Suchergebnis: Katalogdaten im Frühjahrssemester 2015

Agrarwissenschaft Master Information
Vertiefungen
Vertiefung in Crop Science
Disziplinäre Kompetenzbereiche
Cropping Systems
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
751-4204-01LHorticultural Science (FS)W2 KP2GL. Bertschinger, R. Baur, C. Carlen
Kurzbeschreibung
Lernziel
Crop Health
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
751-5110-00LInsects in AgroecosystemsW+2 KP2VS. Halloran, K. Mauck
KurzbeschreibungThis class will focus on insect-plant interactions in Central European agroecosystems, and on regulators of insect pest populations. Lectures will cover important crop systems in central European agriculture. Within each system, major pests and their interactions will be described in an ecological context, focusing on key concepts in pest prediction and management.
LernzielAt the end of this course, students will have gained in-depth knowledge of the ecology of major pest species and their impacts within specific crop systems in Central Europe. Our approach will allow students to transfer this knowledge to related questions in other systems. Additionally, students will learn about current research goals in agroecology and how these goals are being addressed by scientists engaged in agricultural research.
InhaltInsect-plant interactions in middle European agroecosystems are the focus of this course. Always starting from an important perennial or annual crop, specific insect species of economic significance are presented along with the life cycles, population dynamics, and the insect-plant interactions relevant to economic impacts on the crop. Natural factors which limit such damage are introduced, e.g. parasitoids and predators. Each section of the course is complemented by a basic ecological, biological or engineering theme or approach such as host shift, physiological time, or sampling techniques. Recent advances in research will also be addressed throughout the course and reinforced with periodic readings of recent primary literature.
SkriptProvided to students through ILIAS
LiteraturSelected required readings (peer reviewed literature, selected book chapters).
751-4904-00LMikrobielle SchädlingsbekämpfungW+2 KP2GJ. Enkerli, G. Grabenweger, S. Kuske Pradal
KurzbeschreibungDie Vorlesung vermittelt konzeptionelle, sowie biologische und ökologische Grundlagen in mikrobieller Schädlingsbekämpfung. Anhand von Beispielen werden die Methoden und Techniken zur Entwicklung und Überwachung von mikrobiellen Schädlingsbekämpfungsmitteln erarbeitet.
LernzielKennenlernen der wichtigsten Gruppen von insektenpathogenen Mikroorganismen und deren Eigenschaften. Vertraut werden mit den nötigen Schritten für die Entwicklung von Schädlingsbekämpfungsmitteln. Verstehen der Techniken und Methoden, die für das Überwachen von Feldapplikationen benützt werden, und Kennen der Registrierungsanforderungen für mikrobielle Schädlingsbekämpfungsmittel.
InhaltDie in der biologischen Schädlingsbekämpfung gebrauchten Definitionen und generell verwendete Ausdrücke werden erarbeitet. Ferner werden biologische und ökologische Aspekte aller Arthropoden-pathogenen Gruppen (Viren, Bakterien Pilze, Protozoen und Nematoden) und ihre Vor- und Nachteile in Bezug auf biologische Schädlingsbekämpfung diskutiert. Ein Schwergewicht wird dabei auf die Pilzgruppen Hypocreales und Entomophtorales gelegt. Anhand von Beispielen wird aufgezeigt, wie Projekte in biologischer Schädlingsbekämpfung aufgebaut werden können, wie Pathogene appliziert werden und wie die Effizienz, Effekte auf Nicht-Zielorganismen, Persistenz und Verbreitung überwacht werden. Im Weiteren werden die nötigen Schritte in der Entwicklung eines Produktes, kommerzielle Aspekte und die Registrierungsanforderungen besprochen.
SkriptDie grundlegenden Aspekte werden als Skript (Präsentationsunterlagen) abgegeben.
LiteraturHinweise auf zusätzliche Literatur werde in der Lehrveranstaltung gegeben.
751-4902-00LModerne Pflanzenschutzmittel - Wirkungsweise, Rückstandsbildung und UmweltverhaltenW+2 KP2VM. Müller, I. J. Bürge, T. Poiger
KurzbeschreibungDie biochemischen Wirkmechanismen von modernen Pflanzenschutzmitteln (Herbizide, Fungizide, Insektizide) werden erläutert. Es werden Ursachen für Selektivität, Resistenzentwicklung u.a. erklärt und diskutiert. Wichtige Aspekte sind u.a. Rückstände in Lebensmitteln und Lebensmittelsicherheit und das Verhalten von Wirkstoffen in der Umwelt.
LernzielVermitteln der grundlegenden Kenntnisse von Aufbau und Wirkungsweise moderner Pflanzenschutzmittel (chemisch-synthetische Wirkstoffe, Naturstoffe). Verknüpfung von Strukturen und Wirkungsweisen mit den aktuellen Einsatzbedingungen in Kulturen (z.B. Fungizide im Weinbau), Rückstandsbildung in essbaren Pflanzenteilen, Umweltverhalten und Nebenwirkungen.
InhaltNach einer kurzen Übersicht über die rechtlichen Grundlagen des Pflanzenschutzes (Bewilligungsverfahren, Rückstände, Schweiz und EU) werden die biochemischen Wirkmechanismen (mode of action) wichtiger Gruppen von Pflanzenschutzmitteln vorgestellt. In der Vorlesung wird u.a. auf folgende Aspekte eingegangen: Selektivität von Wirkstoffen, Grundwassergefährdung durch Herbizide im Feldbau, Akkumulation von Pflanzenschutzmittel-Wirkstoffen im Boden, Resistenzentwicklung bei Fungiziden im Weinbau, Rückstände in Lebensmitteln am Beispiel von Insektiziden im Gemüsebau, Nebenwirkungen auf Nicht-Zielorganismen.
SkriptEin e-Skript (pdf-Dateien) wird vor Beginn der Vorlesung den eingeschriebenen Studentinnen und Studenten als download zur Verfügung gestellt.
Literaturkeine
Agriculture and Environment
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
751-5118-00LGlobal Change Biology Information W+2 KP2GH. Bugmann, N. Buchmann, C. Emmel, L. Hörtnagl
KurzbeschreibungThis course focuses on the effects of anthropogenic climate change as well as land use and land cover change on terrestrial systems. Our current understanding of the coupled human-environmental systems will be discussed, based on observations, experiments and modeling studies. Different management options for sustainable resource use, climate mitigation and adaptation will be studied.
LernzielStudents will understand consequences of global change at various spatial and temporal scales, be able to synthesize their knowledge in various disciplines in view of global change issues, know international and national treaties and negotiations concerning management and climate and land use/land cover change, and be able to evaluate different management options, including sustainable resource use and climate mitigation as well as adaptation options.

