# Suchergebnis: Katalogdaten im Frühjahrssemester 2020

Informatik Master | ||||||

Vertiefungsfächer | ||||||

Vertiefung in Distributed Systems | ||||||

Kernfächer der Vertiefung in Distributed Systems | ||||||

Nummer | Titel | Typ | ECTS | Umfang | Dozierende | |
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227-0558-00L | Principles of Distributed Computing | W | 7 KP | 2V + 2U + 2A | R. Wattenhofer, M. Ghaffari | |

Kurzbeschreibung | We study the fundamental issues underlying the design of distributed systems: communication, coordination, fault-tolerance, locality, parallelism, self-organization, symmetry breaking, synchronization, uncertainty. We explore essential algorithmic ideas and lower bound techniques. | |||||

Lernziel | Distributed computing is essential in modern computing and communications systems. Examples are on the one hand large-scale networks such as the Internet, and on the other hand multiprocessors such as your new multi-core laptop. This course introduces the principles of distributed computing, emphasizing the fundamental issues underlying the design of distributed systems and networks: communication, coordination, fault-tolerance, locality, parallelism, self-organization, symmetry breaking, synchronization, uncertainty. We explore essential algorithmic ideas and lower bound techniques, basically the "pearls" of distributed computing. We will cover a fresh topic every week. | |||||

Inhalt | Distributed computing models and paradigms, e.g. message passing, shared memory, synchronous vs. asynchronous systems, time and message complexity, peer-to-peer systems, small-world networks, social networks, sorting networks, wireless communication, and self-organizing systems. Distributed algorithms, e.g. leader election, coloring, covering, packing, decomposition, spanning trees, mutual exclusion, store and collect, arrow, ivy, synchronizers, diameter, all-pairs-shortest-path, wake-up, and lower bounds | |||||

Skript | Available. Our course script is used at dozens of other universities around the world. | |||||

Literatur | Lecture Notes By Roger Wattenhofer. These lecture notes are taught at about a dozen different universities through the world. Distributed Computing: Fundamentals, Simulations and Advanced Topics Hagit Attiya, Jennifer Welch. McGraw-Hill Publishing, 1998, ISBN 0-07-709352 6 Introduction to Algorithms Thomas Cormen, Charles Leiserson, Ronald Rivest. The MIT Press, 1998, ISBN 0-262-53091-0 oder 0-262-03141-8 Disseminatin of Information in Communication Networks Juraj Hromkovic, Ralf Klasing, Andrzej Pelc, Peter Ruzicka, Walter Unger. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2005, ISBN 3-540-00846-2 Introduction to Parallel Algorithms and Architectures: Arrays, Trees, Hypercubes Frank Thomson Leighton. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Inc., San Francisco, CA, 1991, ISBN 1-55860-117-1 Distributed Computing: A Locality-Sensitive Approach David Peleg. Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM), 2000, ISBN 0-89871-464-8 | |||||

Voraussetzungen / Besonderes | Course pre-requisites: Interest in algorithmic problems. (No particular course needed.) | |||||

263-3800-00L | Advanced Operating Systems | W | 7 KP | 2V + 2U + 2A | D. Cock, T. Roscoe | |

Kurzbeschreibung | This course is intended to give students a thorough understanding of design and implementation issues for modern operating systems, with a particular emphasis on the challenges of modern hardware features. We will cover key design issues in implementing an operating system, such as memory management, scheduling, protection, inter-process communication, device drivers, and file systems. | |||||

Lernziel | The goals of the course are, firstly, to give students: 1. A broader perspective on OS design than that provided by knowledge of Unix or Windows, building on the material in a standard undergraduate operating systems class 2. Practical experience in dealing directly with the concurrency, resource management, and abstraction problems confronting OS designers and implementers 3. A glimpse into future directions for the evolution of OS and computer hardware design | |||||

Inhalt | The course is based on practical implementation work, in C and assembly language, and requires solid knowledge of both. The work is mostly carried out in teams of 3-4, using real hardware, and is a mixture of team milestones and individual projects which fit together into a complete system at the end. Emphasis is also placed on a final report which details the complete finished artifact, evaluates its performance, and discusses the choices the team made while building it. | |||||

