Hubert Klumpner: Catalogue data in Spring Semester 2021
|Name||Prof. Hubert Klumpner|
|Field||Architecture and Urban Design|
Professur Architekt. u. Städtebau
ETH Zürich, ONA J 14
|Telephone||+41 44 633 90 78|
|Fax||+41 44 633 11 83|
|052-0708-00L||Urban Design IV||2 credits||2V||H. Klumpner, M. Fessel|
|Abstract||Students are introduced to a narrative of 'Urban Stories' through a series of three tools driven by social, governance, and environmental transformations in today's urbanization processes. Each lecture explores one city's spatial and organizational ingenuity born out of a particular place's realities, allowing students to transfer these inventions into a catalog of conceptual tools.|
|Objective||How can students of architecture become active agents of change? What does it take to go beyond a building's scale, making design-relevant decisions to the city rather than a single client? How can we design in cities with a lack of land, tax base, risk, and resilience, understanding that Zurich is the exception and these other cities are the rule? How can we discover, set rather than follow trends and understand existing urban phenomena activating them in a design process? The lecture series produces a growing catalog of operational urban tools across the globe, considering Governance, Social, and Environmental realities. Instead of limited binary comparing of cities, we are building a catalog of change, analyzing what design solutions cities have been developing informally incrementally over time, why, and how. We look at the people, institutions, culture behind the design and make concepts behind these tools visible. Students get first-hand information from cities where the chair as a Team has researched, worked, or constructed projects over the last year, allowing competent, practical insight about the people and topics that make these places unique. Students will be able to use and expand an alternative repertoire of experiences and evidence-based design tools, go to the conceptual core of them, and understand how and to what extent they can be relevant in other places. Urban Stories is the basic practice of architecture and urban design. It introduces a repertoire of urban design instruments to the students to use, test, and start their designs.|
|Content||Urban form cannot be reduced to physical space. Cities result from social construction, under the influence of technologies, ecology, culture, the impact of experts, and accidents. Urban un-concluded processes respond to political interests, economic pressure, cultural inclinations, along with the imagination of architects and urbanists and the informal powers at work in complex adaptive systems. Current urban phenomena are the result of urban evolution. The facts stored in urban environments include contributions from its entire lifecycle, visible in the physical environment, but also for non-physical aspects. This imaginary city exists along with its potentials and problems and with the conflicts that have evolved. Knowledge and understanding, and critical observation of the actions and policies are necessary to understand the diversity and instability present in the contemporary city and understand how urban form evolved to its current state.|
How did cities develop into the cities we live in now? Urban plans, instruments, visions, political decisions, economic reasonings, cultural inputs, and social organizations have been used to operate in urban settlements in specific moments of change. We have chosen cities that exemplify how these instruments have been implemented and how they have shaped urban environments. We transcribe these instruments into urban operational tools that we have recognized and collected within existing tested cases in contemporary cities across the globe.
This lecture series will introduce urban knowledge and the way it has introduced urban models and operational modes within different concrete realities, therefore shaping cities. The lecture series will translate urban knowledge into operational tools extracted from cities where they have been tested and become exemplary samples, most relevant for understanding how the urban landscape has taken shape. The tools are clustered in twelve thematic clusters and three tool scales for better comparability and cross-reflection.
The Tool case studies are compiled into a global urbanization toolbox, which we use as typological models to read the city and critically reflect upon it. The presented contents are meant to serve as inspiration for positioning in future professional life and provide instruments for future design decisions.
In an interview with a local designer, we measure our insights against the most pressing design topics in cities today, including inclusion, affordable housing, provision of public spaces, and infrastructure for all.
|Lecture notes||The learning material, available via https://moodle-app2.let.ethz.ch/ is comprised of:|
- Toolbox 'Reader' with an introduction to the lecture course and tool summaries
- Weekly exercise tasks
- Infographics with basic information of each city
- Quiz question for each tool
- Additional reading material
- Interviews with experts
- Archive of lecture recordings
|Literature||- Reading material will be provided throughout the semester.|
- Please see ‘Skript’, (a digital reader is available).
