Suchergebnis: Katalogdaten im Herbstsemester 2022

Maschineningenieurwissenschaften Bachelor Information
Bachelor-Studium (Studienreglement 2010)
Fokus-Vertiefung
Energy, Flows and Processes
Fokus-Koordinator: Prof. Christoph Müller
Für die erforderlichen 20 KP der Fokus-Vertiefung Energy, Flows and Processes müssen mindestens 2 Kernfächer (W+) (HS/FS) und mindestens 2 der Wahlfächer (HS/FS) gemäss der Präsentation der Fokus-Vertiefung Energy, Flows and Processes (siehe Link) gewählt werden. 1 Kurs kann frei aus dem gesamten Angebot aller D-MAVT Studiengänge (Bachelor und Master) gewählt werden.
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
151-0123-00LExperimental Methods for EngineersW+4 KP2V + 2UD. J. Norris, F. Coletti, M. Lukatskaya, A. Manera, G. Nagamine Gomez, B. Schuermans, O. Supponen, M. Tibbitt
KurzbeschreibungThe course presents an overview of measurement tasks in engineering environments. Different concepts for the acquisition and processing of typical measurement quantities are introduced. Following an initial in-class introduction, laboratory exercises from different application areas (especially in thermofluidics, energy, and process engineering) are attended by students in small groups.
LernzielIntroduction to various aspects of measurement techniques, with particular emphasis on thermo-fluidic, energy, and process-engineering applications.
Understanding of various sensing technologies and analysis procedures.
Exposure to typical experiments, diagnostics hardware, data acquisition, and processing.
Study of applications in the laboratory.
Fundamentals of scientific documentation and reporting.
InhaltIn-class introduction to representative measurement techniques in the research areas of the participating institutes (fluid dynamics, energy technology, process engineering)
Student participation in 8-10 laboratory experiments (study groups of 3-5 students, dependent on the number of course participants and available experiments)
Lab reports for all attended experiments have to be submitted by the study groups. A final exam evaluates the acquired knowledge individually.
SkriptPresentations, handouts, and instructions are provided for each experiment.
LiteraturHolman, J.P. "Experimental Methods for Engineers," McGraw-Hill 2001, ISBN 0-07-366055-8
Morris, A.S. & Langari, R. "Measurement and Instrumentation," Elsevier 2011, ISBN 0-12-381960-4
Eckelmann, H. "Einführung in die Strömungsmesstechnik," Teubner 1997, ISBN 3-519-02379-2
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesBasic understanding in the following areas:
- fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, heat and mass transfer
- electrical engineering / electronics
- numerical data analysis and processing (e.g. using MATLAB)
151-0293-00LCombustion and Reactive Processes in Energy and Materials TechnologyW+4 KP2V + 1U + 2AN. Noiray, F.  Ernst, C. E. Frouzakis
KurzbeschreibungThis course will provide an introduction to the fundamentals and the applications of combustion in energy conversion and nanoparticles synthesis. The content is highly relevant for technologies which cannot be electrified such as long distance aviation and shipping, and which will more and more rely on carbon-neutral synthetic fuels.
LernzielThe main learning objectives of this course are: 1. Understand the thermodynamic, fluid-dynamic and chemical kinetics fundamentals of combustion processes. 2. Predict relevant parameters for combustion systems, such as laminar and turbulent flame speeds, adiabatic flame temperature or quenching distance. 3. Understand the causal relations of relevant combustion parameters such as the pressure influence on the laminar flame speed. 4. Analyze the challenges of developing sustainable combustion technologies based on carbon-neutral synthetic fuels.
InhaltReaction kinetics, fuel oxidation mechanisms, premixed and diffusion laminar flames, two-phase-flows, turbulence and turbulent combustion, pollutant formation, development of sustainable combustion technologies for power generation, shipping and aviation. Synthesis of materials in flame processes: particles, pigments and nanoparticles. Fundamentals of design and optimization of flame reactors, effect of reactant mixing on product characteristics.
SkriptNo script available. Instead, material will be provided in lecture slides and the following text book (which can be downloaded for free) will be followed:

J. Warnatz, U. Maas, R.W. Dibble, "Combustion:Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modeling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation", Springer-Verlag, 1997.

Teaching language, assignments and lecture slides in English
LiteraturJ. Warnatz, U. Maas, R.W. Dibble, "Combustion:Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modeling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation", Springer-Verlag, 1997.

