology applications/lab visit
11. Noble gases - basics, reservoirs, geo/cosmochem. applications: mainly chronology
12. Cosmogenic nuclides (stable and radionuclides) - basics, geo/cosmochem. applications, C14
Lecture notesScript (for part of the lecture), partly power point presentations (in the web)

Geochronology and Thermochronology
Author(s):Peter W. ReinersRichard W. CarlsonPaul R. RenneKari M. CooperDarryl E. GrangerNoah M. McLeanBlair Schoene
First published:8 January 2018
Online ISBN:9781118455876 |DOI:10.1002/9781118455876

- Faure, G. and Mensing, T. (2005): Isotopes. Principles and applications. 3rd ed. John Wiley and Sons.
- Dickin, A. (2005): Radiogenic Isotope Geology. 2nd ed. Cambridge University press.