# Search result: Catalogue data in Autumn Semester 2020

Micro- and Nanosystems Master | ||||||

Core Courses | ||||||

Devices and Systems | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |
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227-0166-00L | Analog Integrated Circuits | W | 6 credits | 2V + 2U | T. Jang | |

Abstract | This course provides a foundation in analog integrated circuit design based on bipolar and CMOS technologies. | |||||

Objective | Integrated circuits are responsible for much of the progress in electronics in the last 50 years, particularly the revolutions in the Information and Communications Technologies we witnessed in recent years. Analog integrated circuits play a crucial part in the highly integrated systems that power the popular electronic devices we use daily. Understanding their design is beneficial to both future designers and users of such systems. The basic elements, design issues and techniques for analog integrated circuits will be taught in this course. | |||||

Content | Review of bipolar and MOS devices and their small-signal equivalent circuit models; Building blocks in analog circuits such as current sources, active load, current mirrors, supply independent biasing etc; Amplifiers: differential amplifiers, cascode amplifier, high gain structures, output stages, gain bandwidth product of op-amps; stability; comparators; second-order effects in analog circuits such as mismatch, noise and offset; data converters; frequency synthesizers; switched capacitors. The exercise sessions aim to reinforce the lecture material by well guided step-by-step design tasks. The circuit simulator SPECTRE is used to facilitate the tasks. There is also an experimental session on op-amp measurements. | |||||

Lecture notes | Handouts of presented slides. No script but an accompanying textbook is recommended. | |||||

Literature | Behzad Razavi, Design of Analog CMOS Integrated Circuits (Irwin Electronics & Computer Engineering) 1st or 2nd edition, McGraw-Hill Education | |||||

Energy Conversion and Quantum Phenomena | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |

151-0913-00L | Introduction to Photonics | W | 4 credits | 2V + 2U | R. Quidant | |

Abstract | This course introduces students to the main concepts of optics and photonics. Specifically, we will describe the laws obeyed by optical waves and discuss how to use them to manipulate light. | |||||

Objective | Photonics, the science of light, has become ubiquitous in our lives. Light control and manipulation is what enables us to interact with the screen of our smart devices and exchange large amount of complex information. Photonics has also taken a preponderant importance in cutting-edge science, allowing for instance to image nanospecimens, detect diseases or sense very tiny forces. The aim of this course is to provide the fundamentals of photonics, establishing a solid basis to more specialized courses. The course will also highlight how these concepts are applied in current research as well as in our everyday life. Content has been designed to be approachable by students from a diverse set of science and engineering backgrounds. | |||||

Content | I- BASICS OF WAVE THEORY 1) General concepts 2) Differential wave Equation 3) Complex formalism 4) Phase 5) Plane waves, spherical waves II- ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES 1) Maxwell equations 2) Dielectric function 3) Polarisation 4) Polarisation control III- PROPAGATION OF LIGHT 1) Waves at an interface 2) Dispersion diagram 3) The Fresnel equations 4) Total internal reflection 5) Evanescent waves IV- INTERFERENCES 1) Interferences 2) Temporal and spatial coherence 3) Diffraction gratings 4) Multi-wave interference 5) Introduction to holography and its applications V- LIGHT MANIPULATION 1) Optical waveguide 2) Optical cavity 3) Photonic crystals 4) Metamaterials and metasurfaces VI- INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL MICROSCOPY 1) Light focusing 2) Direct and Fourier imaging 3) Fluorescence microscopy 4) Nonlinear microscopy 5) Interferential Scattering microscopy | |||||

Lecture notes | Class notes and handouts | |||||

Literature | Optics (Hecht) - Pearson | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Physics I, Physics II | |||||

402-0595-00L | Semiconductor Nanostructures | W+ | 6 credits | 2V + 1U | T. M. Ihn | |

Abstract | The course covers the foundations of semiconductor nanostructures, e.g., materials, band structures, bandgap engineering and doping, field-effect transistors. The physics of the quantum Hall effect and of common nanostructures based on two-dimensional electron gases will be discussed, i.e., quantum point contacts, Aharonov-Bohm rings and quantum dots. | |||||

Objective | At the end of the lecture the student should understand four key phenomena of electron transport in semiconductor nanostructures: 1. The integer quantum Hall effect 2. Conductance quantization in quantum point contacts 3. the Aharonov-Bohm effect 4. Coulomb blockade in quantum dots | |||||

