Suchergebnis: Katalogdaten im Herbstsemester 2019

GESS Wissenschaft im Kontext (Science in Perspective) Information
Nur die in diesem Abschnitt aufgelisteten Fächer können als "GESS Wissenschaft im Kontext" angerechnet werden.
Weiter unten finden Sie die Kurse im Bereich "Typ B. Reflexion über fachspezifische Methoden und Inhalte" sowie den Bereich "Sprachkurse"

Im Bachelorstudium sind 6 KP und im Masterstudium 2 KP zu erwerben.

Studierende, die eine Lerneinheit bereits im Rahmen ihres Fachstudiums abgelegt haben, dürfen dieselbe Veranstaltung NICHT nochmals belegen!
Typ A: Förderung allgemeiner Reflexionskompetenz
Für alle Studierenden geeignet.

Studierende, die eine Lerneinheit bereits im Rahmen ihres Fachstudiums abgelegt haben, dürfen dieselbe Veranstaltung NICHT nochmals belegen!
Ökonomie
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
851-0609-06LGoverning the Energy Transition Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to 25.

Primarily suited for Master and PhD level.
W3 KP2VT. Schmidt, S. Sewerin
KurzbeschreibungThis course addresses the role of policy and its underlying politics in the transformation of the energy sector. It covers historical, socio-economic, and political perspectives and applies various theoretical concepts to specific aspects of governing the energy transition.
Lernziel- To gain an overview of the history of the transition of large technical systems
- To recognize current challenges in the energy system to understand the theoretical frameworks and concepts for studying transitions
- To demonstrate knowledge on the role of policy and politics in energy transitions
InhaltClimate change, access to energy and other societal challenges are directly linked to the way we use and create energy. Both the recent United Nations Paris climate change agreement and the UN Sustainable Development Goals make a fast and extensive transition of the energy system necessary.
This course introduces the social and environmental challenges involved in the energy sector and discusses the implications of these challenges for the rate and direction of technical change in the energy sector. It compares the current situation with historical socio-technical transitions and derives the consequences for policy-making. It then introduces theoretical frameworks and concepts for studying innovation and transitions. It then focuses on the role of policy and policy change in governing the energy transition, considering the role of political actors, institutions and policy feedback.
The course has a highly interactive (seminar-like) character. Students are expected to actively engage in the weekly discussions and to give a presentation (15-20 minutes) on one of the weekly topics during that particular session. The presentation and participation in the discussions will form one part of the final grade (50%), the remaining 50% of the final grade will be formed by a final exam.
SkriptSlides and reading material will be made available via moodle.ethz.ch (only for registered students).
LiteraturA reading list will be provided via moodle.ethz.ch at the beginning of the semester.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis course is particularly suited for students of the following programmes: MA Comparative International Studies; MSc Energy Science & Technology; MSc Environmental Sciences; MSc Management, Technology & Economics; MSc Science, Technology & Policy; ETH & UZH PhD programmes.
151-0757-00LUmwelt-ManagementW2 KP2GR. Züst
KurzbeschreibungVon einem Unternehmen wird künftig erwartet, dass die umweltorientierte Leistung der eigenen Tätigkeiten, Produkte und Dienstleistungen kontinuierlich verbessert wird. In der Vorlesung soll deshalb ein generelles wie auch spezifisches Problemverständnis aus der Sicht eines unter wirtschaftlichen Gesichtspunkten geführten Unternehmens vermittelt und Lösungsansätze aufgezeigt werden.
LernzielVon einem Unternehmen wird künftig erwartet, dass entsprechend den spezifischen Potentialen die umweltorientierte Leistung der eigenen Tätigkeiten, Produkte und Dienstleistungen kontinuierlich verbessert wird. In der Vorlesung soll deshalb ein generelles wie auch spezifisches Problemverständnis aus der Sicht eines unter wirtschaftlichen Gesichtspunkten geführten Unternehmens vermittelt und Lösungsansätze im Bereich des proaktiven Umweltschutzes " aufgezeigt werden. Zudem werden Grundlagen zum Aufbau von 'Umweltmanagementsystemen' nach ISO 14001 vermittelt und den Bezug zu 'Öko-Design' (analog zum ISO/TR 14062 Integration of environmental aspects in product design) aufgezeigt.
InhaltTeil 1: Einleitung Umweltmanagement:
Sinn, Zweck, Motivation und Inhalt (=Kernidee), Umweltmanagementsysteme (UMS) als Managementaufgabe:
Charakteristische Verbrauchszahlen / Kennzahlen / Verbrauchswerte, Charakterisierung eines Unternehmens und Beziehungen zum Umfeld (Wirkungszusammenhänge), Normenfamilie ISO 14001 ff.: Ziel und Zweck der einzelnen Normen, deren Entstehung und Anwendung sowie Inhalt / Aufbau, Anwendungsbeispiele

Teil 2: Vorgehen und Methoden:
Product-Life-Cycle-Management / Life-Cycle-Design; Bewertungs- und Beurteilungsmethoden (Abgrenzung und Beurteilungsrahmen, Untersuchsziele, Aussagekraft, Datenbasis, Vorgehen sowie Einordnung in Umweltmanagementsystem); Bezug zu ISO 14031 und ISO 14040ff.; Bestimmen der bedeutenden Umweltaspekte; Bezug zu bestehenden Problemlösemethodiken (insbesondere Einsatz und Umgang mit Methoden, Rollenverständnis zwischen Planer und Auftraggeber und Bezug zu Projektmanagement), Anwendungsbeispiele