Voraussetzungen / Besonderes | The course is based around a milestone-oriented project, where students work in small groups to implement major components of a microkernel-based operating system. The final assessment will be a combination grades awarded for milestones during the course of the project, a final written report on the work, and a set of test cases run on the final code. | |||||

Wahlfächer der Vertiefung in Distributed Systems | ||||||

Nummer | Titel | Typ | ECTS | Umfang | Dozierende | |

252-0312-00L | Ubiquitous Computing | W | 4 KP | 2V + 1A | C. Holz, F. Mattern, S. Mayer | |

Kurzbeschreibung | Unlike desktop computing, ubiquitous computing occurs anytime and everywhere, using any device, in any location, and in any format. Computers exist in different forms, from watches and phones to refrigerators or pairs of glasses. Main topics: Smart environments, IoT, mobiles & wearables, context & location, sensing & tracking, computer vision on embedded systems, health monitoring, fabrication. | |||||

Lernziel | Unlike desktop computing, ubiquitous computing occurs anytime and everywhere, using any device, in any location, and in any format. Computers exist in different forms, from watches and phones to refrigerators or pairs of glasses. Main topics: Smart environments, IoT, mobiles & wearables, context & location, sensing & tracking, computer vision on embedded systems, health monitoring, fabrication. | |||||

Skript | Copies of slides will be made available | |||||

Literatur | Will be provided in the lecture. To put you in the mood: Mark Weiser: The Computer for the 21st Century. Scientific American, September 1991, pp. 94-104 | |||||

252-0437-00L | Verteilte Algorithmen | W | 5 KP | 3V + 1A | F. Mattern | |

Kurzbeschreibung | Modelle verteilter Berechnungen; Raum-Zeit Diagramme; Virtuelle Zeit; Logische Uhren und Kausalität; Wellenalgorithmen; Verteilte und parallele Graphtraversierung; Berechnung konsistenter Schnappschüsse; Wechselseitiger Ausschluss; Election und Symmetriebrechung; Verteilte Terminierung; Garbage-Collection in verteilten Systemen; Beobachten verteilter Systeme; Berechnung globaler Prädikate. | |||||

Lernziel | Kennenlernen von Modellen und Algorithmen verteilter Systeme. | |||||

Inhalt | Verteilte Algorithmen sind Verfahren, die dadurch charakterisiert sind, dass mehrere autonome Prozesse gleichzeitig Teile eines gemeinsamen Problems in kooperativer Weise bearbeiten und der dabei erforderliche Informationsaustausch ausschliesslich über Nachrichten erfolgt. Derartige Algorithmen kommen im Rahmen verteilter Systeme zum Einsatz, bei denen kein gemeinsamer Speicher existiert und die Übertragungszeit von Nachrichten i.a. nicht vernachlässigt werden kann. Da dabei kein Prozess eine aktuelle konsistente Sicht des globalen Zustands besitzt, führt dies zu interessanten Problemen. Im einzelnen werden u.a. folgende Themen behandelt: Modelle verteilter Berechnungen; Raum-Zeit Diagramme; Virtuelle Zeit; Logische Uhren und Kausalität; Wellenalgorithmen; Verteilte und parallele Graphtraversierung; Berechnung konsistenter Schnappschüsse; Wechselseitiger Ausschluss; Election und Symmetriebrechung; Verteilte Terminierung; Garbage-Collection in verteilten Systemen; Beobachten verteilter Systeme; Berechnung globaler Prädikate. | |||||

Literatur | - F. Mattern: Verteilte Basisalgorithmen, Springer-Verlag - G. Tel: Topics in Distributed Algorithms, Cambridge University Press - G. Tel: Introduction to Distributed Algorithms, Cambridge University Press, 2nd edition - A.D. Kshemkalyani, M. Singhal: Distributed Computing, Cambridge University Press - N. Lynch: Distributed Algorithms, Morgan Kaufmann Publ | |||||