Content | 1. Introduction and overview 2. Semiconductor crystals: Fabrication and band structures 3. k.p-theory, effective mass 4. Envelope functions and effective mass approximation, heterostructures and band engineering 5. Fabrication of semiconductor nanostructures 6. Elektrostatics and quantum mechanics of semiconductor nanostructures 7. Heterostructures and two-dimensional electron gases 8. Drude Transport 9. Electron transport in quantum point contacts; Landauer-Büttiker description 10. Ballistic transport experiments 11. Interference effects in Aharonov-Bohm rings 12. Electron in a magnetic field, Shubnikov-de Haas effect 13. Integer quantum Hall effect 14. Coulomb blockade and quantum dots | |||||

Lecture notes | T. Ihn, Semiconductor Nanostructures, Quantum States and Electronic Transport, Oxford University Press, 2010. | |||||

Literature | In addition to the lecture notes, the following supplementary books can be recommended: 1. J. H. Davies: The Physics of Low-Dimensional Semiconductors, Cambridge University Press (1998) 2. S. Datta: Electronic Transport in Mesoscopic Systems, Cambridge University Press (1997) 3. D. Ferry: Transport in Nanostructures, Cambridge University Press (1997) 4. T. M. Heinzel: Mesoscopic Electronics in Solid State Nanostructures: an Introduction, Wiley-VCH (2003) 5. Beenakker, van Houten: Quantum Transport in Semiconductor Nanostructures, in: Semiconductor Heterostructures and Nanostructures, Academic Press (1991) 6. Y. Imry: Introduction to Mesoscopic Physics, Oxford University Press (1997) | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | The lecture is suitable for all physics students beyond the bachelor of science degree. Basic knowledge of solid state physics is a prerequisit. Very ambitioned students in the third year may be able to follow. The lecture can be chosen as part of the PhD-program. The course is taught in English. | |||||

Material, Surfaces and Properties | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |

151-0509-00L | Microscale Acoustofluidics | W | 4 credits | 3G | J. Dual | |

Abstract | In this lecture the basics as well as practical aspects (from modelling to design and fabrication ) are described from a solid and fluid mechanics perspective with applications to microsystems and lab on a chip devices. | |||||

Objective | Understanding acoustophoresis, the design of devices and potential applications | |||||

Content | Linear and nonlinear acoustics, foundations of fluid and solid mechanics and piezoelectricity, Gorkov potential, numerical modelling, acoustic streaming, applications from ultrasonic microrobotics to surface acoustic wave devices | |||||

Lecture notes | Yes, incl. Chapters from the Tutorial: Microscale Acoustofluidics, T. Laurell and A. Lenshof, Ed., Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015 | |||||

Literature | Microscale Acoustofluidics, T. Laurell and A. Lenshof, Ed., Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015 | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Solid and fluid continuum mechanics. Notice: The exercise part is a mixture of presentation, lab sessions ( both compulsary) and hand in homework. | |||||

151-0524-00L | Continuum Mechanics I | W+ | 4 credits | 2V + 1U | E. Mazza | |

Abstract | The lecture deals with constitutive models that are relevant for design and calculation of structures. These include anisotropic linear elsticity, linear viscoelasticity, plasticity, viscoplasticity. Homogenization theories and laminate theory are presented. Theoretical models are complemented by examples of engineering applications and eperiments. | |||||

Objective | Basic theories for solving continuum mechanics problems of engineering applications, with particular attention to material models. | |||||

Content | Anisotrope Elastizität, Linearelastisches und linearviskoses Stoffverhalten, Viskoelastizität, mikro-makro Modellierung, Laminattheorie, Plastizität, Viscoplastizität, Beispiele aus der Ingenieuranwendung, Vergleich mit Experimenten. | |||||

Lecture notes | yes | |||||

151-0902-00L | Micro- and Nanoparticle Technology Number of participants is limited to 20. Additional ones could be enrolled by permission of the lecturer. | W | 6 credits | 2V + 2U | S. E. Pratsinis, G. Kelesidis, V. Mavrantzas, K. Wegner | |

Abstract | Particles are everywhere and nano is the new scale in science & engineering as micro was ~200 years ago. For highly motivated students, this exceptionally demanding class gives a flavor of nanotechnology with hands-on student projects on gas-phase particle synthesis & applications capitalizing on particle dynamics (diffusion, coagulation etc.), shape, size distribution and characterization. | |||||