Students will learn to present scientific information to an audience of educated laymen by preparing an executive summary and an oral presentation to answer a specific scientific question. Students will get extensive feedback from teachers and peers. Thereby, students will also learn how to give constructive feedback to peers.
InhaltChanges in climate and land use are major issues that students will be faced with during their working life, independently of where they will work. Thus, an advanced understanding on how global change, biogeochemistry, land use practices, politics, and society interact is critical to act responsibly and work as agricultural or environmental scientists in the future.

Thus, during this course, the effects of global change (i.e., changes in climate, atmospheric chemistry as well as land use and land cover) on forest and agro-ecosystems will be presented and discussed. Effects on ecosystem structure, composition, productivity and biogeochemical cycling, but also on stability of production systems against disturbances will be addressed. Current scenarios and models for coupled human-environmental systems will be discussed. The advantages and disadvantages of different management options will be studied, including the sustainable resource use and climate mitigation as well as adaptation.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThis course is based on fundamental knowledge about plant ecophysiology, soil science, and ecology in general.
751-3404-00LNutrient Fluxes in Soil-Plant SystemsW+4 KP4GA. Oberson Dräyer, E. K. Bünemann König
KurzbeschreibungDer Kurs vermittelt Fachwissen und experimentelle Techniken um Nährstoffflüsse in Boden-Pflanzen-Systemen zu untersuchen. Es werden Methoden erlernt um i) die Nährstoffdynamik, ii) die Ausnutzungseffizienz von Nährstoffen durch Pflanzen iii) das Schicksal von Düngernährstoffen die nicht durch Pflanzen aufgenommen werden und iv) symbiotische N2-Fixierung von Leguminosen zu untersuchen.
LernzielAm Beispiel des Elementes Stickstoff (N) werden die Studierenden mit Techniken vertraut, welche der Untersuchung der Dynamik und der Verfügbarkeit von Elementen im Boden-Pflanzensystem dienen. Die Studierenden erlernen die Anwendung von stabilen Isotopen zwecks Erfassung von Nährstoffflüssen in Boden-Pflanzensystemen. Sie lernen biochemische Methoden kennen, welche Indikatoren zu Nährstoffflüssen liefern. Die Studierenden werden befähigt, die Ansätze, Ergebnisse und die Interpretation von agronomischen und umweltwissenschaftlichen Studien kritisch zu überprüfen. Das Fachwissen über Prozesse und Kompartimente, welche Nährstoffkreisläufen in Boden-Pflanzensystemen zu Grunde liegen, wird vertieft.
Die Studierenden lernen im Labor in einem kleinen Team zu arbeiten, Arbeit in Gruppen zu organisieren, Informationen auszutauschen, Information ausserhalb des Kurses zu beschaffen (z.B. in der Bibliothek, im Internet), diese Informationen kritisch zu lesen und zu analysieren, und die Ergebnisse ihrer Experimente mit den Informationen anderer Quellen zu verbinden. Die mündliche und schriftliche Präsentation von Ergebnissen wird geübt.
InhaltThis course teaches knowledge and methods to analyze the dynamics of elements in soil-plant systems and to determine the use efficiency by crops of nutrients added with mineral and organic fertilizers. It provides knowledge about various techniques (isotopic, chemical, biochemical) that can be used to evaluate
i) content of elements in fertilizers, soils and plants;
ii) availability of elements in soils and fertilizers for plants;
iii) transfer of elements from a fertilizer to a crop;
iv) symbiotic N2 fixation by legumes.
Nitrogen will be used as model case.
The course will start with the discussion of analytical results on elemental contents in an organic fertilizer (e.g. animal manure, plant material) that has previously been labeled with the isotope 15N. To test the N efficiency of this fertilizer, a pot experiment (glasshouse study) will be designed. It will include soils with different characteristics, two test plants and fertilization treatments including the 15N labeled organic fertilizer and appropriate reference treatments.
Soils will be characterized for basic chemical properties and for biochemical characteristics that are related to the N dynamics. Plants will be harvested and analyzed for their dry matter production, their N isotope composition and for elemental contents. From the direct (15N) labeling approach, the proportion of N in the plant derived from the added fertilizers and the percentage of added fertilizer recovered in plant material will be calculated. The 15N analyses in the soil and in the plant material after the crop cycle will allow drawing a balance of the added fertilizer and discussing N losses. The comparison of 15N excess in legume and non-legume test plants will demonstrate the use of the enriched dilution method to estimate symbiotic N2 fixation by the legume.