252-0817-00L | Distributed Systems Laboratory Im Masterstudium können zusätzlich zu den Vertiefungsübergreifenden Fächern nur max. 10 Kreditpunkte über Laboratorien erarbeitet werden. Weitere Laboratorien werden auf dem Beiblatt aufgeführt. | W | 10 KP | 9P | G. Alonso, T. Hoefler, F. Mattern, A. Singla, R. Wattenhofer, C. Zhang | |

Kurzbeschreibung | Entwicklung und / oder Evaluation eines umfangreicheren praktischen Systems mit Technologien aus dem Gebiet der verteilten Systeme. Das Projekt kann aus unterschiedlichen Teilbereichen (von Web-Services bis hin zu ubiquitären Systemen) stammen; typische Technologien umfassen drahtlose Ad-hoc-Netze oder Anwendungen auf Mobiltelefonen. | |||||

Lernziel | Erwerb praktischer Kenntnisse bei Entwicklung und / oder Evaluation eines umfangreicheren praktischen Systems mit Technologien aus dem Gebiet der verteilten Systeme. | |||||

Inhalt | Entwicklung und / oder Evaluation eines umfangreicheren praktischen Systems mit Technologien aus dem Gebiet der verteilten Systeme. Das Projekt kann aus unterschiedlichen Teilbereichen (von Web-Services bis hin zu ubiquitären Systemen) stammen; typische Technologien umfassen drahtlose Ad-hoc-Netze oder Anwendungen auf Mobiltelefonen. Zu diesem Praktikum existiert keine Vorlesung. Bei Interesse bitte einen der beteiligten Professoren oder einen Assistenten der Forschungsgruppen kontaktieren. | |||||

263-3501-00L | Future Internet | W | 6 KP | 1V + 1U + 3A | A. Singla | |

Kurzbeschreibung | This course will discuss recent advances in networking, with a focus on the Internet, with topics ranging from the algorithmic design of applications like video streaming to the likely near-future of satellite-based networking. | |||||

Lernziel | The goals of the course are to build on basic undergraduate-level networking, and provide an understanding of the tradeoffs and existing technology in the design of large, complex networked systems, together with concrete experience of the challenges through a series of lab exercises. | |||||

Inhalt | The focus of the course is on principles, architectures, protocols, and applications used in modern networked systems. Example topics include: - How video streaming services like Netflix work, and research on improving their performance. - How Web browsing could be made faster - How the Internet's protocols are improving - Exciting developments in satellite-based networking (ala SpaceX) - The role of data centers in powering Internet services A series of programming assignments will form a substantial part of the course grade. | |||||

Skript | Lecture slides will be made available at the course Web site: https://ndal.ethz.ch/courses/fi.html | |||||

Literatur | No textbook is required, but there will be regularly assigned readings from research literature, liked to the course Web site: https://ndal.ethz.ch/courses/fi.html. | |||||

Voraussetzungen / Besonderes | An undergraduate class covering the basics of networking, such as Internet routing and TCP. At ETH, Computer Networks (252-0064-00L) and Communication Networks (227-0120-00L) suffice. Similar courses from other universities are acceptable too. | |||||

263-3710-00L | Machine Perception Number of participants limited to 200. | W | 5 KP | 2V + 1U + 1A | O. Hilliges | |

Kurzbeschreibung | Recent developments in neural networks (aka “deep learning”) have drastically advanced the performance of machine perception systems in a variety of areas including computer vision, robotics, and intelligent UIs. This course is a deep dive into deep learning algorithms and architectures with applications to a variety of perceptual tasks. | |||||

Lernziel | Students will learn about fundamental aspects of modern deep learning approaches for perception. Students will learn to implement, train and debug their own neural networks and gain a detailed understanding of cutting-edge research in learning-based computer vision, robotics and HCI. The final project assignment will involve training a complex neural network architecture and applying it on a real-world dataset of human activity. The core competency acquired through this course is a solid foundation in deep-learning algorithms to process and interpret human input into computing systems. In particular, students should be able to develop systems that deal with the problem of recognizing people in images, detecting and describing body parts, inferring their spatial configuration, performing action/gesture recognition from still images or image sequences, also considering multi-modal data, among others. | |||||