|Prerequisites / Notice||"Semesterkurs" (semester course) students from other departments, students taking this lecture as GESS / Studium Generale course, and exchange students must submit a research paper, which will be subject to the performance assessment: "Bestanden" (pass) or "Nicht bestanden" (failed). The performance assessment type for "Urban Design III: Urban Stories" taken as a semester course is categorized as "unbenotete Semesterleistung" (ungraded semester performance).|
|052-0726-21L||ACTION! On the Real City: The Audiovisual Poetics of Circularity||2 credits||2U||H. Klumpner, C. E. Papanicolaou|
|Abstract||Giving audiovisual form to the concept of ‘circular economy’, we will encourage students to think about the socio-economic relations that constitute our cities, through the use of digital media. Students will develop new forms of urban literacy in the process, combining ethnographic social research methods with filmmaking (using smartphones and Adobe Premiere Pro) and other forms of digital media.|
|Objective||Through a combination of practical exercises in video and audio techniques in parallel with the study of seminal observation-driven texts like, this course aims to equip students with the basic tools and core principles to create short but complex portraits of urban space.|
This approach will be applied to the study of the concept of ‘circular economies’ in an era of social distancing. Students will reflect on and project visions of how production, consumption and trade can continue developing, based on ‘thick’ analyses of physical locations where such production and consumption takes place. Through repeat observation, students will collectively speculate on what the ‘circular economy’ actually means through mosaics of their impressions, manifested through film.
Using widely available recording tools and editing software, students will turn their fieldwork into short video or audio works of about 3-5 minutes.
|Content||The course will composed of lectures, practical crash courses in media use and storytelling, and fieldwork sessions. The course will be a laboratory in the creation of short media works that aim to inform the architectural design process, working between the city and the studio in ONA. Students will be expected to complete all required work within the hours that the elective meets, with few requirements outside of the class hours.|
|Literature||Seminal texts include:|
- ‘Cross-Cultural Filmmaking’ (Barbash, Castaing-Taylor)
- ‘Acoustic Territories’ (LaBelle)
- 'Ethnography: Principles in Practice' (Hammersley, Atkinson)
- 'Thick Description: Toward an Interpretative Theory of Culture (Geertz)
|Prerequisites / Notice||For students from all disciplines.|
Adobe Premiere Pro
Adobe After Effects
Cinema 4D (Free, available online)
We aim to cap the course at 20 students, giving priority to students who also sign up to the Klumpner Chair Architectural Design Studio. It is strongly recommended to take both courses in parallel.
Lecturers/contacts: Prof. Klumpner, Doz. Klearjos Eduardo Papanicolaou and Dr. Michael Walczak
|052-1140-21L||Architectural Design V-IX: Market District 24/7, Vienna (H.Klumpner) |
Please register (www.mystudies.ethz.ch) only after the internal enrolment for the design classes (see http://www.einschreibung.arch.ethz.ch/design.php).
Project grading at semester end is based on the list of enrolments on 2nd April 2021, 24:00 h. This is the ultimate deadline to unsubscribe or enroll for the studio!
|14 credits||16U||H. Klumpner|
|Abstract||How can we re-define the architecture of the social-environmental agenda for existing markets? Incorporate analog and digital lifestyles? Transform market places into prototypical urban social infrastructures connecting global, regional, and local scales? Students will re-design the Viktor-Adler Markt in Favoriten in the largest arrival district of Vienna with a population of 200.000 inhabitants.|
|Objective||Students will immerse in our Chair’s “method-design”, and are introduced to the toolbox-reference library of the urban stories lecture series. They will be guided step by step to develop their individual prototypical design projects addressing both architectural and urban scales. They will collaboratively develop a baseline scenario, mapping, identifying and prioritising existing and future challenges and opportunities on urban development topics. They will also take on the role of stakeholders, translating their negotiated agreements into three different design scenarios. They will develop urbanistic concepts and an architectural design which is an evidence-based project- intervention. This urban urban prototype is the synthesis of a trans-scalar process in time and space. Students design projects will be framed as narratives that are consequentially visualized in atmospheric representations and communicated in analogue and digital graphics. Project concepts will be tested and upscaled through urbanistic design-policy recommendations and presented to real stakeholders in Vienna.|
Students will imagine flexible, productive urban spaces, where everyday people engage with each other and the architecture of a public market space. In collaboration with local partners (TU Wien), students will conduct and exchange quantitative and qualitative research and on-site analysis to develop first arguments for their potential project prototype. Each student individually develops an initial concept for a community-oriented building intervention that responds to local and global urbanization topics. Once the specific site and approach is determined, design projects are developed to an appropriate level, taking streets, buildings and city-blocks into account. The migrant community context of Favoriten combined with the urban culture of diverse areas is acting as immediate source of inspiration and point of reference.