The experiments are discussed and carried out by the students supervised by group members (two senior scientists, PhDs, laboratory staff). The students carry out the data analysis and report their findings in a written report and in an oral presentation.
SkriptDocumentations will be made available during the course.
LiteraturIndications during the course.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesStudents from the D-AGRL can get travel expenses (Zurich-Eschikon) reimbursed.
751-4003-02LCurrent Topics in Grassland Sciences (FS) Information W+2 KP2SN. Buchmann
KurzbeschreibungResearch results in grassland will be presented by experienced researchers as well as Ph.D. students and graduate students. Citation classics as well as most recent research results from published or on-going studies will be presented and discussed. Topics will range from plant ecophysiology, biodiversity and biogeochemical cycling to management aspects in agro- and forest ecosystems.
LernzielStudents will be able to understand and evaluate experimental design and data interpretation of on-going studies, be able to critically analyze published research results, practice to present and discuss results in the public, and gain a broad knowledge of recent research and current topics in agro- and forest ecosystem sciences.
InhaltCitation classics as well as most recent research results from published or on-going studies will be presented and discussed. Topics will range from plant ecophysiology, biodiversity and biogeochemical cycling to management aspects in agro- and forest ecosystems.
Skriptnone
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesPrerequisites: Attendance of the courses "Öko- und Ertragsphysiologie", "Futterbau", "Graslandsysteme" in the Bachelor or similar courses. Language will be English.
751-5102-00LBiogeochemical ModelingW2 KP2GJ. Lee, J. Six, A. Hofmann, M. Necpalova
KurzbeschreibungThis class provides an introduction to biogeochemical modeling in the context of agricultural systems. It covers the general background and principles of modeling agroecosystem biogeochemistry. The topical focus is on soil processes. Plant growth and development is included as a side topic. The course consists of lectures and modeling exercises.
LernzielThe focus during the modeling exercise sessions is on the testing and application of the biochemical model DAYCENT to agroecosystems. This includes model parameterization, sensitivity analysis, validation, and uncertainty analysis.
Inhalt- Introduction to biogeochemical cycles
- Overview of ecosystem models
- Spatial and temporal scales in modeling
- Century and DAYCENT model
- Controls on biogeochemical processes
- Modeling plant growth and development (DAYCENT)
- Modeling soil organic matter and nutrient dynamics (DAYCENT)
- Model testing and evaluation
- Sensitivity analysis
- Uncertainty analysis
- Bio-economic modeling
- Policy and agent-based modeling
LiteraturSmith, J., Smith, P. (2007) Introduction to environmental modelling. Oxford University Press, 180 p.