I. Glassman, Combustion, 3rd edition, Academic Press, 1996.
151-0221-00LIntroduction to Modeling and Optimization of Sustainable Energy SystemsW4 KP4GG. Sansavini, A. Bardow
KurzbeschreibungThis course introduces the fundamentals of energy system modeling for the analysis and the optimization of the energy system design and operations.
LernzielAt the end of this course, students will be able to:
- define and quantify the key performance indicators of sustainable energy systems;
- select and apply appropriate models for conversion, storage and transport of energy;
- develop mathematical models for the analysis, design and operations of multi-energy systems and solve them with appropriate mathematical tools;
- select and apply methodologies for the uncertainty analysis on energy systems models;
- apply the acquired knowledge to tackle the challenges of the energy transition.

In the course "Introduction to Modeling and Optimization of Sustainable Energy Systems", the competencies of process understanding, system understanding, modeling, concept development, data analysis & interpretation and measurement methods are taught, applied and examined. Programming is applied.
InhaltThe global energy transition; Key performance indicators of sustainable energy systems; Optimization models; Heat integration and heat exchanger networks; Life-cycle assessment; Models for conversion, storage and transport technologies; Multi-energy systems; Design, operations and analysis of energy systems; Uncertainties in energy system modeling.
SkriptLecture slides and supplementary documentation will be available online. Reference to appropriate book chapters and scientific papers will be provided.
151-0109-00LTurbulent FlowsW4 KP2V + 1UP. Jenny
KurzbeschreibungInhalt
- Laminare und turbulente Strömungen, Turbulenzentstehung - Statistische Beschreibung: Mittelung, Turbulenzenergie, Dissipation, Schliessungsproblem - Skalenbetrachtungen. Homogene isotrope Turbulenz, Korrelationen, Fourierzerlegung, Energiespektrum - Freie Turbulenz. Nachlauf, Freistrahl, Mischungsschicht - Wandturbulenz. Turbulente Grenzschicht, Kanalströmung - Turbulenzberechnung
LernzielDie Vorlesung vermittelt einen Einblick in grundlegende physikalische Phänomene turbulenter Strömungen und in Gesetzmässigkeiten zu ihrer Beschreibung, basierend auf den strömungsmechanischen Grundgleichungen und daraus abgeleiteten Gleichungen. Grundlagen zur Berechnung turbulenter Strömungen und Elemente der Turbulenzmodellierung werden dargestellt.
Inhalt- Eigenschaften laminarer, transitioneller und turbulenter Strömungen
- Turbulenzbeeinflussung und Turbulenzentstehung, hydrodynamische Instabilität und Transition
- Statistische Beschreibung: Mittelung, Gleichungen für mittlere Strömung, turbulente Schwankungen, Turbulenzenergie, Reynoldsspannungen, Dissipation. Schliessungsproblem
- Skalenbetrachtungen. Homogene isotrope Turbulenz, Korrelationen, Fourierzerlegung, Energiespektrum, Gitterturbulenz
- Freie Turbulenz. Nachlauf, Freistrahl, Mischungsschicht
- Wandturbulenz. Turbulente Grenzschicht, Kanalströmung
- Grundlagen zur Berechnung turbulenter Strömungen und Elemente der Turbulenzmodellierung (Wirbelzähigkeitsmodelle, k-epsilon-Modell).
SkriptLecture notes in English, zusätzliches schriftliches Begleitmaterial auf Deutsch
LiteraturS.B. Pope, Turbulent Flows, Cambridge University Press, 2000
151-0913-00LIntroduction to PhotonicsW4 KP2V + 2UR. Quidant, J. Ortega Arroyo
KurzbeschreibungThis course introduces students to the main concepts of optics and photonics. Specifically, we will describe the laws obeyed by optical waves and discuss how to use them to manipulate light.
LernzielPhotonics, the science of light, has become ubiquitous in our lives. Control and manipulation of light is what enables us to interact with the screen of our smart devices and exchange large amounts of complex information. Photonics has also taken a preponderant role in cutting-edge science, allowing for instance to image nanospecimens, detect diseases or sense very tiny forces. The purpose of this course is three-fold: (i) We first aim to provide the fundamentals of photonics, establishing a solid basis for more specialised courses. (ii) Beyond theoretical concepts, our intention is to have students develop an intuition on how to manipulate light in practise. (iii) Finally, the course highlights how the taught concepts apply to modern research as well as to everyday life technologies (LCD screens, polarisation sun glasses, anti-reflection coating etc...). Content, including videos of laboratory experiments, has been designed to be approachable by students from a diverse set of science and engineering backgrounds.
InhaltI- BASICS OF WAVE THEORY
1) General concepts
2) Differential wave equation
3) Wavefront
4) Plane waves and Fourier decomposition of optical fields
5) Spherical waves and Huygens-Fresnel principle

II- ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES
1) Maxwell equations
2) Wave equation for EM waves
3) Dielectric permittivity
4) Refractive index
5) Nonlinear optics
6) Polarisation and polarisation control

III- PROPAGATION OF LIGHT
1) Waves at an interface
2) The Fresnel equations
3) Total internal reflection
4) Evanescent waves
5) Dispersion diagram

IV- INTERFERENCES
1) General considerations
2) Temporal and spatial coherence
3) The Young double slit experiment
4) Diffraction gratings
5) The Michelson interferometer
6) Multi-wave interference
7) Antireflecting coating and interference filters
8) Optical holography

V- LIGHT MANIPULATION
1) Optical waveguides
2) Photonic crystals
3) Metamaterials and metasurfaces
4) Optical cavities

VI- INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL MICROSCOPY
1) Basic concepts
2) Direct and Fourier imaging
3) Image formation
4) Fluorescence microscopy
5) Scattering-based microscopy
6) Digital holography
7) Computational imaging

VII- OPTICAL FORCES AND OPTICAL TWEEZERS
1) History of optical forces
2) Theory of optical trapping
3) Atom cooling
4) Optomechanics
5) Plasmonic trapping
6) Applications of optical tweezers
SkriptClass notes and handouts
LiteraturOptics (Hecht) - Pearson
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesPhysics I, Physics II
151-0917-00LMass TransferW4 KP2V + 2US. E. Pratsinis, V. Mavrantzas, C.‑J. Shih
KurzbeschreibungThis course presents the fundamentals of transport phenomena with emphasis on mass transfer. The physical significance of basic principles is elucidated and quantitatively described. Furthermore the application of these principles to important engineering problems is demonstrated.
LernzielThis course presents the fundamentals of transport phenomena with emphasis on mass transfer. The physical significance of basic principles is elucidated and quantitatively described. Furthermore the application of these principles to important engineering problems is demonstrated.
InhaltFick's laws; application and significance of mass transfer; comparison of Fick's laws with Newton's and Fourier's laws; derivation of Fick's 2nd law; diffusion in dilute and concentrated solutions; rotating disk; dispersion; diffusion coefficients, viscosity and heat conduction (Pr and Sc numbers); Brownian motion; Stokes-Einstein equation; mass transfer coefficients (Nu and Sh numbers); mass transfer across interfaces; Analogies for mass-, heat-, and momentum transfer in turbulent flows; film-, penetration-, and surface renewal theories; simultaneous mass, heat and momentum transfer (boundary layers); homogeneous and heterogeneous reversible and irreversible reactions; diffusion-controlled reactions; mass transfer and first order heterogeneous reaction. Applications.
LiteraturCussler, E.L.: "Diffusion", 3nd edition, Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesStudents attending this highly-demanding course are expected to allocate sufficient time within their weekly schedule to successfully conduct the exercises.
151-0973-00LEinführung in die VerfahrenstechnikW4 KP2V + 2UF. Donat, C. Müller
KurzbeschreibungÜbersicht über die Verfahrenstechnik; Grundlagen und Aufgabenbereiche der Verfahrenstechnik; Prozessführung und Bilanzierung; Übersicht thermischer Trennverfahren und Mehrphasensystemen; Übersicht mechanischer Trennverfahren und granularer Systeme; Einführung in die Reaktionstechnik, Reaktoren und Verweilzeiten.
LernzielWir vermitteln Grundlagen der Verfahrenstechnik anhand praxisnaher Beispiele sowie konkreter verfahrenstechnischen Problemstellungen in den Bereichen Prozessführung und Bilanzierung, thermische Trennverfahren, mechanische Trennverfahren und Reaktionstechnik.
InhaltÜbersicht über die Verfahrenstechnik; Grundlagen und Aufgabenbereiche der Verfahrenstechnik; Prozessführung und Bilanzierung; Übersicht thermischer Trennverfahren und Mehrphasensystemen; Übersicht mechanischer Trennverfahren und granularer Systeme; Einführung in die Reaktionstechnik, Reaktoren und Verweilzeiten.
Neben der Vermittlung theoretischer Grundkenntnisse liegt der Fokus auf der Lösung typischer Probleme in verschiedenen Unterdisziplinen der Verfahrenstechnik.
SkriptEin Skript zur Vorlesung wird bereitgestellt.
LiteraturWeiterführende Literatur wird im Rahmen der Lehrveranstaltung bekanntgegeben. Für den erfolgreichen Abschluss der Lehrveranstaltung genügen das Vorlesungsskript, die Folien der Vorlesung sowie die Übungsunterlagen.
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