Joseph Schwartz: Catalogue data in Autumn Semester 2021

Name Prof. em. Dr. Joseph Schwartz
FieldTragwerksentwurf
Consultation hoursBy appointment
Address
Inst. f. Technologie in der Arch.
ETH Zürich, HIB E 12
Stefano-Franscini-Platz 1
8093 Zürich
SWITZERLAND
E-mailschwartz@arch.ethz.ch
DepartmentArchitecture
RelationshipProfessor emeritus

NumberTitleECTSHoursLecturers
052-0603-00LStructural Design I Information 2 credits3GP. Block, J. Schwartz
AbstractDetermination of internal forces and description of structural behaviour of mixed arches and cable structures, of truss systems, beams, slabs, panels and frames using method of graphical statics as well as dimensioning of these structural systems. Structural behaviour of columns. Discussion of reference buildings and illustration of interplay of structural system and architectural intention.
ObjectiveAwareness of the most important structural systems. Understanding of the interplay of load and form. Estimation of the inner forces and dimensioning of elements.
ContentAfter a general introduction of basic concepts, structural systems such as cable and arch structures will be analyzed with the help of graphic statics. The students will learn to understand the flow of forces in a structural system in relation to the system's form. They will be able to modify this force flow and give dimension to the structural components.

All concepts, approaches and methods will be introduced in the weekly lectures and practiced in subsequent exercises.
Lecture noteson eQuilibrium
"Skript Tragwerksentwurf I/II"
http://www.block.arch.ethz.ch/eq/course/4?lang=en

A printed version can be bought at the chair of Structural Design Prof. Schwartz for sFr. 55.-.
Literature"Rule of thumb structural design"
(Philippe Block, Christoph Gengangel, Stefan Peters,
DVA Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt 2013, ISBN: 978-3-421-03904-0)

Further learning material:
"Form and Forces: Designing Efficient, Expressive Structures"
(Edward Allen, Waclaw Zalewski, October 2009, ISBN: 978-0-470-17465-4)

"The art of structures, Introduction to the functioning of structures in architecture"
(Aurelio Muttoni, EPFL Press, 2011, ISBN 13: 978-0415610292, ISBN 10: 041561029X)
052-0607-00LStructural Design III Information 2 credits3GJ. Schwartz, P. Block
AbstractAfter a review of essential facts from the first year the course will be examine the interplay of architectural concept and structural system by analyzing buildings of exemplary quality. The focus will be on the integration of specifics of structural systems made out reinforced concrete or steel into architectural design.
ObjectiveStudents are enabled to integrate essential characteristics of structural systems made out reinforced concrete or steel into their architectural design.
ContentAfter a review of essential facts from the first year the course will be examine the interplay of architectural concept and structural system by analyzing buildings of exemplary quality. The focus will be on the integration of specifics of structural systems made out reinforced concrete or steel into architectural design.
063-0417-01LArchitecture and Structure (HS) Information
This core course (ends with «01L») can only be passed once! Please check this before signing up.

ITA Pool - information event on the courses offered at the institute ITA: Wednesday 8th September 2021, 10-11 h, ONLINE.
ZoomLink: Link
3 credits3GJ. Schwartz, U. Jaray Bergianti
AbstractThe course is centered around a design exercise where the form should be the result of the flow of internal forces and the detailing concept combined with the quality of architectural space. The focus is on structural and load bearing issues with respect to realization implemented in an architectural design.
ObjectiveUnderstanding of structural design as translation of structural concepts into building materials with respect to design concepts.
ContentThe course is centered around a design exercise where the form should be the result of the flow of internal forces and the detailing concept combined with the quality of architectural space. The focus is on structural and load bearing issues with respect to realization implemented in an architectural design.
Prerequisites / NoticeITA Pool - information event on the courses offered at the institute ITA: Wednesday 8th September 2021, 10-11 h, ONLINE.
ZoomLink: https://ethz.zoom.us/j/66588100789
101-0123-00LStructural Design Information 3 credits2GP. Ohlbrock, P. Block, J. Schwartz
AbstractThe goal of the course is to introduce the civil engineering students to Structural Design, which is regarded as a discipline that relates structural behavior, construction technologies and architectural concepts. The course encourages the students to understand the relationship between the form of a structure and the forces within it by promoting the development of designed projects.
ObjectiveAfter successfully completing this course the students will able to:
1. Critically question structural design concepts of historical and contemporary references
2. Use graphic statics and strut-and-tie models based on the Theory of Plasticity to describe the load bearing behavior of structures
3. Understand different construction technologies and have an awareness of their potential for structural design
4. Use contemporary digital tools for the design of structures in equilibrium
5. Design an appropriate structural system for a given design task taking into account architectural considerations
ContentThe goal of the course is to introduce the civil engineering students to Structural Design, which is understood as a discipline that relates structural behavior, construction technologies and architectural concepts. Hence, the course encourages the students to develop an intuitive understanding of the relationship between the form of a structure and the forces within it by promoting the development of designed projects, in which the static and architectural aspects come together. The course is structured in two main parts, each developed in half of a semester: a mainly theoretical one (including the teaching of graphic statics) and a mainly applied one (focused on the development of a design project by the students using digital form-finding tools).

Theory:
Graphic statics is a graphical method developed by Prof. Karl Culmann and firstly published in 1864 at ETH Zurich. In this approach to structural analysis and design, geometric construction techniques are used to visualize the relation between the geometry of a structure and the forces acting in and on it, represented by geometrically dependent form and force diagrams.
The course will firstly review the main principles of graphic statics through a series of frontal lectures and discuss the relationship to analytical statics. Graphic statics is then used as an operative tool to design structures in equilibrium based on the lower bound theorem of the Theory of Plasticity. Additionally, the course will introduce contemporary methodologies and tools (parametric CAD software) for the interactive application of equilibrium modelling in the form of short workshops. The students will familiarize with the topic by solving exercises and confronting themselves with simple design tasks.

Design Project:
Specific structural design approaches and design methodologies based on graphic statics and references from construction history will be introduced to the students by means of seminars and workshops. By developing a design project, the students will apply these concepts and techniques in order to become proficient with open design tasks (such as the design of a bridge, a large span hall or a tower). At the end of the semester, the students present their projects to a jury of internal and external critics in a final review. The main criterion of evaluation is the students' ability to integrate architectural considerations into their structural design.
Literature"Faustformel Tragwerksentwurf"
(Philippe Block, Christoph Gengangel, Stefan Peters,
DVA Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt 2015, ISBN 978-3-421-04012-1)

"Form and Forces: Designing Efficient, Expressive Structures"
(Edward Allen, Waclaw Zalewski, October 2009, ISBN: 978-0-470-17465-4)

"The art of structures, Introduction to the functioning of structures in architecture"
(Aurelio Muttoni, EPFL Press, 2011, ISBN-13: 978-0415610292, ISBN-10: 041561029X)