Wallach, D., Makowski, D., Jones, J.W., Brun, F. (2014) Working with dynamic crop models: Methods, tools and examples for agriculture and environment. Academic Press, 2nd ed., 487 p.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesStudents signing up for this course should have a strong interest in modeling.
Methodische Kompetenzbereiche
Methods in Agricultural Sciences
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
751-4506-00LPlant Pathology IV Information W+2 KP2GU. Merz, M. Maurhofer Bringolf
KurzbeschreibungIdentifikation der wichtigsten Krankheiten und ihrer pilzlichen Erreger von ein- und mehrjährigen, landwirtschaftlich wichtigen Pflanzenarten, basierend auf der Symptomatologie sowie den Mikro-Strukturen. Die zugehörigen Kontrollmassnahmen werden anhand der Lebenszyklen der Erreger erklärt.
Lernziel- Erkennen der wichtigsten Pflanzenkrankheiten, d.h. deren Symptome (makroskopisch)
- Präpariertechnik, Umgang mit Lupe und Mikroskop
- Kenntnisse über die Biologie (Sporulationsorgane, Zyklus) der Erreger
- sichere DIAGNOSE
- wie kontrolliert man die Erreger (aus der Biologie abgeleitet)
InhaltDie LV wird teilweise als e-learning Uebung (computergestützt) durchgeführt.
SkriptEs wird mit einem Skript (Die Kulturen und ihre wichtigsten Krankheiten) gearbeitet. Dieses wird schrittweise aktualisiert.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesDer Kurs wird in deutscher Sprache geführt (spez. Terminologie)
Design, Analysis and Communication of Science
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
751-1000-00LInterdisziplinäre Projektarbeit Information Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Voraussetzung: abgeschlossenes Bachelorstudium!
O3 KP4UB. Dorn, E. Frossard, L. Meile, H. Adelmann, N. Buchmann, C. De Moraes, P. A. Fischer, M. C. Härdi-Landerer, M. Kreuzer, U. Merz, S. Peter, M. Schuppler, M. Siegrist, J. Six, S. E. Ulbrich, A. Walter
KurzbeschreibungDie Studierenden der Agrar- und Lebensmittelwissenschaften erarbeiten in interdisziplinären Teams Lösungen für Probleme, welche ihnen von Projektpartner im Bereich der Nahrungsmittelwertschöpfungskette gestellt werden.
LernzielDie Studierenden kennen
- die Grundlagen des Zeit- und Projektmanagements
- Vorgehensweisen, um Probleme, die ihnen von Projektpartnern gestellt werden, zielorientiert zu lösen.
InhaltDie Studierenden der Agrar- und Lebensmittelwissenschaft erarbeiten in interdisziplinären Teams Lösungen für Probleme, welche ihnen von Projektpartnern entlang der Nahrungsmittelwertschöpfungskette gestellt werden. Die Studierenden präsentieren und diskutieren die Lösungsvorschläge an der Schlussveranstaltung mit den Projektpartnern und verfassen einen schriftlichen Projektbericht.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesDie Anwesenheit der Studierenden an der Startveranstaltung am 26.2.2015 gemäss speziellem Programm ist Pflicht.
Vertiefung in Food and Resource Use Economics
Disziplinäre Kompetenzbereiche
Decision Making in Food Value Chains
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
751-1710-00LAgri-Food Marketing Information W+2 KP2GD. Barjolle, O. Schmid
KurzbeschreibungCe cours (en anglais) montre comment la recherche marketing est mobilisée en pratique par les institutions des filières agro-alimentaires pour le positionnement et la promotion des produits.
Dieser Kurs (in English) zeigt, wie die Marktforschung von gemeinschaftlichen Vermarktungsinititativen für die Positionierung und den Absatz ihrer Produkte praktisch eingesetzt wird.
LernzielL'objectif est de montrer comment les techniques classiques de la recherche marketing peuvent être utilisées à des fins stratégiques pour orienter le développement des filières agro-alimentaires. Il s'agit de créer de la valeur et de la redistribuer jusqu'aux producteurs.
Il s'agit pour les étudiants d'apprendre à utiliser des outils avancés de la recherche marketing (analyse de données de panel, études de Likert, analyse conjointe. et évaluation contingente..) en travaillant sur des cas réels d'actualité proposés par des professionnels.
Cette analyse leur permettra en outre d'être informé en direct sur les sujets d'actualité dans les filières agro-alimentaires suisses.

Das Ziel der Vorlesung ist es zu zeigen, wie die klassischen Techniken der Marktforschung zur strategischen Orientierung der Entwicklung der Landwirtschafts- und Lebensmittelsektors eingesetzt werden können. Die StudentInnen lernen, weiter entwickelte Werkzeuge der Marktforschung (Paneldaten, Likert-Studien, Conjoint analyse, u.a.) einzusetzen; für reale Fälle, die durch die Praxis vorgeschlagen werden.
Diese Analyse erlaubt es den StudentInnen, sich direkt über aktuelle Themen im Lebensmittelbereich der Schweiz zu informieren.
InhaltDes cours au début sont consacrés aux méthodes de marketing. Les étudiants choisissent ensuite un mini-cas qu'ils étudient en groupe de 5 à 6.
Des thèmes variés relevant de l'actualité sont les points forts des mini-cas : construction d'une USP (Unique selling proposition) pour des labels écologique, éthique ou d'origine; marketing et promotion des produits AOC; marketing et promotion des produits Bio; promotion collective des produits suisses en Suisse et à l'export; produits locaux, produits du terroir et gastronomie; circuits courts; marchés publics.

Im Kurs wird auf Markforschungs-Methoden eingegangen. Zahlreiche Vorträge durch eingeladene Gastreferenten aus der Praxis zeigen Fallstudien. Verschiedene aktuelle Themen werden durch Beteiligte vorgetragen: Unique Selling points (USP) für Produkte; das Marketing und die Absatzförderung von AOC Produkten; der Absatz von Bio-Produkten; das Gemeinschaftsmarketing; die Förderung des Exportes von Schweizer Produkten; regionale Produkte und deren Einsatz im Gastrobereich.
SkriptLes copies des présentations sont remises en début de cours.