Inhalt | We will focus on teaching: how to set up the problem of machine perception, the learning algorithms, network architectures and advanced deep learning concepts in particular probabilistic deep learning models The course covers the following main areas: I) Foundations of deep-learning. II) Probabilistic deep-learning for generative modelling of data (latent variable models, generative adversarial networks and auto-regressive models). III) Deep learning in computer vision, human-computer interaction and robotics. Specific topics include: I) Deep learning basics: a) Neural Networks and training (i.e., backpropagation) b) Feedforward Networks c) Timeseries modelling (RNN, GRU, LSTM) d) Convolutional Neural Networks for classification II) Probabilistic Deep Learning: a) Latent variable models (VAEs) b) Generative adversarial networks (GANs) c) Autoregressive models (PixelCNN, PixelRNN, TCNs) III) Deep Learning techniques for machine perception: a) Fully Convolutional architectures for dense per-pixel tasks (i.e., instance segmentation) b) Pose estimation and other tasks involving human activity c) Deep reinforcement learning IV) Case studies from research in computer vision, HCI, robotics and signal processing | |||||

Literatur | Deep Learning Book by Ian Goodfellow and Yoshua Bengio | |||||

Voraussetzungen / Besonderes | This is an advanced grad-level course that requires a background in machine learning. Students are expected to have a solid mathematical foundation, in particular in linear algebra, multivariate calculus, and probability. The course will focus on state-of-the-art research in deep-learning and will not repeat basics of machine learning Please take note of the following conditions: 1) The number of participants is limited to 200 students (MSc and PhDs). 2) Students must have taken the exam in Machine Learning (252-0535-00) or have acquired equivalent knowledge 3) All practical exercises will require basic knowledge of Python and will use libraries such as TensorFlow, scikit-learn and scikit-image. We will provide introductions to TensorFlow and other libraries that are needed but will not provide introductions to basic programming or Python. The following courses are strongly recommended as prerequisite: * "Visual Computing" or "Computer Vision" The course will be assessed by a final written examination in English. No course materials or electronic devices can be used during the examination. Note that the examination will be based on the contents of the lectures, the associated reading materials and the exercises. | |||||

Seminar in Distributed Systems | ||||||

Nummer | Titel | Typ | ECTS | Umfang | Dozierende | |

263-2211-00L | Seminar in Computer Architecture Number of participants limited to 22. The deadline for deregistering expires at the end of the second week of the semester. Students who are still registered after that date, but do not attend the seminar, will officially fail the seminar. | W | 2 KP | 2S | O. Mutlu, M. H. K. Alser, J. Gómez Luna | |

Kurzbeschreibung | This seminar course covers fundamental and cutting-edge research papers in computer architecture. It has multiple components that are aimed at improving students' (1) technical skills in computer architecture, (2) critical thinking and analysis abilities on computer architecture concepts, as well as (3) technical presentation of concepts and papers in both spoken and written forms. | |||||

Lernziel | The main objective is to learn how to rigorously analyze and present papers and ideas on computer architecture. We will have rigorous presentation and discussion of selected papers during lectures and a written report delivered by each student at the end of the semester. This course is for those interested in computer architecture. Registered students are expected to attend every meeting, participate in the discussion, and create a synthesis report at the end of the course. | |||||

Inhalt | Topics will center around computer architecture. We will, for example, discuss papers on hardware security; accelerators for key applications like machine learning, graph processing and bioinformatics; memory systems; interconnects; processing in memory; various fundamental and emerging paradigms in computer architecture; hardware/software co-design and cooperation; fault tolerance; energy efficiency; heterogeneous and parallel systems; new execution models; predictable computing, etc. | |||||

Skript | All materials will be posted on the course website: https://safari.ethz.ch/architecture_seminar/ Past course materials, including the synthesis report assignment, can be found in the Fall 2019 website for the course: https://safari.ethz.ch/architecture_seminar/fall2019/doku.php | |||||