Teil 3: Aspekte der Anwendung und Umsetzung:
End-of-Pipe-Massnahmen (stoffliches und thermisches Recycling); Eco-Design / Life-Cycle-Design (Produktentwicklung mit Schwerpunkt Stückgutindustrie / mechanische Fertigung sowie Life-Cycle Engineering) sowie praktische Beispiele

Teil 4: Umweltmanagementsysteme in der Praxis:
Zusammenfassung der Vorlesung und Ausblick, Vorschau auf weitere Vorlesungen; Fragen

Die Vorlesung wird durch kleine Übungen ergänzt. In Gruppen muss ein Fallbeispiel detaillierter bearbeitet werden.
SkriptUnterlagen zu "Umweltmanagement" / "Umweltmanagementsystemen" wie auch das Managementhandbuch der Modellfirma (basierend auf einer realen Firma) werden auf einer CD abgegeben respektive direkt per Mail an die eingeschriebenen Studierenden verschickt.
LiteraturIn der Vorlesung wird eine Literaturliste abgegeben; zudem werden Web-Links und Hinweise auf relevante Normen abgegeben.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesAbgabe eines Fallbeispiels, bearbeitet in Kleingruppen. Lehrsprache in Englisch nach Bedarf.
363-1027-00LIntroduction to Health Economics and PolicyW2 KP1VC. Waibel
KurzbeschreibungHealth expenditures constitute about 10% of GDP in OECD countries. Extensive government intervention is a typical feature in health markets. Risk factors to health have been changing with growing importance of lifestyle factors such as smoking, obesity and lack of physical activity. This course gives an introduction to the economic concepts and empirical findings in health economics.
LernzielIntroduce students without prior economics background to the main concepts of health economics and policy to enhance students understanding of how health care institutions and markets function.
InhaltThe course gives an introduction to the economic concepts and empirical findings in health economics to enhance students understanding of how health care institutions and markets function. Motivated by the fact that health care markets are designed different across countries, this course looks at the challenges in regulating health care markets. First, the three important decisions made by individuals will be analyzed: What determines the health behaviors, like the intensity of preventive measures like sport, that an individual undertakes? What types and amount of personal health care services does an individual demand? How much health insurance coverage will be purchased? In a second part, the supply side of health care markets will be discussed. What are the financial incentives of physicians and how do these influence physicians’ treatment choices? What does it mean and imply that a physician is an agent for a patient? The choices made by societies about how health care services are financed and about the types of organizations that supply health care will be addressed in a third part. One important choice is whether a country will rely on public financing of personal health care services or encourage private health insurance markets. How could and should a public health insurance system be designed? What health care services should be included or excluded from a public system? The advantages and disadvantages of the alternatives will be discussed to provide a framework for analyzing specific types of health care systems.
LiteraturJay Bhattacharya, Timothy Hyde, Peter Tu, "Health Economics", Palgrave Macmillan.
Frank A. Sloan and Chee-Ruey Hsieh, "Health Economics", MIT Press.
363-1050-00LSimulation of Negotiations: Ukraine Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Limited number of participants.

Students who wish to register for this course have to apply no later than 6 September 2019. Please send your application to Andreas Knobel: aknobel@ethz.ch, additionally register in mystudies. (Technical note for the registration: All registered students will initially be placed on a waiting list)
W3 KP3VM. Ambühl, A. Knobel
KurzbeschreibungThe Global Studies Institute (University of Geneva) is organizing a simulation seminar on the Ukraine in collaboration with MGIMO Moscow and the Chair of Negotiation and Conflict Management (ETHZ).
LernzielStudents will have the possibility to participate in simulated diplomatic negotiations and to analyse and assess the negotiation logic behind the situation. During the course, they should gain insight into the negotiations between Ukraine and the international community as well as negotiation techniques in general.
InhaltIn the lectures, students will be provided with basic information related to Ukraine. The historical, military, economic and political dimensions, including the various treaties and existing agreements and their evolution will be analyzed. Students will as well participate in an introduction on negotiation techniques, particularly on the negotiation engineering approach. On the basis of the comprehensive analysis, negotiation scenarii will be developed and subsequently tested during a two-day simulation exercise. The simulation exercise will be prepared with the help of experienced negotiators and experts.

The simulation exercise is intended for Masters degree and PhD students. The course will be taught in English. The project is headed by Prof. Micheline Calmy-Rey, Global Studies Institute, University of Geneva.

Students who wish to register for this course have to apply no later than 13 September 2019. Please send your application to Andreas Knobel: aknobel@ethz.ch, additionally register in mystudies. (Technical note for the registration: All registered students will initially be placed on a waiting list)

The homepage for this course with more information is located at (ETH-login needed): Link.

Students from ETH Zurich and MGIMO will participate in the seminar sessions via video conferencing. They will go to Geneva for the session scheduled on 29 October and for the simulation exercise on 28 and 29 November 2019.

