Suchergebnis: Katalogdaten im Herbstsemester 2017

Erdwissenschaften Master Information
Vertiefung in Geology
Wahlmodule Geology
Basin Analysis
Basin Analysis: Obligatorische Fächer
651-4231-00LBasin AnalysisW+3 KP2GS. Willett, T. I. Eglinton, M. Lupker
KurzbeschreibungThe course discusses the formation and development of different basin types as part of lithosphere geodynamics. It introduces conceptual models and governing physics, with practical application to the study of basin evolution. Techniques for the analysis of subsidence and thermal history are demonstrated. Organic matter, petroleum play, and their biogeochemical investigation are examined.
LernzielBased on the introductory education and practical training during this course, each participant should be able to choose and apply approaches and techniques to own problems of basin analysis, and should be versed to expand their knowledge independently.

In particular, each participant should:

- Develop an intuitive understanding for origin, dynamics, and temporal evolution of basins in a geological / geodynamic context;

- Acquire the necessary theoretical foundation to describe basin evolution quantitatively;

- Be familiar with geological and geophysical methods that are applied to obtain information about rock properties, structural geometry, and thermal and subsidence history of basins;

- Understand the burial and maturation of organic matter in basins, the development of petroleum play, and be acquainted with geochemical methods to study the evolution of biogenic carbon.
InhaltThe following topics are covered:

- Introduction; classification schemes and types of basins; heat conduction; geotherms;

- The lithosphere; isostasy; rifts and basins due to lithospheric stretching; uniform extension model; modifications to the uniform stretching model; dynamics of rifting.

- Elasticity of the lithosphere; flexural compensation; geometry and analytical description of loads and the resulting deflection; foreland basins; their anatomy;

- Reconstruction of basin evolution; borehole data; porosity loss and decompaction; backstripping; subsidence curves; thermal history and its reconstruction;

- Petroleum play concept; organic production; source rock prediction and depositional environment; petroleum generation, expulsion, migration, alteration; reservoir and traps;

- Carbon cycle; maturation of organic matter; geochemistry of biogenic carbon; biomarkers; analytical techniques

- Overview of other basin types: effects of mantle dynamics, strike-slip basins.

Each week of the course is split in lectures and corresponding practicals, in which the concepts are applied to simplified problems.

Grading of the semester performance is based on submitted practicals (50%) and a final exam (50%). The exam will take place in the time slot of the last practical (18.12.).
SkriptLecture notes are provided online during the course. They summarize the current subjects week by week, and provide the essential theoretical background.
LiteraturMain reference :

Allen, P.A., and Allen, J.R., 2013. Basin Analysis - Principles and Application to petroleum play assessment
3rd edition, 619 pp. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK.
ISBN 978-0-470-67376-8

Recommended, but not required (available in library).

Turcotte, D.L., and Schubert, S., 2002. Geodynamics.
2nd edition, 456 pp. Cambridge University Press.
ISBN 0-521-66624-4.

Peters, K.E., Walters, C.C., Moldowan, J.M., 2005. The biomarker guide (volume 2).
2nd edition, Cambridge University Press.
ISBN 0-521-83762-6.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesFamiliarity with MATLAB is advantageous, but not required.
Basin Analysis: Wahlfächer
651-4243-00LSeismic Stratigraphy and FaciesW2 KP3GG. Eberli
KurzbeschreibungIntroduction into seismic interpretation for solving geological and environmental problems. A special focus is given to the seismic facies analysis and seismic sequence stratigraphy. In addition, the seismic attributes are explained, which are important for the analysis of paleo-geomorphology and structural deformation.
Lernziel1. Acquire techniques for a comprehensive interpretation of seismic sections for solving geologic, tectonic, stratigraphic and environmental problems

2. Correlation of seismic facies to lithologic facies in different sedimentary systems

3. Recognition of structural elements and faults on seismic sections.

4. Learning the techniques of 3D seismic data interpretation

5. Reconstruction of sedimentary history using seismic stratigraphy and facies analysis and core information.
InhaltThe four day course consists of lectures that are accompanied by a variety of exercises.