Objective | This course aims to familiarize motivated M/BSc students with some of the basic phenomena of particles at the nanoscale, thereby illustrating the links between physics, chemistry, materials science through hands-on experience. Furthermore it aims to give an overview of the field with motivating lectures from industry and academia, including the development of technologies and processes based on particle technology with introduction to design methods of mechanical processes, scale-up laws and optimal use of materials and energy. Most importantly, this course aims to develop the creativity and sharpen the communication skills of motivated students through their individual projects, a PERFECT preparation for the M/BSc thesis (e.g. efficient & critical literature search, effective oral/written project presentations), the future profession itself and even life, in general, are always there! | |||||

Content | The course objectives are best met primarily through the individual student projects which may involve experiments, simulations or critical & quantitative reviews of the literature. Projects are conducted individually under the close supervision of MSc, PhD or post-doctoral students. Therein, a 2-page proposal is submitted within the first two semester weeks addressing explicitly, at least, 10 well-selected research articles and thoughtful meetings with the project supervisor. The proposal address 3 basic questions: a) how important is the project; b) what has been done already in that field and c) what will be done by the student. Detailed feedback on each proposal is given by the supervisor, assistant and professor two weeks later. Towards the end of the semester, a 10-minute oral presentation is given by the student followed by 10 minutes Q&A. A 10-page final report is submitted by noon of the last day of the semester. The project supervisor will provide guidance throughout the course. Lectures include some of the following: - Overview & Project Presentation - Particle Size Distribution - Particle Diffusion - Coagulation - Agglomeration & Coalescence - Particle Growth by Condensation - Control of particle size & structure during gas-phase synthesis - Multi-scale design of aerosol synthesis of particles - Particle Characterization - Aerosol manufacture of nanoparticles - Forces acting on Single Particles in a Flow Field - Fixed and Fluidized Beds - Separations of Solid-Liquid & Solid-Gas systems - Emulsions/droplet formation/microfluidics - Gas Sensors - Coaching for proposal & report writing as well as oral presentations | |||||

Literature | Smoke, Dust and Haze, S.K. Friedlander, Oxford, 2nd ed., 2000 Aerosol Technology, W. Hinds, Wiley, 2nd Edition, 1999. Aerosol Processing of Materials, T. Kodas M. Hampden-Smith, Wiley, 1999. History of the Manufacture of Fine Particles in High-Temperature Aerosol Reactors in Aerosol Science and Technology: History and Reviews, ed. D.S. Ensor & K.N. Lohr, RTI Press, Ch. 18, pp. 475-507, 2011. Flame aerosol synthesis of smart nanostructured materials, R. Strobel, S. E. Pratsinis, J. Mater. Chem., 17, 4743-4756 (2007). | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | FluidMechanik I, Thermodynamik I&II & "clean" 5th semester BSc student standing in D-MAVT (no block 1 or 2 obligations). Students attending this course are expected to allocate sufficient additional time within their weekly schedule to successfully conduct their project. As exceptional effort will be required! Having seen "Chasing Mavericks" (2012) by Apted & Henson, "Unbroken" (2014) by Angelina Jolie and, in particular, "The Salt of the Earth" (2014) by Wim Wenders might be helpful and even motivating. These movies show how methodic effort can bring superior and truly unexpected results (e.g. stay under water for 5 minutes to overcome the fear of riding huge waves or merciless Olympic athlete training that help survive 45 days on a raft in Pacific Ocean followed by 2 years in a Japanese POW camp during WWII). | |||||

327-0505-00L | Surfaces, Interfaces and their Applications I | W | 3 credits | 2V + 1U | N. Spencer, M. P. Heuberger, L. Isa | |

Abstract | After being introduced to the physical/chemical principles and importance of surfaces and interfaces, the student is introduced to the most important techniques that can be used to characterize surfaces. Later, liquid interfaces are treated, followed by an introduction to the fields of tribology (friction, lubrication, and wear) and corrosion. | |||||

Objective | To gain an understanding of the physical and chemical principles, as well as the tools and applications of surface science, and to be able to choose appropriate surface-analytical approaches for solving problems. | |||||