Date/Time/Location
GE = University of Geneva;
VC = Video conference (ETH main building: HG D22)

17 September | 10:15-12:00 | 1. Introductory session (VC)
24 September | 10:15-12:00 | 2. History of Ukraine, Russia, EU relations (VC)
1 October | 10:15-12:00 | 3. Contemporary relations between Ukraine, Rjussia and the EU (VC)
8 October | 10:15-12:00 | 4. Interactive dialogue with permanent representatives (VC)
15 October | 10:15-12:00 | 5. Interactive dialogue with permanent representatives (VC)
22 October | 10:15-12:00 | 6. The Minsk Protocol (VC)
29 October | 10:30-17:30 | 7. Special session on the method of diplomatic engineering in the presence of all the students, draw of the teams randomly (GE)
5 November No session (study week)
12 November | 10:15-12:00 |8. The "Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area" (DCFTA) (VC)
19 November | 10:15-12:00 | 9. The Security Aspects (SMM) (VC)
5-6 December | 10:30-17:30 | 10. Negotiation simulation (GE)
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesEvaluation

I. Active participation in class (50%)

1. Attend all seminar sessions either in person or via video conference and actively participate in discussions.
2. Participate in person in the session of 29 October 2019 and in the two-day simulation exercise (28-29 November 2019);
3. Do the required readings and regularly read international newspapers (e.g. Financial Times, The New York Times, The Economist, NZZ).

II. Texts to be submitted before, during and after the simulation (50%)

1. Before the simulation: Prepare a 4-5 page summary of your group's negotiating mandate, including a description of the positions of all the parties (group evaluation).
2. During the simulation: Draft and present an introductory and final statement (group evaluation).
3. After the simulation: Prepare a report on the negotiation outcomes to the organization, state or region you represent (3-4 pages) and a press release (max. 1 page). The report and press release are individually evaluated.
363-0387-00LCorporate SustainabilityW3 KP2GV. Hoffmann
KurzbeschreibungThe lecture explores current challenges of corporate sustainability and prepares students to become champions for sustainable business practices. In the beginning, traditional lectures are complemented by e-modules that allow students to train critical thinking skills. In the 2nd half of the semester, students work in teams on sustainability challenges related to water, energy, mobility, and food.
LernzielStudents
- assess the limits and the potential of corporate sustainability for sustainable development
- develop critical thinking skills (argumentation, communication, evaluative judgment) that are useful in the context of corporate sustainability using an innovative writing and peer review method.
- recognize and realize opportunities through team work for corporate sustainability in a business environment
- present strategic recommendations in teams with different output formats (tv-style debate, consultancy pitch, technology model walk-through, campaign video)
InhaltIn the first part of the semester, Prof. Volker Hoffmann will share his insights on corporate sustainability with you through a series of lectures. They introduce you to a series of critical thinking exercises and build a foundation for your group work. In the second part of the semester, you participate in one of four tracks in which SusTec researchers will coach your groups through a seven-step program. Our ambition is that you improve your analytic and organizational skills and that you can confidently stand up for corporate sustainability in a professional setting. You will share the final product of your work with fellow students in a final puzzle session at the end of the semester.

http://www.sustec.ethz.ch/teaching/lectures/corporate-sustainability.html
SkriptPresentation slides will be made available on moodle prior to lectures.
LiteraturLiterature recommendations will be distributed during the lecture
363-0503-00LPrinciples of Microeconomics
GESS (Science in Perspective): This lecture is for MSc students only. BSc students register for 363-1109-00L Einführung in die Mikroökonomie.
W3 KP2GM. Filippini
KurzbeschreibungThe course introduces basic principles, problems and approaches of microeconomics. This provides the students with reflective and contextual knowledge on how societies use scarce resources to produce goods and services and ensure a (fair) distribution.
LernzielThe learning objectives of the course are:

(1) Students must be able to discuss basic principles, problems and approaches in microeconomics. (2) Students can analyse and explain simple economic principles in a market using supply and demand graphs. (3) Students can contrast different market structures and describe firm and consumer behaviour. (4) Students can identify market failures such as externalities related to market activities and illustrate how these affect the economy as a whole. (5) Students can also recognize behavioural failures within a market and discuss basic concepts related to behavioural economics. (6) Students can apply simple mathematical concepts on economic problems.
InhaltThe resources on our planet are finite. The discipline of microeconomics therefore deals with the question of how society can use scarce resources to produce goods and services and ensure a (fair) distribution. In particular, microeconomics deals with the behaviour of consumers and firms in different market forms. Economic considerations and discussions are not part of classical engineering and science study programme. Thus, the goal of the lecture "Principles of Microeconomics" is to teach students how economic thinking and argumentation works. The course should help the students to look at the contents of their own studies from a different perspective and to be able to critically reflect on economic problems discussed in the society.

