Suchergebnis: Katalogdaten im Frühjahrssemester 2021

Doktorat Departement Umweltsystemwissenschaften Information
Mehr Informationen unter: https://www.ethz.ch/de/doktorat.html
Umweltwissenschaften
Ökologie und Evolution
NummerTitelTypECTSUmfangDozierende
701-1418-00LModelling Course in Population and Evolutionary Biology Information Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to 20.

Priority is given to MSc Biology and Environmental Sciences students.
W4 KP6PS. Bonhoeffer, V. Müller
KurzbeschreibungDieser Kurs ist eine praktische Einfuehrung in die mathematische/computerorientierte Modellierung biologischer Prozesse mit Schwerpunkt auf evolutionsbiologischen und populationsbiologischen Fragestellungen. Die Modelle werden in der Open Source software R entwickelt.
LernzielDen Teilnehmern soll der Nutzen der Modellierung als ein Hilfsmittel zur Untersuchung biologischer Fragestellungen vermittelt werden. Die einfacheren Module orientieren sich mehrheitlich an Beispielen aus der ehemaligen Vorlesung "Oekologie und Evolution: Populationen" (Skript von der Kurswebseite zugaenglich). Die fortgeschrittenen Module orientieren sich an aktuellen Forschungsthemen. Hierbei werden auch Fragestellungen untersucht, die zwar konzeptionell und methodisch auf Evolutions- und Populations-biologischen Ansaetzen beruhen, aber sich mit anderen Bereichen der Biologie befassen.
Inhaltsiehe www.tb.ethz.ch/education/learningmaterials/modelingcourse.html
SkriptDetaillierte Handouts für alle Module sind an der Webseite des Kurses zu finden. Zusaetzlich ist das Skript für die frühere Vorlesung "Oekologie und Evolution: Populationen" auch zugaenglich, und enthaelt weitere relevante Informationen.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesDer Kurs basiert auf der Open Source Software R. Programmiererfahrung in R ist nuetzlich, aber keine Voraussetzung. Ebenso ist der Kurs 701-1708-00L Infectious Disease Dynamics nützlich, aber keine Voraussetzung.
701-1424-00LGuarda-Workshop in Evolutionary Biology Information
Der Kurs hat eine Teilnehmerbeschränkung. Um sich für den Kurs anzumelden, müssen Sie sich sowohl über mystudies als auch über die Webseite der Universität Basel http://evolution.unibas.ch/teaching/guarda/index.htm einschreiben.
W3 KP4PS. Bonhoeffer
KurzbeschreibungDieser Kurs ist fuer Studenten mit grossem Interesse an evolutionaerer Biologie. Das Ziel des Kurses ist es in kleinen Teams von 4-5 Studenten eigenstaendig wissenschaftliche Projekte zu entwickeln. Die Studenten werden angeleitet von Prof. D. Ebert (Basel) und Prof. S. Bonhoeffer (ETHZ). Zusaetzlich werden jedes Jahr zwei international angesehene Experten eingeladen.
LernzielSiehe Link http://evolution.unibas.ch/teaching/guarda/index.htm
InhaltSiehe link http://evolution.unibas.ch/teaching/guarda/index.htm
Skriptkeines
Literaturkeine
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesDa der Kurs nur eine begrenzte Teilnehmerzahl erlaubt, ist die Anmeldung fuer den Kurs notwendig. Bitte melden Sie sich ueber die Kurs-Website (siehe Link http://evolution.unibas.ch/teaching/guarda/index.htm) an.
701-1425-00LGenetic Diversity: Analysis Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen
Number of participants limited to 12.

Selection of the students: order of registration.
W2 KP2GJ.‑C. Walser, N. Zemp
KurzbeschreibungThe course will provide hands-on training for advanced students (e.g. master, doctoral or post-doctoral level) in genomic data analysis. The focus is on high-throughput sequencing applications and data analysis with a strong emphasis on reproducibility and report writing.
LernzielThe learning target is to understand the analysis of high-throughput molecular sequence data. We cover the fundamentals of bio-computing, and reproducibility is an integral part of the course. Exercises will help to better understand the theory. It is, however, not a copy-paste course, but a more applied data analysis with discussion.
InhaltFor more details and news visit the course website at https://www.gdc-docs.ethz.ch/GeneticDiversityAnalysis/GDA21/site/
SkriptLecture notes and exercise will be made available during the course. For more details and news visit the course website at https://www.gdc-docs.ethz.ch/GeneticDiversityAnalysis/GDA21/site/
LiteraturWe provide links to scientific literature and textbooks.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesParticipants need their own computer and be able to install scientific software. We proved a list of requirements and links weeks before the course starts. Course Website: https://www.gdc-docs.ethz.ch/GeneticDiversityAnalysis/GDA21/site/
701-1426-00LAdvanced Evolutionary Genetics
Findet dieses Semester nicht statt.
W3 KP4GT. Städler
KurzbeschreibungThe field of evolutionary genetics rests on genetic and evolutionary principles, (often) mathematical models, and molecular data. The explosion in the availability of genome-wide data makes competencies in "making sense" of such data more and more relevant. This course will cover selected topics that are both fundamental and/or currently very active research fields.
LernzielThis course deals with (some of) the conceptual foundations of evolutionary genetics in the age of genomics, going well beyond the introductory material that is part of the BSc curriculum. The principal aim is for students to gain a thorough appreciation for the underlying ideas and models of key evolutionary processes, and to witness how these are being tested and refined vis-à-vis the recent deluge of genome-wide sequence data. The course focuses on theoretical concepts and ways to infer the action of evolutionary processes from molecular data; as such it is also designed to facilitate understanding of the burgeoning scientific literature in molecular ecology and evolution. These aims require students to be actively engaged in reading original papers, discussing ideas and data among themselves, and presenting their interpretations in group talks.
InhaltThere are 4 hours of lectures, student presentations, and/or group work per week. Students are expected to spend 4 additional hours per week on preparatory study for the following week. Every week, one subject will be presented and overseen by one of the two lecturers.