Content | Introduction to Surface Science Physical Structure of Surfaces Surface Forces (static and dynamic) Adsorbates on Surfaces Surface Thermodynamics and Kinetics The Solid-Liquid Interface Electron Spectroscopy Vibrational Spectroscopy on Surfaces Scanning Probe Microscopy Introduction to Tribology Introduction to Corrosion Science | |||||

Lecture notes | Script Download: https://moodle-app2.let.ethz.ch/course/view.php?id=12825 | |||||

Literature | Script on Moodle Book: "Surface Analysis--The Principal Techniques", Ed. J.C. Vickerman, Wiley, ISBN 0-471-97292 | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Chemistry: General undergraduate chemistry including basic chemical kinetics and thermodynamics Physics: General undergraduate physics including basic theory of diffraction and basic knowledge of crystal structures | |||||

Modelling and Simulation | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |

151-0107-20L | High Performance Computing for Science and Engineering (HPCSE) I | W | 4 credits | 4G | P. Koumoutsakos, S. M. Martin | |

Abstract | This course gives an introduction into algorithms and numerical methods for parallel computing on shared and distributed memory architectures. The algorithms and methods are supported with problems that appear frequently in science and engineering. | |||||

Objective | With manufacturing processes reaching its limits in terms of transistor density on today’s computing architectures, efficient utilization of computing resources must include parallel execution to maintain scaling. The use of computers in academia, industry and society is a fundamental tool for problem solving today while the “think parallel” mind-set of developers is still lagging behind. The aim of the course is to introduce the student to the fundamentals of parallel programming using shared and distributed memory programming models. The goal is on learning to apply these techniques with the help of examples frequently found in science and engineering and to deploy them on large scale high performance computing (HPC) architectures. | |||||

Content | 1. Hardware and Architecture: Moore’s Law, Instruction set architectures (MIPS, RISC, CISC), Instruction pipelines, Caches, Flynn’s taxonomy, Vector instructions (for Intel x86) 2. Shared memory parallelism: Threads, Memory models, Cache coherency, Mutual exclusion, Uniform and Non-Uniform memory access, Open Multi-Processing (OpenMP) 3. Distributed memory parallelism: Message Passing Interface (MPI), Point-to-Point and collective communication, Blocking and non-blocking methods, Parallel file I/O, Hybrid programming models 4. Performance and parallel efficiency analysis: Performance analysis of algorithms, Roofline model, Amdahl’s Law, Strong and weak scaling analysis 5. Applications: HPC Math libraries, Linear Algebra and matrix/vector operations, Singular value decomposition, Neural Networks and linear autoencoders, Solving partial differential equations (PDEs) using grid-based and particle methods | |||||

Lecture notes | https://www.cse-lab.ethz.ch/teaching/hpcse-i_hs20/ Class notes, handouts | |||||

Literature | • An Introduction to Parallel Programming, P. Pacheco, Morgan Kaufmann • Introduction to High Performance Computing for Scientists and Engineers, G. Hager and G. Wellein, CRC Press • Computer Organization and Design, D.H. Patterson and J.L. Hennessy, Morgan Kaufmann • Vortex Methods, G.H. Cottet and P. Koumoutsakos, Cambridge University Press • Lecture notes | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Students should be familiar with a compiled programming language (C, C++ or Fortran). Exercises and exams will be designed using C++. The course will not teach basics of programming. Some familiarity using the command line is assumed. Students should also have a basic understanding of diffusion and advection processes, as well as their underlying partial differential equations. | |||||

227-2037-00L | Physical Modelling and Simulation | W+ | 6 credits | 4G | J. Smajic | |

Abstract | This module consists of (a) an introduction to fundamental equations of electromagnetics, mechanics and heat transfer, (b) a detailed overview of numerical methods for field simulations, and (c) practical examples solved in form of small projects. | |||||

Objective | Basic knowledge of the fundamental equations and effects of electromagnetics, mechanics, and heat transfer. Knowledge of the main concepts of numerical methods for physical modelling and simulation. Ability (a) to develop own simple field simulation programs, (b) to select an appropriate field solver for a given problem, (c) to perform field simulations, (d) to evaluate the obtained results, and (e) to interactively improve the models until sufficiently accurate results are obtained. | |||||