Kopien der Präsentationen werden im Kurs abgegeben.
752-2123-00LRisk Awareness, Risk Acceptance and TrustW+3 KP2VM. Siegrist
KurzbeschreibungDie wichtigsten Ergebnisse zur Risikowahrnehmung und zur Akzeptanz neuer Technologien werden vorgestellt. Weiter werden die wichtigsten Ergebnisse aus dem Forschungsfeld Entscheidungen unter Unsicherheit präsentiert.
LernzielWissen über die wichtigsten theoretischen Ansätze im Bereich der Risikowahrnehmung und der Akzeptanz neuer Technologien. Weiter sollen Forschungsansätze und wichtigste Erkenntnisse aus dem Forschungsbereich Entscheidungen unter Unsicherheit verstanden werden.
Environmental and Resource Use Economics
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
701-1653-00LPolicy and Economics of Ecosystem ServicesW+3 KP2GS. Andrade de Sa
KurzbeschreibungThe course introduces the concept of ecosystem services (ES), their value for society, the causes of their degradation and potential policies to reduce degradation, from an environmental economics perspective. The main focus is thus on policy options for addressing ecosystems' degradation. The strengths and weaknesses of alternative policies are analyzed and illustrated with examples.
LernzielThe objective is to draw on insights from environmental economics for explaining human-induced ecosystem change and for assessing the potential of policies and economic incentives as strategies to reduce ecosystem services degradation. Students understand the relevance of environmental economics in application to the sustainable provision of ecosystem services (ES). They can define different categories of ecosystem services and understand underlying sources of market failure that lead to suboptimal human decisions regarding ES provision. They understand the importance of policy choice and policy design. This incorporates both established and newer policy approaches that can be used to address market failure and move towards better outcomes from a societal point of view. They can assess strengths and weaknesses of alternative policy approaches and instruments and understand the basis for selecting among alternative instruments to address ecosystems' degradation. Students have an improved understanding of the political economy underlying the making of environmental policy. They know a variety of real-world applications of different policy approaches related to land use choices and ES in developing and developed countries. Finally, they understand approaches for assessing policy impacts.
InhaltThe Millennium Ecosystem Assessment found that 60% of the world's ecosystem services (ES) are being degraded or used unsustainably. The UN report on 'The Economics of Ecosystems Services and Biodiversity' highlighted the impacts on human well-being and the role of policy in addressing ecosystems' degradation. Evaluating changes in ES from a societal perspective first requires an assessment of the societal value of different ES and the tradeoffs between them. Second, we need to understand the drivers of human decision-making affecting ES. Examples will be provided on resource use choices in developed and developing countries. Third, an assessment of the causes of excessive ES degradation is needed. Potential causes include the presence of externalities, improperly designed property rights systems, divergence of private and social discount rates, and lack of information and knowledge. Understanding the causes helps to design policies for more sustainable outcomes. Policies include command-and-control, economic incentives (for example, eco-taxes, tradable permits, government payments for ecosystem services), and decentralized approaches (for example, voluntary agreements, eco-labeling, participatory management). Choosing an appropriate policy instrument (or a combination thereof) requires an understanding of the relative strengths and weaknesses of alternative instruments, their preconditions for success and the political economy of their implementation. Finally, assessing the actual impacts of policy once implemented requires a careful assessment of appropriate baselines.
SkriptLecture notes, homework exercises and readings for each class will be made available on OLAT.
LiteraturThere is no single textbook for this class. Instead, a number of articles and book chapters will be suggested for each of the topics addressed during the lecture.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe course consists of a combination of lectures, homework assignments on real world case studies, a computer exercise, and an exam.
A prerequisite for this course is a bachelor-level course in Environmental Economics (e.g. 751-1551-00). In particular, students are expected to be familiar with basic environmental economics' concepts such as externality, public good, market failure, opportunity cost, social optimum and market equilibrium, among others. Students with no background in environmental economics can be provided with readings but will be expected to come up to the required standards on their own, prior to starting the class. Please contact Dr. Andrade de Sá (saraly.andrade@env.ethz.ch) for these.
851-0594-02LInternational Environmental Politics: Part IIW+4 KP2VT. Bernauer
KurzbeschreibungThis course focuses on a selected set of important research topics in the area of international environmental politics.
LernzielBecome familiar with analytical approaches and research results in selected areas of political science and political economy research on international environmental politics.
InhaltThe issues covered include, for example, the relationship between poverty, economic growth and environmental quality, the question whether environmental degradation can lead to political violence (e.g. civil war), the role of environmental regulation in international trade disputes, international negotiating processes in areas such as climate change mitigation, and the role of civil society in global environmental governance.