Literatur | Key papers and articles, on both fundamentals and cutting-edge topics in computer architecture will be provided and discussed. These will be posted on the course website. | |||||

Voraussetzungen / Besonderes | Design of Digital Circuits. Students should (1) have done very well in Design of Digital Circuits and (2) show a genuine interest in Computer Architecture. | |||||

263-3712-00L | Seminar on Computational Interaction Number of participants limited to 14. The deadline for deregistering expires at the end of the second week of the semester. Students who are still registered after that date, but do not attend the seminar, will officially fail the seminar. | W | 2 KP | 2S | O. Hilliges | |

Kurzbeschreibung | Computational Interaction focuses on the use of algorithms to enhance the interaction with a computing system. Papers from scientific venues such as CHI, UIST & SIGGRAPH will be examined in-depth. Student present and discuss the papers to extract techniques and insights that can be applied to software & hardware projects. Topics include user modeling, computational design, and input & output. | |||||

Lernziel | The goal of the seminar is to familiarize students with exciting new research topics in this important area, but also to teach basic scientific writing and oral presentation skills. | |||||

Inhalt | The seminar will have a different structure from regular seminars to encourage more discussion and a deeper learning experience. We will use a case-study format where all students read the same paper each week but fulfill different roles and hence prepare with different viewpoints in mind (e.g. "presenter", "historian", "student", etc). The seminar will cover multiple topics of computational interaction, including: 1) User- and context modeling for UI adaptation Intent modeling, activity and emotion recognition, and user perception. 2) Computational design Design mining, design exploration, UI optimization. 3) Computer supported input Text entry, pointing, gestural input, physiological sensing, eye tracking, and sketching. 4) Computer supported output Information retrieval, fabrication, mixed reality interfaces, haptics, and gaze contingency For each topic, a paper will be chosen that represents the state of the art of research or seminal work that inspired and fostered future work. Student will learn how to incorporate computational methods into system that involve software, hardware, and, very importantly, users. Seminar website: https://ait.ethz.ch/teaching/courses/2020-SS-Seminar-Computational-Interaction/ | |||||

263-3840-00L | Hardware Architectures for Machine Learning The deadline for deregistering expires at the end of the second week of the semester. Students who are still registered after that date, but do not attend the seminar, will officially fail the seminar. | W | 2 KP | 2S | G. Alonso, T. Hoefler, C. Zhang | |

Kurzbeschreibung | The seminar covers recent results in the increasingly important field of hardware acceleration for data science and machine learning, both in dedicated machines or in data centers. | |||||

Lernziel | The seminar aims at students interested in the system aspects of machine learning, who are willing to bridge the gap across traditional disciplines: machine learning, databases, systems, and computer architecture. | |||||

Inhalt | The seminar is intended to cover recent results in the increasingly important field of hardware acceleration for data science and machine learning, both in dedicated machines or in data centers. | |||||

Voraussetzungen / Besonderes | The seminar should be of special interest to students intending to complete a master's thesis or a doctoral dissertation in related topics. | |||||

227-0126-00L | Advanced Topics in Networked Embedded Systems | W | 2 KP | 1S | L. Thiele, J. Beutel | |

Kurzbeschreibung | The seminar will cover advanced topics in networked embedded systems. A particular focus are cyber-physical systems, internet of things, and sensor networks in various application domains. | |||||

Lernziel | The goal is to get a deeper understanding on leading edge technologies in the discipline, on classes of applications, and on current as well as future research directions. In addition, participants will improve their presentation, reading and reviewing skills. | |||||

Inhalt | The seminar enables Master students, PhDs and Postdocs to learn about latest breakthroughs in wireless sensor networks, networked embedded systems and devices, and energy-harvesting in several application domains, including environmental monitoring, tracking, smart buildings and control. Participants are requested to actively participate in the organization and preparation of the seminar. In particular, they review all presented papers using a standard scientific reviewing system, they present one of the papers orally and they lead the corresponding discussion session. | |||||

227-0559-00L | Seminar in Deep Reinforcement Learning Number of participants limited to 25. | W | 2 KP | 2S | R. Wattenhofer, O. Richter | |