Content | The module begins with an introduction to the fundamental equations and effects of electromagnetics, mechanics, and heat transfer. After the introduction follows a detailed overview of the available numerical methods for solving electromagnetic, thermal and mechanical boundary value problems. This part of the course contains a general introduction into numerical methods, differential and integral forms, linear equation systems, Finite Difference Method (FDM), Boundary Element Method (BEM), Method of Moments (MoM), Multiple Multipole Program (MMP) and Finite Element Method (FEM). The theoretical part of the course finishes with a presentation of multiphysics simulations through several practical examples of HF-engineering such as coupled electromagnetic-mechanical and electromagnetic-thermal analysis of MEMS. In the second part of the course the students will work in small groups on practical simulation problems. For solving practical problems the students can develop and use own simulation programs or chose an appropriate commercial field solver for their specific problem. This practical simulation work of the students is supervised by the lecturers. | |||||

Laboratory Course | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |

151-0620-00L | Embedded MEMS Lab | W+ | 5 credits | 3P | C. Hierold, S. Blunier, M. Haluska | |

Abstract | Practical course: Students are introduced to the process steps required for the fabrication of MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical System) and carry out the fabrication and testing steps in the clean rooms by themselves. Additionally, they learn the requirements for working in clean rooms. Processing and characterization will be documented and analyzed in a final report. Limited access | |||||

Objective | Students learn the individual process steps that are required to make a MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical System). Students carry out the process steps themselves in laboratories and clean rooms. Furthermore, participants become familiar with the special requirements (cleanliness, safety, operation of equipment and handling hazardous chemicals) of working in the clean rooms and laboratories. The entire production, processing, and characterization of the MEMS is documented and evaluated in a final report. | |||||

Content | With guidance from a tutor, the individual silicon microsystem process steps that are required for the fabrication of an accelerometer are carried out: - Photolithography, dry etching, wet etching, sacrificial layer etching, various cleaning procedures - Packaging and electrical connection of a MEMS device - Testing and characterization of the MEMS device - Written documentation and evaluation of the entire production, processing and characterization | |||||

Lecture notes | A document containing theory, background and practical course content is distributed at the Introductory lecture day of the course. | |||||

Literature | The document provides sufficient information for the participants to successfully participate in the course. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Participating students are required to attend all scheduled lectures and meetings of the course. Participating students are required to provide proof that they have personal accident insurance prior to the start of the laboratory portion of the course. For safety and efficiency reasons the number of participating students is limited. We regret to restrict access to this course by the following rules: Priority 1: master students of the master's program in "Micro and Nanosystems" Priority 2: master students of the master's program in "Mechanical Engineering" with a specialization in Microsystems and Nanoscale Engineering (MAVT-tutors Profs Daraio, Dual, Hierold, Koumoutsakos, Nelson, Norris, Poulikakos, Pratsinis, Stemmer), who attended the bachelor course "151-0621-00L Microsystems Technology" successfully. Priority 3: master students, who attended the bachelor course "151-0621-00L Microsystems Technology" successfully. Priority 4: all other students (PhD, bachelor, master) with a background in silicon or microsystems process technology. If there are more students in one of these priority groups than places available, we will decide by (in following order) best achieved grade from 151-0621-00L Microsystems Technology, registration to this practicum at previous semester, and by drawing lots. Students will be notified at the first lecture of the course (introductory lecture) as to whether they are able to participate. The course is offered in autumn and spring semester. | |||||

Elective Core Courses | ||||||

Number | Title | Type | ECTS | Hours | Lecturers | |

151-0525-00L | Dynamic Behavior of Materials“Note: previous course title until HS19 "Wave Propagation in Solids". | W | 4 credits | 2V + 2U | D. Mohr, C. Roth, T. Tancogne-Dejean | |

Abstract | Lectures and computer labs concerned with the modeling of the deformation response and failure of engineering materials (metals, polymers and composites) subject to extreme loadings during manufacturing, crash, impact and blast events. | |||||

Objective | Students will learn to apply, understand and develop computational models of a large spectrum of engineering materials to predict their dynamic deformation response and failure in finite element simulations. Students will become familiar with important dynamic testing techniques to identify material model parameters from experiments. The ultimate goal is to provide the students with the knowledge and skills required to engineer modern multi-material solutions for high performance structures in automotive, aerospace and naval engineering. | |||||

Content | Topics include viscoelasticity, temperature and rate dependent plasticity, dynamic brittle and ductile fracture; impulse transfer, impact and wave propagation in solids; computational aspects of material model implementation into hydrocodes; simulation of dynamic failure of structures; | |||||