Topics covered by the course are:

- Supply and demand
- Consumer demand: neoclassical and behavioural perspective
- Cost of production: neoclassical and behavioural perspective
- Welfare economics, deadweight losses
- Governmental policies
- Market failures, common resources and public goods
- Public sector, tax system
- Market forms (competitive, monopolistic, monopolistic competitive, oligopolistic)
- International trade
SkriptLecture notes, exercises and reference material can be downloaded from Moodle.
LiteraturN. Gregory Mankiw and Mark P. Taylor (2017), "Economics", 4th edition, South-Western Cengage Learning.
The book can also be used for the course 'Principles of Macroeconomics' (Sturm)

For students taking only the course 'Principles of Microeconomics' there is a shorter version of the same book:
N. Gregory Mankiw and Mark P. Taylor (2017), "Microeconomics", 4th edition, South-Western Cengage Learning.

Complementary:
R. Pindyck and D. Rubinfeld (2018), "Microeconomics", 9th edition, Pearson Education.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesGESS (Science in Perspective): This lecture is for MSc students only. BSc students register for 363-1109-00L Einführung in die Mikroökonomie.
363-0565-00LPrinciples of MacroeconomicsW3 KP2VJ.‑E. Sturm
KurzbeschreibungThis course examines the behaviour of macroeconomic variables, such as gross domestic product, unemployment and inflation rates. It tries to answer questions like: How can we explain fluctuations of national economic activity? What can economic policy do against unemployment and inflation?
LernzielThis lecture will introduce the fundamentals of macroeconomic theory and explain their relevance to every-day economic problems.
InhaltThis course helps you understand the world in which you live. There are many questions about the macroeconomy that might spark your curiosity. Why are living standards so meagre in many African countries? Why do some countries have high rates of inflation while others have stable prices? Why have some European countries adopted a common currency? These are just a few of the questions that this course will help you answer.
Furthermore, this course will give you a better understanding of the potential and limits of economic policy. As a voter, you help choose the policies that guide the allocation of society's resources. When deciding which policies to support, you may find yourself asking various questions about economics. What are the burdens associated with alternative forms of taxation? What are the effects of free trade with other countries? How does the government budget deficit affect the economy? These and similar questions are always on the minds of policy makers.
SkriptThe course webpage (to be found at https://moodle-app2.let.ethz.ch/course/view.php?id=11092) contains announcements, course information and lecture slides.
LiteraturThe set-up of the course will closely follow the book of
N. Gregory Mankiw and Mark P. Taylor (2017), Economics, Cengage Learning, Fourth Edition.

Besides this textbook, the slides, lecture notes and problem sets will cover the content of the lecture and the exam questions.
363-0561-00LFinancial Market RisksW3 KP2GD. Sornette
KurzbeschreibungI aim to introduce students to the concepts and tools of modern finance and to make them understand the limits of these tools, and the many problems met by the theory in practice. I will put this course in the context of the on-going financial crises in the US, Europe, Japan and China, which provide fantastic opportunities to make the students question the status quo and develop novel solutions.
LernzielThe course explains the key concepts and mechanisms of financial economics, their depth and then stresses how and why the theories and models fail and how this is impacting investment strategies and even a global view of citizenship, given the present developing crises in the US since 2007 and in Europe since 2010.

-Development of the concepts and tools to understand these risks and master them.

-Working knowledge of the main concepts and tools in finance (Portfolio theory, asset pricing, options, real options, bonds, interest rates, inflation, exchange rates)

-Strong emphasis on challenging assumptions and developing a systemic understanding of financial markets and their many dimensional risks
Inhalt1- The Financial Crises: what is really happening? Historical perspective and what can be expected in the next decade(s). Bubbles and crashes. The illusion of he perpetual money machine.

2- Risks in financial markets
-What is risk?
-Measuring risks of financial assets
-Introduction to three different concepts of probability
-History of financial markets, diversification, market risks

3- Introduction to financial risks and its management.
-Relationship between risk and return
-portfolio theory: the concept of diversification and optimal allocation
-How to price assets: the Capital Asset Pricing Model
-How to price assets: the Arbitrage Pricing Theory, the factor models and beyond

4- Financial markets: role and efficiency
-What is an efficient market?
-Financial markets as valuation engines: exogeneity versus endogeneity (reflexivity)
-Deviations from efficiency, puzzles and anomalies in the financial markets
-Financial bubbles, crashes, systemic instabilities

5- An introduction to Options and derivatives
-Calls, Puts and Shares and other derivatives
-Financial alchemy with options (options are building blocs of any possible cash flow)
-Determination of option value; concept of risk hedging

6-Valuation and using options
-a first simple option valuation modle
-the Binomial method for valuing options
-the Black-scholes model and formula
-practical examples and implementation
-Realized prices deviate from these theories: volatility smile and real option trading
-How to imperfectly hedge with real markets?

7- Real options
-The value of follow-on investment opportunities
-The timing option
-The abandonment option
-Flexible production
-conceptual aspects and extensions

8- Government bonds and their valuation
-Relationship between bonds and interest rates
-Real and nominal rates of interest
-Term structure and Yields to maturity
-Explaining the term structure
-Different models of the term structure

9- Managing international risks
-The foreign exchange market
-Relations between exchanges rates and interest rates, inflation,
and other economic variables
-Hedging currency risks
-Currency speculation
-Exchange risk and international investment decisions
SkriptLecture slides will be available on the site of the lecture
LiteraturCorporate finance
Brealey / Myers / Allen
Eight edition
McGraw-Hill International Edition (2006)

+ additional paper reading provided during the lectures
Voraussetzungen / Besonderesnone
351-0555-00LOpen- and User InnovationW3 KP2GS. Häfliger, S. Spaeth
KurzbeschreibungThe course introduces the students to the long-standing tradition of actively involving users of technology and other knowledge-intensive products in the development and production process, and through own cases they develop an entrepreneurial understanding of product development under distributed, user-centered, or open innovation strategies.
LernzielThe course includes both lectures and exercises alternately. The goal is to understand the opportunity of user innovation for management and develop strategies to harness the value of user-developed ideas and contributions for firms and other organizations.