Each weekly topic will be introduced by a lecture (max. 2 x 45 minutes), highlighting key concepts and historically important papers. The (slight) majority of the time will be spent with group presentations based on recent important papers, and discussions of the relevant concepts.

Specific proposed topics (subject to change):
(1) The coalescent in structured populations (e.g. spatial sampling and its genealogical consequences, demographic inference from sequence data, spurious bottlenecks).
(2) Population subdivision: evolutionary processes and measures (e.g. spatial models, absolute and relative measures of divergence, Jost's (2008) fundamental insights and their reception).
(3) Speciation genetics and modes of species divergence (e.g. intrinsic postzygotic barriers, Dobzhansky-Muller incompatibilities, snowball effect, genomic islands of divergence).
(4) The interplay of linkage, recombination, and selection (e.g. selective sweeps, background selection, Hill-Robertson interference, adaptation).
(5) Evolutionary consequences of mating systems (e.g. clonal vs. sexual reproduction, bottlenecks, colonizing potential, efficacy of natural selection).
(6) Genomics of virulence evolution (e.g. pathogenicity islands, mobile genetic elements, chromosomal rearrangements).
SkriptNo script; handouts and material for downloading will be provided.
LiteraturThere is no textbook for this course. Relevant literature will be provided for each weekly session, selected mostly from the primary research literature.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesRequirements:
Students must have a good background in genetics, basic population genetics, as well as evolutionary biology. At a minimum, either the course "Population and Quantitative Genetics" or the course "Ecological Genetics" should have been attended, and ideally, both of these ("Evolutionary Genetics" in the D-BIOL curriculum).

Teaching Forms:
The course consists of lectures, readings, group work, student presentations, and discussions. Active participation and preparation of students is critical for a successful learning experience and outcome.
701-1432-00LVegetation Ecology LabW2 KP3GA. C. Risch, M. Schütz
KurzbeschreibungFünftägiger Blockkurs im Engadin: Einführung in die Ökologie des Schweizerischen Nationalparks. Diskussion aktueller Forschungs-Arbeiten im Park und seiner Umgebung. Während 2,5 Tagen werden Felderhebungen, Feldmessungen und Auswertungen durchgeführt. Die Arbeiten werden mit einer Präsentation abgeschlossen.
LernzielKennenlernen der Grundlagen in der Versuchsplanung und des Stichprobendesigns für die Erhebung populationsbiologischer und vegetationskundlicher Daten. Im Workshop wird der Weg von der Fragestellung bis zur auf datenbasierten Berichtgestaltung bzw. Berichterstattung geübt.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesDie Kursgebühr von ca. CHF 150 muss von den Teilnehmenden übernommen werden. Die Einzahlung muss bis 10. April 2020 erfolgt sein - Informationen zum Konto werden nach Ablauf der Anmeldefrist an die eingeschriebenen Personen versandt. Die Teilnehmerzahl ist auf 14 beschränkt.

Unterkunft: Hotel Bär & Post, Zernez.
701-1450-00LConservation GeneticsW3 KP4GR. Holderegger, M. Fischer, F. Gugerli
KurzbeschreibungThe course deals with conservation genetics and its practical applications. It introduces the genetic theories of conservation genetics, such as inbreeding depression, adaptive genetic diversity or fragmentation. The course also shows how genetic methods such as eDNA and metabarcoding are used in conservation management, and it critically discusses the benefits and limits of conservation genetics.
LernzielGenetic and evolutionary argumentation is an important feature of conservation biology. The course equips students with knowledge on conservation genetics and its applications in conservation management. The course introduces the main theories of conservation genetics and shows how genetic methods are used in conservation management. In addition, it critically discusses the benefits and limits of conservation genetics. Practical examples dealing with animals and plants are presented.
InhaltThere are 4 hours of lectures, presentations and group work per week. Students also have to spend about 3 hours per week on preparatory work for the following week. Every week, one subject will be presented by one of three lecturers.