Lecture notes | Slides of the lectures, relevant journal papers and user manuals will be provided. | |||||

Literature | Various books will be recommended pertaining to the topics covered. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Course in continuum mechanics (mandatory), finite element method (recommended) | |||||

151-0532-00L | Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos I | W | 4 credits | 2V + 2U | G. Haller | |

Abstract | Basic facts about nonlinear systems; stability and near-equilibrium dynamics; bifurcations; dynamical systems on the plane; non-autonomous dynamical systems; chaotic dynamics. | |||||

Objective | This course is intended for Masters and Ph.D. students in engineering sciences, physics and applied mathematics who are interested in the behavior of nonlinear dynamical systems. It offers an introduction to the qualitative study of nonlinear physical phenomena modeled by differential equations or discrete maps. We discuss applications in classical mechanics, electrical engineering, fluid mechanics, and biology. A more advanced Part II of this class is offered every other year. | |||||

Content | (1) Basic facts about nonlinear systems: Existence, uniqueness, and dependence on initial data. (2) Near equilibrium dynamics: Linear and Lyapunov stability (3) Bifurcations of equilibria: Center manifolds, normal forms, and elementary bifurcations (4) Nonlinear dynamical systems on the plane: Phase plane techniques, limit sets, and limit cycles. (5) Time-dependent dynamical systems: Floquet theory, Poincare maps, averaging methods, resonance | |||||

Lecture notes | The class lecture notes will be posted electronically after each lecture. Students should not rely on these but prepare their own notes during the lecture. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | - Prerequisites: Analysis, linear algebra and a basic course in differential equations. - Exam: two-hour written exam in English. - Homework: A homework assignment will be due roughly every other week. Hints to solutions will be posted after the homework due dates. | |||||

151-0593-00L | Embedded Control SystemsDoes not take place this semester. | W | 4 credits | 6G | ||

Abstract | This course provides a comprehensive overview of embedded control systems. The concepts introduced are implemented and verified on a microprocessor-controlled haptic device. | |||||

Objective | Familiarize students with main architectural principles and concepts of embedded control systems. | |||||

Content | An embedded system is a microprocessor used as a component in another piece of technology, such as cell phones or automobiles. In this intensive two-week block course the students are presented the principles of embedded digital control systems using a haptic device as an example for a mechatronic system. A haptic interface allows for a human to interact with a computer through the sense of touch. Subjects covered in lectures and practical lab exercises include: - The application of C-programming on a microprocessor - Digital I/O and serial communication - Quadrature decoding for wheel position sensing - Queued analog-to-digital conversion to interface with the analog world - Pulse width modulation - Timer interrupts to create sampling time intervals - System dynamics and virtual worlds with haptic feedback - Introduction to rapid prototyping | |||||

Lecture notes | Lecture notes, lab instructions, supplemental material | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Prerequisite courses are Control Systems I and Informatics I. This course is restricted to 33 students due to limited lab infrastructure. Interested students please contact Marianne Schmid (E-Mail: marischm@ethz.ch) After your reservation has been confirmed please register online at www.mystudies.ethz.ch. Detailed information can be found on the course website http://www.idsc.ethz.ch/education/lectures/embedded-control-systems.html | |||||

151-0605-00L | Nanosystems | W | 4 credits | 4G | A. Stemmer | |

Abstract | From atoms to molecules to condensed matter: characteristic properties of simple nanosystems and how they evolve when moving towards complex ensembles. Intermolecular forces, their macroscopic manifestations, and ways to control such interactions. Self-assembly and directed assembly of 2D and 3D structures. Special emphasis on the emerging field of molecular electronic devices. | |||||

Objective | Familiarize students with basic science and engineering principles governing the nano domain. | |||||

Content | The course addresses basic science and engineering principles ruling the nano domain. We particularly work out the links between topics that are traditionally taught separately. Familiarity with basic concepts of quantum mechanics is expected. Special emphasis is placed on the emerging field of molecular electronic devices, their working principles, applications, and how they may be assembled. Topics are treated in 2 blocks: (I) From Quantum to Continuum From atoms to molecules to condensed matter: characteristic properties of simple nanosystems and how they evolve when moving towards complex ensembles. (II) Interaction Forces on the Micro and Nano Scale Intermolecular forces, their macroscopic manifestations, and ways to control such interactions. Self-assembly and directed assembly of 2D and 3D structures. | |||||