The students actively participate in discussions during the lectures and contribute presentations of case studies during the exercises. The combination should allow to compare theory with practical cases from various industries.

The course presents and builds upon recent research and challenges the students to devise innovation strategies that take into account the availability of user expertise, free and public knowledge, and the interaction with communities that span beyond one organization.

Grading is based on the final exam, the class presentations (including the slides) as well as class participation.
InhaltThis course on user innovation extends courses on knowledge management and innovation as well as marketing. The students are introduced to the long-standing tradition of actively involving users of technology and other knowledge-intensive products in the development and production process, and through own cases they develop an entrepreneurial understanding of product development under distributed, user-centered, or open innovation strategies. Theoretical underpinnings taught in the course include models of innovation, the structuration of technology, and an introduction to entrepreneurship.
SkriptThe slides of the lectures are made available and updated continuously through the SMI website:
LiteraturRelevant literature for the exam includes the slides and the reading assignments. The corresponding papers are either available from the author online or distributed during class.

Reading assignments: please consult the SMI website:
701-0747-00LUmweltpolitik der Schweiz Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen W3 KP2GE. Lieberherr, F. Metz
KurzbeschreibungDer Kurs vermittelt die Grundlagen der Politikfeldanalyse (Public Policy Analyse) sowie die spezifischen Charakteristika der Schweizer Umweltpolitik. Politikinstrumente, Akteure und Prozesse werden aus Sicht der Politikwissenschaften sowohl theoretisch wie auch anhand aktueller Beispiele der Schweizer Umweltpolitik empirisch aufgezeigt.
LernzielNebst der Aneignung von Grundkenntnissen der Politikfeldanalyse trägt die Lehrveranstaltung dazu bei, sich mit aktuellen und konkreten Fragestellungen der Umweltpolitik auf analytische Weise auseinander zu setzen. Anhand von Übungen werden den Teilnehmer/-innen politikwissenschaftliche Konzepte und Analyseansätze sowie reale Entscheidungsprozesse näher gebracht. Die fundierte Auseinandersetzung mit komplexen politischen Konfliktsituationen ist eine wichtige Voraussetzung für den Einstieg in die (umweltpolitische) Praxis bzw. eine zukünftige wissenschaftliche Forschungstätigkeit.
InhaltDie Prozesse der Umgestaltung, Übernutzung oder Zerstörung der natürlichen Umwelt durch den Menschen stellen seit jeher hohe Anforderungen an gesellschaftliche und politische Institutionen. Die Umweltpolitik umfasst in diesem Spannungsfeld zwischen Umwelt, Gesellschaft und Wirtschaft die Summe aller öffentlichen Massnahmen, deren Ziele die Beseitigung, Reduzierung oder Vermeidung von Umweltbelastungen sind. Die Lehrveranstaltung vermittelt systematische Grundlagen zu umweltpolitischen Instrumenten, Akteuren, Programmen und Prozessen sowie deren Wandel über die Zeit. Experten aus der Praxis werden uns Einblick in die aktuellsten Entwicklungen der Wald-, Wasser und Raumplanungspolitik geben. Ein wichtiger Aspekt liegt im Erkennen des Unterschiedes zwischen Politik und Politikwissenschaft.
SkriptDie Vorlesung basiert primär auf einem Skript. Dies und zusätzliche Vorlesungsunterlagen zu den Übungen werden auf Moodle zu Verfügung gestellt.
LiteraturLektüre auf Moodle.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesDas detaillierte Semesterprogramm (Syllabus) wird zu Beginn des Semesters zur Verfügung gestellt.
Während der Vorlesung werden wir mit Moodle und eduApp arbeiten. Wir bitten alle Studierenden, sich vor der ersten Lektion auf beiden Plattformen für den Kurs zu registrieren und jeweils ein Gerät (Laptop, Tablet, Smartphone) dabei zu haben, um Übungen über Moodle und eduApp lösen zu können.
701-0757-00LÖkonomieW3 KP2GR. Schubert
KurzbeschreibungDie Lehrveranstaltung vermittelt die Grundlagen für das Verständnis von mikro- und makroökonomischen Problemstellungen und Theorien. Die Teilnehmenden erlangen die Fähigkeit, wirtschaftspolitisch zu argumentieren und entsprechende Massnahmen zu beurteilen. Gruppen- und Einzelübungen vertiefen das Wissen.
LernzielDie Studierenden können
- die grundlegenden mikro- und makrökonomischen Problemstellungen und Theorien beschreiben.
- zu einem gegebenen Thema passende ökonomische Argumentationen einbringen.
- ökonomische Massnahmen beurteilen.
InhaltVerhalten von Unternehmen und Haushalten an Märkten; Marktgleichgewicht und Besteuerung; Sozialprodukt und Wirtschaftsindikatoren; Arbeitslosigkeit; Wirtschaftswachstum; Wirtschaftspolitik
SkriptHerunterladen von Internetplattform
LiteraturMankiw, N.G.: “Principles of Economics”, forth edition, South-Western College/West, Mason 2006.