Day 1:
Introduction seismic facies analysis with exercise
Seismic resolution
Factors controlling sedimentation
Exercise: Seismic section in Straits of Florida

Day 2:
Seismic attributes and seismic geomorphology
Siliciclastic deltas, shelves and turbidite systems, 2D-3D
Exercise: Seismic section Tarragon Basin
Seismic facies carbonates
Exercise: Seismic section platform margin Great Bahama Bank
Deepwater environments, including cold-water coral habitats

Day 3:
Seismic facies of mixed systems with exercises
Faults and structures on seismic sections
Exercise: Seismic section Golf von Mexiko

Day 4:
Telling ages on seismic section
Seismic stratigraphy and sequence stratigraphy
Exercise: Sequence analysis Straits of Andros
Final discussion
SkriptAn original script (110 pages) designed for the class will be distributed at the beginning of the course.
LiteraturBooks Seismic Facies:

Ariztegui, D. and Wildi, W. (eds.), 2003, Lake Systems from Ice Age to Industrial Time. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae Special Issue, v. 96, S1-S133.

Bacon, M., Simm, R. and Redshaw, T., 2003, 3-D Seismic Interpretation. Cambridge University Press, 112 pp.

Brown, A.R., 1999, Interpretation of 3-Dimensional seismic data. AAPG Memoir 42, fivth edition. pp. 341.

Davies, R.J., Posementier, H.W., Wood, L.J., and Cartwright, J.A. (eds.), 2007, Seismic Geomorphology. Geological Society Special Publication 277, pp274.

Eberli, G.P., Massaferro, J.L., and Sarg, J.F. (eds.), 2004, Seismic Imaging of Carbonate Reservoirs and Systems. AAPG Memoir 81.

Harris P.M. and Weber L.J. (eds.), 2006, Giant hydrocarbon reservoirs of the world: From rocks to reservoir characterization and modeling. AAPG Memoir, v. 88.

Marfurt, F.J. and Palaz, A. (eds.), 1997, Carbonate Seismology: SEG Geophysical Developments Series 6. pp. 443.

Weimer, P. and Davis, T.L. (eds.), 1996, Applications of 3-D seismic data to exploration and production. AAPG Studies in Geology, No. 42 and SEG Geophysical Development Series, No. 5., pp. 270.

Weimer, P. and Link, M.H. (eds), 1991, Seismic facies and sedimentary processes of submarine fans and turbidite systems. Springer Verlag, New York.

Books Seismic Stratigraphy:

Bally, A.W., (ed.), 1989, Atlas of seismic stratigraphy, AAPG Studies in Geology Series No. 27, vol. 1-3.

Gupta, S. and Cowie, P. (eds). 2000, Controls in the Stratigraphic Development of Extensional Basins. Basin Research Special Issue, v. 12, 445pp

Harris, P.M., Saller, A.H., and Simo, J.A. (eds.), 1999, Advances in carbonate sequence stratigraphy: application to reservoirs, outcrops, and models. SEPM Special Publication v. 63.

Homewood, P.W., Mauriaud, P., and Lafont, F., 2000, Best Practices in Sequence Stratigraphy - for explorationists and reservoir engineers. Elf-ep Memoire 25. 81pp.

Loucks, R. G. and J. F. Sarg, (eds.), 1993, Carbonate Sequence Stratigraphy. AAPG Memoir 57, 545pp.

Payton, C.E., (ed.), 1977, Seismic stratigraphy-applications to hydrocarbon exploration. AAPG Memoir 26, 516pp.

Schlager, W., 1992, Sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy of reefs and carbonate platforms: AAPG Cont. Education course notes #34, pp71.

Van Wagoner, J.C., R.M. Mitchum, K.M. Campion, and V.D. Rahmanian, 1990, Siliciclastic sequence stratigraphy in well logs, cores, and outcrops. AAPG Methods in Exploration Series, No. 7, 55pp.

Weimer, P. and Posamentier, H.W., 1993, Siliciclastic Sequence Stratigraphy: Recent Developments and Applications. AAPG Memoir 58.
Voraussetzungen / BesonderesBasic knowledge in sedimentology and stratigraphy
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