Literature | - Kuhn, Hans; Försterling, H.D.: Principles of Physical Chemistry. Understanding Molecules, Molecular Assemblies, Supramolecular Machines. 1999, Wiley, ISBN: 0-471-95902-2 - Chen, Gang: Nanoscale Energy Transport and Conversion. 2005, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 978-0-19-515942-4 - Ouisse, Thierry: Electron Transport in Nanostructures and Mesoscopic Devices. 2008, Wiley, ISBN: 978-1-84821-050-9 - Wolf, Edward L.: Nanophysics and Nanotechnology. 2004, Wiley-VCH, ISBN: 3-527-40407-4 - Israelachvili, Jacob N.: Intermolecular and Surface Forces. 2nd ed., 1992, Academic Press,ISBN: 0-12-375181-0 - Evans, D.F.; Wennerstrom, H.: The Colloidal Domain. Where Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Technology Meet. Advances in Interfacial Engineering Series. 2nd ed., 1999, Wiley, ISBN: 0-471-24247-0 - Hunter, Robert J.: Foundations of Colloid Science. 2nd ed., 2001, Oxford, ISBN: 0-19-850502-7 | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Course format: Lectures and Mini-Review presentations: Thursday 10-13, ML F 36 Homework: Mini-Review (compulsory continuous performance assessment) Each student selects a paper (list distributed in class) and expands the topic into a Mini-Review that illuminates the particular field beyond the immediate results reported in the paper. Each Mini-Review will be presented both orally and as a written paper. | |||||

151-0621-00L | Microsystems I: Process Technology and Integration | W | 6 credits | 3V + 3U | M. Haluska, C. Hierold | |

Abstract | Students are introduced to the fundamentals of semiconductors, the basics of micromachining and silicon process technology and will learn about the fabrication of microsystems and -devices by a sequence of defined processing steps (process flow). | |||||

Objective | Students are introduced to the basics of micromachining and silicon process technology and will understand the fabrication of microsystem devices by the combination of unit process steps ( = process flow). | |||||

Content | - Introduction to microsystems technology (MST) and micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS) - Basic silicon technologies: Thermal oxidation, photolithography and etching, diffusion and ion implantation, thin film deposition. - Specific microsystems technologies: Bulk and surface micromachining, dry and wet etching, isotropic and anisotropic etching, beam and membrane formation, wafer bonding, thin film mechanical properties. Application of selected technologies will be demonstrated on case studies. | |||||

Lecture notes | Handouts (available online) | |||||

Literature | - S.M. Sze: Semiconductor Devices, Physics and Technology - W. Menz, J. Mohr, O.Paul: Microsystem Technology - Hong Xiao: Introduction to Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology - M. J. Madou: Fundamentals of Microfabrication and Nanotechnology, 3rd ed. - T. M. Adams, R. A. Layton: Introductory MEMS, Fabrication and Applications | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Prerequisites: Physics I and II | |||||

151-0642-00L | Seminar on Micro and Nanosystems | Z | 0 credits | 1S | C. Hierold | |

Abstract | Scientific presentations from the field of Micro- and Nanosystems | |||||

Objective | In particular, the seminar addresses students, who are interested in scientific work in the field of Micro- and Nanosystem technologies, or who have started already with it. Respectively, current examples in the research will be discussed. | |||||

Content | Current themes in the field of Micro- and Nanosystem technologies using the examples of intern and extern research groups, as well as ongoing themes of study-, diplom- and doctoral thesis will be introduced and discussed. The scope of the seminar is broadened by occasional guest speakers. | |||||

Lecture notes | - | |||||

Literature | - | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Master of MNS, MAVT, ITET, Physics | |||||

151-0911-00L | Introduction to Plasmonics | W | 4 credits | 2V + 1U | D. J. Norris | |

Abstract | This course provides fundamental knowledge of surface plasmon polaritons and discusses their applications in plasmonics. | |||||

Objective | Electromagnetic oscillations known as surface plasmon polaritons have many unique properties that are useful across a broad set of applications in biology, chemistry, physics, and optics. The field of plasmonics has arisen to understand the behavior of surface plasmon polaritons and to develop applications in areas such as catalysis, imaging, photovoltaics, and sensing. In particular, metallic nanoparticles and patterned metallic interfaces have been developed to utilize plasmonic resonances. The aim of this course is to provide the basic knowledge to understand and apply the principles of plasmonics. The course will strive to be approachable to students from a diverse set of science and engineering backgrounds. | |||||