Deutsche Übersetzung: Mankiw, N.G. : Grundzüge der Volkswirtschaftslehre, 3. Aufl., Stuttgart 2004.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesInternetplattform
701-0985-00LGesellschaftlicher Umgang mit aktuellen UmweltrisikenW1 KP1VB. Nowack, C. M. Som-Koller
KurzbeschreibungDie Vorlesung behandelt den gesellschaftlichen Umgang mit Risiken technischer Systeme. Der Risikobegriff und die Risikowahrnehmung werden anhand von Fallbeispielen diskutiert (z.B. Nanotechnologie) und gesellschaftspolitische Entscheidungsinstrumente werden besprochen. Methoden, um mit Umweltrisiken umzugehen und deren Nutzung für eine nachhaltige Innovation werden ebenfalls besprochen.
Lernziel- Erarbeitung eines erweiterten Risikobegriffes.
- Bewertung technologiebedingter Risiken in einem gesamtgesellschaftlichen Kontext.
- Kenntnis über Umgangsformen von Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft mit aktuellen Umweltrisiken.
- Kenntnis über den Umgang mit Risiken (wie Vorsorgeprinzip, Schutzziele, Schadensdefinition, Ethik, Recht).
- Kenntnis über Möglichkeiten für eine nachhaltige Innovation
Inhalt- Risiken und technische Systeme (Risikokategorien, Risikowahrnehmung, Risikomanagement).
- Illustration anhand von Fallbeispielen (Nanotechnologie).
- Gestaltungsmittel (Politik, Wissenschaft, Medien, etc.).
- Entscheidungsinstrumente (Technikfolgenabschätzung, Kosten/Nutzenanalyse etc.).
- Die Rolle der Medien
- Zukunftsperspektiven.
SkriptEs werden Kopien aufgelegter Folien sowie einzelne ausgewählte Unterlagen abgegeben.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesDie Vorlesung wird 14-täglich durchgeführt (je 2 Stunden). Die Termine sind 3.9.; 30.9. (ausserplanmässig anstelle vom 7.10); 21.10; 4.11.; 18.11.; 2.12.; 16.12.
701-0727-00LPolitics of Environmental Problem Solving in Developing CountriesW2 KP2GU. Scheidegger
KurzbeschreibungThe course focuses on processes and drivers of decision-making on natural resources management issues in developing countries. It gives insights into the relevance of ecological aspects in developing countries. It covers concepts, instruments, processes and actors in environmental politics at the example of specific environmental challenges of global importance.
LernzielAfter completion of the module, students will be able to:
- Identify and appraise ecological aspects in development cooperation, development policies and developing countries' realities
- Analyze the forces, components and processes, which influence the design, the implementation and the outcome of ecological measures
- Characterize concepts, instruments and drivers of environmental politics and understand, how policies are shaped, both at national level and in multilateral negotiations
- Study changes (improvements) in environmental politics over time as the result of the interaction of processes and actors, including international development organizations
- Analyze politics and design approaches to influence them, looking among others at governance, social organization, legal issues and institutions
InhaltKey issues and basic concepts related to environmental politics are introduced. Then the course predominantly builds on case studies, providing information on the context, specifying problems and potentials, describing processes, illustrating the change management, discussing experiences and outcomes, successes and failures. The analysis of the cases elucidates factors for success and pitfalls in terms of processes, key elements and intervention strategies.

Different cases not only deal with different environmental problems, but also focus on different levels and degrees of formality. This ranges from local interventions with resource user groups as key stakeholders, to country level policies, to multi- and international initiatives and conventions. Linkages and interaction of the different system levels are highlighted. Special emphasis is given to natural resources management.

The cases address the following issues:
- Land use and soil fertility enhancement: From degradation to sustainable use
- Common property resource management (forest and pasture): Collective action and property rights, community-based management
- Ecosystem health (integrated pest management, soil and water conservation)
- Payment for environmental services: Successes in natural resources management
- Climate change and agriculture: Adaptation and mitigation possibilities
- Biodiversity Convention: Implications for conservations and access to genetic resources
- Biodiversity as a means for more secure livelihoods: Agroforestry and intercropping
- The Millennium Development Goals: Interactions between poverty and the environment
- Poverty and natural resources management: Poverty reduction strategies, the view of the poor themselves
- Food security: Policies, causes for insecurity, the role of land grabbing
- Biofuels and food security: Did politics misfire?
- Strategy development at global level: IAASTD and World Development Report 2008
SkriptInformation concerning the case studies and specific issues illustrated therein will be provided during the course (uploaded on Moodle)
LiteraturRobbins P, 2004. Political ecology: a critical introduction. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK, 242 p.

Peet R, Robbins P, Watts M, 2011. Global political ecology. Routledge, New York, 450 p.