Prerequisites: If you did not attend the course International Environmental Politics in the autumn semester you can still attend the course International Environmental Politics: Insights from Recent Research in the spring semester. However, I suggest you do so only if you already have a fairly good knowledge of social sciences research on international environmental issues (e.g. if you have already taken one or more classes in environmental economics and/or environmental politics). Alternatively, you can watch the screencasts of the HS 2014 version of the International Environmental Politics course and complete the mandatory reading assignments for that course to acquire the necessary background for being able to keep the pace in the spring semester course: http://www.multimedia.ethz.ch/lectures/gess/2014/autumn/851-0594-00L. Login: with your nethz username and password. You should watch those podcasts and complete the reading assignments before the course starts. The slides and other teaching material for Part One are available at http://www.ib.ethz.ch/teaching (materials, login with your nethz username and password and select the appropriate items).
SkriptSlides and reading material will be available at www.ib.ethz.ch (teaching, materials). They are password protected. Your Nethz username and password are needed for login.
LiteraturAssigned reading materials and slides will be available at www.ib.ethz.ch (teaching, materials-login, international environmental politics, part two). Log in with your nethz name and password. Logistical questions concerning access to course materials can be addressed to Thomas Bernauer at thbe0520@ethz.ch. All assigned papers must be read ahead of the respective meeting. Each meeting consists of one part where we discuss the contents of the assigned papers, and another part where we present/discuss new/ongoing research that extends beyond the contents of the read papers. Following the course on the basis of on-line slides and papers alone is not sufficient. Physical presence in the classroom is essential. No podcasts for this course will be available. Many books and journals covering international environmental policy issues can be found at the D-GESS library at the IFW building, Haldeneggsteig 4, B-floor.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesIf you did not attend 'International Environmental Politics: Part One' you can still attend Part Two. However, I suggest you do so only if you already have a fairly good knowledge of social sciences research on international environmental issues (e.g. if you have already taken one or more classes in environmental economics and/or environmental politics). Alternatively, you can watch the screencasts of the HS 2014 version of Part One and complete the mandatory reading assignments for that course to acquire the necessary background for being able to keep up in Part II: http://www.multimedia.ethz.ch/lectures/gess/2014/autumn/851-0594-00L. Login: with your nethz username and password. You should watch those podcasts and complete the reading assignments before the course starts. The slides and other teaching material for Part One are available at http://www.ib.ethz.ch/teaching (materials, login with your nethz username and password and select the appropriate items).
851-0705-01LUmweltrecht: Konzepte und RechtsgebieteW+3 KP2VC. Jäger, A. Bühler
KurzbeschreibungÜbersicht über das schweizerische Umweltrecht. System, Prinzipien und Instrumente, Aufbau einzelner Gebiete, mit Querbezügen v.a. zur Raumplanung. Gebiete: Immissionsschutz (Lärmschutz, Luftreinhaltung), Klimaschutz, Abfall und Altlasten, Gewässerschutz, Natur- und Landschaftsschutz, Wald. Erörterungen mit Fallbeispielen.
LernzielDie Teilnehmer kennen den Aufbau, die wichtigsten Prinzipien und Instrumente sowie die Zusammenhänge des schweizerischen Umweltrechts. Sie können Fragen den massgebenden Rechtsgebieten zuordnen und Querbezüge herstellen. Sie verstehen, Lösungsansätze zu konkreten Problemen zu erarbeiten und die wichtigsten Argumente zu entwickeln.
InhaltDie Vorlesung gliedert sich in einzelne Teile und umfasst hauptsächlich folgende Themen: Grundkonzept des schweizerischen Umweltrechts; Rechtsquellen; Grundprinzipien; Instrumente und verfahrensrechtliche Aspekte (v.a. Umweltverträglichkeitsprüfung); Querbezüge zum Raumplanungsrecht; Immissionsschutz; Übersicht über einzelne Rechtsgebiete wie Klimaschutz, Gewässerschutz, Natur- und Landschaftsschutz, Wald, Behandlung von Abfällen. Diskussion von konkreten Fällen. Vorgesehen sind zudem zwei Gastreferate von externen Experten.
SkriptAls Skript gilt: Heribert Rausch/Arnold Marti/Alain Griffel, Umweltrecht. Ein Lehrbuch, Schulthess Zürich 2004
LiteraturBeatrice Wagner Pfeifer, Umweltrecht I und II, Schulthess Zürich, ab 1999
Klaus A. Vallender/Reto Morell, Umweltrecht, Stämpfli Bern 1997
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesVorausgesetzt werden allgemeine Kenntnisse des Rechts (z.B. Besuch der Vorlesungen «Rechtslehre GZ» im Frühjahrssemester oder «Grundzüge der Rechts» im Herbstsemester)
363-0552-00LEconomic Growth and Resource UseW3 KP2GJ. Daubanes
KurzbeschreibungThe lecture focuses on the economics of non-renewable resources and deals with the main economic issues regarding such commodities.
LernzielThe objective of the lecture is to make students familiar with the main topics in the economics of non-renewable natural resources so that they become able to autonomously read much of the academic literature on the issue. The economics of natural resources adds an intertemporal dimension to the classical static theory. The analyses provided in the lecture will use basic dynamic optimization tools; students are also expected to develop or consolidate their related technical skills.
InhaltThe lecture focuses on the economics of non-renewable resources and deals with the main economic issues regarding such commodities. Two peculiarities of natural resources make them interesting economic objects. The intertemporal dimension of resource exploitation is absent in standard static treatments of classical economic theory. The non-renewability of natural resources further implies long-term supply limitations, unlike conventional goods that are indefinitely reproducible. Because of those peculiarities, many well-known economic results do not apply to the case of resources.

As it is appropriate in most chapters, priority will be given to a synthetic partial equilibrium setting. Elementary knowledge of microeconomics (like what is provided by H. Varian, Intermediate Microeconomics) is considered as a prerequisite. Moreover, an introduction to standard partial equilibrium analysis will be provided at the beginning of the lecture. General equilibrium effects should be introduced as they become crucial, as will be the case in the chapters on the interplay between economic growth and resource depletion.

The questions addressed in the lecture will be the following ones:
The intertemporal theory of non-renewable resource supply; the dynamic market equilibrium allocation; the exploration and development of exploitable reserves; the heterogenous quality of resource deposits; pollution and other externalities arising from the use of fossil fuels; the exercise of market power by resource suppliers and market structures; socially optimum extraction patterns and sustainability; the taxation of non-renewable resources; the international strategic dimension of resource taxation; the uncertainty about future reserves and market conditions; economic growth, resource limitations, and the innovation process...
SkriptLecture Notes of the course will be sent by email to officially subscribed students.
LiteraturThe main reference of the course is the set of lecture notes; students will also be encouraged to read some influential academic articles dealing with the issues under study.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesElementary knowledge of microeconomics (like what is provided by H. Varian, Intermediate Microeconomics) is considered as a prerequisite.
Agricultural Trade and Policies
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
751-2402-00LAgrarhandelsabkommenW+2 KP2GJ. Niklaus
KurzbeschreibungDie Vorlesung befasst sich mit den rechtlichen Aspekten von Agrarhandelsabkommen.
LernzielDie Vorlesung befasst sich mit den rechtlichen Aspekten von Agrarhandelsabkommen.