Content | Fundamentals of Plasmonics - Basic electromagnetic theory - Optical properties of metals - Surface plasmon polaritons on surfaces - Surface plasmon polariton propagation - Localized surface plasmons Applications of Plasmonics - Waveguides - Extraordinary optical transmission - Enhanced spectroscopy - Sensing - Metamaterials | |||||

Lecture notes | Class notes and handouts | |||||

Literature | S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications, 2007, Springer | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Physics I, Physics II | |||||

227-0145-00L | Solid State Electronics and Optics | W | 6 credits | 4G | N. Yazdani, V. Wood | |

Abstract | "Solid State Electronics" is an introductory condensed matter physics course covering crystal structure, electron models, classification of metals, semiconductors, and insulators, band structure engineering, thermal and electronic transport in solids, magnetoresistance, and optical properties of solids. | |||||

Objective | Understand the fundamental physics behind the mechanical, thermal, electric, magnetic, and optical properties of materials. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Recommended background: Undergraduate physics, mathematics, semiconductor devices | |||||

227-0157-00L | Semiconductor Devices: Physical Bases and Simulation | W | 4 credits | 3G | A. Schenk | |

Abstract | The course addresses the physical principles of modern semiconductor devices and the foundations of their modeling and numerical simulation. Necessary basic knowledge on quantum-mechanics, semiconductor physics and device physics is provided. Computer simulations of the most important devices and of interesting physical effects supplement the lectures. | |||||

Objective | The course aims at the understanding of the principle physics of modern semiconductor devices, of the foundations in the physical modeling of transport and its numerical simulation. During the course also basic knowledge on quantum-mechanics, semiconductor physics and device physics is provided. | |||||

Content | The main topics are: transport models for semiconductor devices (quantum transport, Boltzmann equation, drift-diffusion model, hydrodynamic model), physical characterization of silicon (intrinsic properties, scattering processes), mobility of cold and hot carriers, recombination (Shockley-Read-Hall statistics, Auger recombination), impact ionization, metal-semiconductor contact, metal-insulator-semiconductor structure, and heterojunctions. The exercises are focussed on the theory and the basic understanding of the operation of special devices, as single-electron transistor, resonant tunneling diode, pn-diode, bipolar transistor, MOSFET, and laser. Numerical simulations of such devices are performed with an advanced simulation package (Sentaurus-Synopsys). This enables to understand the physical effects by means of computer experiments. | |||||

Lecture notes | The script (in book style) can be downloaded from: https://iis-students.ee.ethz.ch/lectures/ | |||||

Literature | The script (in book style) is sufficient. Further reading will be recommended in the lecture. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Qualifications: Physics I+II, Semiconductor devices (4. semester). | |||||

227-0158-00L | Semiconductor Devices: Transport Theory and Monte Carlo Simulation Does not take place this semester. The course was offered for the last time in HS19. | W | 4 credits | 2G | ||

Abstract | The lecture combines quasi-ballistic transport theory with application to realistic devices of current and future CMOS technology. All aspects such as quantum mechanics, phonon scattering or Monte Carlo techniques to solve the Boltzmann equation are introduced. In the exercises advanced devices such as FinFETs and nanosheets are simulated. | |||||

Objective | The aim of the course is a fundamental understanding of the derivation of the Boltzmann equation and its solution by Monte Carlo methods. The practical aspect is to become familiar with technology computer-aided design (TCAD) and perform simulations of advanced CMOS devices. | |||||

Content | The covered topics include: - quantum mechanics and second quantization, - band structure calculation including the pseudopotential method - phonons - derivation of the Boltzmann equation including scattering in the Markov limit - stochastic Monte Carlo techniques to solve the Boltzmann equation - TCAD environment and geometry generation - Stationary bulk Monte Carlo simulation of velocity-field curves - Transient Monte Carlo simulation for quasi-ballistic velocity overshoot - Monte Carlo device simulation of FinFETs and nanosheets | |||||

Lecture notes | Lecture notes (in German) | |||||

Literature | Further reading will be recommended in the lecture. | |||||

Prerequisites / Notice | Knowledge of quantum mechanics is not required. Basic knowledge of semiconductor physics is useful, but not necessary. |

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