Keeley J, Scoones I, 2000. Knowledge, power and politics: the environmental policy-making process in Ethiopia. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 38(1), 89-120.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe performance assessment will consist of an individual essay to be written by each student based on at least five references in addition to the sources provided in the course. Students can choose from a list of topics. Criteria for assessment will be communicated at the beginning of the course.
363-1109-00LEinführung in die Mikroökonomie
GESS (Science in Perspective): Diese Lehrveranstaltung ist nur für Bachelorstudierende.
Masterstudierende können die LE 363-0503-00L „Principles of Microeconomics“ belegen.

Hinweis für D-MAVT Studierende: Sollten Sie bereits «363-0503-00L Principles of Microeconomics» erfolgreich absolviert haben, dann dürfen Sie diese Lehrveranstaltung nicht mehr belegen.
W3 KP2GM. Wörter, M. Beck
KurzbeschreibungDer Kurs führt in die Grundlagen, Probleme und Ansätze der Mikroökonomie ein. Er beschreibt wirtschaftliche Entscheidungen von Haushalten und Unternehmen und deren Koordination durch vollkommene Märkte.
LernzielDie Studierenden erarbeiten sich ein vertieftes Verständnis grundlegender mikroökonomischer Modelle.

Sie erlangen die Fähigkeit, diese Modelle bei der Interpretation realer wirtschaftlicher Zusammenhänge anzuwenden.

Die Studierenden verfügen über ein reflektierendes und kontextbezogenes Wissen darüber, wie Gesellschaften knappe Ressourcen nutzen, um Güter und Dienstleistungen zu produzieren und unter sich zu verteilen.
InhaltMarkt, Budgetrestriktion, Präferenzen, Nutzenfunktion, Nutzenmaximierung, Nachfrage, Technologie, Gewinnfunktion, Kostenminimierung, Kostenfunktion, vollkommene Konkurrenz, Information und Kommunikationstechnologien.
SkriptUnterlagen in der Internet Lernumgebung https://moodle-app2.let.ethz.ch/auth/shibboleth/login.php
LiteraturVarian, Hal R. (2014), Intermediate Microeconomics, W.W. Norton

Deutsche Übersetzung: Grundzüge der Mikroökonomik (2016), 9. Auflage, Oldenbourg; auch die frühere 8. Ausgabe (2011) kann verwendet werden.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesDiese Lehrveranstaltung "Einführung in die Mikroökonomie“ (363-1109-00L) ist für Bachelorstudierende gedacht und LE 363-0503-00 „Principles of Microeconomics“ für Masterstudierende.
363-1044-00LApplied Negotiation Seminar Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to 30.

Prerequisites: Successful completion of lectures "363-1039-00L Introduction to Negotiation".
W3 KP2SA. Knobel
KurzbeschreibungThe block-seminar combines lectures introducing negotiation, negotiation engineering and specific aspects of successful negotiation with the respective application through in-class negotiation case studies and games.
LernzielStudents obtain a concentrated insight into key aspects of the field of negotiations, negotiation engineering and specific aspects of successful negotiation. Multiple opportunities to apply that knowledge in different negotiation situations allow for an in-depth learning experience.
InhaltThis block seminar combines lectures introducing negotiation, negotiation engineering and specific aspects of successful negotiation with the respective application through in-class negotiation case studies and games.

Especially, you will
• gain a better understanding of the aspects of rationality, fairness, trust, and AI in negotiations
• apply what you have learnt in the lecture "Introduction to Negotiation" in a number of challenging simulations
• hear about diplomatic, labour and business negotiations from seasoned professionals
• enjoy more of Professor Ambühl's current cases and share his wealth of experience
• study a scholarly paper and tell your fellow students about it
363-1050-01LSimulation of Negotiations: Ukraine (Exercises) Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen W1 KP1UM. Ambühl, A. Knobel
KurzbeschreibungThe Global Studies Institute (University of Geneva) is organizing a simulation seminar on the Ukraine in collaboration with MGIMO Moscow and the Chair of Negotiation and Conflict Management (ETHZ).
LernzielThe two main aims of the exercises are: 1) to become familiar with the historical, economic, political dimensions of the Ukraine conflict; 2) to work on the mandates for the simulation under supervision of the lecturers.
InhaltDates, Time, Location:

1 October 2019, 13:15-17:00, WEV F 107
5 November 2019, 08:15-12:00, WEV F 107
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesIn order to participate in this module please apply and register for the lecture 363-1050-00L Simulation of Negotiations: Ukraine
851-0101-74LSustainable Development - Bridging Art and Science Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen W1 KP1GA. Rom, L. B. Nilsen
KurzbeschreibungIn this course students deepen their knowledge about international development and sustainability issues and discourses through watching and critically reflecting on movies. We will show four movies each of them on a separate topic related to sustainable development and discuss them with researchers and relevant stakeholders from the broader society.
Lernziel• Students get a broad understanding of some of the most important issues and discussions related to sustainable development.
• Students get exposed to diverse realities of young people in developing countries
• Students can critically reflect upon the information that is presented to them in the movies and relate it to the broader discussions around sustainable development.
• Students reflect on issues concerning communicating research and the realities of low-income settings to a wider public.
InhaltThis course exposes students to critical issues of the sustainable development including challenges related to environmental, health, economic and social factors. Students will view films and participate in debates and critique them. Students will explore issues concerning communicating research and realities of low-income settings to the public, dealing with bias and polarization, and the role that the media and films play in that regard.
Philosophie
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
851-0125-65LA Sampler of Histories and Philosophies of Mathematics
Besonders geeignet für Studierende D-CHAB, D-INFK, D-ITET, D-MATH, D-PHYS
W3 KP2VR. Wagner
KurzbeschreibungThis course will review several case studies from the ancient, medieval and modern history of mathematics. The case studies will be analyzed from various philosophical perspectives, while situating them in their historical and cultural contexts.
LernzielThe course aims are:
1. To introduce students to the historicity of mathematics
2. To make sense of mathematical practices that appear unreasonable from a contemporary point of view
3. To develop critical reflection concerning the nature of mathematical objects
4. To introduce various theoretical approaches to the philosophy and history of mathematics
5. To open the students' horizons to the plurality of mathematical cultures and practices
851-0144-20LPhilosophical Aspects of Quantum Physics
Particularly suitable for students of D-CHAB, D-PHYS
W3 KP2SR. Renner
KurzbeschreibungThis course provides an introduction to philosophical issues about quantum physics. In particular, we will examine key concepts (such as locality and time) and different interpretations of quantum mechanics (such as the many-worlds interpretation).
LernzielBy the end of the course students are able to describe and compare different interpretations of quantum mechanics. They have the necessary background to identify and examine features and problems of interpretations and, more generally, of key concepts of quantum physics, such as the transition between quantum and classical systems.

The course is part of ETH's "Critical Thinking"-Initiative. It provides students an opportunity to see how established knowledge can be challenged. Giving a presentation and actively participating in discussions (both verbally and in writing) is key to a successful completion of the course.
851-0180-00LResearch Ethics Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to 40

Particularly suitable for students of D-BIOL, D-CHAB, D-HEST
W2 KP2GG. Achermann
KurzbeschreibungThis course enables students to:
• Improve their moral reasoning skills (e.g. identify, construct and evaluate moral arguments);
• Identify and describe leading normative approaches and concepts for research involving animals and human subjects;
• Analyse the theoretical foundations and disputes on moral issues related to research involving animals and human subjects.
LernzielParticipants of the course Research Ethics will
• Develop an understanding of the role of certain moral concepts, principles and normative theories related to scientific research;
• Improve their moral reasoning skills (such as identifying and evaluating reasons, conclusions, assumptions, analogies, concepts and principles), and their ability to use these skills in assessing other people’s arguments, making decisions and constructing their own reasoning to the kinds of ethical problems a scientist is likely to encounter;
• Deepen their understanding of the debates on certain central moral issues in research, e.g. the use of animals in biomedical research.
InhaltI. Introduction to Moral Reasoning
1. Ethics - the basics
- What is ethics? What ethics is not...
- Identification of moral issues (awareness): what constitutes an ethical question? Distinguishing ethical questions from other kinds of questions;
- Values (personal, cultural & ethical) & principles for ethical conduct in research;
- Descriptive and prescriptive ethics
- Ethical universalism, ethical relativism and cultural relativism
- What is research ethics and why is it important?

2. Normative Ethics
- Overview on important theories for research ethics: virtue theories, duty-based theories (rights theory, categorical imperative, prima facie duties), consequentialist theories, other theories;
- The plurality of ethical theories, moral pluralism and its consequences;

3. Arguments
- Why arguments? What is a good argument? The structure of (moral) arguments;
- Deductive and inductive arguments; Validity and soundness; strength and cogency;
- Assessing moral arguments

II. Research involving animals
1. The moral status of animals: moral considerability (morally relevant features), moral significance;
2. Representative views (indirect theories, direct but unequal theories, and moral equality theories) on the moral status of animals and resulting standpoints on the use of animals in biomedical research
- The 3 R's (replacement, reduction, refinement);
- Public policy in the context of moral disagreement
- The concept of dignity and the dignity of living beings in the Swiss constitution;
- The weighing/evaluation of interests: the procedure and criticism, the value of basic research and related problems in the weighing of interests;

III. Research involving human subjects
- History of research involving human subjects
- Basic ethical principles – the Belmont report
- Selection of study participants. The concept of vulnerability
- Assessment of risks and benefits of a research project
- Research ethics committees
- Information and consent; confidentiality and anonymity;
- Research projects involving biological material and health related data
SkriptCourse material (handouts, case studies, exercises, surveys and papers) will be available during the lectures and on the course homepage.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesWhat are the requirements?
First and foremost your strong willingness to seriously achieve the main learning outcomes as indicated in the Course Catalogue (specific learning outcomes for each module will be provided at the beginning of the course). For successfully completing the course Research Ethics, the following commitment is absolutely necessary (but not sufficient) (observed success factors for many years!):
1. Your regular presence is absolutely required (so please no double, parallel enrollment for courses taking place at the identical time!) connected with your active participation during class, e.g. taking notes, contributing to discussions (in group as well as in plenary class), solving exercises.
2. Having the willingness and availability of the necessary time for regularly preparing the class (at least 1 hour per week, probably even more…).
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