Lernziele:

1. Die Studierenden sollen internationale Agrarhandelsabkommen verstehen und rechtlich einordnen können.

2. Die Studierenden sollen die rechtlichen, politischen und ökonomischen Aspekte kennen, die den Regulierungen zu Grunde liegen.

3. Schwerpunkt bildet das künftige Agrarfreihandelsabkommen Schweiz - EU.
InhaltInhalt

- Überblick über die internationale Wirtschaftsordnung

- Politische und rechtliche Einordnung von Agrarhandelsabkommen

- Entstehung von Agrarhandelsabkommen

- Umsetzung von Agrarhandelsabkommen

- Wirkungsanalyse von staatlichen, halbstaatlichen und privaten Handelshemmnissen

- Abbau von staatlichen, halbstaatlichen und privaten Handelshemmnissen

- Fallstudie 1: WTO: Doha-Runde

- Fallstudie 2: Agrarhandelsabkommen Schweiz - EU

- Fallstudie 3: Einführung des Cassis de Dijon-Prinzips durch die Schweiz
SkriptHandouts (power point Folien)
751-1652-00LFood Security - from the Global to the Local Dimension Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Maximale Teilnehmerzahl: 20
W+2 KP2GM. Sonnevelt, D. Barjolle
KurzbeschreibungBased on the complex nature and interactions of various driving forces such as e.g. poverty, resource scarcity, globalization and climate change, global food security depends on manifold aspects. To study food security, one must understand aspects such as the availability of, the access to and the adequate use of food as well as the stability of the economic, ecologic and political system.
LernzielThis year, the course focus on the role of Agroecology as a concept to support food security. Agroecology, once the exclusive domain of food sovereignty and ecology movements, it has begun to be promoted enthusiastically in both developed and developing countries by non-government organizations, international development organizations and others seeking more sustainable food production and consumption systems. The course will elaborate potential and bottlenecks of the concept for global food security.

A more detailed program will be uploaded in early 2015.
InhaltThe main block of the course is a three-days workshop/seminar at the FAO headquarter in Rome during the week of 06.04.-10.04.2015 (exact dates will be announced in early 2015).
In February and March 2015, two preparatory events (each lasting +/- two hours) will be held at ETH Zurich. Exact date and time will be announced in early 2015.
SkriptBooks and Articles.