The Studio frames an understanding of the dynamic forces that enable the production of goods within cities, taking into account the analog and digital behavioral systems of citizens lifestyles. Students are encouraged to develop a critical position on the architect's potential role to mediate a design processes within a broader social, political, and economic discourse.
|Content||The Studio builds urban theory by research-led teaching, based on the idea of this year’s Vienna Biennale for Change at the MAK (Museum für Angewandte Kunst) and proposes a new direction towards a Care-City. This is our complementing proposal to the Smart-City concept emphasizing digital technology control. Process-oriented city-making concepts will address and incorporate human behavior, live styles, and social - environmental urbanism as an opportunity for co-design and citizen-led innovation. Re-imagining the market as a productive public space for circular thinking, care and transaction is at the core of this semester`s urban-design studio. Globally we are experiencing an alienation from the making of food and consumer goods, with production being offshored, outsourced, and products available, at the lowest competitive price. Industrialization and mass production aim at higher efficiencies, lower costs, and larger quantities while a comfortable supply level for all new things is needed in our industrialized cities. Fast growth and mass consumption in highly specialized supermarkets and department stores have for years been the consequence and the norm. As we realize now, these systems are too big and interdependent and come at a high price to our society, climate, and future generations.|
Consequently, the authenticity and specificity of goods are becoming interesting and dominant, prescribing plant-based proteins, new services of delivery, low carbon footprints, and demands for a more circular economy. During the Covid-19 pandemic, many realities of supply chains and necessary adaptations to existing systems have surfaced. People in their neighbourhoods are now taking initiative in sharing local goods and networks as suppliers or producers also searching for more engaged and unique experiences, whilst refining non-food products and circular production models in analog and digital market spaces. Authenticity and specificity are becoming interesting and dominant, prescribing plant-based proteins, new services of delivery, consumption, and demands for a more circular economy. During Covid-19 many realities are becoming more visible, people in their neigbourhoods sharing goods as producers, searching for more engaged and unique experiences, refining non-food products and circular production models on analog and digital market places.
Consumers are increasingly interested in the origin of their purchased goods and are thus influencing markets impacting production processes. Buying into the producers' stories adds to the value of goods and purchasing experience whilst bettering customers' health, education, and environmental conscience. The producer has become part of the decision process. In many cities, the traditional concept of the market is turning into a new concept of what a market can be. The producers' stories and the specificity imaginary they personify add to the purchasing experience and (better) their customers' conscience.
Over the next decade, the advancing environmental mediterrianization will affect the design of market spaces in inner-city areas. In the densely populated 19th century neighborhoods of Vienna, the reduction of urban heat islands caused by solar radiation and climate-change requires seasonal cooling strategies and innovative solutions to re-design urban morphologies and micro-climatic atmospheres. Migration, localized large -scale food production and the accommodation of socio-cultural difference hold untapped potential to rethink markets as places of exchange, integration, and cohesion that embrace diversity. From urban-rural linkages, down to demand and supply of neighborhood markets and small-scale circular economies, climate change, food, and wellbeing in cities go hand in hand. The environmental and cultural needs of citizens require us to simultaneously -reset and fast forward future scenarios of what temporary and permanent markets can be.
|Lecture notes||“Method-design”: Systematically engaging students in the Studio topic, to unlock their potential and skills towards developing prototypical design resolution on an urban and architectural scale. Identifying, understanding and developing local stakeholder networks, so as to translate challenges into opportunities and negotiate diverse interests into strategic ideas for development, geo-references, inter-linked systems, diagrams and maps. Develop design concepts for urban prototypes on different scales, framed by a narrative of a process that is consequentially visualized and communicated in analog as well as digital tools.|
Investigative Analysis/ Local Perspective: Registering the existing; prioritizing challenges and opportunities through qualitative and quantitative information; mapping on different design scales and periods of time; configuring stakeholder groups; connecting top-down and bottom-up initiatives; idea mapping and concept mapping; designing of citizen scenarios.