Kurzbeschreibung | In this seminar participating students present and discuss recent research papers in the area of deep reinforcement learning. The seminar starts with two introductory lessons introducing the basic concepts. Alongside the seminar a programming challenge is posed in which students can take part to improve their grade. | |||||

Lernziel | Since Google Deepmind presented the Deep Q-Network (DQN) algorithm in 2015 that could play Atari-2600 games at a superhuman level, the field of deep reinforcement learning gained a lot of traction. It sparked media attention with AlphaGo and AlphaZero and is one of the most prominent research areas. Yet many research papers in the area come from one of two sources: Google Deepmind or OpenAI. In this seminar we aim at giving the students an in depth view on the current advances in the area by discussing recent papers as well as discussing current issues and difficulties surrounding deep reinforcement learning. | |||||

Inhalt | Two introductory courses introducing Q-learning and policy gradient methods. Afterwards participating students present recent papers. For details see: www.disco.ethz.ch/courses.html | |||||

Skript | Slides of presentations will be made available. | |||||

Literatur | OpenAI course (https://spinningup.openai.com/en/latest/) plus selected papers. The paper selection can be found on www.disco.ethz.ch/courses.html. | |||||

Voraussetzungen / Besonderes | It is expected that student have prior knowledge and interest in machine and deep learning, for instance by having attended appropriate courses. | |||||

851-0740-00L | Big Data, Law, and Policy Number of participants limited to 35 Students will be informed by 1.3.2020 at the latest. | W | 3 KP | 2S | S. Bechtold | |

Kurzbeschreibung | This course introduces students to societal perspectives on the big data revolution. Discussing important contributions from machine learning and data science, the course explores their legal, economic, ethical, and political implications in the past, present, and future. | |||||

Lernziel | This course is intended both for students of machine learning and data science who want to reflect on the societal implications of their field, and for students from other disciplines who want to explore the societal impact of data sciences. The course will first discuss some of the methodological foundations of machine learning, followed by a discussion of research papers and real-world applications where big data and societal values may clash. Potential topics include the implications of big data for privacy, liability, insurance, health systems, voting, and democratic institutions, as well as the use of predictive algorithms for price discrimination and the criminal justice system. Guest speakers, weekly readings and reaction papers ensure a lively debate among participants from various backgrounds. | |||||

227-0559-10L | Seminar in Communication Networks: Learning, Reasoning and Control Findet dieses Semester nicht statt. Number of participants limited to 24. | W | 2 KP | 2S | L. Vanbever, A. Singla | |

Kurzbeschreibung | In this seminar participating students review, present, and discuss (mostly recent) research papers in the area of computer networks. This semester the seminar will focus on topics blending networks with machine learning and control theory. | |||||

Lernziel | The two main goals of this seminar are: 1) learning how to read and review scientific papers; and 2) learning how to present and discuss technical topics with an audience of peers. Students are required to attend the entire seminar, choose a paper to present from a given list, prepare and give a presentation on that topic, and lead the follow-up discussion. To ensure the talks' quality, each student will be mentored by a teaching assistant. In addition to presenting one paper, every student is also required to submit one (short) review for one of the two papers presented every week in-class (12 reviews in total). The students will be evaluated based on their submitted reviews, their presentation, their leadership in animating the discussion for their own paper, and their participation in the discussions of other papers. | |||||

Inhalt | The seminar will start with two introductory lectures in week 1 and week 2. Starting from week 3, participating students will start reviewing, presenting, and discussing research papers. Each week will see two presentations, for a total of 24 papers. The course content will vary from semester to semester. This semester, the seminar will focus on topics blending networks with machine learning and control theory. For details, please see: https://seminar-net.ethz.ch | |||||

Skript | The slides of each presentation will be made available on the website. | |||||

Literatur | The paper selection will be made available on the course website: https://seminar-net.ethz.ch | |||||

Voraussetzungen / Besonderes | Communication Networks (227-0120-00L) or equivalents. It is expected that students have prior knowledge in machine learning and control theory, for instance by having attended appropriate courses. |

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