We will compose a document of the material presented and elaborated during the workshop for distribution after the event.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe Lecture is held in English and is limited to 20 MSc-students preferably from agriculture, environment and food sciences.
751-2102-00LHistory of Food and AgricultureW3 KP2VP. Aerni
KurzbeschreibungKnowledge about the history of food and agriculture is crucial to understanding the emergence of modern agriculture and public resistance to industrial farming. The lecture discusses the evolution of agriculture and its impact on social structures, human health and the environment from an anthropological, a cultural, a political and a technological point of view.
Lernziel- to become familiar with the milestones of the history of food and agriculture
- to understand innovation in agriculture as one of the major forces of change in the history of mankind
- to learn how perceptions, politics and policies in food and agriculture are shaped by social, technological and environmental change
- to be able to embed the current debate on the food crisis and climate change into a historical context
InhaltThis lecture starts with the Neolithic revolution and its cultural and environmental impact on humankind. In this context, it will discuss the transition from hunter-and-gatherer societies to societies that rely more upon the domestication of nature (agriculture and pastoralism) (Keeley 1996, Diamond 1999).
The various forms of domestication of plants and animals and their economic, political and environmental implications for society will be discussed using examples from different parts of the world (Stone et al.2007).
The emergence of civilization based on agrarian law will be discussed by using the example of the Roman Republic and later the Roman Empire (Weber 1891, Love, 1996).
Subsequent innovations such as the three-field system in medieval times, the introduction of new plants and animals during the colonial period, and scientific and technological breakthroughs in plant breeding, agricultural practices and food preservation in the 19th century gave a major boost to agricultural productivity, food availability and agro-biodiversity. These prior developments also laid the foundation for industrial agriculture at the beginning of the 20th century (Kingsbury 2009). The global implications resulting from change in food preferences and agricultural innovation will be illustrated by using selected examples of innovations in food and agriculture (Braudel 2002, Pendergast 2010).
Public resistance to industrial agriculture manifested itself in the early 1920s with counter-movements such as biodynamic farming (Kingsbury 2009) but also with organized lobbying groups that fought against change caused by refrigeration and cheap food (Freidberg 2009). Applying science to plant and animal breeding also caused a cultural divide in biology departments at universities between those who changed nature (plant breeders) and those who wanted to preserve it (botanists, ecologists) (Anker 2001).
The period during and after the two World Wars changed the business of agriculture entirely. Food security became a matter of national security and thus justified state intervention on all levels in the production of food from farm to fork. This also helps explain why the Green Revolution was largely a public sector initiative that cared more for productivity increases on the supply side than for consumer preferences on the demand side (Aerni 2007). After the end of the Cold War, attention shifted from the supply side to the demand side and thus from food security to food safety.
Food safety concerns were largely due to distrust of industrial agriculture and this led to major policy shifts in the way agricultural subsidies and resources were allocated and how food safety was managed and monitored. While the public sector largely withdrew from investing in productivity-related agricultural research, the private sector started to invest more. This led to the growing need to engage again in public-private partnership, as had been the case in the 19th century. Despite the Agreement on Agriculture of the World Trade Organization, agricultural trade remains highly restricted and the growing vertical integration of the food supply chain tends to concentrate market power with global retailers. They have designed private standards that are meant to protect consumers from unsafe food and promote good agricultural practices abroad, as well as ethical trade. Yet, the increasing importance of south-south trade in agriculture and the global food crisis might again shift more power back to producers (Aerni 2009).
Skripthttp://www.afee.ethz.ch/people/Associated/aernip/Teaching
LiteraturAerni, Philipp (2011) Food Sovereignty and its Discontents. ATDF Journal 8(1/2): 23-49.
Aerni, Philipp (2011) Do Political Attitudes Affect Consumer Choice? Evidence from a Large-Scale Field Study with Genetically Modified Bread in Switzerland. Sustainability 3: 1555-1572.
Aerni, Philipp (2009) What is sustainable agriculture? Empirical evidence of diverging views in Switzerland and New Zealand. Ecological Economics 68(6): 1872-1882.
Aerni, Philipp. 2007. Exploring the Linkages between Commerce, Higher Education and Human Development: A Historical Review. ATDF Journal 4(2): 35-47.
Anker, Peder (2001) Imperial Ecology: Environmental Order in the British Empire, 1895-1945. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
Braudel, Fernand (2002) The Wheels of Commerce. Civilization and Capitalism 15th -18th, Volume II. Phoenix Press, London.
Cook, Harold (2008) Matters of Exchange: Commerce, Medicine, and Science in the Dutch Golden Age. Yale University Press, New Haven.
Fagan, Brian (2001) The Little Ice Age: How Climate Made History. Basic Books, New York.
Morgan, Dan (1979) Merchants of Grain: The Power and Profits of the Five Giant Companies at the Center of the World's Food Supply. iUniverse, Inc: Lincoln, NE.
Diamond, Jared (1999) Guns, Germs and Steel. Norton, New York.
Freidberg, Susanne (2009) Fresh: A Perishable History. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
Freidberg, S. (2007). Supermarkets and imperial knowledge. Cultural Geographies, 14(3): 321-342.
Kingsbury, N. (2009) Hybrid: the History and Science of Plant Breeding. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Love, John (1986) Max Weber and the Theory of Ancient Capitalism. History and Theory 25(2): 152-172.
Stone, Linda, Lurquin, P. F. and Cavalli-Sforza (2007) Genes, Culture, and Human Evolution: A Synthesis. Blackwell, Malden, MA.
The Economist, 2008. Hunters and Gatherers: Noble or Savage, Dec. 19th.
Keeley, Lawrence, H. (1996) War Before Civilization. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Pendergast, M. (2010) Uncommon Grounds: The History of Coffee and how it transformed our World. Basic Books, New York.
Weber, M. (1891) Die römische Agrargeschichte in ihrer Bedeutung für das Staats- und Privatrecht. Stuttgart.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesThe 2-hour course will be held as a series of lectures. The course materials will be available in form of an electronic Reader at the beginning of the semester.
The class will be taught in English.
Students will be asked to give a (a) presentation (15 Minutes) or write a review paper based on a article selected from the electronic script, and (b) they will have to pass a written test at the end of the course in order to obtain 3 credit points in the ECTS System. In the final mark (a) will have a weight of 40% and (b) 60%.
751-2700-00LBodenmarkt und BodenpolitikW2 KP2GG. M. Giuliani
KurzbeschreibungDie Studierenden eignen sich Kenntnisse der Besonderheiten von Bodenmärkten und der Wirkungsmechanismen bodenpolitischer Eingriffe wie Höchstpreise, Verkaufsrechte und Landumverteilungen an. Insbesondere werden Kenntnisse über Marktstrukturen und Marktformen auf Bodenmärkten vermittelt.
LernzielDie Studierenden eignen sich Kenntnisse der Besonderheiten von Bodenmärkten und der Wirkungsmechanismen bodenpolitischer Eingriffe wie Höchstpreise, Verkaufsrechte und Landumverteilungen an. Insbesondere werden Kenntnisse über Marktstrukturen und Marktformen auf Bodenmärkten vermittelt.
InhaltDer erste Teil der Vorlesung hat folgende Kapitel: Historischer Abriss der Bodennutzung; historische Modelle individueller und kollektiver Bodenordnungen; schweizerische landwirtschaftliche Bodenordnung und -politik; spezielle Theorieaspekte zum landwirtschaftlichen Bodenmarkt; empirische Untersuchungen zu Bodeneigentum und -märkten; Verbindungen zwischen Bodenpolitik und Agrar- bzw. Agrarumwelt-Politik. Der zweite Teil handelt von Bodenbesitzstrukturen in Entwicklungs- und Transformations-Ländern. Nach einer allgemeinen systematischen und theoretischen Einführung in die allgemeine Problematik von Bodenverteilungen werden Fallbeispiele und bodenpolitisch aktuelle Themen behandelt. Die Vorlesung vermittelt Grundlagen, welche zur Beurteilung der Nachhaltigkeit der Landnutzung beitragen und zur Etablierung nachhaltiger Landnutzunssysteme.
SkriptWird in der Vorlesung abgegeben.
LiteraturIst im Skript aufgeführt.
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