“Project Design”: Synthesizing between different scenarios and definition of a thesis and program between beneficiaries and stakeholders; projecting process presentation as a narrative embedded in multiple steps; describing an urban and architectural typology and prototypes; defining an urban paradigm.
“Domain Shift”: Shifting and translating different domains; testing and evaluating the design in feedback loops; including the project in the Urban Toolbox.
|Literature||Reading material will be provided throughout the semester, as well as references to case studies.|
The class material can be downloaded from the student-server.
|Prerequisites / Notice||Integrated Discipline: Planning | ECTS Credits – 3|
Language: German, English, Spanish and Portuguese
Location: ONA, E25
Individual work and group work, thereof 3-4 weeks of group work.
No extra costs.
Team: Prof.Hubert Klumpner, Arch. Anne Graupner, Arch. Diogo Rabaça Figueiredo, Vera Baur
In Collaboration with:
UN -Habitat I Swiss University Hub for Informal Urbanism
Prof. Anton Falkeis | University of Applied Arts Vienna
Prof. Ute Schneider, Inst. Städtebau TU -Wien, Partner KCAP Zurich
Dr. Marie Glaser | ETH Wohnforum - ETH CASE| KTH & TU-Wien
All inquiries can be directed to:
Participants: max. 24 students
|063-0816-21L||ACTION! On the Real City (Thesis Elective)||6 credits||13A||H. Klumpner|
|Abstract||In relation to the elective course "ACTION!" students will have the possibility to extend their research into the behaviours and components that make up the urban realm. A special focus on the processes and mechanisms of (in)formal urban forms and systems will characterise the research. Specific research goals tailored to individual interests will be discussed before proceeding.|
|Objective||The course will help frame an understanding of the forces shaping (in)formal settlements and the critical behaviours, requirements and practices of its inhabitants. It will also encourage the development of an analytical and critical position on the potential role of the architect to mediate a design process within broader socio-economic, political and ecologic systems.|
|064-0018-21L||Research Methods in Landscape and Urban Studies||3 credits||2K||G. Vogt, T. Avermaete, T. Galí-Izard, C. Girot, H. Klumpner, F. Persyn, C. Schmid|
|Abstract||As part of the ‘Doctoral Programme in Landscape and Urban Studies’, the ‘Research Methods in Landscape and Urban Studies' seminar offers PhD students at the D-Arch an application-oriented introduction into the variety of methodologies and tools available to conduct research on the (built) environment at the urban and territorial scale.|
|Objective||The seminar's objective is to introduce PhD students to the multitude of research methodologies, tools, and techniques within the fields of urban studies, urban design, territorial planning and landscape architecture. Based on the conveyed knowledge, the seminar ultimately aims at enabling PhD candidates to critically assess existing methods and tools, and to refine and develop an academically sound research framework for their own studies.|
|Content||The seminar is organised along four modules that are arranged according to the PhD classes' particular needs:|
A: Methodology Module >>> Introduction of a research methodology/approach by an expert + exercise and discussion / moderated by doctoral programme coordinator. (3 per semester)
B: Framework Module >>> Sessions organised and conducted by doctoral programme coordinator and invited experts to develop a first overview of different theories on landscape and urban studies (with this semester a specific focus on the Anthropocene and living systems). (3 per semester).
C: Techniques Module >>> Introduction into research techniques and tools / organised by doctoral programme coordinator and respective experts. These modules will make students familiar with technical aspects such as academic writing, or the the use of GIS software and visual analysis (3 per semester)
D. Doctoral Reviews >>> Presentation and discussion of individual PhD projects organised by the doctoral program coordinator with external guests (2 per semester).
|Prerequisites / Notice||The online seminar is jointly organized by the coordinator of the Doctoral Programme in Landscape and Urban Studies, and the I-LUS faculty. Although located at the D-Arch, the seminar is open to all doctoral students (at ETH) who are involved or interested in research at the urban and territorial scale.|
This seminar is complementing the gta doctoral colloquiums on Thursday afternoons.