Overview of themes:
Barcoding, eDNA metabarcoding and genetic monitoring; effects of small population size, genetic drift and inbreeding; neutral and adaptive genetic diversity; hybridization; gene flow, fragmentation and connectivity.

Specific topics:
(1) Species and individual identification: barcoding; metabarcoding; eDNA; estimation of census population size; habitat use and genetic monitoring.
(2) Inbreeding and inbreeding depression: small population size; bottlenecks; genetic drift; inbreeding and inbreeding depression; effective population size.
(3) Adaptive genetic diversity: neutral and adaptive genetic variation; importance of adaptive genetic diversity; methods to measure adaptive genetic variation.
(4) Hybridization and monitoring of genetic diversity: gene introgression; gene flow across species boundaries; demographic swamping; monitoring of genetic diversity.
(5) Half day excursion: practical example of conservation genetics on fragmentation.
(6) Discussion and evaluation of excursion; gene flow: historical and contemporary gene flow and dispersal; fragmentation and connectivity.
(7) Oral examination.
SkriptNo script; handouts and material for downloading will be provided.
LiteraturThere is no textbook for this course, but the following books are recommended:
Allendorf F.W., Luikart G.; Aitken S.N. 2013. Conservation and the Genetics of Populations, 2nd edition. Wiley, Oxford.
Frankham R., Ballou J.D., Briscoe D.A. 2010. Introduction to Conservation Genetics, 2nd edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

The following book and booklets in German are targeted to conservation professionals:
Holderegger R., Segelbacher G. (eds.). 2016. Naturschutzgenetik. Ein Handbuch für die Praxis. Haupt, Bern.
Csencsics D., Gugerli F. 2017. Naturschutzgenetik. WSl Berichte 60: 1-82 (free download: https://www.wsl.ch/de/publikationensuchen/wsl-berichte.html)
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesRequirements:
Students must have a good background in genetics as well as in ecology and evolution. The courses "Population and Quantitative Genetics" or "Evolutionary Genetics" should have been attended.

Examination:
A final oral examination on the content of the course and the excursion are integral parts of the course.

Teaching forms:
The course needs the active participation of students. It consists of lectures, group work, presentations, discussions, reading and a half-day excursion.
701-1708-00LInfectious Disease DynamicsW4 KP2VS. Bonhoeffer, R. D. Kouyos, R. R. Regös, T. Stadler
KurzbeschreibungThis course introduces into current research on the population biology of infectious diseases. The course discusses the most important mathematical tools and their application to relevant diseases of human, natural or managed populations.
LernzielAttendees will learn about:
* the impact of important infectious pathogens and their evolution on human, natural and managed populations
* the population biological impact of interventions such as treatment or vaccination
* the impact of population structure on disease transmission

Attendees will learn how:
* the emergence spread of infectious diseases is described mathematically
* the impact of interventions can be predicted and optimized with mathematical models
* population biological models are parameterized from empirical data
* genetic information can be used to infer the population biology of the infectious disease

The course will focus on how the formal methods ("how") can be used to derive biological insights about the host-pathogen system ("about").
InhaltAfter an introduction into the history of infectious diseases and epidemiology the course will discuss basic epidemiological models and the mathematical methods of their analysis. We will then discuss the population dynamical effects of intervention strategies such as vaccination and treatment. In the second part of the course we will introduce into more advanced topics such as the effect of spatial population structure, explicit contact structure, host heterogeneity, and stochasticity. In the final part of the course we will introduce basic concepts of phylogenetic analysis in the context of infectious diseases.
SkriptSlides and script of the lecture will be available online.
LiteraturThe course is not based on any of the textbooks below, but they are excellent choices as accompanying material:
* Keeling & Rohani, Modeling Infectious Diseases in Humans and Animals, Princeton Univ Press 2008
* Anderson & May, Infectious Diseases in Humans, Oxford Univ Press 1990
* Murray, Mathematical Biology, Springer 2002/3
* Nowak & May, Virus Dynamics, Oxford Univ Press 2000
* Holmes, The Evolution and Emergence of RNA Viruses, Oxford Univ Press 2009
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesBasic knowledge of population dynamics and population genetics as well as linear algebra and analysis will be an advantage.
551-0737-00LEcology and Evolution: Interaction Seminar Belegung eingeschränkt - Details anzeigen W2 KP2SS. Bonhoeffer
KurzbeschreibungInteraction seminar. Student-mediated presentations, guests and discussions on current themes in ecology, evolutionary and population biology.
LernzielGetting familiar with scientific arguments and discussions. Overview of current research topics. Making contacts with fellow students in other groups.
InhaltScientific talks and discussions on changing subjects.
SkriptNone
LiteraturNone
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesFor information and details: http://www.eco.ethz.ch/news/zis
or contact: Lehre-eve@env.ethz.ch
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